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Core Network Planning Gb Interface Detailed Planning

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Agenda
Gb interface introduction Gb review ( protocol stack / ntw layers ) Gb in detail ( NSE / logical connections ) Frame relay interface planning BSC dimensioning Frame relay dimensioning SGSN dimensioning Gb Detail planning ( e.g. Topology ) Exercise 1: case study Nortel BSS Nokia SGSN Exercise 2: detailed planning
2 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface
Gb interface
SGSN BSC

Frame Relay
PCU PAPU

BSS GPRS

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
GPRS Interfaces
SMS-GMSC SMS-IWMSC E D MSC/VLR Gd A Um Gb Gs Gr Gn SGSN Gp GGSN other PLMN
4 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Signalling & Data Transfer C Signalling

HLR

Gc Gi GGSN PDN TE

MS

BSS

Gn SGSN

Gf EIR

Gb Interface Review
GPRS Protocol Stack / transmission plane
Um APP TCP/UDP IP SNDCP LLC RLC MAC GSM RF MS RLC MAC GSM RF BSS Relay BSSGP NS L1 Relay SNDCP LLC BSSGP NS L1 GTP UDP IP LLC/SNAP MAC L1 GTP UDP IP LLC/SNAP MAC L1 USER PAYLOAD Gb Gn Gi APP TCP/UDP IP L2 L1

Radio interface

G703 Frame Relay

SGSN

100 Mbps Ethernet

GGSN

GPRS IP Backbone

Internet

SNDCP: Sub-Network Dependent Convergence Protocol The primary function of BSSGP is to provide the radio-related, QoS, and routing information that is required to transmit user data between a BSS and an SGSN. A secondary function is to enable two physically distinct nodes, the SGSN and BSS, to operate node management control function . BSSGP: Base Station System GPRS Protocol NS: Network Service SNAP: Subnetwork access protocol
5 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
GPRS Protocol Stack / signalling plane
GMM/SM GMM/SM

LLC

Relay

LLC

RLC

RLC

BSSGP

BSSGP

MAC

MAC

NS

NS

GSM RF

GSM RF

L1

L1

MS
Radio interface

BSS

SGSN
G703 Frame Relay

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
Network Layers
Gb BSC SGSN
GPRS IP Backbone Network

Intra-site Gn

Inter-site Gn SGSN

Gb BSC

GPRS

TCP/IP

ATM & FR

Transport/SDH

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
Gb Interface
Gb BSC SGSN Frame Relay BSS PCU PAPU GPRS

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface; planning issues


2 Mbps Channelised E1 link

NSNS-VC capacity: 16 kbps1.92 Mbps FR Bearer channel: 64 kbps 1.92 Mbps

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
Network Service Entity (NSE)

BVC 0 for signalling NS-VC Own BVC for each cell NS-VC Own BVC for each cell

DLCI Data Link Connection Identifier (FR address) FR Bearer Channel Physical Link (= PCM TSL) NSE NS-VC DLCI Data Link Connection Identifier (FR address) Load Sharing FR Bearer Channel Physical Link (= PCM TSL) NSE = (PCU)

BVC 0 for signalling NS-VC Own BVC for each cell NS-VC Own BVC for each cell

SGSN

BVC = BSSGP Virtual Connection BSSGP = Base Station Subsystem GPRS Protocol NSE = Network Service Entity NS-VC = Network Service Virtual Connection FR = Frame Relay

BSC

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

BSSGP
BSS GPRS protocol (layer 3 protocol) delivering data packets and associated control information Supports BSSGP VIRTUAL CONNECTIONS (BVC)

