Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

# APPLICATION OF MATERIAL BALANCE

## PRESENTED BY: NORHANISAH BINTI ALIAS

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

Introduction Elements of material balance Components of Material balance equation Data requirements Data gathering Analysis and Results Conclusions

INTRODUCTION

The material balance is the total of fluid produce in the reservoir to the difference between the amount of fluid present at the initial reservoir and amount of fluid remaining at the final reservoir. The mass that cannot be destroyed or created. Application areas of material balance: hydrocarbon initially in place (HIIP) reservoir drive mechanisms identification production prediction reserve estimates Development planning

## ELEMENTS OF MATERIAL BALANCE

The drive mechanisms are consists of: Solution gas drive
Associated gas

Saturated

## Natural water drive

Aquifer support-system

## Gravity drainage drive Compaction drive

High formation compressibility

## ELEMENTS OF MATERIAL BALANCE Properties

Rock properties Porosity Permeability Formation compressibility Water saturation Fluid properties Water viscosity Oil viscosity Solution gas, Rs Water compressibility Gas FVF Oil FVF Water FVF Oil compressibility Gas gravity Oil gravity

## Components of Material Balance Equation

Gas cap P
Oil + originally dissolved gas C

## Volumes at the reduced pressure

Underground R ) B ) + = B = N[(B oil + originally R )B ] Np (Bo + (Rp - withdrawal Wexpansion of Boi) + (Rsi dissolved gas (A) s g p w o s g + expansion of gas cap (B) + mNB (Bg / B 1) + reduction oi HCPVgidue to connate water in + (1+m) NBoil[(cwSwc+the)/(1-Svolume (C) expansion and decrease in cf pore wc)] P + WeBw + cumulative water infux (D)

## MBE in Linear Form

F = Np (Bo + (Rp - Rs) Bg ) + WpBw (rb) Eo = (Bo Boi) + (Rsi Rs)Bg (rb/stb) Eg = Boi(Bg / Bgi 1) (rb/stb) Ef,w = (1+m) Boi([cwSwc+ cf])/[1-Swc] P(rb/stb) F = N (Eo + mEg + Ef,w ) + WeBw

## Material Balance Equation Variables

Production data Np = cumulative oil produced (stb) Gp = cumulative gas produced (scf) Wp = cumulative water produced (stb) Rp = Gp/Np (scf/stb) = cumulative produced gas oil ratio Reservoir data Pi = initial pressure in the reservoir (psi) P = current pressure in the reservoir (psi) Swc = connate water saturation (fraction) Cf = formation compressibility (1/psi)

## Material Balance Equation Variables

Fluid PVT data Bgi = initial gas volume factor (ft/scf) Bg = gas volume factor (ft/scf) Boi = initial oil volume factor (rb/stb) Bo = oil volume factor (rb/stb) Cw = compressibility of water (1/psi) Bw = formation volume factor of water (rb/stb) Rsi = solution gas oil ratio at initial pressure(scf/stb) Rs = solution gas oil ratio at current pressure (scf/stb)

OIL RESERVOIR
There are 2 methods to solve the material balance: Analytical method Graphical method Havlena-Odeh F/Et versus We/Et (F-We)/Et versus F known as Campbell F-We versus Et (F-We)/(Eo+Efw) versus Eg/(Eo+Efw)

Analytical Interpretation

Havlena-Odeh

Campbell graph

F-We versus Et

## GRAPHICAL INTERPRETATION (OIL)

(F-We)/(Eo+Efw) versus Eg/(Eo+Efw)

Drive Mechanism

Production Prediction

## Material Balance Equation for Gas Reservoir

For Gas Reservoir, G(Bg-Bgi) + We = GpBg +BwWp For volumetric gas reservoir, We = 0 Assuming water production is negligible, Wp = 0 The above equation can becomes: G(Bg-Bgi) = GpBg

## Gas Reservoir without aquifer

By using the equation of real gas and substituting expression for Bg and Bgi into the equation, the following is obtained: G(Z/P) G(Zi/Pi) = Gp(Z/P) Rearranging it, the equation can become P/Z = Pi/Zi (1 Gp/G)

P/Z method:

## Gas Reservoir With Aquifer

The relation between Gp and p/z is not linear. Rearranging the equation, it can be obtained GBgi = (G Gp)Bg + We - BwWp When the water drive, We 0 And Efw = negligible The equation for gas reservoir with water influx, (GpBg+WpBw)/(Bg-Bgi) = G + We/(Bg-Bgi)

## Graphical Interpretation (Gas)

Graph without water influx

## Graphical Interpretation (Gas)

Van Everdingen and Hurst Carter-Tracy