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High Level Parameter Analysis in WSN Based on WMCL Algorithm

GUIDED BY, Mr. M. Vasim Babu, M.E(Ph.D.,) Asst. Professor

PRESENTED BY, M. Abinaya M. Shafina


In this project we propose an energy efficient algorithm called WMCL combine With AODV to analyze high level parameter like RSSI,TOA,Error probability, Packet transmission ratio. Achieve both high sampling efficiency and high localization accuracy in various developments. Our method can further reduce the size of a sensor nodes bounding-box by a factor of up to 87 percent , and We achieve localization accuracy by a factor of up to 98 percent. Uses the estimated position information of sensor nodes to improve localization accuracy.


In this method localization algorithms for mobile sensor networks are usually based on the Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) method. They either suffer from low sampling efficiency or require high beacon density to achieve high localization accuracy.
Although papers can be found for solving the above problems separately, there is no solution which addresses both problem. They dont consider RSSI,TOA.Node density of sensor network.


Power level and Range calculation are not mentioned.,

Minimum error rectification hence range free problem can be occur. Path loss and interferences cannot be considered. Particularly RSSI cannot be computed or mentioned here.


We describe our proposed modified WMCL algorithm combine with AODV.

We propose a set of algorithms which achieve both high energy efficiency and high localization accuracy. The results from our simulations and graphs validate the effectiveness of our proposed algorithms. Our method Improve of localization accuracy and reduce the energy consumption.

Algorithm Description

Minimal transmit power(MTP): Choose the node with the minimal transmit power Maximal energy-efficiency index (MEI) Define the energy efficiency index of the k-th relay as the ratio of Ek to Pk,d and select the relay with the maximal index, i.e.,

That is, the node whose transmit power occupies the least portion of its current

Minimal outage probability(MOP): In this scheme, we select the node with the smallest outage probability after it is chosen to transmit. We apply the strategy to the case with the discrete power level by choosing

where 1k is an N1 column vector whose k-th element is one and others are equal to zero and the maximal power constraint is assumed infinity to have a node selection at high residual energy.

Start Setup phase The nodes whose sensing area coverage is covered by neighbours forms temporary cluster heads Select the desired number of CH for a round CH broadcast hello message Clusters are formed depending on signal strength a node receives from different CHs Nodes broadcast location, range and area they cover via hello message. Nodes build a table of their neighbours depending on the hello message they receive from neighbours. The temporary cluster heads and cluster heads forms the top layer of communication The sensor nodes forms the bottom layer of communication

Procedure to control the Transmission power (T, R) based on Makov process

Step: 1 Node Connected <- True (or) False Step: 2 for each i P do Step: 3 Sensor Power level < - i Step: 4 if (Estimate RSSI (T, R) RSSI min) then Step: 5 connected <- True Step: 6 break Step: 7 end if Step: 8 end for Step: 9 return transmission cost (T.Power level)

Ad-hoc On Demand Vector protocol. It uses table driven model and hance updating the routing table contents for managing the network efficiently. It may handle congestion even for the random eploynmaent of large number of nodes.

The state transition diagram of an energy-consuming process.

Other possible methods to improve AODV congestion handling:

A route may predict when congestion is about to occur and try to avoid it by reduce the transmission rate. Each node maintains a routing table that contains information about reaching destination nodes.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT Existing algorithm Concentrate on sampling efficiency and also having high computational cost. Proposed algorithm

Here we concentrate on all high level parameters such as RSSI, Throughput,AOA,TOA, etc.,
Low computational cost

Throughput Analysis:

Throughtput level is more than the existing system. Here we achieved the throughtput value of 35000 as the peak value.

Simulation time :

In the case of simulation time Vs throughtput graph varies linearly. Thus we achieved 53 Mbps through our algorithm.

RSSI Analysis:

By using our algorithm we maintained the sensor energy level constant up to 100m while existing method does not. This can dramatically increases the life time of the sensors.

Total Remaining Energy:

This energy is approximately greater than exsisting system in the range of 1000 nano joules. These remaining energy will help the sensor to manage the multihop system efficiently.

End To End Delay:

The minimization average end to end delay of the sensor nodes can leads to energy efficient algorithm. Here we reduce the end to end delay than the Existing method.

Average Remaining Energy:

We can save energy more than the exsisting system in the order of 25 nano joules comparitively.

Sensor Life Time:

We analyse the life time of the sensor as the special case.while existing algorithm cannot. Constantly maintain the life time even when the number of rounds increase.

Localization Accuracy:

PDR Analysis:

The efficiency of the network depends upon the delivery of packets at particular time.

Hence our algorithm have hiher PDR ratio comparitively.

Error Probability Analysis:

The error probability can be achieved to 0.3 while existing system achieves in the range of 0.7



In this paper, we present an approach does not require additional hardware on the nodes and works even when the movement of seeds. By using WMCL With AODV/MAC protocol we can handle the congestion efficiently. We are also mentioned the graph model, which helps to compare the existing with the proposed work. Reduces the computational and communicational cost.