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-Aside from Ateneo, His father did not want him to study in any other school especially in Colegeio de San Jose. -The Jesuits were considered the best educators of Spain at that time. -Ateneo at that time was the most prestigious college for boys owing to its brilliant Jesuit teachers.

Enrollment at Ateneo
Rizal took the entrance examination at the Colegio de San Juan de letran on June 10, 1872. Paciano accompanied Rizal when he took the said exam, which covered reading, arithmetic, and Catholic doctrines. After passing the qualifying examination, Rizal sought admission at the Ateneo Municipal. Although Jos Rizal, now eleven years old, had passed a good entrance examination in Manila in June, 1872, he nearly failed to matriculate in the Ateneo in July, because he is a late registrant, and because he looked so little, so slender, so young. Father Magin Fernando, the college registrar, was at first very firm in denying Rizal admission. He would not have been admitted at all but for the intercession of Dr. Manuel Burgos, a nephew of the recently executed Dr. Jos Burgos.

When finally the boy was accepted, he went to mass and prayed fervently. (01) He had something to pray about and to study for! Tragedy had set purpose ablaze in his young soul --, purpose that would never die. He did not know how to help his home and country but he would find a way! Since Mercado, the first surname of the family, had come under suspicion of the authorities because it was the name used by Paciano when he was studying and working with Father Burgos, in whose house he lived, Jose adopted the second surname, Rizal.

Offered a six (6) year program that entitled a student to the academic title, Bachiller en Artes The program is composed of 5 learning areas, namely: Christian doctrine; Languages Spanish, Latin, Greek and French; History and Geography World History and Geography and History of Spain and the Philippines ; Mathematics and Sciences arithmetic, geography, trigonometry, mineralogy, chemistry, physics, botany, and zoology; and the Classic Disciplines poetry, rhetoric and philosophy It also offers the following vocational courses: agriculture; commerce; mechanics and surveying.

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Trained the character of every student through rigid discipline and religious instruction Students were required to hear masses before the start of classes Classes were usually began and ended with prayers Motivation and stimulation of the students, classes divided in 2 groups: oman Empire (Red) internes / boarders Carthaginian Empire (Blue) externes / nonboarders Each member had a rank The best in each empire had a rank of emperor 2nd best: tribune; 3rd: decurion; 4th: centurion; Last: Standard Bearer

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After 3 mistakes, one was considered defeated Provided banners that are raised at the RIGHT side of the room 1st defeat: banner to LEFT side 2nd defeat: INFERIOR position on the RIGHT 3rd defeat: INCLINED flag placed on the LEFT 4th defeat: flag (REVERSED) returned to the RIGHT 5th defeat: REVERSED on the LEFT 6th defeat: banner was changed with a figure of DONKEY Jesuit System is profoundly religious

Method of instruction: ratio studiorum (combined memory and understanding wherein there is a tight and constant discipline, that provides compensation and reward) One aim Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam or For the greater glory of God

In June 1872 first day class in Ateneo Rizal first heard Mass at the college chapel and prayed fervently to God for guidance and success. When the Mass was finished, he went to his class, where he saw a great number of boys, Spaniards, mestizos and Filipinos. Fr. Jose Bech -Rizals first professor in Ateneo - whom Rizal described as a tall thin man, with a body slightly bent forward, a harried walk, an ascetic face, severe and inspired, small deep- sunken eyes, a sharp nose that was almost Greek, and thin lips forming an arc whose ends fell toward the chin.

Being a new comer and knowing a little Spanish, Rizal was placed at the bottom of the class. He was an externo, hence he was assigned to the Carthaginians, occupying the end of the line. After the first week, Rizal progressed rapidly. At the end of the month, he became emperor. He was the brightest pupil in the whole class, and as he was awarded a prize. How please I was, when I won the prize, a religious picture! He was proud of it because it was the first prize he ever won at the Ateneo. He took private lessons in Santa Isabel College. In the second half of his first year in Ateneo, Rizal did not try hard enough to retain his academic supremacy which he had during the first half of the term.

