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4)EMPLOYEE STAKEHOLDERS

ORGANIZATIONAL INFLUENCE IN PRIVATE LIVES


Release of personal information about employees which violate employee rights. Bosses rummage through the files of employees, eavesdrop on phone calls or read emails. No consensus on how to define privacy, since corporations often have legitimate interests that may conflict with the privacy concerns of employees. Informed consent the decision to participate must be voluntary.

ORGANIZATIONAL INFLUENCE IN PRIVATE LIVES


Health programs: Wellness programs try to make fitness part of the corporate culture, but some companies make employees pay more for their health care benefits if they are overweight, have high blood pressure or dont exercise Intensive group experience (sensitivity training, awareness groups, creativity groups & workshops): Movement focuses on developing ways to help people lower their defenses, remove their masks & express themselves more effectively and creatively.

ORGANIZATIONAL INFLUENCE IN PRIVATE LIVES


Polygraph Tests: Records changes in the physiological processes which occur in an individual when he is disturbed, and is thus often used in lie detection. It is used to verify information provided by a job applicant, and to identify dishonest employees or candidates. Personality Tests: Companies conduct personality tests to determine whether prospective employees are emotionally mature and sociable, and whether they will fit into the organization. Drug Testing: Testing employees to determine whether they are using illegal drugs.

CHANGING FACE OF EMPLOYMENT


Industrialization Digital Economy

Growth

Downsizing, restructuring, merging, reinventing Hierarchy Flat organizations and layers diminishing Production Productivity, speed, efficiency & accuracy Work satisfaction High stress work life balance

CHANGING FACE OF EMPLOYMENT


Demography at Demography at workplace male workplace - Male and increasing female population Fixed working hours Long term relationships Long term rewards and growth Flexible work hours, work from home Short term relationships

Quick rewards and growth

THE CHANGING WORKFORCE


Aging workforce: Increase in retired workforce. Women in the workforce: More women are entering the workforce. Educational gaps: The ability to work at an early age is leading to increasing workforce with lesser education though opportunities to study have increased. Mainstreaming disabled workers: Hiring and mainstreaming qualified disabled workers is gaining a lot of importance.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Health and Safety
Industrial accidents are often caused by inadequate worker training, lack of understanding of the job, improper tools & equipment, hazardous work environments, poor equipment maintenance etc. Another prevalent issue is health implications of stress, and fatigue caused by excessive workload and pressure.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Day Care & Maternity/Paternity Leave
Provision of maternity/paternity leave and child care services for workers with children would be useful for parents and allow them greater interaction with their children besides being logistically convenient. Besides, women should not be forced to choose between careers and childbearing, but could balance the two roles. Fathers could thus play a more significant role in the upbringing of their children.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Management Style
Affects work environment Managers who operate with rigid assumptions about human nature or who devote themselves to infighting and political maneuvering damage the interests of the employees.

IMPLICATIONS OF CHANGING WORKFORCE


Age Discrimination: Companies can respond to aging and younger employees with fairness by implementing programs to accommodate skill training and mentoring. Reverse mentoring younger technically savvy employees mentor & train older professionals. Sexual Harassment: More women are speaking out against sexual harassment, and more cases are being reported. Companies need to have sound training & policies, combined with transparency and openness to provide women employees an opportunity to raise complaints, be heard and treated with fairness and justice.

IMPLICATIONS OF CHANGING WORKFORCE


Health care provisions: Companies must deal with increasing health care costs of employees, and work with govt. bodies to provide for health care. Educational challenges: Companies need to continue training the workforce because of the gap between educated and less educated employees. The rewards, opportunities, involvement, supervision, autonomy would differ and company policies would need to cater to this gap. Work-life balance: Need to keep in mind societal-family and personal needs.

ETHICAL & MORAL RESPONSIBILITY OF EMPLOYERS


Fair Wages Working conditions & policies
No discrimination Family and leave policies Equal employment opportunities Affirmative action

Safe working environment


The right to know information about hazards, workplace conditions Strict policies and clear policies on sexual harassment

ETHICAL & MORAL RESPONSIBILITY OF EMPLOYERS


Respect & adhere to employees rights in the workplace (Hearing, justice) The right to organize unions

Technology & employee privacy


Workplace surveillance Internet usage and email

Right to privacy
Personal data Psychological, polygraph testing Drug testing Health monitoring