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Author Characters Summary/ Historical Plot background Irony Theme
Author
Characters
Summary/
Historical
Plot
background
Irony
Theme

1. Author

ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899 1961)

1. Author ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899 – 1961)
Place of birth
Place
of
birth
Place of birth Place of death
Place of birth Place of death

Place

of

death

Clarence

Edmonds

Hemingway

Clarence Edmonds Hemingway Grace Hall Hemingway

Grace

Hall

Hemingway

KANSAS CITY

1917

  • graduated from high

school. 1 st job: reported for

Kansas City Star for a

few months.

ITALY

WORLD WAR I

  • joined the Red Cross

Ambulance Corps.

1918: was seriously wounded and returned

home

ITALY WORLD WAR I  joined the Red Cross Ambulance Corps.  1918: was seriously wounded
ITALY WORLD WAR I  joined the Red Cross Ambulance Corps.  1918: was seriously wounded

PARIS

1922

  • worked as a foreign

correspondent.

  • fell under the influence of

the modernistwriters and artists

of the 1920s “Lost Generation"

expatriate community.

=> The Sun Also Rises,

Hemingway's first novel, was published in 1926.

PARIS 1922  worked as a foreign correspondent.  fell under the influence of the modernistwriters
PARIS 1922  worked as a foreign correspondent.  fell under the influence of the modernistwriters

SPAIN SPANISH CIVIL WAR

  • worked as a journalist for the

North American Newspaper Alliance.

=> For Whom The Bell Tolls was published in 1940.

SPAIN SPANISH CIVIL WAR  worked as a journalist for the North American Newspaper Alliance. =>
SPAIN SPANISH CIVIL WAR  worked as a journalist for the North American Newspaper Alliance. =>

CUBA 1945 - 1960

The Old Man and the Sea was published in 1952.

  • won the Pulitzer Prize in

1953 and the Nobel Prize in

1954.

CUBA 1945 - 1960  The Old Man and the Sea was published in 1952. 
CUBA 1945 - 1960  The Old Man and the Sea was published in 1952. 

Works

Works * 7 novels * 6 short-story collections * 2 non-fiction works Three novels, four collections

* 7 novels

* 6 short-story

collections

* 2 non-fiction works

Three novels, four collections of short stories and three non-fiction works were published

posthumously.

Novels: The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), The Old Man and the Sea

(1952),….

Short-story collections: Three Stories and

Ten Poems (1923), Men Without Women (1927), Winner Take Nothing (1933),…

Non-fiction works: Death in the Afternoon (1932), Green Hills of Africa (1935), A Moveable Feast (1964),…

STYLE

plain grammar easily accessible language few adjectives short, rhythmic sentences that reflection.
plain grammar
easily accessible language
few adjectives
short, rhythmic sentences that
reflection.

concentrate The Theory on action Iceberg rather than

THE ICEBERG THEORY

  • "If a writer of prose knows enough of what he is writing

about he may omit things that he knows and the reader, if

the writer is writing truly enough, will have a feeling of

those things as strongly as though the writer had stated

them. The dignity of movement of an ice-berg is due to only one-eighth of it being above water. A writer who omits things because he does not know them only makes

hollow places in his writing ."

The hard facts float above water, while the supporting structure, complete with symbolism, operates out-of- sight.

  • The readers have to feel the whole story and fill the

gaps left with their feelings.

2. Theme/ Historical background

Theme:

Experience of war changes a person so much that he may never be able to fit
Experience of war changes a person
so much that he may never be able
to fit back into the life he had
before

Historical Background

  • - "Soldier's Home" was written in 1924 while

Ernest Hemingway was living in Paris with his

wife Hadley Richardson (at that time).

  • - The story was first published in 1925

in Contact Collection Of Contemporary

Writers”, an anthology that included works by such important writers as Ford Madox

Ford, James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, and

Ezra Pound before appearing in Hemingway's exceptional first short story collection, In

Our Time”.

Historical background

“Soldier’s Home” is Hemingway's

subliminal confession of his life

serving on the Italian front during

the World War I.

After the loss-making battles had

been ceased, many of the soldiers

returned to their home countries

by ship. On their return there were

usually a big welcome celebration

because they were the ones that

ended the war and brought glory

for the United States

During the war they had to face death countless times and saw how their comrades died in the battles. Some of

the minds of these people just could

not process these visual impacts.

Many of them were not able to find a

place to work because of the instable

economic conditions after the war which negatively affected the labour

market

The realization of the fact that all the great sacrifices they had had to make brought little

honour or attention made many

of the soldiers depressive and disillusioned.

Methodist College KANSAS CITY Belleau Wood
Methodist College
KANSAS CITY
Belleau Wood

Argonne forest

Several places and dates mentioned

in the story are factual places where

the European battles were fought.

3. Characters

Harold Krebs, a young man who is tormented from his Helen Krebs, Harold's Harold's mother, a
Harold Krebs, a young man
who is tormented from his
Helen Krebs, Harold's
Harold's mother, a
Harold's father, who is
experiences in the war. He
religious woman. She tries
younger sister. She
comes to the realization that
absent most of the
plays indoor baseball
to get her son out of his
he does not belong in his
time. He never makes a
post-war trauma by

and looks up to her

childhood home anymore.

brother.

focusing on getting a job

direct appearance in

and finding a girl.

the story.

• He returns from World • • Harold feels the conflict of He loses the purity
• He returns from World
• Harold feels the conflict of
He loses the purity of experience
War I too late for the
which he encountered at times
his belief in God, and is
heroes welcome, and finds a
in the war. >> Harold Krebs now
unsure of how to deal
society interested only in
finds himself adrift in a society
lies not the realities of war
with this.
that he no longer feels he
• The true stories he tells of
• Krebs is an observer,
the war differ dramatically
belongs in.
rather than a participant.
from the lies that the
Krebs has been thrust into the
others tell. >> He
He is always looking and
confines of small town America,
embellishes his stories >>
and all the cultural doldrums
watching, but rarely
He cannot deal with the
that go with it. The town was
interacting.
guilt of the lies >> The
conflict between him and
never affected by the war, not as
the people of the town
Krebs had been.

Harold's mother

Krebs' mother

reflects the typical

view of women during

this era: she is a God

fearing mother and a

housewife. She attempts to persuade Harold that he should find a job and be more like the other boys.

Harold's mother Krebs' mother reflects the typical view of women during this era: she is a

Helen Krebs

Helen Krebs • Harold's younger sister • She plays indoor baseball and looks up to her

Harold's younger sister

She plays indoor baseball and

looks up to her

brother

Harold's father

He is absent most of the time and never

makes a direct appearance in the

story

4.

Summary

4. Summary
• The name of the story: “ A soldier’s home” • -Home: the place we return

The name of the story: “ A

soldier’s home”

-Home: the place we

return when life is too

rough

-The ironic meaning: A

place full of sadness and

sorrow

IRONY

The return of Krebs when “the

greeting of heroes was over

put the story in a down spiral for the

lead character => Krebs seemed

disappointed in coming home late missing

a hero welcome.

Nobody shares Krebs' experiences

He can’t justify his actions in war.

=>War was a bad dream for Krebs

“You didn’t need a girl unless

you thought about them.”

War has taught him to control his desire, which was why he

didn’t like doing anything at

home.

“Now he would have liked a girl if

she had…not wanted to talk. But

here at home it was all too

complicated.”

his obstacles were too big and

unnecessary to give an effort to

overcome.

He liked girls. He would have like one if

she had just come to him

Unlike other tradition heroes, Krebs was

an antihero who didn't want to do any big

task

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