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# Prepared by

## NUR SYAHIRAH SHAMSUDDIN

To introduce the rules of differentiation.

At the end of this lesson, students should be able to:

Apply the rules of differentiation to solve any problems.

1.The derivative for constant
function
2. The Power Rule for all integer
3. Differentiation of multiples
4. Differentiation of sums
5. Differentiation of Products
6. Differentiation of Quotient

1.The derivative for constant function

If , where is a constant, then

Example: ,

2. The Power Rule for all integer

If , is any integer, then

Example:

[ ] 0
d
c
dx
=
y c = c
( 1) 0
d
dx
=
n
y x =
n
1
( )
n n
d
x nx
dx

=
(2) 0
d
dx
=
15 15 1 14
'( ) 15 15
dy
y x y x x x
dx

= = = =
3. Differentiation of multiples

Let , then

Example:
( ) y cf x =
[ ( )] [ ( )]
d d
cf x c f x
dx dx
=
8 8 8 8 1 7
4 [4 ] 4 [ ] 4(8) 32
d d
y x x x x x
dx dx

= = = =
15 15 15 15 1 14
[ ] [ ] 15 15
d d
y x x x x x
dx dx

= = = =
4. Differentiation of sums

Let and are differentiable function of , if
then

Example:

x
dy du dv
dx dx dx
=
( )
2 3
2 3
2 3
2 3
2
4 5
4 , 5
4 5
4 [ ] 5 [ ]
8 15
y x x
u x v x
d
x x
dx
d d
x x
dx dx
x x
= +
= =
+
= +
= +
u v
y u v =
5. Differentiation of Products

Let and are differentiable functions with
respect to .
If , then

Example:
let

u v
x
y uv =
[ ] '( ) '( )
d dv du
uv u v uv x vu x
dx dx dx
= + = +
2 3
2 3
2
2 2 3
4 2 4
4 2
(4 2)(3 1)
4 2, 3 1
'( ) 8 , '( ) 9
[ ] '( ) '( )
(4 2)(9 ) (3 1)(8 )
36 18 24 4
60 18 4
y x x
u x v x
u x x v x x
d
uv uv x vu x
dx
x x x x
x x x x
x x x
= +
= + =
= =
= +
= + +
= + +
= +
6. Differentiation of Quotient
Let and be differentiable function with
respect to .
If , then

Example:

u 0 v =
x
u
y
v
=
2 2
'( ) '( )
du dv
v u
d u vu x uv x
dx dx
dx v v v

(
= =
(

3
3
2
2
2 3
2
3 2
2
2 2
3 1
2 2, 3 1
'( ) 6 , '( ) 3
'( ) '( )
(3 1)6 (2 2)3
(3 1)
12 6 6
(3 1)
x
y
x
u x v x
u x x v x
d u vu x uv x
dx v v
x x x
x
x x
x
+
=

= + =
= =

(
=
(

+
=

2
2
) 4 5
) 2 ( 1)
5 4
)
2
a y x
b y x x
x x
c y
x

= +
= +

=
Find the derivative for the following functions:
Ans:
'
) 8 , a y x =
'
) 4 2, b y x = +
'
5
)
2
c y =