Sie sind auf Seite 1von 22

INTELLIGENT LOAD SHEDDING

Presented by :Nikhil.A.Jagirdar Guided by:Prof. S.K.Shinde

CONTENTS
What is LOAD SHEDDING?? Causes of LOAD SHEDDING Current Techniques Drawbacks of Current Techniques INTELLIGENT LOAD SHEDDING Features of ILS Comparison of ILS with Current Techniques Conclusion

LOAD SHEDDING

A rolling blackout, also referred to as load shedding, is an intentionally-engineered electrical power outage where electricity delivery is stopped for non-overlapping periods of time over geographical regions. Rolling blackouts are a lastresort measure used by an electric utility company to avoid a total blackout of the power system. They are usually in response to a situation where the demand for electricity exceeds the power supply capability of the network. Rolling blackouts may be localised to a specific part of the electricity network or may be more widespread and affect entire countries and continents

CAUSES
The country cannot afford to build a power plant large enough to fit their people's needs Bad government policies Some countries impose additional load shedding on average civilians so they can give increased power to the government and the rich. Low fuel supplies Increased demand due to extreme weather

CURRENT TECHNIQUES

There are 3 Techniques used currently :Breaker Interlock Load Shedding

A.

B.

Under-Frequency Relay Load Shedding


PLC Based Load Shedding

C.

BREAKER INTERLOCK LOAD SHEDDING

DISADVANTAGES

Difficult to change load priority Only one stage of load shedding is available

More loads are shed than necessary


Modification of system is costly

UNDER-FREQUENCY RELAY LOAD SHEDDING

DISADVANTAGES

Slow response time of frequency relays

Incorrect Load may be Dropped Causing Undesirable Blackouts

Analysis knowledge is lost

PLC BASED LOAD SHEDDING

Circuit breaker tripping programmed Modification of the logic requires changing programmed logic

ADVANTAGE: access to actual operating status of the power system


DISADVANTAGE: pre-defined load priority tables in the PLC

ILS BLOCK DIAGRAM

COMPONENTS OF ILS

LOAD PRESERVATION

LOAD RESTORATION

LOAD SHEDDING VALIDATION

LOAD PRESERVATION

Calculates minimum required power to be shed Selects optimal combination of loads


Different load priority tables, load groups, options, calculation method etc.

LOAD RESTORATION
Available spinning reserve Starting voltages Operating voltages User-defined logic Alternate source detection System configuration status system frequency interlock and switching sequence logics

LOAD SHEDDING VALIDATION

IMPLEMENTATION CONFIGURATION OF ILS

KEY FETURES OF ILS


Hardware independent Supports large number of protocols and standards User-defined load priority User defined load groups Unlimited load shedding schedules Operator friendly interface On-line testing to validate ILS actions Load restoration Eliminate unnecessary load shedding Reduction of downtime for critical loads Reduction of spinning reserve requirements Reliable load preservation system Fast response to electrical & mechanical disturbances Robust calculation method Operator alerts for marginal operating conditions Reliable

ILS VS FREQUENCY RELAY

ILS VS PLC

APPLICABLE SYSTEMS
Oil and chemical refineries Oil production fields Oil platforms Mining Cement and paper facilities Manufacturing plants Generation plants Distribution system

CONCLUSION
Although complete elimination of Load Shedding is the Ultimate goal for India to be Recognized as a Developed Country ,it will take a long time to reach that goal. Therefore until that time Intelligent Load Shedding can prove to be an important factor in improving the overall stability and reliability of Power System which will definitely reduce losses in system and thus save valuable money utilized by losses and help in eliminating Load Shedding completely from the system over a period of time

THANK YOU..!!!!