Rizal returned to Calamba. He did not particularly enjoyed his vacation because his mother is still in prison. His sister tried to cheer him up by bringing him to Tanawan but Rizal did not become happy still. Without his fathers consent, Rizal went to Santa Cruz and visited his mother in prison. When Rizal came back to Manila, Rizal already boarded inside Intramuros at No. 6 Magallanes Street. His landlady was an old widow named Do a Pepay, who had a widowed daughter and four sons.

Nothing unusual happened during his second year in Ateneo except that he studied harder and once more he became emperor. Some of his classmates were new. Among them were three boys from Bi an, who had been his classmates in the school of Maestro Justiniano Cruz.


During March 1874 summer vacation, Rizal again went to Santa Cruz to visit his mother. In the course of their conversation, Do a Teodora told Rizal about her dream the previous night. Rizal, interpreting her dream, told her that she would be released from prison in three months time. 4

It was during the summer vacation in 1874 in Calamba when Rizal began to take interest in reading romantic novels.

of Monte Cristo by Alexander Dumas History by Cesar Cantu


in the Philippines by Dr. Feodor Jagor, who visited the Philippines in 1859-1860.



The family, who saw in Jose great aptitude for study, decided to place him as intern or boarding student in the college the following year. In the fourth year of his course he had Fr. Francisco Sanchez as professor. Jose describes him as a model of rectitude, a solicitude, and love for the students. He must have progressed much, for at the end of the year he-obtained five medals, which pleased him immensely because with them he said that I could repay my father somewhat for his sacrifices. His first poem penned while in Ateneo was entitled Mi Primera Inspiracion (My First Inspiration) was undoubtedly dedicated for his mother on her birthday in 1874.

The day previous to awarding of prizes, I was tormented by an idea, the saddest and most melancholy which I felt. Whenever I thought I had to leave that peaceful retreat in which the eyes of my intelligence had opened somewhat and my heart had begun to learn nobler feelings, and I fell into a profound despondency. On the last night, going to my dormitory and remembering that night would be my last night in my quiet room because,the world was waiting,I could not sleep until 1 oclock that night. Rizal graduated at the head of his class on March 23, 1877 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

Rizal was an active member and later on secretary of a religious society, the Marian Congregation. He was also a member of the Apostleship of Prayer. Rizal was also a member of the Academy of Spanish Literature and the Academy of Natural Sciences. In his leisure hours, Rizal cultivated his literary talent under the guidance of Father Sanchez. Aside from poetry he also devoted his spare time to Fine Arts. He studied painting under the famous Spanish painter, Agustin Saez and sculpture under Romualdo de Jesus, noted Filipino sculptor.

Among his carvings at the Ateneo was the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus which though originally intended to be brought home to Spain by Fr. Lleonart, was left behind in Ateneo. Finding the image, the Atenean boarders hanged int on the door of the dormitory where it remained for almost 20 years. It reminded the Ateneans of Jose Rizal, their greatest alumnus. He also engaged in gymnastics and fencing and was physically trained by his Tio Manuel.

Written when He was still in Ateneo

My First Inspiration (1874) This poem was dedicated by Rizal to his mother on her natal day.
Why do scented flowers in fragrant fray Rival each others flower this festive day? Why is the sweet melody bruited in the sylvan dale, Harmony sweet and fluted like the nightingale? Why do birds sing so in the tender grass, Flitting from bough to bough with winds that pass? And why the does the crystal spring run among the flowers While lullaby zephyrs sings like its crystal showers? I see the dawn in the East with the beauty endowed Why goes she in a feast in a carmine cloud? Sweet mother, they celebrate your natal day The rose with her scent innate, the bird with his lay. The murmurous spring this day without alloy, Murmuring bids you always to live in joy. While the crystalline murmurs glisten, hear you the accents strong Struck from my lyre, listen! To my loves first song

Felicitacion (1875)
If Philomela with harmonious tongue To blond Apollo, who manifests his face Behind high hill or overhanging mountain, Canticles sends. So we as well, full of a sweet contentment, Salute you and your very noble saint With tender music and fraternal measures, Dear Antonino. From all your sisters and your other kin Receive most lovingly the loving accent That the suave warmth of love dictates to them Placid and tender. From amorous wife and amiable Emilio Sweetly receive an unsurpassed affection; And may its sweetness in disaster soften The ruder torments. As the sea pilot, who so bravely fought Tempestuous waters in the dark of night, Gazes upon his darling vessel safe And come to port. So, setting aside all [worldly] predilections, Now let your eyes be lifted heavenward To him who is the solace of all men And loving Father. And from ourselves that in such loving accents Salute you everywhere you celebrate, These clamorous vivas that from the heart resound Be pleased to accept.

