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PROJECT ON:-

PREPARED BY :
CHARVI PATHAK PIET MBA(2011-12)

STRESS MANAGEMENT

INDEX

INTR0DUCTION WHAT IS STRESS? CAUSES OF STRESS SIGNS OF THE STRESS OVERLOAD STRESS IN CHILDHOOD DEFINITION SIGNS OF STRESS HOW PARENTS CAN HELP TO REDUCE STRESS WHAT CHILDREN CAN DO TO RELIEVE FROM STRESS STRESS IN TEENAGE FACTORS SIGNS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT SKILLS FOR STRESS IN TEENAGE CAUSES OF STRESS STRESS AMONG YOUTH FACTORS POINTS TO REDUCE STRESS CONCLUSION

STRESS AMONG WOMEN CAUSES OF STRESS ARTICLE OF CHETAN BHAGAT


STRESS AMONG MEN CAUSES OF STRESS STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR MEN STRESS AMONG SENIOR CITIZENS SIGNS OF STRESS WAYS TO MANAGE STRESS STRESS MANAGEMENT CAUSES OF STRESS MANAGEMENT KEEP STRESS UNDER CONTROL

E-BOOKS & RESOURCES


REFERANCE

WHAT IS STRESS?
Stress is a feeling that's created when we react to particular events. It's the body's way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation with focus, strength, stamina, and heightened alertness. Everybody experiences stress. Its the bodys natural reaction to tension, pressure and change. A certain amount of stress makes life challenging and less boring, but too much can be bad for you both physically and mentally. For the sake of your health, safety and happiness, its important to recognize and manage stress before it does you harm.

WHAT CAUSES STRESS OVERLOAD?


Although just enough stress can be a good thing, stress overload is a different story too much stress isn't good for anyone. Pressures that are too intense or last too long, or troubles that are shouldered alone, can cause people to feel stress overload. Here are some of the things that can overwhelm the body's ability to cope if they continue for a long time: Being bullied or exposed to violence or injury. Relationship stress, family conflicts, or the heavy emotions that can accompany a broken heart or the death of a loved one. Ongoing problems with schoolwork related to a learning disability or other problems, such as ADHD (usually once the problem is recognized and the person is given the right learning support the stress disappears)

SIGNS OF STRESS OVERLOAD People who are experiencing stress overload


may notice some of the following signs: anxiety or panic attacks a feeling of being constantly pressured, hassled, and hurried irritability and moodiness physical symptoms, such as stomach problems, headaches, or even chest pain allergic reactions, such as eczema or asthma problems sleeping drinking too much, smoking, overeating, or doing drugs sadness or depression Everyone experiences stress a little differently. Some people become angry and act out their stress or take it out on others. Some people internalize it and develop eating disorders or substance abuse problems. And some people who have a chronic illness may find that the symptoms of their illness flare up under an overload of stress.

STRESS IN CHILDHOOD

Childhood stress can be caused by any situation that requires a person to adapt or change. The situation often produces anxiety. Stress may be caused by positive changes, such as starting a new activity, but it is most commonly linked with negative changes such as illness or death in the family. Children learn how to respond to stress by what they have seen and experienced in the past. Most stresses experienced by children may seem insignificant to adults, but because children have few previous experiences from which to learn, even situations that require small changes can have enormous impacts on a child's feelings of safety and security. Pain, injury, and illness are major stressors for children. Medical treatments produce even greater stress. Recognition of parental stress (such as that seen in divorce or financial crisis) is a severe stressor for children, as is death or loss of a loved one.

