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MiCOM P63X

Transf. Differential Protection



Mathew Koshy
April 2002
Protection
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Applications
Two Winding
Transformers
Unit Transformers
Three Winding
Transformers
Reactors
Generators
Ring Bus Fed
Windings
Auto Transformers
Motors
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Main Functions
ANSI No. P631 P632 P633 P634
Differential protection 87 2 wind. 2 wind. 3 wind. 4 wind.
Restricted earth fault protection 87G 2 3 3
Definite-time O/ C protection 50 2 2 3 3
Inverse-time O/ C protection 51 2 2 3 3
Thermal overload protection 49 1 1 2 2
Over/ undervoltage protection 27, 59 1 1 1
Over/ underfrequency protection 81 1 1 1
Overexcitation protection 24 1 1 1
Limit value monitoring 2 2 3 3
Programmable logic 1 1 1 1
P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Inputs and Outputs
DIFF
Differential Protection
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
3-system differential protection for transformers, generators and motors
2, 3 or 4 bias inputs per phase
Amplitude and vector group matching
Zero sequence current filtering for each winding
Triple-slope tripping characteristic
Unrestrained instanteneous differential element
Magnetizing inrush stabilization (second harmonic), with/without cross-blocking
Overflux blocking (fifth harmonic)
Through-fault stability with c.t. saturation detection
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
P631 P632 P633 P634
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Main Features
A
B
C
Winding a
I
nom, CT, prim, a
V
nom, prim, a
V
nom, prim, b
S
ref, prim
= S
nom, prim, max
I
nom, CT, prim, b
A
B
C
Winding b
All you have to do: Simply set these nominal values!
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching: Factor k
amp,z
C
B
A
C
B
A
N
a
N
b
k
amp,a
k
amp,b
a , x , amp
) rel (
a , x
(sec)
a , x
) prim (
a , x
I I I I
) prim (
b , x
(sec)
b , x
) rel (
b , x b , x , amp
I I I I : : :
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching: Restrictions
z , x
) prim (
z , nom
) prim (
ref
) prim (
z , CT , nom
z , x
) prim (
z , ref
) prim (
z , CT , nom
z , x z , amp z , x , amp
I
V 3
S
I
I
I
I
I k I

= = =
The individual phase currents I
x,z
are multiplied by the amplitude-
matching factor k
amp,z
of the corresponding end z.
5 k
z , amp
s 3
k
k
1 max , amp
max , amp
s

0.7 k
1 max , amp
>

Restrictions:
DIFF Reference power Sref 38.1 MVA (0.1 ... 5000.0)
DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,a Not measured
DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,b Not measured
DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,c Not measured
DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,d Not measured

DIFF Matching fact. kam,a Not measured
DIFF Matching fact. kam,b Not measured
DIFF Matching fact. kam,c Not measured
DIFF Matching fact. kam,d Not measured
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching: Function Parameters
MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end a 200 A (1 ... 50000)
MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end b 200 A (1 ... 50000)
MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end c 200 A (1 ... 50000)
MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end d 200 A (1 ... 50000)

MAIN Vnom prim., end a 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
MAIN Vnom prim., end b 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
MAIN Vnom prim., end c 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
MAIN Vnom prim., end d 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
Calculated automatically by
the relay read only!
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching: Example

Winding a
400 / 1 A
1000 / 1 A
1000 / 1 A
52.5 kV 10.5 kV
25 MVA
I
ref,prim,a
= 275 A
k
amp,a
= 1.455
S
ref,prim
= 25 MVA
I
ref,prim,b
= 1375 A
k
amp,b
= 0.727 k
amp,a
/ k
amp,b
= 2
Dy7
Winding b
A
B
C
Winding a
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 or 11
A
B
C
Winding b
All you have to do: Simply set the vector group ID!
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Vector Group Matching
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Vector Group Matching
No operation is carried out on the HV winding (Winding a)
w.r.t vector group matching

Vector group matching done only on LV side (winding b/c) by
mathematical phasor operation

How is vector group matching done on LV side?