One BVC for each cell One BVCI unique in the NSE

One NS-VC supports several BVCs

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Id Unique in NSE

Gb Interface Review
Logical Structure
BSS 1
Bearer Channel_1
DLCI_16

NS_VCI unique in SGSN own BVC for each cell

Id Unique in bearer SGSN


PAPU 1
NSEI_1
BVCI_0 BVCI_3 NS-VCI_7 NS-VCI_2 DLCI_17

NSEI_1
NS-VCI_7 NS-VCI_2

PCU 1 LA RA 1
BTS_3 BTS_6

BVCI_0 BVCI_3

Bearer Channel_2
DLCI_16 DLCI_17

PCU 2
NS-VCI_5 NSEI_2 BVCI_0 NS-VCI_8 BVCI_6 NS-VCI_3

NSEI_2 NS-VCI_5
BVCI_0 NS-VCI_8 BVCI_6 NS-VCI_3

DLCI_18

Bearer Channel_3
DLCI_16 DLCI_17

RA 2
BTS_8

PCU 3 PAPU 2
BVCI_8 BVCI_0 BVCI_22

Bearer Channel_4 NSEI_3 NS-VCI_4


NS-VCI_1 NS-VCI_11 DLCI_16

BTS_22

NS-VCI_4 NSEI_3 BVCI_8 NS-VCI_1 NS-VCI_11 BVCI_0 BVCI_22

Bearer Channel_5
DLCI_16

BSS 2
PCU 3
NSEI_7
NS-VCI_6 BVCI_0 BVCI_22

PAPU 3
NSEI_7
BVCI_0 BVCI_22 NS-VCI_6 NS-VCI_9

DLCI_17

Bearer Channel_6

LA RA
BTS_22

BSSGP NS FR

Data Signal Data & Signal

NS-VCI_9

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Review
Logical Channels in Physical Link
BVCs NS-VCs, CIR=161.984 Mbit/s FR bearer channels, 131 TSL
PCM Link 32 TSL

PCU

FR bearer channels run on PCM links (641984 kbit/s) Max. 4 NS-VCs configured on FR bearers (CIR of each 161984 kbit/s) CIR doesnt stand in relation to subscriber datarate / cell Max. 4 NS-VCs per NSE (PCU), and 256 NS-VCs per PAPU

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Frame Relay Link Parameters - 1


BVC - 1 BVC (BVCI) for each CELL - unique within an NSE - 1 BVC (BVCI) can be mapped into 2 NS-VC (load sharing) - 1 or MORE BVCs (BVCI's) are mapped into 1 or more NS-VC - 1 SIGNALING BVC per PCU, BVCI = 0000HEX NS-VC - NS-VCI = DLCI and FR BEARER CHANNEL IDENTIFIER - 14 NS-VCs per NSE (=PCU) - up to 256 per PAPU - 1 NS-VC supports several BVC - capacity controlled by CIR in steps of 16 Kbps up to the BEARER CHANNEL capacity - NS-VCI is unique within a SGSN, identical on BOTH ENDS (end to end) ; range 065535 PCU - 1 PCU = 1 NSE (NSEI) - 1 PCU handles maximum 64 cells
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Frame Relay Link Parameters - 2


NSE - NSEI is unique within a BSC, identical on BOTH ENDS (end to end) range 065535 - on BOTH ENDS are connected by 1 or MORE NS-VC - within 1 NSE, NS-VCs are shared by all BVCs DLCI - up to 124 DLCI on 1 BEARER CHANNEL - unique within 1 BEARER CHANNEL, identical on BOTH SIDES - range 16991 BEARER CHANNEL - capacity from 64 to 1984 Kbps (1 to 31 TS of an E1) in multiples of 64Kbps PAPU - supports up to 64 PCU per PAPU SGSN - number of NS-VCs in SGSN = number of DLCI (up to 256 per PAPU)
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Gb Inteface Planning
3 Sections of Gb Inteface Planning
BSC Planning - defining the number of active PCUs Frame Relay Link Planning Topology Planning Frame Relay Link Dimensioning SGSN Dimensioning - defining the number of PAPU & SGSN equipments and extension units

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Inteface Planning
Selecting the Protocol Overhead
Percentage of Overhead in GPRS Traffic at the Gb Interface Gb I/F Protocol Stack Protocol Min Header size (oct.) Max Header size (oct.) Reference SNDCP 3 4 GSM 04.65 LLC 5 40 GSM 04.64 BSSGP 12 54 GSM 08.18 NS 4 4 GSM 08.16 FR 6 6 GSM 03.60 Total 30 108 Packet size Min OH % Max OH % 50 60.00 216.00 60 50.00 180.00 100 30.00 108.00 150 20.00 72.00 200 15.00 54.00 256 11.72 42.19 300 10.00 36.00 400 7.50 27.00 512 5.86 21.09 750 4.00 14.40 1000 3.00 10.80 1250 2.40 8.64 1500 2.00 7.20

