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Field development planning

Field development planning


FDP
enable the rapid evaluation of a large number of development options handle many interfaces between the different elements of a field development effectively improve confidence in and consistency of the results enable rapid and rigorous evaluation of sensitivities to a concept

FDP activity
It comprises a number of linked activities
drilling substructures subsea topsides pipelines onshore terminals onshore plants onshore gathering systems

Drilling

Reverse engineering
Normal workflow
Know surface location Know target location Know reservoir trajectory requirement Design well

FDP workflow
Possibly know target locations Possibly know reservoir trajectory requirement THEN IT ALL CHANGES ANYWAY

Well Profile Design


There are still an infinite number of ways to join a surface location with a downhole target
Even if up is not an option

Client requirement
Define a scope of work Define well placement requirements
Reservoir exposure Reservoir placement Target penetration All of the above with a stated accuracy
Survey programme at reasonable cost

Client requirement
Design multi-well exit Join the top to the bottom in the best way
What is the best way?
Depends on production requirement Linkage to WBS Tools available

Well Profile 2D
This works a profile in TVD and on a single azimuth
Dimension 1 is TVD Dimension 2 is reach

For example the following slide has some profiles for a target displacement of 1000m at a 1750m tvd

Well Profile 2D
0

200

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2d-10deg 2d-30deg 2d-45deg 2d-60deg 2d-75deg 2d-90deg

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Key points in a well design


1. Rig floor 2. Tie-in 3. Wellhead 4. MSL 5. Seabed or groundlevel 6. WRP 7. All casing depths 8. KOP 9. BUR 10. EOB 11. Grid azimuth 12. Lead angle 13. Tangent angle 14. Measured depth 15. True vertical depth 16. Displacement 17. Closure 18. VSD 19. Target location(s) 20. TD

Special key points


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 2nd KOP 2nd BUR EO 2ndB DOP DOR EOD TR BR There are some different ways of describing a location
Geographic co-ordinates Grid co-ordinates Rectangular co-ordinates Polar co-ordinates

Slant (departure > R)


Given:
Wellhead coordinates Target coordinates Target TVD, V3 KOP vertical depth, V1 Build up rate, BUR KOP Kick-off point. V1 TVD of straight section/surface to KOP. V2 TVD of end of build up. V2 - V1 TVD of Build up section with BUR corresponding to radius of curvature R. V3 - V2 TVD of Tangent section to total depth. D1 Displacement at end of build up. D2 Total horizontal displacement of target. Maximum inclination of well.

To determine:

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Slant (R > departure)


Given:
Wellhead coordinates Target coordinates Target TVD, V3

To determine:
KOP vertical depth, V1 Build up rate, BUR KOP Kick-off point. V1 TVD of straight section/surface to KOP. V2 TVD of end of build up. V2 -V1 TVD of Build up section with BUR corresponding to radius of curvature R. V3 - V2 TVD of Tangent section to total depth. D1 Displacement at end of build up. D2 Total horizontal displacement of target. Maximum inclination of well.
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S-shaped (R1 + R2) < total target displacement


Given:
Wellhead coordinates Target coordinates Target TVD, V5 KOP vertical depth, V1 Build up rate, BUR Drop off rate, DOR Vertical depth at end of drop, V4 KOP Kick-off point. V1 TVD of straight section/surface to KOP. V2 TVD of end of build up. V3 TVD of start of drop. V4 TVD of end of drop. V2 - V1 TVD of Build up section with BUR corresponding to radius of curvature R1. V3 - V2 TVD of Tangent section. V4 - V3 TVD of drop section D1 Displacement at end of build up. D2 Displacement at end of tangent D3 Total horizontal displacement of target. Maximum inclination of well.

