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Prose About

real people, places, & events to convey factual information


Information may be shaped by authors

purpose and attitude (Bias)

Autobiography Journal Biography Instruction Manual Memoir Editorial Essay Cookbook Newspaper Documentaries Textbooks News Broadcast

proposition stated or put forward for consideration, especially one to be discussed and proved. An unproved statement, especially one put forward as a premise in an argument .

process of reasoning; series of reasons statement, reason, or fact for or against a point: This is a strong argument in favor of her theory.

particular tendency or inclination, especially one that prevents consideration of a question; prejudice bias is the bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection of which events and stories are reported and how they are covered.


way of regarding situations, facts, etc, and judging their relative importance
Do you see a young woman with a feather on her hat? Or and old woman with a big nose?


ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely and aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position. Often used to manipulate human emotions by displaying facts selectively

set of inaccurate, simplistic generalizations about a group that allows others to categorize them and treat them accordingly


unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.


something that actually exists; reality; truth. a belief or judgment that rests on grounds insufficient to produce complete certainty; a personal view, attitude.



use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, or denouncing vice, folly, etc. A literary composition in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

Making fun of the fact that so many consumer items are sold in pink during Breast Cancer Awareness month, in order to support Susan G. Koman. You can buy pink-packaged fried chicken, alcohol, chips, and handguns! But not cigarettes. Whats wrong with this?


of your textbook that have been created to help you locate and learn information. Used in designing and organizing the pages of your textbook.
Title page & table of contents found at the beginning of

books Headings, graphics, main idea boxes, and bolded words found in the middle of book Reference pages like glossaries, indexes, and atlases found at the end of your book


material at the end of a book, article, document, or other text, usually of an explanatory, statistical, or bibliographic nature.

list of terms in a special subject, field, or area of usage, with accompanying definitions. At the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the text.

detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually included in the back of the text.

title or caption of a page, chapter, etc. A section of the subject of a discourse; a main division of a topic or theme.

title or heading of a subdivision, as in a chapter, essay, or newspaper article.

title or explanation for a picture or illustration, especially in a magazine.


non-fiction texts, a fact box is a text box pulled out from the main part of the text to emphasize important information or offer new information that is supplemental.


word or phrase heading a piece of text to indicate or summarize its contents