300
216

250
180

Overhead (%)

200 150 100


60.0

Ohmax

108 72 54 50.0 30.0 42 20.0 15.0 11.7 36 27 10.0 7.5 21 5.9 4.0 3.0 14 11 9 2.4 7 2.0

50 0
OHmi n

100 150 200 256 300 400 512 750 1000 1250 1500
Packet length (octets)

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Inteface Planning
Selecting the Burst Margin
Throughput

EIR=0 CIR

Discarded data Burst Margin, 100 -X% Actual traffic load, X % time

Packet data traffic is bursty in nature Nokia PCU implements a Static Frame Relay Data above the CIR is discarded (EIR = 0)
18 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

CIR calculation should include burst margin

BSC Dimensioning
Packet Control Unit - PCU
All BSC's BCSU units must be fully equipped with PCUs (max. 8+1 per BSC) GSWB expanded from 128 to 192 PCMs (if not already done) BSC2E/A: Extra ET5C Cartridges to increase PCMs from 80 to 112 PCU controls cells, not TRXs like BCSU PCU does not handle the same TRXs as the BCSU where it is located
PSA20 PSFP PSA20 PSFP

SW1C

SW1C

ET5C

CLOC

CLAC

ET5C

ET5C

3rd SW64B cartridges

MCMU

MCMU

BCSU

WDDC

WDDC

BCSU

BCSU

BCSU

BCSU

BCSU

OMU

BCSU

ET5C

ET5C

PCU HW
in every BCSU

BCSU

BCSU

ET5C

ET5C

ET5C cartridges

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

BSC Dimensioning
Defining the active number of PCUs
Dimensioning Criteria for the number of active PCUs: 1. Each BSC in GPRS coverage area has to contain at least one active PCU (minimum requirement) 2. PCU can supports 256 TCHs 3. PCU Data processing capacity is 2 Mbit/s 4. PCU can support up to 64 cells 5. PCU can supports 128 TRX's

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

BSC Dimensioning
Simple Dimensioning Example (PCU)
3 BSC (with capacity of 128 TRXs ) Input Calculations Result
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Coverage area contains 60 BTS sites, each having 2+2+2 cell/TRX configuration 4 TCHs/cell used by GPRS on average Estimated GPRS traffic: 15 Mbit/s + 19% Overhead = 18.5 Mbit/s

Packet size of 400 bytes assumed


1. Minimum requirement: 3 BSC => 3 PCUs required (each for 128 TRX) => 3 PCUs required 2. 60 x 3 cells = 180 cells, 180/64=2.8 3. 12 TCH/BTS x 60 BTS=720 TCH, 720/256 => 3 PCUs required 4. GPRS traffic: 18.5 Mbit/s / 2 Mbit/s = 9.3 =>10 PCUs required

Take the biggest of the results above, I.e. 10 active PCUs required in total

NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Frame Relay Link Planning


Link Dimensioning
Frame Relay traffic is carried in logical 64 kbit/s PCM time slots. Each active PCU has its own separate Gb interface connection, I.e. FR connection

Capacity: n * 64 kbit/s, where n =


131.
64 kbit/s 1.984 Mbit/s (E1 speed)

At least one 64 kbit/s PCM TSL is required per active PCU

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Frame Relay Link Planning


Link Dimensioning
Dimensioning criteria for the number of 64kbit/s links: 1. At least two 64 kbit/s channels per BSC is recommended (due to bursty nature of data) 2. At least one 64 kbit/s channel per active PCU 3. Dimensioning is based on estimated GPRS traffic during the Busy Hour, + the estimated protocol overhead on the Gb interface traffic + margin for bursting

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Link Dimensioning
Simple Dimensioning Example (Gb links)
Total number of PCUs in 3 BSCs: 10 PCUs Estimated total GPRS traffic during the BH: 15 Mbit/s Overhead correction: + 19% Packet size of 400 bytes assumed 15 Mbit/s * 19% = 18.5 Mbit/s 1. Two 64 kbit/s links per PCU (10 * 2) links 2. GPRS traffic: 18.5 Mbit/s / 64 kbit/s = 289.1 links Take the bigger of the results above, I.e. 290 links ( 64 kbit/s) required in total (equals to 10 E1 PCM links) => 20 => 290
Input
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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Result