SIGNS OF UNRESOLVED STRESS IN CHILDREN Children may not recognize that they are stressed. Parents may suspect that the child is excessively stressed if the child has experienced a potentially stressful situation and begins to have symptoms such as: Physical symptoms:Decreased appetite, other changes in eating habits Headache New or recurrent bedwetting Nightmares Sleep disturbances Stuttering Upset stomach or vague stomach pain Other physical symptoms with no physical illness

Emotional or behavioral symptoms:


Anxiety Worries Inability to relax New or recurring fears (fear of the dark, fear of being alone, fear of strangers) Clinging, unwilling to let you out of sight Questioning (may or may not ask questions) Anger Crying Whining Inability to control emotions Aggressive behavior Stubborn behavior Regression to behaviors that are typical of an earlier developmental stage Unwillingness to participate in family or school activities

HOW PARENTS CAN HELP


Parents can help children respond to stress in healthy ways. Following are some tips: Provide a safe, secure, familiar, consistent, and dependable home. Be selective in the television programs that young children watch (including news broadcasts), which can produce fears and anxiety. Spend calm, relaxed time with your children. Encourage your child to ask questions. Encourage expression of concerns, worries, or fears. Listen to your child without being critical. Build your child's feelings of self-worth. Use encouragement and affection. Try to involve your child in situations where he or she can succeed. Try to use positive encouragement and reward instead of punishment.

Allow the child opportunities to make choices and have some control in his or her life. This is particularly important, because research shows that the more people feel they have control over a situation, the better their response to stress will be. Encourage physical activity. Develop awareness of situations and events that are stressful for children. These include new experiences, fear of unpredictable outcomes, unpleasant sensations, unmet needs or desires, and loss. Recognize signs of unresolved stress in your child. Keep your child informed of necessary and anticipated changes such as changes in jobs or moving Seek professional help or advice when signs of stress do not decrease or disappear.

WHAT CHILDREN CAN DO TO RELIEVE STRESS


Below are some tips that children can follow themselves to help reduce stress: Talk about problems. If you cannot communicate with your parents, try someone else that you can trust. Try to relax. Listen to calm music. Take a warm bath. Close your eyes and take slow deep breaths. Take some time for yourself. If you have a hobby or favorite activity, give yourself time to enjoy it. Exercise. Physical activity reduces stress. Set realistic expectations. Do your best, and remember that nobody is perfect. Learn to love yourself and respect yourself. Respect others. Be with people who accept and respect you. Remember that drugs and alcohol never solve problems. Ask for help if you are having problems managing your stress. Stress and anxiety

WHAT CAUSES STRESS IN TEENS?


Stress is a normal physical and psychological reaction to events that make one feel in jeopardy or upset. Stress in children and teenagers are as common as in adults. Stress can have many adverse effects on human body as well as in mind. It can make a teenager more prone to physical and mental illness. Stress makes feel very tired and unprepared to deal with lifes difficulties. Severe stress can cause depression, a regular dullness, severe emotional trouble, and irritable bowel syndrome among other things.

The events in life that cause the body to experience stress are called stressors. A few stressors teens deal with are changing schools going on a first date high expectations placed upon them by parents and teachers competing in sports participating in extracurricular activities having a job being over-scheduled not fitting in socially being ahead or behind in physical development throwing a party family disfunction such as abuse or alcoholism in the home winning a scholarship to the college of their dreams

TEENAGE STRESS FACTORS

academic pressure and career decisions pressure to wear certain types of clothing or hairstyles pressure to try drugs, alcohol or sex pressure to fit in with peer groups and measure up to others adaptation to bodily changes family and peer conflicts taking on too many activities at one time

TEENAGE "STRESS OVERLOAD" SIGNS:


increased physical illness (headaches, stomachaches, muscle pains, chronic fatigue) "shutting down" and withdrawal from people and activities increased anger or irritable lashing out at others increased tearfulness and feelings of hopelessness chronic feelings of worry and nervousness difficulty sleeping and eating difficulty concentrating Our body's natural reaction to life events that we perceive as overwhelming is the "fight or flight" response, which may produce a faster heart rate, increased blood flow, shallow breathing, a sense of dread and a desire to escape. However, teens can teach themselves to perceive life challenges as being within their control and can even change their body's reactions to such events, promoting a lower heart rate, deeper breathing, clearer thinking and feelings of calmness and control. There are many stress management skills that promote the relaxation response.

