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OptiX RTN 600 Networking and Protection

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Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Study Guide

Before the study on this course, you are supposed to:

Complete the study on the Digital Microwave Communications Principles or have the relevant knowledge.

Complete the study on the course OptiX RTN 600 Introduction. Have the general networking knowledge of the SDH optical transmission network.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 1

References

OptiX RTN 600 Product Description and OptiX RTN 600


Hardware Description in the OptiX RTN 600 Package of Documents

Digital Microwave Communications Principles

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Page 2

Training Purpose

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the network application of the OptiX RTN 600. List the common networking modes of the OptiX RTN 600. List the service types and protection schemes supported by the OptiX RTN 600.

Describe the configuration requirements of the OptiX RTN 600 on each protection scheme.

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Table of Contents
1. Network Applications and Networking Modes of the OptiX RTN 600 2. Service Protection and Equipment Protection Schemes of the OptiX RTN 600

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Page 4

Network Application

The OptiX RTN 600 radio transmission system is a short haul


digital microwave transmission system. Each radio frequency (RF) carrier of the RTN 600 system can transmit 4/8/16xE1 or 1xSTM-1 on the 7 GHz-38 GHz RF band.

The system provides multiple service interfaces, and it can be flexibly configured and easily installed. It can form the transmission network with the optical transmission equipment at the access layer, and can also provide backhaul links in a mobile telecommunication network or a private network.

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Microwave Station Type

Classified by Station Type

Terminal station: It refers to the microwave station that transmits services only in one direction. Relay station: It refers to the microwave station that transmits services in two directions and is required added to solve the problem existing in the microwave line of sight communication. The relay station is classified into two types, active relay station and passive relay station.

Add/Drop relay station: It refers to the microwave station that transmits services in two directions and adds/drops transmitted services.
Pivotal station: It refers to the microwave station that transmits services in three or more than three directions and transfers the services in transmission channels in different directions. It is also called the HUB station.

Classified by Transmit and Receive Frequency

Primary station: the transmit frequency is higher than the receive frequency, also named high station. Non-primary station: the transmit frequency is lower than the receive frequency, also named low station.
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Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Microwave Station Type (cont.)

Relay station Terminal station Pivotal station Terminal station f1 f 1 Primary station

Relay station

Terminal station f 1

f1

f 1 > f 1 Primary station

Non-primary station

The Primary station and the Non-primary station are usually arranged alternately in the double-frequency radio link.
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Microwave Station Type (cont.)

Typical configuration of the OptiX RTN 600 as the Terminal Station


slot 20 IF1A IF1A PXC PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 slot8 slot6 PH1 slot4 SCC slot2

SL1 PXC

slot3 slot1

IF1A SCC

slot4 slot2

Typical Configuration of the OptiX RTN 600 as the Relay Station


SLE PXC
Cable

slot3 slot1

IF1A SCC

slot4 slot2 slot 20 IF1A IF1A PXC PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 SL1 PH1 SCC slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

SLE PXC

slot3 slot1

IF1A SCC

slot4 slot2

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Page 8

Microwave Station Type (cont.)

Typical Configuration of the OptiX RTN 600 as the Pivotal station


IF1A
slot 20 IF1A PXC PXC

slot7
slot5 slot3 slot1

IF1A SD1 PH1 SCC

slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

IF1A
slot 20 IF1A PXC PXC

slot7
slot5 slot3 slot1

IF1A IF1A PH1 SCC

slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

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Page 9

Microwave Network Topology

The following figures show the basic topologies of the microwave network.
Ring network Chain network

Star network

Tree network

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Applications of the OptiX RTN 600

Applications in the Backhaul Network of the Mobile Base Station

Terminal station in the mobile backhaul network

Mobile backhaul chain network


Mobile backhaul tree network

Applications in the Access Network and Private Network

Microwave access network


Complementary network to the SDH ring network Ring network formed by microwave equipment and SDH equipment Ring network purely formed by microwave equipment

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Applications of the OptiX RTN 600 (cont.)