Calculations

SGSN Dimensioning
DX 200 SGSN
SGAC
PDFU 0 PDFU 1 0 PDFU 0 CL SU 1 SMMU 0 2 SMMU 1

SGBC
PDFU 1 CL BU 0 CL BU 1

One fully equipped SGSN element has the following design targets concerning connectivity: 120 physical 2Mbps E1-PCMs PCMs are freely selectable between Gbinterface and SS7 based interfaces (Gs, Gr, Gd, Gf) 96 SS7 signalling links (24 per SMMU) 1024 64kbps Frame Relay links for Gbinterface use (64 in each PAPU) E.g 100 BSCs each having 8x64kbps Gbinterface connection could be connected into one SGSN 16 100-baseTX Ethernet connections for Gn-interface use (one in each PAPU) Maximum of 16 000 Routing Areas, 2 000 Location Areas

PAPU 0

GSW 0

GSW 1

3 MCHU 0 SD MCHU 0 SD MCHU 1 MCHU 1 4 SMMU 2 SMMU 3 SMMU 4

5 OMU 0 SD OMU 0 SD OMU 1 OMU 1 6 PAPU 5 PAPU 6 PAPU 7 PAPU 8

7 ET 0 ( 32 * ET2E/A) ET 1 ( 28 * ET2E/A) 8 PAPU 9 PAPU 10 PAPU 11 PAPU 12

9 PAPU 1 PAPU 2 PAPU 3 PAPU 4 10 PAPU 13 PAPU 14 PAPU 15 PAPU 16

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

SGSN Dimensioning
SGSN Capacities
Data processing capacity of fully equipped SGSN: 48 Mbit/s Subscriber capacity: 120 000 Active PDP contexts: 240 000 1024 64kbit/s FR links for Gb-interface use (64 in each PAPU) 96 SS7 signalling link interfaces ( 64 kbit/s, 24 in each Fully equipped SGSN contains: SMMU) 16+1 PAPUs (Packet Processing Unit) 4+1 SMMUs (Signalling & Mobility Management Unit)

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

SGSN Dimensioning
SGSN Configuration Levels
Capacities: SGSN Basic Unit
4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU 4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU

12 Mbit/s 30 000 subscr. 256 Gb IF (64kbit/s) 24 Mbit/s 60 000 subscr. 512 Gb IF (64kbit/s) 36 Mbit/s 90 000 subscr. 768 Gb IF (64kbit/s) 48 Mbit/s 120 000 subscr. 1024 Gb IF (64kbit/s)

Extension Units

4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU 4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU

SGSN can be configured in four steps. The right configuration level for each case is determined by the dimensioning rules.

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb Interface Dimensioning
Simple Dimensioning Example (Summary)

BSC

SGS N
4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU

BSC

4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU
BSC

10 active PCUs in 3 BSCs

4 PAPUs, 1 SMMU

290 links (64kibt/s) in 10 E1 PCM links

1 Basic Unit & 2 Extension Units in the SGSN

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb INTERFACE DETAILED PLANNING

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

GPRS Dimensioning Considerations


FUTURE SCENARIOS - Operator's short and long term plans concerning the network expansions and evolution to new technologies CAPACITY DEMAND - Subscriber volume - GPRS traffic estimation - GPRS coverage area EXISTING NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE - Existing Transmission, Data Communication backbone and GSM network infrastructures
30 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Topology and Dimensioning Requirements


BSC Distribution PCU Distribution among MSC sites Network Topology Network Architecture Subscriber Distribution GPRS Traffic Distribution Overhead % Requirement Burst Margin Future Network Expansion

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

GPRS Coverage Planning


From the requirements stated on the previous slide we can determine the following : - GPRS coverage areas - Topology and Capacity of the Frame relay links in a GPRS service area - GPRS network dimension per coverage areas

