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MVS

MVS

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Basic system/370 Architecture

IBM maintains compatibility among various systems / 370


processors by designing each with the same basic
architecture.The processor consists of three main parts.

• CPU
• Main Storage
• Data Channels

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370series Processor Architecture

CHANNELS
0

CPU Main Storage 2

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Multiprocessing

• Operating two or more processors simultaneously with one MVS


system
• In multiprocessor systems, two or four CPUs share access to
common main memory. Operating system determines how each
CPU is utilized.

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Concepts of MVS

Multiple Virtual Storage (MVS) is the virtual storage operating


system designed to perform the system control programming
functions in large customer environments
MVS is based on three important system concepts

• Virtual Storage
• Multiprogramming
• Spooling
– Managing CPU storage space

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MVS Features

• Virtual storage operating system supporting uniprocessor,


attached processor and coupled multiprocessor configurations.
• Integrated time sharing(TSO) facilities with individual address
spaces.
• System resource manager for dynamic workload management.
• VSAM master catalog and user catalogs.
• Virtual I/O for temporary datasets.
• Functional recovery routines for system components.
• Job entry functions supported by standard job entry sub-systems
JES2 or JES3.
• Cross memory services for interaddress space communication
reduces assigned common virtual storage and sub-system
overhead.

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MVS Features

• Message suppression facility to allow user defined control over


informational messages.
• Improved online problem determination via extensions to
operator command facilities.
• Support for 31-bit virtual storage addresses.
• Support for various add on subsystems to perform functions like
file and device management.
• Enhanced job management using JES2 and JES3 Job Entry
Systems.
• Dynamic I/O reconfiguration using DFSMS.

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MVS

Languages
– FORTRAN
– VS COBOL II
– PL/1
– CLIST and REXX
– IBM ‘C’
– ASSEMBLER 370
HARDWARE
– MVS – 4341 THRU 3090
– MVS/XA – 4381 THRU 3090
– MVS/ESA – 3090
– MVS ES/9000

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Spooling

• Multiprogramming increase I/O device utilization by allowing


several programs that use different I/o devices to execute at the
same time.
• A conflict will result when two or more programs try to access a
device that can not be shared, such as a printer.
• Spooling eliminates this problem by acting as an interface
between programs and non-shareable devices.

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Virtual Storage Management

MVS Nucleus
• Nucleus resides in the lowest area of fixed storage
• Contains - most heavily used parts of the operating system
and control
• Function - operation of the virtual storage is not pageable

Pageable supervisor and link pack area


Master Scheduler Region
Dynamic Region
Non-Pageable Dynamic Region
MVS Nucleus
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Job Scheduling

Job Scheduler
• Selects jobs for processing from the job queue
• Starts an initiator/terminator task that allocate the device and
main storage needed to run the program

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Job Entry Subsystem

• Combines the function of scheduling and spooling to provide a


comprehensive facility for processing jobs through a MVS system
• It is the job entry subsystem that reads and process JCL
• Provides many options for the final disposition of spooled output
data based on the class and device specified in the JCL.

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JES2 AND JES3

• JES2
– Is designed for single processor systems
– Can handle only simple job scheduling functions
• JES3
– Is designed for large multiprocessor systems
– Can handle complicated job scheduling functions

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Data management services

MVS provides automatic data management services


• Data set storage control
• Cataloging
• Space allocation
• security

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MVS subsystems

SUBSYSTEMS
• TSO
– ISPF
– PDF
• CICS/MVS
• DB2
• IMS
• JES2
• JES3

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Time sharing option (TSO)

Features
• Each user has full facility of MVS
• Comprehensive, easy to use edit facility
• Command list facility (CLIST)- TSO command procedures
• SUBMIT command to send work from foreground to background.

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Time sharing option(TSO)

Benefits
• Increase in productivity
• Interactive computing leads to increased efficiency
• Offers the widest range of functions through the widest range of
terminals to the widest range of users of any IBM interactive
computing system.

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Data set Labels

Under MVS storage entity such as tape or disk is called volume


• A volume may contain many files
• Volume is identified by volume serial number
• VTOC
– For direct access volumes , a special area
– Contains data set labels for each file on the volume
• Each label in VTOC gives
– Data set name
– Data control block information
– Location of the data set on the disk

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Data Set Name

• Consists of one or more qualifiers


• Maximum of eight characters long
• Qualifiers are separated by periods
• Maximum length of data set name is 44 including periods.
• First qualifier is called high level qualifier
• First character in each level must be a letter

– For Example : CSCINDIA.TRAINING.COURSES

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Data Control Block

• DCB is a table in storage used by various routines of control I/O


operations
• Usually DCB parameters are coded in JCL

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Data set Organization

Two methods of Data set organization


• Sequential data set
• Partitioned data set (PDS)
– Consists of a directory and one or more members
– Each member function as a sequential data set

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Commonly used ISPF Commands

• Locate or L
• Insert or I
• Delete or D
• Copy or C
• Move or M
• Overlay or O
• Repeat or R
• Shift or (
• Exclude or X
• Find or F
• Change or C
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Thanks

THANK YOU

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