CLOUD COMPUTING

Introduction

Cloud: cloud is one of the most important icon of the computer network we
use a cloud which denoting a type of network whether is a
point to point network. Multipoint network. switching network.

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Computing: Computing is usually defined as the activity of using and
developing computer technology.

Cloud computing: Cloud computing is the provision of dynamically scalable
and often virtualized resources as a services over the internet Users need not have knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure in the "cloud" that supports them. Cloud computing represents a major change in how we store information and run applications. Instead of hosting apps and data on an individual desktop computer, everything is hosted in the "cloud"—an assemblage of computers and servers accessed via the Internet.


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Cloud computing services often provide common business application online that are accessed from a web browser, while the software and data are stored on the servers. The term cloud is used as a metaphor for the Internet The Cloud is a term that borrows from telephony Up to the 1990s, data circuits (including those that carried Internet traffic) were hard-wired between destinations. Subsequently, long-haul telephone companies began offering virtual private network (VPN) service for data communication. The term cloud had already come into commercial use in the early 1990s to refer to large Asynchronous transfer network (ATM) networks. By the turn of the 21st century, the term "cloud computing" began to appear more widely.

Component of cloud computing
 Cloud

client  Cloud services  Cloud application  Cloud platform  Cloud infrastructure

Cloud Technologies
Technology Grid Computing Key Feature
Job scheduling across many machines

What’s Missing
Difficult to administer; Lacks broad applicability of cloud computing Fail to fundamentally solve scale and reliability Lacks security , vertical solutions, SaaS is an application on the cloud, not a cloud by itself Describes a business model, not a technology or architecture

Virtualization IaaS Infrastructure-as-a-Service SaaS Software-as-a-Service Utility Computing

Virtual machines decouple OS from hardware Computational infrastructure available for rent Application availability through the cloud Packaged computing, application, and storage sold as a service

Cloud Features & Benefits
 Highly virtualized and standardized infrastructures  Massive scalability  Fault tolerant & highly reliable

for Enterprises

 Simplified, more efficient IT and application management  Deliver more applications to large number of users  Excellent service quality

 Intra- & Inter-cloud load balance  Higher utilization at reduced cost  Instant application deployment  Time-to-market

Cloud Features & Benefits
 Highly virtualized and standardized infrastructures  Massive scalability  Fault tolerant & highly reliable  Intra- & Inter-cloud load balance  Instant application deployment  Unlimited use  Always on

for Users

 No need to install or update SW or HW; access from any browser

 Access from anywhere  Many services to choose from

Conclusion

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Hence it provide a new kind of computing platform. Its is a heavy deal over distributed and utility computing. Cloud computing provide enormous impact over internet . It gives us a new application programming model technology. Thus cloud computing provide a super-computing power .This cloud of computers extends beyond a single company or enterprise. The applications and data served by the cloud are available to broad group of users, cross-enterprise and cross-platform.

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