Each LV amp. matched current vector is added to the negative
of the trailing/leading current vector and then divided by \3
in case of odd groups
Group No. Phasor Operation
1
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x,z I amp,x+1,z)
3
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x-1,z I amp,x+1,z)
5
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x-1,z I amp,x,z)
7
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x+1,z I amp,x,z)
9
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x+1,z I amp,x-1,z)
11
I vec,z = 1/
\
3 . (I amp,x,z I amp,x-1,z)
Meanings of abbreviations used

x
phase A, B or C resp.
amp
amplitude matched
x+1
cyclically trailing phase
vec
amplitude and vector group matched
x-1
cyclically leading phase


z
winding a, b, c or d resp.
Vector Group Matching for Odd
numbered Vector Groups
I
amp,A,a
I
amp,B,a
I
amp,C,a
I
amp,A,b
I
amp,B,b
I
amp,C,b
- I
amp,A,b
I
amp,C,b
- I
amp,A,b
1/ \3(I
amp,C,b
- I
amp,A,b
)
C
N
a
530
B
A
N
b
C
B
A
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Vector Group Matching: Transformer Yd5
A
B
C
Winding a
with I
0
filtering without I
0
filtering
A
B
C
Winding b
All you have to do: Simply set with or without!
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Zero Sequence Current Filtering
Zero Sequence Filtering for Odd
numbered Vector Groups

The mathematical phasor operations done on the LV side for
the vector group matching automatically filter out the
zero sequence current component present

So for all D Y-n groups, no need to activate zero seq. filtering
For all Y-n D groups, zero seq. filtering to be activated for the
HV winding only

How is Zero Sequence current filtering done on HV side?

I_
vec,y,z
= I_
amp,x,z
- I_
amp,zero,z


I_
amp,zero,z
= 1 . ( I_
amp,A,z
+ I_
amp,B,z
+ I_
amp,C,z
)


3
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Vector Group Matching: Function Parameters
DIFF Vector grp. ends a-b 0 (0 ... 11)
DIFF Vector grp. ends a-c 0 (0 ... 11)
DIFF Vector grp. ends a-d 0 (0 ... 11)
Zero Sequence Current Filtering: Function Parameters
DIFF 0-seq. filt.a en.PS1 Yes
DIFF 0-seq. filt.b en.PS1 Yes
DIFF 0-seq. filt.c en.PS1 Yes
DIFF 0-seq. filt.d en.PS1 Yes
Parameter Subset 1
019.020 MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end a 200 A (1 ... 50000)
019.021 MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end b 200 A (1 ... 50000)
019.022 MAIN Inom C.T.prim.,end c 200 A (1 ... 50000)

019.017 MAIN Vnom prim., end a 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
019.018 MAIN Vnom prim., end b 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
019.019 MAIN Vnom prim., end c 110.0 kV (0.1 ... 1500.0)
019.016 DIFF Reference power Sref 38.1 MVA (0.1 ... 5000.0)
019.023 DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,a Not measured
019.024 DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,b Not measured
019.025 DIFF Ref. curr. Iref,c Not measured
004.105 DIFF Matching fact. kam,a Not measured
004.106 DIFF Matching fact. kam,b Not measured
004.127 DIFF Matching fact. kam,c Not measured

019.010 DIFF Vector grp. ends a-b 0 (0 ... 11)
019.011 DIFF Vector grp. ends a-c 0 (0 ... 11)

P630 Transformer Differential Protection
Differential Protection (DIFF)

Amplitude and Vector Group Matching: Relay Settings
Calculated
automatically by
the relay read
only!
Tripping Characteristic

MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Definition of I
d
and I
R

+ + + =
=
+ + + =
c , y , vec b , y , vec a , y , vec y , R
b , y , vec a , y , vec y , R
c , y , vec b , y , vec a , y , vec y , d
I I I
2
1
I
I I
2
1
I
I I I I
Differential current
Amplitude and vector group
matched currents from
ends a, b, ...

