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TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Piyava is situated in the siyala in a semi arid region, having undulated land, rocky area. This district Surendranagar is drought prone which is the reason the land is not too fertile for agriculture. Vegetation like cactus n gando baval(prosopis juliflora) are an indication of low level of ground water and dry land. These are few natural factors that forced farmer labors to find other jobs rather than venturing into farming and agriculture. As compared to other districts in Gujarat, Surandranagar is at higher level with respect to mean sea level.

This is one such region where migration is maximum towards city and peripheral areas. But the importance of land holdings has not been lost. Mythological reason of BHOGAVO not being suitable for sufficient irrigation has also believed to force people to leave the area. This is one reason why land lords or rich farmers adopt cultivating cash crops over food crops tht gives instant earning. We saw Gaubens family cultivating BT cotton crop, cumin and musturd seeds as well as wheat on certain fortions on land with forder for cattle on boundries.

Before getting drip irrigation through AKRSP funding, flood irrigation was used where the water which could be used for 6 bhiga was used for only 2 bhiga.

Rate (per acre) Seedling Fertilizer Manual labor Tilling Pestisides Transport (to & fro to Chotila) Light bill 1300 DAP- 1850 Urea 1500 2000 2500 600 per hour for tractor Potash 400 Rs. 4 900 for 2 months Electricity available for only 8 hours a day Because NGOs have been working have not sited any gender inequality in this case study but generally th ewomen are not paid equally and not on hand.

Water pumps ( diesel)


Labor per day

2500 per month


150 per person

Per hector production 2000 kg

SOCIAL ISSUES
There are flaws in the implimentation of the policy of NREGA. For eg. Instaed of 100 rs. The villagers get only 63 rs. This is just one such exploitation. Such kind of explotation are found in cotton farm where only only women but also children are encouraged to help during harvest season.

Implementation of SHG mechanism and its success by AKRSP


12 women 20 rs. = 240 rs. Per month Loan @ of 2% Usage for self interest and help for family A way of making women feel SELF DEPENDENT

Before

After

Excess drudgery before AKRSP intervention as flood irrigation method was adopted. No loan availability left them financially handicapped. Not even drinking water available Rampant exploitation due to middlemen and feudal lords.

Tank construction,

AKRSP funding

Clean water availability. Direct contact with market, eg. Cotton Connect Private- people intervention eg. IKEA Self confidence Stability in life Improvement in standard of living community development

Construction of Check Dam


Better choice over deep wells One time investment Long run profitable earnings Easy raising capitals Sustainable water availability