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

BSC & PCU Distribution Among MSC Sites


BSC Distribution Among MSC Sites
Subscribe r Percentage of re gional BSCs 13.9% 89.4% 1.7% 10.6% 14.0% 75.3% 4.6% 24.7% 11.2% 40.3% 8.0% 28.9% 10.8% 74.4% 8.6% 36.4% 8.5% 30.8% 9.6% 40.6% 5.4% 23.0% 3.7% 25.6% 100.0% 2000 55 6 50 17 33 24 37 33 26 37 21 13 352 Num ber of BSCs in year 2001 2002 2003 70 70 70 8 8 8 65 65 65 21 21 21 43 43 43 31 31 31 48 48 48 42 42 42 33 33 33 47 47 47 27 27 27 16 16 16 451 451 451 2004 70 8 65 21 43 31 48 42 33 47 27 16 451 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 City A City B City C City D City E City F City G City H City I City J City K City L Total REGIONS South East Mid South West

PCU Distribution Among MSC Sites


Subscribe r Percentage of re gional PCUs 13.9% 89.4% 1.7% 10.6% 14.0% 75.3% 4.6% 24.7% 11.2% 40.3% 8.0% 28.9% 10.8% 74.4% 8.6% 36.4% 8.5% 30.8% 9.6% 40.6% 5.4% 23.0% 3.7% 25.6% 100.0% 2000 110 12 100 34 10 7 74 66 7 74 42 26 562 Num ber of PCUs in year 2001 2002 2003 140 140 140 16 16 16 130 130 130 42 42 42 12 12 13 9 9 9 96 96 96 84 84 84 10 10 10 94 94 94 54 54 54 32 32 32 719 719 720 2004 140 16 130 42 13 9 96 84 10 94 54 32 720

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

City A City B City C City D City E City F City G City H City I City J City K City L Total

REGIONS South East Mid South West

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

GPRS Service Areas


Coding Schemes CS1 CS2 CS3 CS4 9.05 13.4 15.6 21.4 Attached Subs Active Subs 2 PDP Contexts 1 PDP Context Mean PDP / sub PDCH per cell CS2 (Kbps) thru per cell (Kbps) traf_sub (KBytes BH) Overhead thru_sub (Kbytes BH) thru_sub (Kbps) SGSN fill rate 100% 50% 50% 50% 1.5 3 13.4 40.2 50 25% 62.5 142.22 70%

SGSN area 1 SGSN area 2 SGSN area 3 SGSN area 4 SGSN area 5

City 1 Cities 2 and 3 Cities 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 Cities 9, 10, 11 and 12 Cities 13 and 14

SGSN Areas 2001 AREA 1 2001 AREA 2 2001 AREA 3 2001 AREA 4 2001 AREA 5 2002 AREA 1 2002 AREA 2 2002 AREA 3 2002 AREA 4 2002 AREA 5

GPRS Subs 19 500 28 850 33 750 14 750 19 250 49 200 52 440 57 600 49 800 55 800

Attached GPRS Subs 19 500 28 850 33 750 14 750 19 250 49 200 52 440 57 600 49 800 55 800

Active GPRS Subs 9 750 14 425 16 875 7 375 9 625 24 600 26 220 28 800 24 900 27 900

Active PDP Contexts 14 625 21 638 25 313 11 063 14 438 36 900 39 330 43 200 37 350 41 850

GPRS Traffic (Mbps) 1.39 2.05 2.40 1.05 1.37 3.50 3.73 4.10 3.54 3.97

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

SGSN AREA CALCULATIONS


Initial Dimensioning Figures Covered Regions SGSN area 1 City 1 Radio Network Estimates Covered Regions S N area 1 GS City 1 GPRS Traffic (Mbps) 2001 2002 GPRS Attached Subscribers 2001 2002 Number of Cells 1 115 Min. No. of PDCH (during BHT ) 3 345 Number of S ubscribers 19 500 Number of Cells 1 115 Min. No. of PDCH (during BHT ) 3 345
Nokia B 's SC Nokia B CSU's Non- Nokia PCU Non- Nokia Gb Interface Total Gb Interfaces 2001 2002 GPRS Active subscribers 9'750 24'600 18 162 0 0 80 Active PDP C ontexts 14'625 36'900

1.39 3.50

19 500 49 200

CALCULATION RESULTS PCU (Active) PCU (Hardware) Gb Interface Functionality SGSN PAPU (Active) PAPU (Hardware) SMMU 2001 18 162 22 1 4 4 1 2002