Restraining current

for 2 ends

for > 2 ends
for measuring
system y
(1, 2 or 3 resp.)
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Tripping Characteristic
1 2 3 4
1
2
0
I
d
I
R
Load line
for single-end infeed
I
d
>
m
1
m
2
I
R,m2
Basic threshould value I
d
>, slope m
1
,
second knee point I
R,m2
and slope m
2
are settable.
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Tripping Characteristic: First Section
1 2 3 4
1
2
0
I
d
I
R
Load line
for single-end infeed
Magnetizing current
characteristic
I
d
>
First section of
tripping characteristic
The basic threshold value I
d
> takes into account the magnetizing
current of the transformer.
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Tripping Characteristic: Second Section
1 2 3 4
1
2
0
I
d
I
R
Load line
for single-end infeed
I
d
>
Transformation error
characteristics
for two or three
current transformer sets
Second section of
tripping characteristic
m
1
First knee point of
tripping characteristic
The slope m1 should correspond to the cumulative total error of
the participating CT sets.
MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
In case of HV on-load tap changer device:
Amplitude matching needs to be done for a mean nominal
voltage on HV side (a).
- Therefore, set : V
nom.prim.,a
= V
nom,a,min
x V
nom,a,max

- Also, m1 setting should be increased by a factor of:
I
nom,(p),a,max
- I
nom,(p),a,mid

1 . (I
nom,(p),a,max
+ I
nom,(p),a,mid
)
2
R
1 2 3 4
1
2
0
I
d
I
Load line
for single-end infeed
I
d
>
m
1
Third section of
tripping characteristic
m
2
Second knee point of
tripping characteristic
I
R,m2
The second knee point must be set in accordance with the max.
possible load current (4.Iref considered max.; like when a parallel Xfrmr
has failed for P634) ;
m2 to be set high (70%) for through fault stability
Tripping Characteristic: Third
Section

MiCOM 30 Series
Transf. Differential Protection
Tripping Characteristic: Function Parameters
DIFF Enable PS1 No

DIFF Idiff> PS1 0.20 Iref (0.10 ... 2.50)
DIFF Idiff>> PS1 15 Iref (5 ... 30)
DIFF Idiff>>> PS1 30 Iref (5 ... 30)
DIFF m1 PS1 0.3 (0.2 ... 1.5)
DIFF m2 PS1 0.7 (0.4 ... 1.5)
DIFF IR,m2 PS1 4.0 Iref (1.5 ... 10.0)

DIFF Op.mode harm.bl. PS1 Not phase-selective
DIFF RushI(2f0)/I(f0) PS1 20 % (10 ... 50)

DIFF Overflux.bl. en. PS1 No
DIFF OverI(5f0)/(f0) PS1 20 % (10 ... 80)
Parameter Subset 1
1 2 3 4
1
2
0
I
d
I
R
Load line
for single-end infeed
I
d
>
m
1
m
2
I
R,m2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Characteristic Equations:
I
d
= I
d
> ; Area I
I
d
= m1. ( I
R
- 0.5 I
d
>) + I
d
> ; Area II
I
d
= m2. I
R
+ I
d
> . (1 - 0.5.m1 ) + 4.(m1-m2) ; Area III
I
II
III
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
High-set Differential thresholds:
Restrained Highset:
Above the adjustable threshold, Idiff>>, relay trips
irrespective of either the 2nd harmonic or the overfluxing
restraint blocks

Unrestrained Highset:
Above the adjustable threshold, Idiff>>>, relay trips
irrespective of restraining current and the saturation
discriminator
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Inrush stabilisation
Since high inrush charging current flows only on the
connected side, important to stabilize the diff. element

If ratio of I(2xf
0
) / I(f
0
) exceeds a set value in atleast one
of the phases, tripping is blocked

No blocking if diff. Current exceeds Idiff>>

MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Differential Protection
Overfluxing restraint
During overexcitation of transformer, core saturation sets
in and more magnetizing current is drawn; may lead to
maltripping.

