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SRI BHAGIRATH TEXTILES LTD,

NAGPUR

Presented By:

Group : 3 Ayushi Garg (2011052) Gagan Bhatia (2011073) Harleena Bhela (2011087) Sheetal Saxena (2011255)

Presented to:

Prof. Manimay Ghosh

INTRODUCTION

Established in 1996 ,expanded in fully automated plant in 2006.

Use of the high quality material & machinery.

1996

Provide range of yarns to the customers in different sizes and thickness

Engaged in the manufacturing and supply of Cotton yarn, Open end yarn

and Ginned cotton yarn. 2 operational plants-

a)Labor intensive plant employing 350 workers established in

b)Fully-automated plant employing 50 workers established in

2006.

Average Daily production-12 tonnes/day

90% production exported to Brazil, Australia ,etc.

The costing of the yarn is based on:

  • 1. Raw material usage

  • 2. Electricity Unit usage

  • 3. Maintenance Cost

  • 4. Wages\Salary

OPERATIONS

Continuous production.

Product layout: Machines set according to the sequence of operations.

Fixed-time Model. Make to order model.

Labor Division

3 Labor shifts

a)7am-3pm

b)3pm-11pm

c)11pm-7am

Labor Division • 3 Labor shifts a)7am-3pm b)3pm-11pm c)11pm-7am • Division of Labor-based on the nature

Division of Labor-based on the nature of work

1.Contractual-Packaging

2.Permanent:Engineering,maintenance,HR,

administration Wages paid on daily basis.

Quality parameters

Color

Primarily determined by conditions of temperature and/or humidity, cotton lint exposure to sunlight, and cotton varieties. The color of cotton ranges from white to yellowish and is classed into the groups "White", "Light Spotted", "Spotted Tinged" and "Yellow Stained", in descending order of quality

Length

Weather, nutrient deficiencies, as well as excessive cleaning and/or drying at the gin may also affect the fiber length.

Uniformity

Length uniformity is the ratio between the mean length and the upper half mean length of the cotton fibers within a sample

Strength

The fiber strength measurement is made by clamping and breaking a bundle of fibers from the same beards of cotton that are used for measuring fiber length. Results are reported in terms of grams per tex (tex unit =weight in grams of 1,000 meters of fiber). It expresses the force required to break a bundle of fibers one tex unit in size. Fiber strength is largely determined by variety.

They control quality through 5 different departments:

  • 1. Engineering

  • 2. Maintenance

  • 3. Production

  • 4. HR

  • 5. Excise

1.Raw material

1. RAW MATERIAL

Raw material is the form of ginned cotton. There major suppliers are Reliance, Grasim & Indorama. It is ordered 6months in advance. 1 cotton candy = 172-180 bale. The cotton after being collected from field is sent for ginning and pressing. The cotton arrives in the plant after the above process.

2. BLOW ROOM SECTION

2.Blow Room Section

This section has 3 parts

  • a) Loosening

  • b) Filtering

  • c) Buffer/ storage

LOOSENING

Ginned cotton is loosened manually. Suitable atmospheric temperature is maintained.

FILTERING

Loosened cotton is filtered to remove any impurities. The impurities are collected in a separate dump box. The cleaned cotton is moved ahead in the process for conversion into finished material.

STORAGE & BUFFER The cleaned cotton is moved through pipelines to the storage area. The cotton is further moved through these boxes to

the next step of process. In case of shortage of material there is a buffer stock which is stored in the lower

half of these boxes so that process doesn’t comes

to a haul.

3.Carding system

3. CARDING SYSTEM

After cotton runs through the blow run section it is then sent through pipes for further processing. The cotton is processed on Trutzschler machine. There are 12 machines which are operated by 2 workers. These machines compress the cotton into sheet form. The machines are used to extract cotton sliber from it. Cotton sliber is then rolled on drums. It takes 4 hours for this process .

4.Draw family

4. DRAW FAMILY

Cotton rolled on these drums is then taken to lab to check their quality. Then these 24 cotton sliber drums are taken to draw family machine manually. These machines convert cotton from different sliber into 1 single sliber. The specifications for the quality are entered in the machine. 6 machines operated by 2 workers.

5. AUTO CARE SECTION

5.Auto Care Section

After being converted into single sliber it is tested again in lab. 360 machines are placed to complete this process. Finally the sliber is rolled in the form of yarn. 1m of the cotton sliber = 100m yarn Uniform thickness The rolled yarns are steamed for 2 hours in the Seiger machine.

6.PACKAGING

Packaging

Manual. Moisture control. Different color coding.

Waste elimination

Approximately 5% waste.

Waiting time minimized.

Recycling of waste except at final step.

Dedicated engineers and maintenance staff for every machine responsible in case of breakdown.

CONCLUSION

Pros Cost & time saving. Uniform Quality. High Utilization & low wastages. Dedicated Staff. Continuous production. Cons

Strength of the cotton yarn from automated plant is less than that of the labor-intensive plant.

Inventory is ordered 6 months in advance.

THANK YOU