57 10 12 3

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Ater TIMESLOT ALLOCATION


TS 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1
LAPD

Bits 3 4 TS 0 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29

5 2 6 10 14 18 22 26 30

7 3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31 3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31 3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31

4 8 12 16 20 24 28 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 4 8 12 16 20 24 28

Ater Time Slot Allocation


Channels of ET2E 0, interface 1

Existing E1 lines are utilized for Frame Relay traffic Voice Traffic and Frame Relay Traffic combined Throughgoing 64Kbps TS for Frame Relay traffic

2 6 10 14 18 22 26 30 2 6 10 14 18 22 26 30 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s

Channels of ET2E 1, interface 0

Channels of ET2E 1, interface 1

Channels of ET2E 2, interface 0

TSs 25-31 can carry Frame Relay traffic (to the Gb interface).

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

DEDICATED PCM SIGNAL


BIT-> TS-> 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8..31 2 3 4 5 6 LINK MANAGEMENT 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay) 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay) 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay) 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay) 64 kbit/s (Frame Relay) XXXX 7 8

Time Slot allocation of a dedicated E1 signal for carrying the Gb / Frame Relay traffic to the SGSN.

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

DN2 DXC EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW


1 - Cross-connection Node - 2 Mbit/s - 64 kbits - nx8 kbit/s - up to 40 2 Mbit/s interfaces (G.703) 2 - Drop-and-Insert equipment (inbuilt DB 2) 3 - Primary Multiplexing Equipment (in-built DM 2) Three cartridge sizes: 20 T (four units) 40 T (eight units) 19 Subrack (sixteen units) 40-port DN 2 uses two subracks and interconnecting cables
38 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

DN 2

2 Mbit/s

2 Mbit/s

CH

CH

PHYSICAL TOPOLOGY - 1
BSC Abis Transcoders MUX MUX Ater MSC MSC/SGSN site

BSC Abis

E1 PCM (Ater + Frame Relay) SGSN Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2 Frame Relay Gb-int. BSC

Abis

Voice and Data Traffic are multiplexed on the same physical connection as used for the GSM traffic on the Ater interface
39 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

PHYSICAL TOPOLOGY - 2
BSC Abis Transcoders MUX Dedicated E1/ PCM for BSC Abis E1 PCM for Ater traffic Frame Relay Gb-int. BSC Abis Frame Relay traffic SGSN Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2 MUX Ater MSC MSC/SGSN site

Voice and Data Traffic are allocated on separate E1 / PCM signal


40 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

PHYSICAL TOPOLOGY - 3
MSC/SGSN Site 1
Transcoders MSC

SGSN 1 SERVICE AREA


BSC

Ater
SGSN Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2

Abis MUX Dedicated E1/ PCM for


BSC

MUX

Frame Relay Gb-int.

Frame Relay traffic

Abis E1 PCM for Ater traffic

MSC/SGSN Site 2
BSC Transcoders MSC

Abis

Ater

SGSN 2 SERVICE AREA


SGSN Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2

Frame Relay Gb-int.

Voice and Data Traffic are allocated on different E1s


41 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

PHYSICAL TOPOLOGY - 4
MSC/SGSN Site 1 Transcoders MUX Ater SGSN 1 SERVICE AREA BSC Abis E1/PCM for FR ADM Ater TRANSPORT NETWORK E1/PCM for FR Ater MSC/SGSN Site 2 ADM BSC Abis E1/PCM for FR Ater SGSN 2 SERVICE AREA SGSN Frame Relay Gb-int. Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2 MUX Ater Transcoders MSC Frame Relay Gb-int. SGSN Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2 MSC

BSC Abis

ADM

For large capacity networks such as SDH networks Separate E1s for Ater and Frame Relay traffic
42 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

PHYSICAL TOPOLOGY - 5
MSC/SGSN site
Abis
BSC

Transcoders

MSC

BSC

BSC

SGSN Packet Data Network (FR, ATM, etc.)