Fifth harmonic restraint facility provided

If ratio of I(5xf
0
) / I(f
0
) exceeds a set value in atleast one
of the phases, tripping is blocked

No blocking if diff. Current exceeds Idiff>>

Saturation Discriminator
Stability with Saturated C.T.s
ZA0912B
i1
i2
id
Inhibit
pulses
id
with inhibit

No blocking if diff. Current exceeds Idiff>>>

Saturation Discriminator Operation
with Saturated C.T.s
ZA0912B
i2
id
Inhibit
pulses
With inhibit
id
REF_1
Ground Differential Protection
REF_2 REF_3
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Ground Differential Protection
Can be applied to Xfmr windings with grounded neutral
point where a C.T. in neutral to gnd. Path is available

One Ground diff. Protn available per Xfmr winding

Based on comparing the Vector sum of phase currents, I
N
with the Neutral-point current I
Y


The Diff. Protn. Applies under the condition of uniformly
defined current arrows relative to the Xfmr winding.
Both current arrows point either towards the winding or
away from it



MiCOM 30 Series
Ground Differential Protection
Amplitude Matching:
I
ref,N,z
= S
ref

\3.V
nom,z

k
am,N,z
= I
nom,z

I
ref,N,z

k
am,Y,z
= I
nom,Y,z

I
ref,N,z

where
am : amplitude matched, z : winding
Inom,z : primary nominal current of the Main C.T.
Inom,Y,z : primary nominal current of the Neutral C.T.

= 0.2
I
d,G
/I
ref
m = 1.005
1 1.5 2 0.5
0.5
1
1.5
I
R,G
/I
ref
Fault current (internal fault)characteristic
for transient saturation of the main C.T.s
2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Ground Differential Protection
Tripping Characteristic
Characteristic equation:

G R, G d, G , d
I +m > I = I
Definition of I
d,G
and I
R,G
:

{ }
{ }
C B A N , amp G , R
Y Y , amp C B A N , amp G , d
I , I , I k I
I k I , I , I k I
E =
+ E =
I
d,G
>

r ef
I
Ground Differential Protection
Operation- External Faults
Winding a Winding b
A
B
C
A
B
C
I
AE
I
AE
I
N
=E(I
A
+I
B
+I
C
) =- I
AE


I
Y
=+ I
AE

Therefore : I
d,G
= 0
I
R,G
= I
AE

P63X

Ground Differential Protection
Operation- Internal Faults
Winding a Winding b
A
B
C
A
B
C
I
AE,p
I
AE,n
I
N
=E(I
A
+I
B
+I
C
) =+ I
AE


I
Y
=+ I
AE
(Assuming I
AE,p
=

I
AE,n
= I
AE
)

Therefore : I
d,G
= 2. I
AE

I
R,G
= I
AE

P63X

DTOC1
Definite-Time Overcurrent Protection
DTOC2 DTOC3
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
Definite-time overcurrent protection, three-stage, phase-selective
Each function group (DTOC1, DTOC2, DTOC3) is freely assignable to a winding
Virtual winding may be defined for summation of currents from two real windings
(application on two breakers in a ring bus or breaker-and-a-half configuration)
3 separate measuring systems for phase currents, negative-sequence current
and residual current
All 3 measuring systems operate independently of each other:
Settable operate delay per stage
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Definite-Time O/C Protection
Main Features
IDMT1
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Protection
IDMT2 IDMT3
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
Inverse-time overcurrent protection, single-stage, phase-selective
Each function group (IDMT1, IDMT2, IDMT3) is freely assignable to a winding
Virtual winding may be defined for summation of currents from two real windings
(application on two breakers in a ring bus or breaker-and-a-half configuration)
3 separate measuring systems for phase currents, negative-sequence current
and residual current
All 3 measuring systems operate independently of each other:
Choice of 12 different tripping time characteristics
Accumulation of intermittend startings by means of a hold-time logic
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Inverse-Time O/C Protection
Main Features
THRM1
Thermal Overload Protection
THRM2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
V< >
Over-/Undervoltage Protection
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
Definite-time overvoltage protection, two-stage

Definite-time undervoltage protection, two-stage:


Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Over-/Undervoltage Protection
Main Features
f< >
Over-/Underfrequency Protection
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
Over-/underfrequncy protection, four-stage

All four stages operate independently of each other:

Operation modes:
Over-/underfrequency monitoring
Over-/underfrequency monitoring in conjunction with differential frequency
gradient monitoring (df/dt) for system decoupling applications
Over-/underfrequency monitoring in conjunction with average frequency
gradient monitoring (Af/At) for load shedding applications
Settable operate delay
Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Over-/Underfrequency Protection
Main Features
V/ f
Overexcitation Protection
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
V/f ratio based measurement