To determine:

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S-shaped (R1 + R2) > total target displacement


Given:
Wellhead coordinates Target coordinates Target TVD, V5 KOP vertical depth, V1 Build up rate, BUR Drop off rate, DOR Vertical depth at end of drop, V4 KOP Kick-off point. V1 VD of straight section/surface to KOP. V2 VD of end of build up. V3 VD of start of drop. V4 VD of end of drop. V2 - V1 TVD of Build up section with BUR corresponding to radius of curvature R1. V3 -V2 TVD of Tangent section. V4 -V3 TVD of drop section. D1 Displacement at end of build up. D2 Displacement at end of tangent. D3 Total horizontal displacement of target. Maximum inclination of well.

To determine:

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Well Profile 3D
This works a profile out in full 3 dimensional space
Dimension 1 is TVD Dimension 2 is North Dimension 3 is East

Using minimum curvature to design wells by section


Lead angles Dogleg limitations by formation Tangent section requirements

Well Profile 3D
Azimuthal changes Same dogleg severity Lead angles needed Increasing MDs

Well Profile wavy


vs
0 200 400 600 800

tvd

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 -400

-200

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vs disp

Well Profile snake


0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600

800 600 400 200 0 -200 -400 -600

800 600 400 200

Target 1500 1500 +1000 1500 +2000 1500 +3000

0 -200 -400 -600

90deg 3000m horizontal snake


-800 -1000 0 200 400 600 -800 -1000 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4600

S/Sn/W 3D view
Straight horizontal
No dogleg

Snaky horizontal
Azimuth seeking

Wavy horizontal
Inclination seeking

FDP
The unknown is the surface location

Optimised Surface Location

Techniques
Drilling radius Extremities Averages RMS Software MEM considerations

Drilling Radius - considerations


Rig specific
Rig capabilities and capacities
Pull Rotate Pump

Well purpose limited


Drillability Completeabiltiy Workover potential

Well profile derived


KOP DLS TD tvd Well trajectory complexity Drilling Mechanics

Radius use
Well Grid
10000 9000

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7000

6000

North

5000

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1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 East 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000

Radius use
Well Grid
10000 9000

8000

7000

6000

North

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 East 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000

FDP J wells max 60 inclination

Maximum Hole angle considered @ 60

Radius use
Well Grid
10000 9000

8000

7000

6000

North

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 East 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000

FDP J wells max 75 inclination

Maximum Hole angle considered @ 75

FDP S wells max 60 inclination

Maximum Hole angle considered @ 60 S well

Cost minimisation using drilling radius


If all targets fit within a single radius then the drillsite location is going to be pretty close to optimal. When > 1 site is required then there is no attempt made to minimise drilled distance and/or cost Profiles for all wells inside the drilling diameter need to be separately calculated This method can handle J and S wells; provided the radius is determined for both as each has its drilling difficulties.

Extremities
Well Target locations
6000

5000

4000

North (m)

3000

3000m North, 3400m East

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1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

East (m)

Averages
Well Target locations
6000

5000

4000

North (m)

3000

2787m North, 3503m East

2000

1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

East (m)

RMS
Well Target locations
6000

5000

4000

North (m)

3000

3309m North, 4009m East

2000

1000

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

East (m)

Software solution and shortcoming

Optimised for cost

Horizontal Designer wells


Horizontal Well Locations
10000 9000

8000

7000

6000

North

5000

4000 well 1 3000 well 2 well 3 well 4 well 5 2000 well 6 well 7 well 8 1000 well 9

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 East 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000

Horizontal and designer wells


Best process
Single location
Size the longest well and match to Rig capability

If, which is more than likely, the longest well is beyond the Rig, then we have to introduce a second surface location
Same process repeats until we get all wells in a drillable order Here also we might consider a preferred direction of wellbore to make the initial selection point or, look at the more realistic well profile and keep the heel point at the shallowest TVD this dictate the heeltoe order and thus the best surface location

Single surface location - example

Single surface location - example

All wells aligned

2 surface location solution

To keep all well tangent angle 60 or less

Deliverables
Well profile only for input to:
Separate engineering applications Integrated application to produce:
High level engineering statement of requirements Times Costs Risks and probability of success Outline drilling forecasting

End of Module

Copyright NExT 2008