STRESS MANAGEMENT SKILLS FOR TEENS

Taking deep breaths accompanied by thoughts of being in control ("I can handle this") Progressive muscle relaxation, (repeatedly tensing and relaxing large muscles of the body) Setting small goals and breaking tasks into smaller manageable chunks Exercising and eating regular meals, and avoiding excessive caffeine Focusing on things you can control and letting go of things you cannot control Rehearsing and practicing feared situations (e.g., practicing public speaking or asking someone out on a date) Talking about problems with others, including parents, older adults and friends Lowering unrealistic expectations Scheduling breaks and enjoyable activities, such as music, art, sports, socializing Accepting yourself as you are and identifying unique strengths and building on them, but realizing no one is perfect!

STRESS AMONG FEMALE

Causes of female and male depression and anxiety might be quite different from each other. It is not known for sure if stress affects men and women differently. Generally, as the two genders often operate in different social contexts, both tend to develop different emotional dispositions and personality traits. Accordingly, their responses and coping mechanisms to stress situations vary.

Women

Women, in these days, have a lot of balancing to do between home and workplace, including balancing between social and personal requirements. The issues of maternity, menopause, parenthood, gender roles, conditions at home and workplace, familial and social support et al, often blight women`s lives in the long run. Experiencing a high level of burnout was associated with increased absenteeism if employees had children under six living at home or reported having difficulty with their child care arrangements. There is a strong relationship between social support and mental stress and trauma in women. It relates to a woman`s help-seeking attitude, social networks, kinship networks, and support networks. Besides these factors, adapting to a new workplace culture and reformations tends in job sectors, affects men

and women alike.

Stress management of women:

STRESS AMONG MEN


For men workplace stress can have extreme consequences. In Japan, work stress related suicide rate among men has risen over the last 15 years. According to the Government`s Statistics Bureau, the highest suicide rate occurs in men from 35 to 44 years old, making it the 13th most common cause of death for men. Newspapers carried the triple suicide story in March 1998, when three Japanese menall heads of car part companiestook their lives on the same night. The reason they gave isPoor Company Finances! Uncertainty in workplace can cause high levels of stress. Lack of information or the actions of other people can negatively affect your ability to perform. Causes of uncertainty can be: Not having a clear idea of what the future holds Not knowing where your organization will be going Not having any career development plans Not knowing what will be wanted from you in the future Not knowing what your boss or colleagues think of your abilities Receiving vague or inconsistent instructions

HERE ARE SOME TIPS FOR BETTER MALE STRESS MANAGEMENT:

Don't feel like talking about it? Write about it. Keep a journal to vent. Even if you don't feel like writing about how you feel, once you get going, you may find it very therapeutic. Exercise is an excellent way to release pent-up anxiety, anger, or feelings of depression. Drink more water. It makes everything work better. Cut down on the caffeine. Caffeine can make you feel more anxious, and it can raise your blood pressure. Try meditation or other relaxation techniques. Use humor to diffuse tense situations. If you feel like your feelings are out of control, talk to a counselor or therapist. Sometimes it's easier to talk to somebody who isn't part of your personal life.

STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR SENIOR CITIZENS


Recognize the Signs of Stress

Physical Symptoms of Stress


Headaches Upset stomach Increased arthritis pain Chronic conditions worsen Tightness in the chest Oversleeping or sleepiness Over- or under-eating

Emotional Symptoms of Stress


Anxiety Irritability (angry at small things) Increased forgetfulness Difficulty making decisions Confusion Hopelessness It is important to consult with your doctor. Many of these symptoms can be caused by medical conditions, but often they result from poorly managed stress.

STRESS MANAGEMENT

Stress Management is an important part of daily living for everyone. We all need stress in order to survive. Teams need it to perform well, and in the right doses, it can be very healthy, or even enjoyable. However, when stress becomes excessive it can be very damaging. It can harm: health happiness work performance team spirit and co-operation relationships personal development Stress management involves, at the simplest level: recognising the symptoms of stress identifying the causes taking action to address the causes and thereby reduce the symptoms where necessary, taking interim steps to relieve the symptoms until the underlying causes have been addressed.

E-Books and Resources for Stress Management and Relief

REFERENCES:-

www.slideshare.com www.dbhds.virginia.gov/Terrorism/.../Adult/ StressManagementSenior.doc