Alarm stage V/f> with definite time delay

Trip stage V/f>> with inverse time characteristic
Characteristic defined by 12 settable value pairs
Cooling time of thermal replica settable

Trip stage V/f>>> with definite time delay

Sequence of all operate delays can be blocked
through appropriately configured binary signal inputs or
per selection matrix via a binary signal input or
per programmable logic (LOGIC)
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Overexcitation Protection
Main Features
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Overexcitation Protection
Tripping Characteristic
V/ f
t
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60
V
nom
/ f
nom
1
10
100
V/ f> > >
V/ f> >
...
...
LOGIC
Programmable Logic
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Functional Details
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Programmable Logic
Embedding of Programmable Logic

Configuration:


INP
LOC
PC
COMM1
COMM2
Fixed Logic:

DIST, IDMT, DIFF, ...

Configuration:

OUTP
LED
LOC
PC
COMM1
COMM2
Control Inputs Trip and Signals Functions
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Programmable Logic
Embedding of Programmable Logic
Programmable Logic:

LOGIC

Configuration:


INP
LOC
PC
COMM1
COMM2
Fixed Logic:

DIST, IDMT, DIFF, ...

Configuration:

OUTP
LED
LOC
PC
COMM1
COMM2
Control Inputs Trip and Signals Functions
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Hardware

P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Inputs and Outputs
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
P631
G G C
G G
G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
G
G
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
P632 P633 P634
Screw Terminals for Pin Lugs
Screw Terminals for Ring Lugs
Models*
*Both Flush & Surface Mounted Case Designs available
40TE
84TE
P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
Inputs and Outputs
Power Supply Module Processor Module
Communication Module
Transformer Module

:

O
p
t
i
o
n
P A
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
V
4*I
8*O
X
6*O
X
Y
4*I
24*I
X
6*I
8*O
T
4*J
T
4*J
1*U
Analog I/O Module
Binary I/O Module
MODULAR
P630
Hardware - Example (1)

Module Location Diagram for P632 in Case 40 TE (Pin Terminals)
P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
Inputs and Outputs
P630
Hardware Example (2)

Module Location Diagram for P633 in Case 84 TE (Pin Terminals)

:

O
p
t
i
o
n

Processor Module
Communication Module
Transformer Module
Power Supply Module
Binary I/O Module
Analog I/O Module
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11
11
12
12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
P A T
4*J
1*U
T
4*J
T
4*J
X
6*I
8*O
X
6*I
8*O
X
24*I
Y
4*I
V
4*I
8*O
X
6*O
P630
Serial Interfaces


Front PC RS 232 serial interface for local comm. using
MiCOM S1

Rear Ports:
Optional 2 remote Comm. ports :
either RS 485 interface-twisted copper wire connection OR
Fibre Optic interface - FO cable connector

An optional IRIG-B interface is available for time
synchronisation








P630
Connections


Current transformer connections to be given in accordance with the
standard terminal connection diagram indicated on the type
identification label

Example: P634 -74991196-301-401-601-801
Diagram: P634.401

It is essential that the grounding configuration shown in the diagram be
followed. If a connection is in opposition, this can be taken into account
in the settings at:
P63X/Parameters/Function/Global/Main/Conn meas.circ. IP,a/b/c/d








P631 P632 P633 P634
Measuring inputs
Phase currents 2 x 3 2 x 3 3 x 3 4 x 3
Residual current or neutral-point current 2 3 3
Voltage 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 10 4 to 16 4 to 10
Add. optical coupler inputs (optional) 24 24 24
Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs and outputs (optional)
0 to 20 mA input 1 1 1
PT 100 input 1 1 1
0 to 20 mA outputs 2 2 2
MiCOM P631/632/633/634
Transf. Differential Protection
Inputs and Outputs
G G
C
G G
G
G

G
TRIP
ALARM
OUT OF SERVICE
HEALTHY
EDIT
= CLEAR
= ENTER
= READ
C
MiCOM
Front Face
H5
H16
H17
H1
H4
X6
LED interpretations 1
LED- ALARM :
Meaning : Internal fault detected OR
Relay functioning hindrances like:
Calculated reference currents/matching factors not
within permissible range or
amplitude matching factor conditions not satisfied

