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6.

Next Generation Networks


A. Transition to NGN B. Key drivers of NGN development C. Transport mechanism of the unified network D. NGN architecture E. Main NGN building blocks F. NGN protocols G. NGN as converged networks: concluding remarks

A. Transition to NGN: First wave


Growth of Internet and other IP-based networks with their requirements for bandwidth and capacity has driven rapid innovation in telecommunication access and transport networks Examples: leveraging copper wire last-mile networks through digital subscriber line (DSL) technologies re-architecturing of cable networks to support IP services advances in optical networking technologies (e.g. PON)

Convergence of Telephony World and Internet World

Transition to NGN: Second wave


Ongoing trend towards integration & interoperability of IPbased and PSTN network services and applications Emergence of differentiated Quality of Service IP-based services Managed end-to-end performance needed for new applications requiring real-time traffic (e.g., video, voice) New network management, QoS, traffic engineering, pricing & accounting models

Transition to NGN: Third wave


Evolution of current PSTN, mobile, wireless and IP-based networks to unified Next Generation Networks providing both Internet and carrier-grade telecommunications networks and services offerings with QoS Transition to Third wave: Ubiquitous & Pervasive Networks anybody, anytime, anywhere Global Information Infrastructure (GII) ITU, 1995 EII ETSI Project (1995) ITU NGN 2004 Project Y.1xx ITU-T SG 13 NGN Architecture, Evolution and Convergence

Transition to NGN: Third wave


Today Tomorrow

Internet

Telephone network

IP-Network

Mobile radio network

Multimedia Access - Advantages: easy to handle reliable mobile

One network for everything

ITU-T definition of NGN (Feb 2004) A Next Generation Network (NGN) is a packet-based network
able to provide services including Telecommunications Services and able to make use of multiple broadband, QoS-enabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It offers unrestricted access by users to different service providers. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.

B. Key drivers of NGN development


Situation Today Voice The Unified Multi Service Network IP Target Solution

FR ... ATM

Unified Network: voice migration


Some what more complex - From circuit switched to packet switched - Voice switches need to disappear in the long term Voice The Unified Multi Service Network IP A new network concept supporting voice in a packetized environment is required The Next Generation Network

FR ... ATM

Unified network: data migration

Voice The Unified Multiservice Network IP Pure technology/standardization matter: Transport of different data services over a unique data backbone

FR ... ATM

B. Key drivers of NGN development (Cntd.)


Short Term objective: Create new revenue possibilities Removal of boundaries between voice and data opens the way to new kind of services Can be realized relatively quickly with limited investments Long Term objective: Realize cost savings Simpler network More efficient network Cheaper network components Full benefit only realized when all separate networks have fully migrated towards to the target solution

Example NGN Service Drivers

Driven by Cost Reduction Possibilities

Driven by Revenue Increase Possibilities

C. Transport mechanisms of the unified network


The unified network will use packet-based technology as the common transport mechanism Data is the fastest growing segment due to Success of Internet Growing use of E-mail Growing data traffic between business users Data should be handled in the most efficient way Packet technology is the best way to transport data Packet technology is only technology that allows simultaneous delivery of different information streams towards one and the same end-point on one single connection

D. NGN architecture
Evolution of network architecture
Traditional telephony - Circuit switch based PSTN

D. NGN architecture (Cntd.)


Evolution of network architecture (Cont.)
Circuit Switched PSTN + Packet Switched IP network (VoIP Gateway) SG Signaling gateway MGC Media gateway controller MG Media gateway

D. NGN architecture (Cntd.)


Evolution of network architecture (Cont.)
Comletely IP-oriented network

D. NGN Architecture (Cntd.)

Convergence of network technologies and media

Nx64 kbps

D. NGN architecture (Cntd.)


Management Applications Control System Management Servers Applicatio n Servers Softswitche s Signaling gateways
PSTN
CO

Core

Packet Network
Media Gateway Media Gatewa Broadband y Cable WLL

Edge Access

Mobile
UTRAN

DSL

Enterprise Customers

Remote Office/SOHO

Residential Users

Mobile Users