21 views

Uploaded by Engr Rb

- Level 3 Booklet - Plant Equipment Systems
- 01 - Hydroelectric Pp
- Lecture Plan
- my resume
- Living Amidst the 21st Century Candle Light
- Power Plants
- Kpcl Final Project
- co2.pdf
- 1401004301.3263Presentation1
- 9i Heinemann EOU
- 750-0015
- A. Co Project Team Leader_Teguh Wibowo_ Ini Mah Contoh Bro
- Economic Dispatch of POwer System Incorporating Wind POwer PLant
- d15 Ert Padit066
- A.A.R. 2010-11.pdf
- Pwer Regulation by Wind Process
- Manjung 4 Malaysia Ultra Supercritical Coal Plant
- Tri Generation
- NR-410206 - Non-Conventional Energy Sources
- Course Handout Tee 701

You are on page 1of 15

The load on a power station varies from time to time due to uncertain demands of the consumers and is known as variable load on the station. As the consumers load demand changes, the power supply by the power station changes accordingly. the load demand of one consumer at any time may be different The result is that load on the power station varies from time to time

Load Curves

The curve showing the variation of load on the power station with respect to (w.r.t) time is known as a load curve.

daily load curve monthly load curve Yearly shows the variations of load on the power station during different hours of the day. The area under the daily load curve gives the number of units generated in the day. Units generated/day = Area (in kWh) under daily load curve. The highest point is the maximum demand on the station on that day.

Connected load. It is the sum of continuous ratings of all the equipments connected to supply system. A power station supplies load to thousands of consumers. Each consumer has certain equipment installed in his premises. The sum of the continuous ratings of all the equipments in the consumers premises is the connected load of the consumer. For instance, if a consumer has connections of five 100-watt lamps and a power point of 500 watts, then connected load of the consumer is 5 100 + 500 = 1000 watts. The sum of the connected loads of all the consumers is the connected load to the power station.

Maximum demand : It is the greatest demand of load on the power station during a given period. Maximum demand is generally less than the connected load because all the consumers do not switch on their connected load to the system at a time. it helps in determining the installed capacity of the station. station must be capable of meeting the maximum demand.

Demand factor. It is the ratio of maximum demand on the power station to its connected load i.e. demand factor is usually less than 1. It is expected because maximum demand on the power station is generally less than the connected load. If the maximum demand on the power station is 80 MW and the connected load is 100 MW, then demand factor = 80/100 = 08. vital in determining the capacity of the plant equipment.

Average load. The average of loads occurring on the power station in a given period (day or month or year) is known as average load or average demand.

Load Factor. daily load factor, monthly load factor or annual load factor always less than 1 because average load is smaller than the maximum demand. The load factor plays key role in determining the overall cost per unit generated. Higher the load factor of the power station, lesser will be the cost per unit generated.

Diversity factor. The ratio of the sum of individual maximum demands to the maximum demand on power station is known as diversity factor i.e. A power station supplies load to various types of consumers whose maximum demands generally do not occur at the same time. Therefore, the maximum demand on the power station is always less than the sum of individual maximum demands of the consumers. Diversity factor will always be greater than 1. The greater the diversity factor, the lesser is the cost of generation of power.

Plant capacity. It is the ratio of actual energy produced to the maximum possible energy that could have been produced during a given period

The plant capacity factor is an indication of the reserve capacity of the plant. A power station is so designed that it has some reserve capacity for meeting the increased load demand in future. installed capacity of the plant is always somewhat greater than the maximum demand on the plant. Reserve capacity = Plant capacity Max. demand It is interesting to note that difference between load factor and plant capacity factor is an indication of reserve capacity. If the maximum demand on the plant is equal to the plant capacity, then load factor and plant capacity factor will have the same value. In such a case, the plant will have no reserve capacity.

Plant use factor. It is ratio of kWh generated to the product of plant capacity and the number of hours for which the plant was in operation i.e.

