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ILLUMINATION LAMPS

NANDURI PRASHANTI 08031AA038 V.MANASA 08031AA-68 V.SAI VIKAS 08031AA066 SANJAY SADANA 08031AA-5 CH.SAHITI 08031AA01

INTRODUCTION
LIGHT:- It is a form of energy and is electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye, and is responsible for the sense of sight. LIGHTING:- It is the deliberate application of light to achieve some aesthetic or practical effect. ILLUMINATION :- A measure of the amount of light falling on a surface. UNITS:- foot-candles or lux.

HISTORY
The widespread use of electric lighting began with the invention of the first practical incandescent lamp by Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan in the nineteenth century. Since then there have been significant improvements in lamp efficiency as well as the different types of lamp.

TYPES OF LAMPS
Light sources used today in Architectural Lighting can be divided into two main categories:-

CASESTUDY:GENERAL BAZAAR, PHILLIPS ELECTRONICS, SEC-BAD.


S.NO 1. TYPES OF LAMPS CFLS TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS LIGHT OUTPUT, (1/5TH AND 1/4TH) 20% ENERGY USED. 10% POWER IS USED. USAGE RESIDENCES, COMMERCIALS, ETC., RESIDENCES, COMMERCIALS, HOTELS, LAWNS, ETC., RESIDENCES.

2.

LEDS

3.

BULBS

VOLTAGE - 1.5 VOLTS TO ABOUT 300 VOLTS.

Artificial lighting consumes a significant part of all electrical energy consumed worldwide.

In homes and offices - 20 to 50 %. For some buildings - 90 % of lighting energy consumed

(unnecessary expenses).

The cost of that lighting can be substantial. A single 100 W light bulb - 6 hours a day - $25 per year to use (.12/kWh).

MARKET SURVEY
LAMP TYPE BULB TYPE BASE CIRCUIT VOLTS BREAKDOWN VOLTAGE MAX., AC NEON GLOW TUBULAR MINIATURE BAYONET 105-125 95 DC 135 1/25 220,000 15000 FLASH LIGHT,ETC, WATTS SERIES R RESISTANCE (OHMS) LIFE HOURS PRIMARY USE

SEALED BEAMS

BLISTER

2 CONTACT LUGS

105-125

95

125

1/50

4,000

200

AUTO, TRUCK, ETC, RADIO, ETC,

MINIATURE INCANDECENT

GLOBULAR

MINIATURE TWO PIN

105-125

63

105

1/15

30,000

5000

LED LAMPS

TUBULAR LENS

WEDGE

120-128

105

120

1/20

6,000

10000

COMMERC IALS,ETC,

XENON

ROUNDED PARABOLIC

FESTOON

115-130

110

135

1/60

25,000

15000

HAND LANTERN, ETC, SIGNAL PARK, ETC,

FLASH LIGHT

STRIAGHT SIDED

CANDELA SCREW

100-120

25

120

1/10

18,000

20000

CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMON LIGHT SOURCES


The performance and features of a light source needs to be matched to the lighting task being performed. In order to select the right light source for the job, you should consider important performance variables such as: Light output (lumens), Efficiency (lumens/watt technically referred to as efficacy), Lamp life, and Color rendering properties measured in terms of the color rendering index (CRI). The CRI is a measure of the degree to which a light source renders colors that are close to true color. For practical purposes it is a number from 0 to 100; the higher the number, the closer to true color. The efficiencies of each type of light source can vary dramatically, so the choice of light source can have a dramatic impact on lighting energy costs. The performance characteristics and efficiencies of common light sources are shown in the table and chart below. S.NO LIGHT SOURCE EFFICIENCY (LUMENS/WATTS) 5-20 15-25 20-55 60-100 25-50 45-100 45-110 AVERAGE LAMP LIFE (HOURS) 750-1,000 2,000-4,000 10,000 15,000-24,000 UPTO 24,000 10,000-20,000 UPTO 24,000 COLOR RENDERING INDEX (CRI) 100 100 80 50-90 15-30 60-90 9-70

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

STANDARD INCANDESCENT TUNGSTEN HALOGEN COMPACT FLOURESCENT TUBULAR FLOURESCENT MERCURY VAPOR METAL HALIDE HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM

COST COMPARISON
S.NO 1. 2. LAMP TYPE INCANDESCENT FLOURESCENT ENERGY COST MUCH HIGHER MUCH LOWER FIRST COST LOWER HIGHER MAINTANCE COST HIGHER LOWER

MINIATURE LAMP

MINIATURE HALOGEN

HALOGEN LAMPS

TYPES OF LAMPS

LED LAMPS

NEON GLOW

SEALED BEAMS

XENON LAMPS