Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

COIN BASED WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM

PRESENTED BY

SANTHOSH 09915A0208 SRAVAN KUMAR 08911A0296 SAI SRINIVAS YASASWI 08911A0285


3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

OUTLINE
AIM INTRODUCTION SOLENOID TAP 555 TIMER DECADE COUNTER POWER SUPPLY UNIT RELAYS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM CONCLUSION
3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

AIM:

A amount of supply of water is controlled by using one rupee coin

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

INTRODUCTION

Here 12V 5A transformer step down the 230V to 12V this voltage feeded to a rectifier. Rectifier convert 12V ac to 12v dc source This pulse rated feed to filter Her filter convert pulsating dc to pure dc This output feed to regulator This regulator convert 12V dc to 5v dc This output connected to coin sensor circuit and 555 timer unit Timer output is driver to two relays water filling relay and discharge relay This two relays control the solenoid tap.
3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

SOLENOID TAP:

A Solenoid is an electromechanical device which allows for an electrical device to control the flow of a gas or liquid. The electrical device causes a current to flow through a coil located on the solenoid valve. This current flow in turn results in a magnetic which causes the displacement of a metal actuator.

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

SOLENOID TAP

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF SOLENOID TAP

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

555TIMER:

The 555 timer is an integrated circuit (chip) implementing a variety of timer and multivibrator applications. It is widely used because of its ease to use, low price and reliability. It is one of the most popular and versatile integrated circuits which can be used to build lots of different circuits. It includes 23 transistors, 2 diodes and 16 resistors on a silicon chip installed in an 8-pin mini dual-in-line package (DIP-8)

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR: An astable multivibrator is a wave-generating circuit in which neither of the output levels is stable. The output keeps on switching between the two unstable states and is a periodic, rectangular waveform. The circuit is therefore known as an astable multivibrator. Also, no external trigger is required to change the state of the output, hence it is also called freerunning multivibrator.

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

ASTABLE MULTI VIBRATOR USING 555IC TIMER

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

10

Output wave forms of astable multivibrator

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

11

DECADE COUNTER:

Modulus for a decade counter is 10 These counters are useful in display applications. Counter with a sequence of 0(0000) through 9(1001) is a BCD decade counter, because its ten state sequence is the BCD code. Q1=1, Q3=1 at the count 1010, so the OP of the NAND gate is LOW and RESETs all the FFs Q1 and Q3 are connected to the NAND gate This counter has to reset to 0 when the output reads 11. .

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

12

POWER SUPPLY UNIT

As we all know any invention of latest technology cannot be activated without the source of power. So in the fast moving world, we deliberately need a proper power source which will be apt for a particular requirement. All the electronic components starting from diode to intel ICs only work with a dc supply ranging from -+5v to +12v. We are utilizing for the same , the cheapest and commonly available energy source of 230v-50hz and stepping down, rectifying, filtering and regulating the voltage.

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

13

Block Diagram of a Regulated Power Supply System

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

14

Transformers
A transformer is a stationary electric machine which transfers eletrical energy (power)from one voltage level to another voltage level

When the ac is applied to the primary winding of the transformer it can be either stepped down or up depending on the value of dc needed. In our circuit the transformer of 230v/0-12v is used to perform the step down operation

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

15

RECTIFER UNIT
rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current(AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), which is in only one direction, a process known as rectification.
BRIDGE RECTIFIER

This type of single phase rectifier uses four individual rectifying diodes connected in a closed loop "bridge" configuration to produce the desired output

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

16

FILTER UNIT

Filter circuits which are usually capacitors acting as a surge arresters always follow the rectifier unit. This capacitor is also called as a decoupled capacitor or a by passing capacitor, is used not only to short the ripple with frequency of 120hz to ground but also to leave the frequency of the dc to appear at the output

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

17

VOLTAGE REGULATOR:

A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

18

NOISE FILTER:

Noise filters are used to remove any noise (unwanted signals) present in the line, Electromagnetic interference signals, radio frequency interference signals etc., capacitor c3 (0.1f) is a low pass filter which by passes high frequency noises. Capacitor C2 (10f/25 v) is for maintaining stability of the voltage at load side

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

19

schematics of power supply

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

20

RELAYS

A relay is an electrically operated switch. Current flowing through the coil of the relay creates a magnetic field which attracts a lever and changes the switch contacts. The coil current can be on or off so relays have two switch positions and they are double throw (changeover) switches.

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

21

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

22

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION: When coin is placed on coin box coin triggers a switch the switch trigger a two transistor based timer The 555timer pin3 generates a square wave this output is fed to CD4017 Decade counter. It indicates a timer output through LED and provides supply to solenoid relay driving transistor. However solenoid drive activate it provides ac supply to solenoid tap

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

23

This transistor activates a relay connected tap. However relay activated it provides a positive supply to auto timer driver circuit. Here we used a 555timer as a Astable multivibrator mode. However the relay activated the 555timer generates a clock pulse through R1, R2 and C

The 555timer pin3 generates a square wave this output is fed to CD4017 Decade counter. It indicates a timer output through LED and provides supply to solenoid relay driving transistor. However solenoid drive activates it provides ac supply to solenoid tap.
3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

24

Model diagram

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

25

CONCLUSION

The project coin based water controlling system has been successfully designed and tested. This is a low cost project can be used to obtain water or any other liquid using coins. It is positioned to continue leading the industry with innovative low cost and high performance with number of applications.
3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

26

THANK YOU

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

27

QUERIES.???

3/13/2012

EEE Dept: 'VJIT' Hyderabad

28