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The images shown above represent the evolution of chemistry.

For example, on the left the four recognized elements were fire, air, earth, and water but it turned out that none were elements. We now recognize 116 elements. The other images also have their stories, which we will discuss in class. Welcome to the Fundamentals of Chemistry. I find that dividing a chemistry topic into three areas of focus makes it easier to understand. The building blocks focus sees chemicals coming from simpler building blocks. Chemistry also involves force and energy. For example, attraction and repulsion of + & charges guide the assembly of atoms and chemicals. The third part of chemistry involves mathematics. The Earth represents the Metric system which is based on Earth measurements and water. Chemistry is a vast subject, more than you or I could ever know, but fortunately learning the fundamentals of chemistry is possible. One fundamental of chemistry is understanding the electrons, neutrons, and protons that make up atoms. Its amazing that everything you can see or touch is made from these three tiny particles. However, their microscopic world is very bizarre, similar but stranger than Hollywoods virtual world called the Matrix. After learning chemistry you will look at the world very differently.

To the left is the textbook. I do not follow it too closely, but it is a good textbook that could supplement my lectures. I cover additional material not in the textbook. There exists a study guide and solutions manual, but I dont require them. The textbook may or may not come with a CD-ROM. It doesnt matter if you get it or not. You will also need a scientific calculator. Not right away but starting the fourth week.

PS1W

MC185

Map to Office

1. Gain an appreciation of chemistry: its value to society, its role in history, the effort to get this far, and the modern marvels. 2. Learn about chemistrys building blocks from light matter/antimatter protons + electrons + neutrons atoms compounds organic vs. inorganic small compounds (CH4, CO2, H2O, SiO2) large compounds (sugars, amino acids, hydrocarbons) macromolecules (starch, cellulose, proteins, DNA) 3. Learn how to approach a chemistry topic as a blend of building blocks, force & energy, and mathematics. 4. Learn the fundamental behaviors of atoms: Electrostatic forces, the bizarre world of quantum physics, chemical bonding, and the periodic behaviors indicated in the Periodic Table. 5. Smarter consumer of chemical products: Better understanding of labels, smarter at reading past the hype or paranoia, and better at recognizing pseudoscience. 6. Improved chance of survival: Knowledge of neutralizing acids/bases, better avoidance of chemical dangers, better at improvising, better at solving problems, and better at critical thinking.

Below is the planned schedule; however, unexpected events may change the schedule. Changes announced in class will override this schedule. Also expect daily short quizzes.
On Mondays (shaded) the topic will normally reinforce the concepts that relate to the CHM130LL lab of that week. Approx Subject Date Details Introduction to the class. Handout and presentation of syllabus. You will learn about the three common barriers to learning a subject and how to use this in learning chemistry. Driven by needs & wants chemistry throughout history improved survival and improved the quality of life. (Group photos to help me learn names) The Periodic table helps us organize the elements. But first where did elements come from and where are they now? (nuclear chemistry + cosmology) The simplicity of building blocks is the secret of the physical universe. Light builds protons, electrons, neutrons, that builds the elements. Elements build compounds; small compounds build macromolecules. Chap 1.1 Parts of Chap. 7, Chap 18 Parts of the following chapters: 2, 18, 19, & 20 Part of Chapter 3, Appendix D Nomenclature - Binary Compounds Lab Measurements, Significant Figures Periodic table, names, oxidation numbers Separation of Mixture Related chap/page Activity in Chem Lab Safety video

Aug 22

First day of class.> Introductions >Syllabus

2nd day: The 3 Barriers Aug 24 to Learning + Approach to learning chemistry. Why did chemistry Aug 26 become a science? (plus group photos) Chaos to Order: Periodic Aug 29 Table and where elements came from Chemistry: Its all about building blocks: Light Aug 30 particles atoms Elements Compounds Sep 2 Sep 5

Math: So Misunderstood Origin of Math and common misunderstandings. By + Dimensional Analysis + examining dimensions you can set up problems Metric System correctly. + The origin of the metric system Labor Day (No Class) Whats in a name? Nomenclature: Binary compounds. Dimensional Analysis + Metrics (continued) Naming compounds whose two elements share electrons (covalent bonding) plus naming compounds where one element (usually a metal) has given one or more electrons to another element (ionic bonding)

Sep 7

Chap. 6.

Sep 9

More practice on using dimensional analysis and working with metric units. Include density, temp, & mass. Hand out study guide for first exam.

Part of Chapter 3, Appendix D


Nomenclature -Ternary Temp, Mass, Vol, Density

Sep 12

Naming ionic compounds Nomenclature of ionic compounds and polyatomic Chap. 6 + Polyatomic ions ions. Learn names and uses. Intro to Lewis structures Test on all material covered up to Sept. 9th. Learn about synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement, and combustion reactions.

