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SBQ 3314 MEASUREMENT III

SOFT Syamsul Hendra Bin Mahmud LANDSCAPE


Jabatan Ukur Bahan, Fakulti Alam Bina

SOFT LANDSCAPE

PENGENALAN
Landskap suatu permandangan luaran / permukaan bumi yang dihasilkan dari keadaan semulajadi / binaan Ia juga satu bidang seni kreatif utk mengolah satu permukaan bumi dengan menggunakan unsur unsur asli binaan agar lebih berfungsi dan menarik. Jenis-jenis landskap :a) Soft Landscape b) Hard Landscape

apa itu

Senibina Landskap?

Satu bidang yang melibatkan unsur-unsur perancangan serta rekabentuk tanah dan air untuk membentuk ruang luaran yang praktikal serta mempunyai nilainilai keselesaan hidup pada tempat-tempat tinggal, kerja atau bermain.

Ianya adalah merupakan gabungan seni dan sains yang berkait dengan pembentukan landskap kita untuk kegunaan manusia secara produktif serta mempunyai nilai-nilai estetik

Philosophy of Landscape
All environmental planning must proceed in the awareness that any alteration of nature-no matter how small, has deep implications for the ecological processes of the immediate area and the larger region Frederick Law Olmstead Sr. (Father of Landscape Architecture) Landscape is the art of applying scientific principles to the land - its planning , designing, and management for the public health and welfare, with the commitment to the concept of stewardship of the land

Philosophy of Landscape

DEFINITION
Landscaping is how we use or how we decorate compound outside a building. Or in other word the decoration of land where we want to. We can decorate the land using two techniques, soft cape or hard cape. We can use either one or usually people use the combination of both of them.

WHAT IS LANDSCAPE ?
The geological structure of land , its soils, animals and its vegetation; the pattern of human activity fields, forests, settlements and local industries (International Symposium on Protected Landscapes,1987) WHAT IS LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE ? The art of applying scientific principles to the land its planning,designing, and management for the public health and welfare, with a commitment to the concept stewardship to the land

Soft Landscape

LANDSCAPE

Hard Landscape

LANDSCAPE
SOFT LANDCAPING
HARD LANDSCAPING

LANDSCAPE WORK
HARD LANDSCAPE SOFT LANDSCAPE

Eg: Pegola,Pathway, etc.

Eg: Grass, Shrub,palm,etc.

SOFT CAPE
Soft cape is the using of plant or grass or etc. to decorate earth surface, such as Acalypha Siemensis ( Dedaun Teh ), planted stilmutaniously to be form like fence and Cynodon Dactylon (rumput ) for the turfing. Large plants also been used as soft cape such as Pterocerpus Indicus ( pokok sena ) and etc. Huge plant is very useful for landscape, it is because its not only been used to make the landscape look beautiful, its also make the soil stronger and can be used as shelter from the hot sunshine. As flower tree is no need to be mentioned because it is well known of its beauty for landscaping.

GROUND COVER

CLIMBERS

SOFT LANDSCAPE

SHRUB

TREE

PALM

GROUND COVER

Applied to small plants (less than 18 inches tall) which cover the ground in place of turf

Plants that are smaller in size than trees and usually multi-stemmed. Shrubs are most commonly used as a wall element in the outdoor room

SHRUB

PALM

Monocotyledons and have only one seed leaf All sword trees have a few very big leaves formed one at a time at stem from a lot of material and the leaf base is board and encircles the stem

TREE
A tree may provide full or partial shade, while creating a feeling of intimacy or openness

CLIMBERS
Climbing plants do not have self-support trunks or branches and they various modifications to lift themselves up towards the sunlight.

Examples
1. Ground Cover a) Bougainvillaea b) Hedera helix 2. Tree a) Mesua ferrea b) Khaya Senegalensis c) Filicium dicipens d) Plumeria rubra 3. Palm a) Roystonea negia 4. Shrub a) Baphia Natida b) Axonopus Compressus

PALM

SHRUB , GROUND COVER

TREE , SHRUB

WAWASAN LANSKAP NEGARA

"Street Planting Directory"

landscaping The Nation

FLOWERS

WAYVERD WISTRIA

TREE , GROUND COVER, TURFING

HARD CAPE
Hard cape is the using of material other than tree and plant. It is the using of structure built by homo sapiens to decorate earth surface. There are several type of hard cape, built by wood, concrete, combination of wood and concrete and other hard materials. As for example for hard cape, replica of fruits, animals, things like congkak, keris and etc. Hard cape also can be useful to people such as wakaf, special made sea-saw and etc. It means that hard cape were built for several purpose not only to make the compound beautiful.

DEFINATION OF SOFT LANDSCAPE

Referred to element of the plants whether trees, climbers, shrubs, herbs or ground covers. Landscape more to organic which its element depends on nature and times. Laying out of an area where its design element depends on natural features.

CONCEPT
Concept project is to make the existing compound beautiful and useful for people, for example, to make the compound for recreational use. From a dull scenery to place for taking a break and maybe for picnic. Using flower such as Cuphea can make place more beautiful and colourful and Acalypha Siemensis as fence can make the place well organize and attractive. The usage of high tree such as Pterrocarpus and a man-made pond can cool down the temperature on hot sunny day as we know that big tree give shade and water can absorb heat very well. Forming a very well designed and constructed wakaf

1. Landskap Bandar

3. Landskap Desa

2. Landskap Pinggiran

4. Landskap Semulajadi

TYPES OF DESIGN
LANDSCAPE DESIGN
GARDEN DESIGN FORMAL DESIGN INFORMAL DESIGN

GARDEN DESIGN
The setting of object must be appropriate Should be set to harmonise with each other Unpleasant objects should be screened off

FORMAL DESIGN
Often has geometric forms and laid out in regular forms such straight lines, circles, triangles, squares and oval The beauty of symmetry becomes evident in the well-balanced form of a formal garden

INFORMAL DESIGN
This style does not employ geometric forms and effort are made to produce a natural effect ( artificiality ) Spaciousness is absolutely necessary for this design Example : japanese-style garden

LANDSCAPE WORKS

LANDSCAPE WORKS

LANDSCAPE WORKS

LANDSCAPE WORKS