- Level 3 Booklet - Plant Equipment SystemsUploaded byIbrahim Irfan
- 01 - Hydroelectric PpUploaded bySweta Morabiya
- Lecture PlanUploaded byvikasbhadoria9894
- my resumeUploaded byAnubhav Singhal
- Living Amidst the 21st Century Candle LightUploaded byrshot28
- Power PlantsUploaded byjohns
- Kpcl Final ProjectUploaded byravikumar1987
- co2.pdfUploaded byjlaczko2002
- 1401004301.3263Presentation1Uploaded byBhagyesh Chotaliya
- 9i Heinemann EOUUploaded by박찬우
- 750-0015Uploaded byMohamed Zaghloul
- A. Co Project Team Leader_Teguh Wibowo_ Ini Mah Contoh BroUploaded byIlham Supertramp
- Economic Dispatch of POwer System Incorporating Wind POwer PLantUploaded byMohd Noor
- d15 Ert Padit066Uploaded bynavneetkpatil8409
- A.A.R. 2010-11.pdfUploaded byrp_ksh1518
- Pwer Regulation by Wind ProcessUploaded byRainhold B
- Manjung 4 Malaysia Ultra Supercritical Coal PlantUploaded byAlanSoo
- Tri GenerationUploaded bypratik039
- NR-410206 - Non-Conventional Energy SourcesUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Course Handout Tee 701Uploaded byAnonymous HyOfbJ6
- TAOM Fact Sheet 9 Geothermal PipelinesUploaded byTalang Akar
- Cross Section of a Hydroelectric Power Plan1Uploaded byMuhammad Sohail Khan
- Hydro Power HorrorUploaded byDrei Calonzo
- 428487574Uploaded byLuisMendiola
- Generation Report 14-10-2016Uploaded bynandarathana
- HVAC Ch01Uploaded byAbdul Rahman
- The News KE-SupplementUploaded bytingtong1
- Miller Proheat 35 CE ManualUploaded bycarlos
- archivo52Uploaded byKarthick Sundar
- Noise Reduction Techniques for Forced Draft Fan in Thermal Power Plant using Absorptive SilencerUploaded byIJIRAE- International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering

- 00728298 an Evolutionary Algorithm for the Optimal Design of Induction MotorsUploaded byEngr Rb
- Carnot CycleUploaded byEngr Rb
- Reheat CycleUploaded byEngr Rb
- 00245714 a Strategy for Improving Reliability of Field-Oriented Controlled Induction Motor DrivesUploaded byEngr Rb
- 00717696 Multiobjective Optimal Design of Three-phase Induction Motor Using Improved Evolution StrategyUploaded byEngr Rb
- 00717696 Multiobjective Optimal Design of Three-phase Induction Motor Using Improved Evolution StrategyUploaded byEngr Rb
- Protective RelaysUploaded byEngr Rb
- Protective RelaysUploaded byEngr Rb
- 00334414 Nonlinear Control of Electric Machines- An OverviewUploaded byEngr Rb
- 00334414 Nonlinear Control of Electric Machines- An OverviewUploaded byEngr Rb
- Course Break UpUploaded byEngr Rb
- Gas Turbine Power PlantsUploaded byEngr Rb
- Ma KienastUploaded byEngr Rb
- Introduntion to Thermo DynamicsUploaded byEngr Rb
- Poly ValUploaded byEngr Rb
- Sir. AssigmentUploaded byEngr Rb
- course outline of numerical methods.docxUploaded byEngr Rb
- Load CharacteristicsUploaded byEngr Rb
- Load CharacteristicsUploaded byEngr Rb
- FREJA-300_DS_en_V04Uploaded byEngr Rb
- Power Economics Final q Paper 2012 SpecialUploaded byEngr Rb
- Thermal Power StationsUploaded byEngr Rb
- SIPROTEC 4Uploaded byEngr Rb
- (Th3 L00nY m00N) Cydia SourcesUploaded byEngr Rb

- HT PANEL CommissioningUploaded bysantoshkumar
- Buchholz RelayUploaded byNoor
- Behavioral Characterization of Electric Vehicle Charging Loads InUploaded bySharif U Islam Sabuj
- Data Sheet (English) - 8001Uploaded byNabil Shaukat
- bizhubC450_C351FieldServicePhaseII.pdfUploaded byClayton Ferreira
- G5LE_0813-267607_releUploaded bySaulo Araujo Queiroz
- IS 3043.pdfUploaded byMARIMUTHU
- BerniniUploaded byPanagiotis Karafillis
- Transformer TestingUploaded byAxelrose04
- LM2500 AssessmentUploaded byKALPUSH
- BS_EN_50310-2010_bondingUploaded byruhuna013
- Eight Obstacles Stand in the Way of Renewable Energy _ Engerati - GenerationUploaded byNRLDC
- Cooper Open Transformer 21015Uploaded byap00
- Thesis 6Uploaded byhassan_ali_20
- 132kv sub-stationUploaded bybabli91
- unit 5Uploaded byprashantpnd07
- paper_sUploaded bypowerleo77
- TK-3107(M6) Supplement_B51-8641-00Uploaded byDavid Palash
- power_supply_topology_1.pdfUploaded bya durgadevi
- TVSS Installation Tech StudyUploaded bySammy Asas
- POWER QUALITY BOOK CONTENTSUploaded bycheshankar
- K-FactorTransformerUploaded bySatyendra Choudhery
- Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Switchmode Power SuppliesUploaded byDung Nguyen
- ind097-ge-lumination-led-indirect-suspended-is-series-luminaire-ce-install-guide_tcm201-66447.pdfUploaded byalcfiee
- Hydro_EnergyUploaded byDu Và Bi
- GateUploaded byVidhya
- BOQ-SpecsUploaded bySubodh Khandekar
- Chapter 3—Lossy CapacitorsUploaded bymarceloassilva7992
- PV+BOOSTUploaded bylestherroque
- 2011 Power Wheel GuideUploaded bymahantmtech