Sep 14 First Exam

Sep 16

Types of Chemical Reactions

Chap. 10
Specific Heat

Sept 19

Specific Heat

Learn how different substances store different amounts pp. 67, 115, of heat and how to calculate that amount of heat 397-400 energy. Formula and Molecular Weights. Moles and Molar Mass. Avogadro's number. Empirical and Molecular formulas. Chapter 9

Art of Counting without Sep 21 Counting Moles & Molar Mass Sep 23 Moles & Molar Mass (continued)

Do calculations for grams to moles, moles to grams for Chapter 9 elements and compounds.

Approx. Date

Subject

Details

Related chap/page

Activity in Chem Lab Major 50pt quizNomenclature Equation Writing & Balancing

Sep 26
Sep 28

Review nomenclature
Equation Writing and Balancing + Solubility Rules Waste Not, Want Not: Stoichiometry Activity series, redox reactions

Review nomenclature
Writing chemical equations is two-part. First, will the reaction take place? Second, if so, then how are all the elements accounted for? (Balancing) Calculations based on chemical equations. Mole to Mole calculations, Mole to Mass calculations, limiting reactant, percent yield.

Chap. 6
Chap. 10

Sep 30

Chapter 11 Single Replacement Reactions.

Oct 3 Oct 5 Oct 7 Oct 10

Learn what drives single replacement reactions. Learn Chap 17, to use the activity series and what electrons are p295-9, transferred. 528 Chap 11

Stoichiometry (continued) More practice on stoichiometry problems. Good & Bad news of chemistry Oxidizers + Stoichiometry Learn what makes chemistry easy or hard. (Recap past concepts and preview future concepts)

Oct 12 Oct 14

Acids and Bases Review for second test Hydrates (Stoichiometry applied)

Decomposition Learn uses and chemistry of oxidizers including KClO3. p.515-520, of Potassium Do stoichiometry problems that relate to oxidizers. Chlorate Historical significance of acids and bases. Acids as H+ donors. Bases as OH- donors. Other definitions of Chapter 16 acids and bases. pH Scale. Test will cover all material from Sept. 16 to Oct 12. Certain salts that have combined with a set amount of water are called hydrates. They are a source of water and can be made to be desiccants (absorbers of water) P174-5, 254, 625 Water in Hydrates

Oct 17

Oct 19
Oct 21

Second Test
Tips on Poster Making (Hand out 10 homework assignments) Review Reactions & Balancing + Conductivity (electrolytes) Discuss second test results Halloween Chemistry Demonstrations Chemistry of double replacement reactions

Test will cover all material from Sept. 16 to Oct 12.


Learn to make educational posters that grab and hold attention and teaches. Begin chemistry topic search. (Hand-out 10 homework assignments) Review synthesis, decomposition, single & double replacement, and combustion reactions. Balance equations. Predict products. Learn about electrolytes Examine strengths & weakness from 2nd test. Receive prescription of what to study or get tutoring on. Learn the chemistry for magic tricks, special effects, slime, and other attention getters. Learn the driving forces of double replacement reactions. Learn molecular, total ionic, and net ionic equations. Chap. 10, 17 Major Quiz on Equation balancing, classification, prediction of products Conductivity lab

Oct 24

Oct 26

Oct 28

Oct 31

Double P287, 299- replacement 304 Reactions Lab

Nov 2

Solubility + polar solvents Solubility of ionic & covalent compounds. Qualitative + ways to measure terms of concentration. Quantitative measurements: concentrations w/w, v/v, w/v, w/v%, ppm, ppb, molarity. Fluorides Special presentation on the use of fluoride to prevent (Electronegativity, MSDS, tooth decay and the controversy that surrounds it. concentration, acid/base) Good application of acids and bases, electronegativity, & concentrations calculations.

Chapter 14

Nov. 4

Chap 16. Chap 8.3

Approx. Date Nov 7

Subject Theory behind lab on qualitative analysis of ions.

Details Solubility rules, acid-base neutralization, decomposition, oxidation/reduction. Boyle's law, Charles Law, Guy-Lussac's Law, Combined Gas Law, Avogadro's Law, Ideal Gas Law, Dalton's Law of partial pressures. Kinetic molecular theory. Standard temp, pressure.

Related chap/page p. 300, 303, 471

Activity in Chem Lab Qualitative analysis of anions Lab

Nov 9

Gas and the various laws that govern its behavior.

