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Smart Transmission Grid: Vision and Framework

Guided By:

Presented by:

Contents
Introduction Challenges and need for future smart transmission

grid Framework and Characteristics of Smart Transmission Grids Smart Control Centers Smart transmission Network Smart substation Integration Framework Concluding remarks References

INTRODUCTION
The development of human society and economic

needs was the catalyst that drove the revolution of transmission grids stage-by-stage with the aid of innovative technologies.
As the backbone used to deliver electricity from points of generation to the consumers, the transmission grid revolution needs to recognize and deal with more diversified challenges than ever before.

Challenges and need for future smart transmission grid


Environmental challenges-coal based ,natural disaster, space Market/consumer needs-power quality, full fledged, communication with grid Infrastructure challenges-fast aging devices, wide area monitoring, online assessment fast and accurate measurement Innovative technologies-are not mature enough or not available, lack compatibility to accommodate spearhead technologies

Framework and Characteristics of Smart Transmission Grids


Digitalization-unique platform for fast and reliable

sensing, measurement, communication, computation, control, protection, visualization, and maintenance of the entire transmission system. FlexibilityExpandability, Adapatibility,multiple control strategies to coordinate,compability to accommodate Intelligence-intelligent technologies and human expertise will be incorporated

Resiliency-Self healing capability to reconfigure it self

online computation and analysis.


Sustainability-sufficiency, efficiency and environment

friendly
Customization-tailored for the demand of operators

covenience

Enabling technologies
New materials and alternative clean energy resources
Advanced power electronics and devices-quality Communications-serve the basis for computing,control

and intelligence Advanced computing and control methodologiesdistributed copu will help in real time modelling and simulation. Mature power market regulation and policies Intelligent technologies-knowledge discovery,self learning

SMART CONTROL CENTERS


Monitoring/Visualization

phasor measurement units for voltage angles,GIS,interfacing

Analytical Capability

The present analysis is based on predefined generator and transmission models. This does not represent the real-time dynamic characteristics of the system. Therefore, the future online analysis in the control center shall perform dynamic model update and validation. The updated and validated data will be used for the online stability analysis

Controllability

Real time action, coordinate capability


Interactions with Electricity Market

Should able to include to alternate sources

SMART TRANSMISSION NETWORKS


High-Efficiency and High-Quality Transmission

Networkslong-distance transmission is accomplished by using controllable


high-capacity ac and dc facilities, ., 6- or 12-phase transmission line configurations, allow for greater power transmission, Advanced conductors

Flexible Controllability, Improved Transmission

Reliability and Asset Utilization Through the use of Advanced Power Electronicsfacts devices to relieve congestion,integration with the help of HVDC,Solid state circuit breakers

Self-Healing and Robust Electricity Transmission

Monitoring system for transformer and circuit breaker


Advanced Transmission Facility Maintenance

live line maintenance, prevention programmers can save from catastrophic failures
Extreme Event Facility Hardening System

Identify potential extreme contingencies

Smart substation
It should enable more reliable and efficient monitoring, operation, control, protection, and maintenance of the equipment and apparatus installed in the substations. major characteristics
Digitalization- compatible platform for fast and reliable sensing,

measurement, communication, control, protection,


Autonomy- The operation of the smart substation does not depend

upon the control centers and other substations


Coordination- find it easy to communicate and coordinate with other

substations and control centers.


Self-healing- is able to reconfigure itself dynamically to recover from

attacks, natural disasters, blackouts, or network component failures.

Main functions Smart Sensing and Measurement- all measurement


signals will be time stamped with high accuracy by using a global positioning system (GPS) signal. The RTU function will be replaced by a PMU in the future.

Communication-LAN,IEC61850 Autonomous Control and Adaptive Protection Data Management and Visualization Monitoring and Alarming Diagnosis and Prognosis Advanced Interfaces with Distributed Resources Real-Time Modeling

Layout of smart substation

INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK
The backbone of the integration is the distributed

intelligence at the smart transmission networks and substations


which can assist with making decisions based on local

information to reduce the work load of the control center.

Integration Framework

Concluding remarks
This presention has presented a unique vision of the

next-generation smart transmission grids. It aims to promote technology innovation to achieve an affordable, reliable, and sustainable delivery of electricity. With a common digitalized platform, the smart transmission grids will enable increased flexibility in control, operation, and expansion; allow for embedded intelligence, essentially foster the resilience and sustainability of the grids; and eventually benefit the customers with lower costs, improved services, and increased convenience.

REFERENCES

Base paper Smart Transmission Grid: Vision and Framework Flanging Li, Senior Member, IEEE, Wei Xiao, Member, IEEE, Hong bin Sun, Member, IEEE, Hui Wan, Member, IEEE, Jiamusi Wang, Member, IEEE, Yan Xia, Member, IEEE, Zhao Xu, Member, IEEE, and Pei Zhang, Senior Member, IEEE 2. G. Lu, J. Liu, and C. Zhang, The technology development of substation digitization, (in Chinese) Power Syst. Technol., vol. 30, Suppl., pp. 499504, Oct. 2006.

3. J. R. Ron cero, Integration is key to Smart Grid management, in Proc. IET-CIRED Seminar Smart Grids for Disturb., Jun. 2324, 2008, pp.14.
4. R. Cosse, Jr., J. E. Bowen, H. T. Combs, D. G. Dunn, M. A. Hildreth, and A. Pilcher, Smart industrial substations, IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1220, Mar.Apr. 2005. 5. The transmission smart grid imperative Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability by the National Energy Technology Laboratory September 2009 6. F. F. Wu, K. Moslehi, and A. Bose, Power system control centers: Past, present, and future, Proc. IEEE, vol. 93, no. 11, pp. 18901908, Nov. 2005.