Action from operator: Read out the Monitoring Signal Memory
: P63X/Operations/Op.data.Rec./MT_RC
- Then clear the Mon. Signal Memory
- Try a Cold Restart
(Full list of possible SFMON signals given in Guide, Chap. 10,
(Trouble shooting)

LED interpretations 2
LED- OUT OF SERVICE :
Meaning :
(1) Output relay has been blocked by user:
Par/Func/Glob/OUTP/Output.rel.block USER Yes .

(2) Device has been disabled by user:
Par/Func/Glob/MAIN/ Protection Enabled No .

(3) Trip command has been blocked by user:
Par/Func/Glob/MAIN/ Trip command block.USER Yes .

(4) SFMON has detected an internal fault:
( ALARM LED also lights up and output assigned to Blocked/Faulty
is energised )



Local Control Panel Operations
Following tasks can be handled from the LOC :

Readout and editing of settings
Readout of cyclically updated measured Operating data &
Logic state signals
Readout of operating data logs and monitoring signal logs
Readout of event logs and fault measured data after overload
situations and faults
Resetting of device and triggering of additional control functions
designed to support testing and commissioning tasks






Local Control Panel Operations
To enter the EDIT mode :

(1) Activate the Global Change-enabling function:
Oper/Cntrl&Test/LOC/Par change enable Yes .

(2) To activate the change, enter the password .

(3) For some functions, to edit the settings we need to disable the
device: Par/Func/Glob/MAIN/ Protection Enabled =No .




Local Control Panel
Operations
COLD RESTART
Many problems may occur (like Alarm LED) due to the fact that the
setting status of the device makes it difficult for the user to know whats
going on !

In such cases, perform a cold restart:
- This causes the device to reboot, all settings to revert to default values
and all records to be cleared
- Prior to performing a cold restart, disable the protection:

P63X/Par/Func/Glob/MAIN/Protection Enabled = No .
P63X/Oper/Ctrl&Test/MAIN/Cold Restart = Execute .


Memory Readouts
The following memories are available:

Operating data memory: Oper/Rec/OP_RC
- contains stored signals of actions that occur during operation such
as enabling or disabling of a function

Monitoring Signal memory: Oper/Rec/MT_RC
- a signal entry due to internal fault detected by SFMON function or a
setting configuration that hinders flawless functioning of the device

Event Memory: Events/Rec/FT_RC : fault memories 1 to 8
Events/Rec/OL_RC : overload memories 1 to 8


Fault Logging, Fault Data
Acquisition & Fault Recording

Fault Measured Data (FT_DA):
- Fault duration
- Fault currents - phase and residual values of each winding
- Differential and restraining currents on all 3 phases
- Per unit Second and fifth harmonic levels of the differential current
- Maximum 8 records
Fault Recorded Data (FT_RC) (Disturbance records):
- Phase currents of all four ends of the transformer
- Residual current measured at the Neutral C.T.
- Voltage (1|)
- Max 8 records, 16.4 sec.
Fault Logging:
- device stores protection signals logged during a fault
- Maximum 8 faults, 200 signals on each fault incident

Configuring & Enabling of
Function Groups
In order to enable a function group (say Differential):

(1)Configure the desired function:
P63X/Par/Config/DIFF/Enable =Yes

(2)Enable the desired function:
P63X/Par/Func/General/DIFF/General Enable.USER =Yes

(3)Activate the desired function in the parameter subset :
P63X/Par/Func/Par.Subset 1/DIFF/Enable =Yes
Some tips on configuring the
Tripping Outputs
NOTE: Always use a Trip command for operating the trip coil
Procedure:
(1)Configure the trip command:
Example: P63X/Par/Func/Global/MAIN/Fct.assign.Trip.cmd.1=
#01 DIFF Trip signal OR #02 Manual Trip Signal

(2)Configure the output relay:
Recommended: P63X/Par/Conf/OUTP/ Fct.assign.K2001 =
Gen.Trip command 1