Chap. 12

Nov 11

Veterans Day (No Class) Acid/Base titration Learn the theory and math behind acid base titrations Preparation of a Standard Base

Nov 14

p.499-500

Nov 16
Nov 18

Representations of molecular structure


Quantum Model of Atom Third Exam (Take-home) Four forces of nature (electromagnetic, strong & weak nuclear forces, gravity) Educational Posters Due + Review of posters Thanksgiving Break

Lewis & Couper structures plus molecular, Kekul, condensed, & shorthand formulas, + VSEPR.
Electrons live in the bizarre world of quantum physics. Pass out third exam (take-home exam)

Chap 8, p231-238
Chap 5.5 thru 5.10 No Labs. Thanksgiving

Nov 21

String theory including quantum mechanics, and the p. 127, unification of the four forces of nature. 132-6 (Posters will be displayed in corridor leading to library)

Nov 23 Nov 25 Nov 28

Third exam due + Reaction Collision theory, factors that control reaction rates, Rates and Equilibrium catalysts, Le Chatelier's principle. +refresh titration calculations
Forensic Chemistry (application of chemistry learned in class) Homework assignments due: Discuss third exam results Chemistry on demand Presentation and demonstration of forensic chemistry. Examine strengths and weakness from third test. Receive prescription of what to restudy or get tutoring on. Rapid fire questions regarding wide range of chemical concepts & calculations answered when called upon.

Chapter 15

Determination of Concentration of Acid

Nov 30

Dec 2

Dec 5

Dec 7

Review for Final

Dec 9 Dec 12 Dec 16

To be announced Final Exam this week Grades turned in

If you have any special learning needs, let me know, but first visit our Disabilities Resources & Services Office. They will work with both you and me to find ways to help. Deaf students will enjoy the many visuals I use in class. Visually impaired students with some vision can get my PowerPoints so they can view them in the librarys Adaptive Lab. Totally blind students will have a bigger challenge, but I am willing to try some alternatives.

No one likes tests, even teachers. In the old days, when people learned by apprenticeship, there wasnt a need for tests because the master knew how the apprentice was doing by watching him or her and regularly asking questions. However, in a classroom of 40 students, the instructor may have no idea how much a student has learned, so a test is one way of finding out. One philosophy of teaching is that instructors are only sure that they have taught the subject if they find out that students have learned the subject. In other words, I must ask you a lot of questions to see if both you and I are doing a good job.

My expectation is that everyone understands everything on the test and gets it 100% right. Everyone may not get it 100% the first time, but they should get it correct on the 2nd, or 3rd time. It makes no sense to go on when there is something critical missing. Much of chemistry builds off the previous material. Of course, a person who takes three tries to get a question right doesnt deserve the same amount of credit as the person who got it right the first time. But getting it right the third time still deserves credit. On problems you missed, you have the opportunity to be retested with a similar problem. You get 85% of the score you would have gotten if you got it right the first time. For example, if you miss a 10 point question but get a similar one correct on the retest, you make 8.5 points, which is much better than losing all 10 points. You just have to make an extra effort to do it again. In short, Im more interested in you learning the material than giving you low grades. Im not eager to do extra grading, but Im willing to do that if you are willing to put in the time to restudy and retest on what you missed. Final grades are not based on a curve, so students who ace a test the first time shouldnt worry about the students who retake the test to improve their scores.

I really hate to talk about points for two reasons: First it takes your attention away from the subject. Second, it implies that grading is accurate down to the last little point. It would be hard to prove that a person with 524 points actually knows more than someone with 523 points. Mathematically it seems accurate, but in actuality grading is approximate. When a teacher says one question is worth 15 points and another is worth 10 points, the choice is rather arbitrary. With this said, we can use points because it is easy to work with, but it is only approximate. People who focus only on learning the subject do better than those who worry about grades. Thats because when you worry about points and grades, you are not thinking about the subject. Listen and learn in class and grades will take care of themselves. In case you are still interested, here is the breakdown of points that will serve as a guide to your grade Daily quizzes (Attendance): 100 points 3 tests: 100 points each totaling 300 points Final test: 100 points Poster project: 100 points Miscellaneous assignments: 100 points Total: 700 points Grades are 90-100%=A, 80-89%=B, 70-79%=C, 60-69%=D, Below 60%=F If your points are close to a better grade, I will always give you the benefit of the doubt and give you the better grade because, like I said, grading is not that accurate. Notice attendance is a big contributor to your grade because of all of the daily quizzes. If you miss an exam, I will handle it on a case-by-case basis. It all depends on the circumstances involved.

I again apologize for this much attention drawn to tests and points. Being aware of them is good, but worrying or being fixated on them will actually take attention away from learning and hurt your grade. The best thing is to get interested in the subject and that motivation will help you do good on any tests that come your way.

Just like I expect everyone to learn the material well enough to get an A, I also expect everyone to finish the class. However, if you miss three classes in a row without contacting me, I will telephone you and send email to find out whats going on. Note I can be pretty flexible when you have circumstances that warrant it. But if I cant reach you, I will have to withdraw you from class. If you disappear a week before class ends, I may just give you a grade based on your work up to that time, but lowered because you missed the final.