Applications in the Backhaul Network of the Mobile Base Station


Mobile backhaul chain network

Mobile backhaul tree network


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Terminal station in the mobile backhaul network


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Applications of the OptiX RTN 600 (cont.)

Microwave Access Network

Business center
Service center Other client

VIP client

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Page 13

Applications of the OptiX RTN 600 (cont.)

Complementary Network to the SDH Ring Network

Radio link

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Applications of the OptiX RTN 600 (cont.)

Ring Network Formed by Microwave Equipment and SDH Equipment

User network User network User network

Transmission network

User network

User network User network

User network

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Applications of the OptiX RTN 600 (cont.)

Ring Network Purely Formed by Microwave Equipment

User network User network

User network

Transmission network

User network

User network

User network

User network

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Page 16

Questions

How many microwave station types can be configured on the OptiX RTN 600? What are them?

Does an OptiX RTN 610 can be set as relay station? Why?

List out four applications of the OptiX RTN 600 in the transmission
network.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 17

Table of Contents
1. Network Applications and Networking Modes of the OptiX RTN 600 2. Service Protection and Equipment Protection Schemes of the OptiX RTN 600

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 18

Service Protection and Equipment Protection Schemes of the OptiX RTN 600

The service protection and equipment protection schemes


provided the OptiX RTN 600 are as follows:

1+1 Hot Stand By (HSB) protection

Microwave 1+1 Space Diversity (SD) protection


Microwave 1+1 Frequency Diversity (FD) protection Sub-network connection protection (SNCP)

Cross-connect and clock unit (PXC) active/standby protection

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Page 19

1+1 HSB Protection


The microwave HSB protection is also called the hot standby protection.
In the normal state

Main IF unit ODU

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit Standby IF unit ODU (mute)

Antenna

In the switching state

Main IF unit ODU (mute) Antenna Standby IF unit ODU

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit

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Page 20

1+1 HSB Protection (cont.)

The 1+1 HSB protection can provide protection for the equipment when the IF board or the ODU failed. The conditions triggering the 1+1 HSB protection switching include the

hardware fault of the IF unit, the hardware fault of the ODU, R_LOS,
MW_LOF, R_LOC, R_LOF and MW_RDI.

The service interruption time of the 1+1 HSB protection switching is less than 1s.

Only the OptiX RTN 620 supports the 1+1 HSB protection.
The ODU must use the same sub-band and type of the Primary and Nonprimary stations.

Only one antenna need be used at one station. Two IF boards need not be configured in the paired slots.
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1+1 SD Protection
In the normal state
Main IF unit

ODU

Antenna

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit Standby

ODU (mute)
IF unit

Antenna

In the switching state

Main IF unit ODU Antenna

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit Standby ODU (mute) IF unit Antenna

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Page 22

1+1 SD Protection (cont.)

Because of the multi-path fading, the 1+1 SD installing the main and

standby antennas in different positions to protect the transmission


channel.

The conditions triggering the 1+1 SD protection switching include MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOC, R_LOF, MW_FECUNCOR, and B1_SD

(when the IF working mode is the PDH)/B2_SD (when the IF working


mode is the SDH).

The 1+1 SD protection switching does not affect the services. Only the OptiX RTN 620 supports the 1+1 SD protection. The ODU must use the same sub-band and type of the Primary and Nonprimary stations.

Two antennas must be used at one station.

Two IF boards must be configured in the paired slots.


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1+1 FD Protection
In the normal state
Main IF unit

f1
ODU

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit Standby

Antenna

f2
ODU

IF unit

In the switching state

Main IF unit

f1
ODU

Service access unit

Cross-connect unit Standby

Antenna

f2
ODU

IF unit

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Page 24

1+1 FD Protection (cont.)

The 1+1 FD uses the fading feature diversities between the signals of different frequencies in the space transmission to protect the active and standby

channels in the microwave transmission.

The conditions triggering the 1+1 FD protection switching include MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOC, R_LOF, MW_FECUNCR, B1_SD (when the IF working mode is the PDH), and B2_SD (when the IF working mode is SDH).