Rizal as a God-fearing boy. To The Child Jesus Rizal as a nationalist. In memory of My Town Rizal as a peace-loving boy and promoter of education. Through Education The Country Receives Light The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education

Rizal, following the example of Zorilla, a Spanish poet, also wrote poems in honor of great discoveries.

Departure: Hymn To Magellans

Fleet And He is Spanish: El Cano, The First To Circumnavigate The World The Heroism of Columbus Columbus And John II

Battle: Urbiztondo, Terror of Jolo The Captivity And The Triumph: Battle of Lucena And The Imprisonment of Boabdil The Triumphal Entry Of The Catholic Monarchs into Granda


Solace In Great Misfortune A Farewell Dialogue Of The Students

He was conferred the degree of Bachiller en Artes Transformed into a mature individual - Jesuit in form and orientation Imbibe the Jesuit values of fairness, justice, and reason. The quest of justice, equality and dignity became his lifetime work

QUESTION OF LEGITIMACY -only member of the family to use the surname Rizal -Ferdinand Blumentritt ATENEO MUNICIPAL

-inside Intramuros --within: Cathedral, churches, Real Audencia, Spanish Notables residences --northwest: Pasig river --southeast: Luneta (recreation during cooler hours) --no commercial activities allowed

1st year -Rizal did not fancied the gloom of Intramuros - uniform: striped cotton coat and hemp fabric trousers material used: rayadillo (adapted by the Filipino revolutionists in 1896) -lodge at Binondo

--Carballo Street --25 minute-walk from Ateneo -- landlady: Titay (spinster. owed 300 pesos from the family) --fellow lodgers: the fruits of the friar love affairs -improved class standing every week -after 1 month he became an emperor (prize: Saint s picture) - to improve his efficiency to Spanish language he goes to Sta. Isabel college (school for girls located across the street from Ateneo) with Pastor Millena --awarded accesit (honorable mention)

2nd year -lodge inside Intramuros at Doa Pepay s place

--No. 6 Magallanes Street --with Doa Encarnacion (widowed daughter of Doa Pepay) and her 4 sons -classmates from Bian: Justiniano Jao Joco, Angel Cavillo and Santiago Cavillo - secret visit to his mother in prison

-- dream interpretation (in 3 months she will be free) -- by coincidence it came true -summer vacation: no idleness, acquired more culture through reading -at 12 y/o: feeling of an exalted mission for him

3rd year -board with his rich townmate, Quintero -medal in Latin -got excellent grades yet dissatisfied 4th year and 5th year -he became an Ateneo boarder (decision of his parents) -alcove room

--facing the sea --no cabinet: he put his money under his pillow -reputation: outstanding student of the day -natural leadership: unanimously chosen to be the chairman, leader and spokesman - at 15 y/o: one change will lead to another

State of health -malarial: recurring fever -short and underweight -possibility of tuberculosis according to the school doctor -active in gymnastics and as a result of improved health he became more communicating and extrovert Graduation - March 10, 1877 - 22 Sobresalientes - 5 medals (as Emperor) Last Night in his dorm - could not sleep until 1:00 am - different sentiments (especially fear) and ideas came into his mind

Interesting Classmates of Rizal 1. Florentino Gavino Oliva -from Laguna - outstanding student but only ordinary studiousness 2. Joaquin Garrido - Spanish mestizo - has poor memory but with much talent and industry 3. Moises Santiago - mathematician and penman 4. Gonzalo Margano - 1st emperor of the Romans

Shortly After He Graduated From Ateneo Municipal Fell in love with a girl from Lipa, Batangas: Segunda Katigbak Meeting place: Trozo, Manila Love at first sight Rizal made a pencil sketch of Segunda Weekly visit at La Concordia College (Segunda is with Olimpia)

December 1877, Thursday in the College : Last time they saw each other.

Segunda Katigbak and her Great Great Granddaughter who is a Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Specialist in the Philippines