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Adapted from Polity, Vol. 2, No. 4 (1970), pages 397-425 Original Title: "The International Relations of Region" Authors: Louis J. Cantori dan Steven L. Spiegel Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan & Northeastern Political Science Association

RAVIO PATRA ASRI 170210110019

The Study of International Relations of Region

Develops a model of the subordinate regional system Discovers the relations between Political Science and Political

Offers a comparative approach to analyze the role of regions
Develops a framework to study certain region based on the

similarity to each other

Supported by the studies of Integration and International



areas in the world that contain geographically proximate states forming mutually interrelated units in foreign affairs

Communications and Technology

Fast-travelling news Identify causal factors Explore the relationship between:

culture and stability; power and order; communications and cohesion

Subordinate System

Unit of analysis Facilitates comparison Concentrate on main issues Measure of independence



Intrusive System

The Intrusive System

Multilateral Agreements Bilateral Agreements Trade and Economic Investment Colony Military Intervention Subversion United Nations Cultural and Educational Activities Propaganda

Region Middle East Western Europe Eastern Europe

UAE, Yemen, KSA, Kuwait, Iraq, Lebanon, Sudan, Jordan, Syria Italy, France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg Poland, Czech, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria USSR US, Canada South America, Mexico, El Salvador, Dominica, Honduras China

Israel, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan Northern and Southern Europe Albania, Yugoslavia, Finland, Germany Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, West Indies Cuba, Guyana, Haiti, Suriname, Jamaica, Barbados Taiwan, North Korea, Mongolia, South Korea, Japan, HK, Macao

Intrusive System
US, USSR, UK, France, Germany, China UK, USSR US, France, Germany, USSR, China US, USSR, UK, Netherlands, France, China US, Portugal, UK, USSR

Northern America Latin America East Asia

Southwest Pacific
Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Southern Africa Central Africa

Australia, New Zealand

Indonesia, Philippine, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos India Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria Ivory Coast, Senegal, Upper Volta, Mali, Niger, Togo South Africa, Rhodesia, Angola, Mozambique, South-West Africa Congo, Rwanda, Burundi Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania

Western Samoa, South Pacific Islands

Singapore, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Myanmar Ceylon, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Maldives, Pakistan Mauritania, Libya, Spanish Sahara Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Botswana, Zambia, Swaziland, Mauritius, Malawi, Malagasy, Lesotho CAR, Chad, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia, Somalia

US, France, UK, USSR, Japan

China, Japan, Portugal, UK, Australia, US, France, USSR US, USSR, UK, China France, USSR, US, China, Spain US, USSR, France, UK, Portugal US, UK, Portugal US, Belgium, China, USSR, France, Spain US, USSR, France, China, UK

East Africa

Four Pattern of Variables

Nature and Level Cohesion Nature of Communications

Level of Power
Spectrum of Relations

Thank You!