The 1+1 FD protection switching does not affect the services. Only the OptiX RTN 620 supports the 1+1 FD protection. The ODU must use different sub-bands and types at the same station. Two or one antenna (the hybrid coupler must be used) can be used at one station.

Two IF boards must be configured in the paired slots.


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Summary of the Microwave Protection Schemes


Protection Scheme 1+1 HSB

Configuration Requirement

Switching Condition

Service Interruption

Switching Point Crossconnect unit

In general, one antenna is used.

There is no special requirement on the paired slot.


The sub-band of the main and standby ODUs must be the same. Two antennas must be used. There is the requirement on the paired slot. The sub-band of the main and standby ODUs must be the same. One or two antennas can be used. There is the requirement on the paired slot.

Hardware fault of the IF unit and ODU unit, MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOC, R_LOF and MW_RDI

The service interruption time is less than 1s.

1+1 SD

The conditions triggering the 1+1 SD protection switching is the service fault. In this case, the MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOC, and R_LOF are not counted as the conditions triggering the HSB switching. The condition triggering the 1+1 FD protection switching is the service fault.

The services are not interrupted.

IF unit

1+1 FD

In this case, the MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOC, and R_LOF are The sub-band of the main and not counted as the conditions standby ODUs should be triggering the HSB switching. different. Page 26 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

The services are not interrupted.

IF unit

SNCP

SNCP stands for the sub-network connection protection. The protection is performed when the signal fail or are degraded. SNCP adopts the 1+1 single-end switching and does not require the support of the protocol.

The conditions triggering the higher order SNCP include R_LOSR_LOFMW_LOF

MW_LIMMS_AISB2_EXCR_LOC AU_AISAU_LOP HP_LOM . The optional


conditions triggering the higher order SNCP include HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, B3_EXC and B3_SD.

The required conditions triggering the lower order SNCP include the TU_AIS and TU_LOP. The optional conditions triggering the lower order SNCP include the LP_TIM, LP_UNEQ, LP_SLM, BIP_EXC, and BIP_SD.

The service interruption time in the SNCP switching is less than 50 ms. The source board in an SNCP pair must be the line board or the IF board. If the IF board is configured in one 1+1 protection group, it cannot be configured as the source board of one SNCP pair.

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Page 27

SNCP (cont.)

The SNCP is shown in the following figure. Services are transmitted bidirectionally at

NE A. The path that passes through NE B is the active path. The path that passes through NE D is the standby path.

In the normal state, NE C selectively receives the services from the active path. In the switching state, NE C selectively receives the services from the standby

path.

A
Active Standby

Bidirectional transmission of services

Selective receiving of services

C
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PXC Active/Standby Protection

In the normal state, the active and standby PXC work in the hot standby mode. When the active unit is abnormal, the standby unit replace the original active one to providing the cross-connect and clock functions to the entire system.

The conditions triggering the PXC active/standby protection include the loss of the
38M system clock and the hardware failure.

The conditions triggering the situation that the service unit selects the PXC include loss of the system clock, loss of the service frame header, loss of the overhead clock, and loss of the overhead frame header.

The service interruption time in the PXC active/standby switching within 50 ms. Only the OptiX RTN 620 supports the PXC active/standby protection. When the

slots 1 and 3 are both configured with the cross-connect and clock board PXC, this
protection is automatically enabled.

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Page 29

PXC Active/Standby Protection (cont.)


In the normal state
Crossconnect and clock unit 1 Service signal and clock signal Service signal and clock signal Clock signal

In the switching state

Crossconnect and clock unit


1

Service unit

Clock signal

Service unit

Crossconnect and clock unit 3

Crossconnect and clock unit 3

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 30

Summary

Service and Equipment Protection Schemes Supported by

the OptiX RTN 600

1+1 HSB protection 1+1 SD protection

1+1 FD protection
SNCP protection Cross-connect and clock unit 1+1 hot standby

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Page 31

Thank You
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