Ethernet Switch GGSN #1 GGSN #2

FR Switch

FR Switch

Gb Interface

GPRS traffic is concentrated and carried e.g. in a packet data network over the Gb interface
43 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

EXAMPLE BSC / PCU CONFIGURATION

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

EXAMPLE SGSN/PAPU Configuration

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Nortel BSS - Nokia SGSN


Exercise 1 - Case Study

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Tasks for Exercise


Make a draft of 2 BSCs connected to Nortel PCU Nortel PCU interfaces Nokia SGSN You can assume 10 timeslots of traffic in E1 frame per BSC (10 x 64kbps) Allocate bearer channels, NS-VCs, DLCIs, SGSN, PAPUs Show some redundancy options

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Background to Encountered Problems


Frame Relay over E1 must be used Timeslots reserved for FR bearer channels are specified in SGSN Nokia assumes that channelised FR is supported by Nortel PCU, as it is
a standard FR feature and normally supported by Nortel Passport.

Nortel BSS - Nokia SGSN interoperability tests not complete enough Tests were carried out with one NSE/bearer channel so the full
capability of Nokia SGSN was not tested

Nokia SGSN supports several NSEs per bearer channel Blu in Italy, upto 5 NSEs/bearer channel Depending in the FR capabilities of the PCU in question, Nokia may
deploy different FR solutions
48 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Solution
Nokia and Nortel together implement the technical solutions proposed in the following slides in the Dutchtone network Both vendors will document the test results for Dutchtone and
for their own interoperability documentation

Nokia proposes to take an action point to Carry out the interoperability test with Nortel in the Dutchtone
network

Fully document the SGSN Frame Relay capabilities Changes to SGSN software or Change Deliveries would not deactivate the solution in future

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

2 BSCs terminated into same PAPU


NORTEL PCU BSC 1 BSC 1 SGSN PAPU_1 NSE1 NSVC_1 NSE1 NS-VC1
BEARER CH. 1

NSE2 NSVC_2

DLCI_16 E1 BSC 2 DLCI_17 BSC 2 NSE2 NS-VC2 CIR (31 - n) x64 kbps E1 CIR n x64 kbps

Remarks: A Bearer channel can be associated to several NSEs, channel rate n x 64 Kbps Bearer channel minimum rate = 64 Kbps EIR set to null Maximum 50 NS-VCs/bearer channel If NS-VCs are terminated into same PAPU, they can be carried over same bearer channels
51 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

2 BSCs terminated into different PAPUs


NORTEL PCU BSC 1 BSC 1 NSE1 NS-VC1 IF 50% of E1 per BSC, FULL E1 REQUIRED SGSN PAPU_1 NSE1 NSVC_1

BEARER CH. 1

CIR n x64 kbps, n=1..31 E1

DLCI_16 E1 BSC 2 NSE2 NS-VC1


BEARER CH. 2

DLCI_17

CIR

(31 - n) x64 kbps

BSC 2

PAPU_2 NSE2 NSVC_1

Remarks: A Bearer channel can be associated to several NSEs, channel rate n x 64 Kbps Bearer channel minimum rate = 64 Kbps EIR set to null Maximum 50 NS-VCs/bearer channel If NS-VCs are terminated into different PAPUs, they have to be carried over separate bearer channels
52 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Typical Gb
SGSN NORTEL PCU BSC 1 BSC 1 NSE1 NS-VC1 BSC 2
E1 E1 BEARER CH. 1 DLCI_16 DLCI_17 BEARER CH. 2 DLCI_18 PAPU_2 DLCI_19 E1 BEARER CH. 3 DLCI_20 DLCI_21 E1 NSE3 NSVC_3 NSE4 NSVC_4 E1 CIR n x64 kbps E1 PAPU_1 NSE1 NSVC_1 NSE2 NSVC_2 CIR (31 - n) x64 kbps CIR n x64 kbps

BSC 2

NSE2 NS-VC2 BSC 3

BSC 3

NSE3 NS-VC3

BSC 4 BSC 4 NSE4 NS-VC4 BSC 5 BSC 5 NSE5 NS-VC5 BSC 6 BSC 6 NSE6 NS-VC6 REMARKS: About 1/2 E1 required per BSC PAPU processing capacity 3 Mbps -> 1 BSC can be connected into same PAPU, each occupying 15 x 64 k FR
NSE5 NSVC_5 PAPU_3 NSE6 NSVC_6

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Gb with Redundancy
SGSN NORTEL PCU BSC 1 BSC 1 NSE1
NSVC_1 NSVC_2 E1 E1 BEARER CH. 1 DLCI_16 DLCI_17 BEARER CH. 2 DLCI_18 E1 E1 PAPU_1

NSE1
NSVC_1 NSVC_2

NSE2
NSVC_3 NSVC_4

BSC 2 BSC 2 NSE2


NSVC_3 NSVC_4

DLCI_19

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Detailed planning exercise


Exercise 2

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Input for exercise


BSC
2 BSCs (geographically split) 1. BSC ( 16 sites connected each 2 cells) 2 BCSUs 8 x 64k TS GPRS traffic for 8 sites on each PCU 2. BSC (6 sites connected each 2 cells) 1 BCSUs 6 x 64k TS GPRS traffic for 6 sites
56 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

SGSN
One PAPU

FR links
BSC BSC1 is connected with 2 FR links while BSC2 has one FR link connection

Considerations for the planning


Prepare an overview of the network Dimension FR links (Bearer channels) Allocated all ids : NSEI,BVCIs, NS-VCIs, DLCIs, and define the capacity of all Bearer channels and DLCs. Also include some examples of load sharing or protection This is a freestyle exercise so there is no really a right solution of this exercise.

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Overview of the network - output


16 TS = 16*64kbps BSC 1
2 BCSUs
PCU1 BEARER CH. 1

DLCI_16 E1(1) DLCI_17 E1(1)

CIR 4 x64 kbps

SGSN

22 TS = 22*64kbps
NSE3 NSVC_3/4

PCU-2 BEARER CH. 2

PAPU_1 NSE1 NSVC_1/2

E1(2)

DLCI_16 DLCI_17

E1(2) NSE2 NSVC_5/6

6 TS = BSC 2 6*64kbps 1 BSCU

BEARER CH.3 PCU-1

DLCI_16 E1(1) DLCI_17 CIR 3 x64 kbps E1(1)

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Overview of the network output BC


Bearer channel = 8 TS = 8*64kbps = 512kbps
BSC 1 2 BCSUs
BEARER CH. 1 PCU1

Bearer channel = 8 TS = 8*64kbps = 512kbps


CIR E1(1) 4 x64 kbps PAPU_1 NSE1 NSE2 NSVC_3/4

DLCI_16 E1(1) DLCI_17

SGSN

PCU-2 BEARER CH. 2

NSVC_1 /2 E1(2) DLCI_16 DLCI_17 E1(2) NSE3

NSVC_5/6
BEARER CH.3

BSC 2 1 BSCU

PCU-1

DLCI_16 E1(1) DLCI_17 CIR 3 x64 kbps E1(1)

Data link connection = 2x 3*64kbps = 2 x 128kbps Bearer channel = 6*64kbps = 384kbps


59 NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

NSE1 NSVC_1 /2

Overview of the network output NSEI/NS-VCI


BEARER CH. 1 PCU1

BSC 1 2 BCSUs

DLCI_16 E1(1) DLCI_17 E1(1)

CIR 4 x64 kbps

SGSN PAPU_1 NSE1 NSE2 NSVC_3/4

PCU-2

NSE2 NSVC_3/4 E1(2)

BEARER CH. 2

NSVC_1 /2 DLCI_16 DLCI_17 E1(2) NSE3

NSVC_5/6
BEARER CH.3

BSC 2 1 BSCU NSE3

PCU-1

DLCI_16 E1(1) E1(1) CIR DLCI_17 CIR 3 x64 kbps (31 - n) x64 kbps

NSVC_5/6

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Overview of the network output BVCI


BSC PCU 1 - 8 sites site cell BVCI 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 3 5 3 6 4 7 4 8 5 9 5 10 6 11 6 12 7 13 7 14 8 15 8 16

BSC 1 2 BCSUs
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

PCU1 PCU-2

BSC PCU 2 - 8 sites site cell BVCI 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 3 5 3 6 4 7 4 8 5 9 5 10 6 11 6 12 7 13 7 14 8 15 8 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

BSC 2 1 BSCU

PCU-1

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

Thank you !!!

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning

GSM architecture
Air Interface

BSS
Abis Interface
BSC

NSS
A Interface

Ater Interface

BTS

TC MSC/VLR

HLR/ AC/ EIR

TCSM

Ater Interface

O&M Interface

NMS

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NOKIA 2000 Gb interface detailed planning