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DEVELOPMENT OF GIS : PROSPECT FOR POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2010

Population and Housing Census Division DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS MALAYSIA

Topics
Mapping Strategy In Previous Census Census Geography 2000 Census Mapping Activities Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Maps Planning for 2010 Census GIS Product In DOS Conclusion

HISTORY OF CENSUS IN MALAYSIA


Population and Housing Census Before Formation of Malaysia After Formation of Malaysia Next Census 1911, 1921,1931, 1947, 1957 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000 2010

Total Population
1980 1991 2000 2007 13,745,241 18,379,655 23,274,690 27.1 million

Strategy
*To conduct a census, the initial preparation that needs to be done is the subdivision of whole country into Enumeration blocks (EBs) *Ensuring complete coverage of all areas in the country *The finalization of EB maps was done by state Offices of the Department

Census Geography
Prior the census data collection- a system called geostatistical Census Area was formed I The various geostatistical levels can be subdivided into two main types: A. Administrative Areas B. Statistical Areas

Census Geography (contd.) A. Administrative Areas Gazetted Boundries - State - Administrative district - Mukim/sub district - Local authority area B. Statistical Areas - Defined by DOS; - Census districts (CD) - Enumeration Block (EB)

Census Geography (contd.)

Urban Areas
Gazetted areas with their adjoining built-up areas which had a combined population of 10,000 or more at the time of the 2000 population Census

Built-up areas
Built-up areas were contiguous to a gazetted area and at least 60 per cent of their population (aged 10 years and over) engaged in non-agricultural activities as well as having modern toilet facilities in their housing units.

Administrative Areas

State boundary

District boundary

Statistical Areas

Total EBs for 2000 = 52,877 Total Census Districts = 550

Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Map (contd.) Started 1998 Decentralised In Census 2000, the mapping activity was decentralised and undertaken by the 13 state offices with standardised guidelines issued by Headquarters. Mapping as an ongoing activity in intercensal period This is important since a good frame is required for household surveys which are conducted on a regular basis.

Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Map (contd.) *Each EB = 1 enumerator *Combination of 7 Ebs formed a Cencus Circle (CC) which was under the responsibility of a supervisor *A District Superintendent was responsible for each Census District (CD) comprising about 15 CCs All District Superintendents in one Administrative

2000 Census Mapping Activities


Housing developers

Updating the 1991 Census Frame

Map updates From household Surveys LFS, HIS, HES and QC

Updates to Gazette Plans

Preparation of 2000 Census Map


Updating and Sketching of EB map Preparation Of Dratf Copy CD Map Verification of EB dan CD Map Preparation Of Files Files for Assistant Commissioners of census Files for District Superintendent Fil es for Supervisors Comfirmation Of CD map by District Offices Document 1 (LQ Listing)

Preparation of Census Area List

List of EBs, CDs, CCs, No of Enumerator and supervisors

Kampong/ Locality list List of Institutional LQ

Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Map Two Types of map: a. Census District Maps b. Enumeration Blocks (EB) a. Census District Maps - used by Assistant Census Commissioners and District Superintendents - purpose for planning and controlling of field work

Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Map Census District Maps (contd.) -The map is equivalent to one or part of an Administrative District -One CD consists about 100 Ebs - These map contained District and mukim boundaries and various landmarks such as roads, rivers and name of localities

Census District Map

Overall Activities in Preparation of Census Maps And Enumeration Block Map Enumeration Blocks (EB) used by enumerators to carry out field work and as a guide map contained 80 120 Living Quarters or 500 600 persons Map are not according to scale but had a standard size 40cm x 40 cm

Enumeration Block (Sketch Map)

Creation of Census Circles The Census Circle was a contiguous group of 7 EBs that was placed under one supervisor. The preparation of the CC did not involve the drawing of any maps, but was a listing of EBs that formed each CC.

List Of Census Area For verification of the census geographical areas, relevant lists served as a guideline and control in the operation of Census activities. Five major lists which were prepared included: Preparation of EB summary by AD and CD Number of enumeration Blocks, Census Circles, Enumerators, Supervisors by CD within Administrative District Preparation of locality lists List of Institutional Living quarters List of Orang Asli (aborigines) EBs

List Of Census Area Preparation of EB summary by AD and CD This summary provided a list of normal EBS and EBs Orang Asli (special EB) Number of enumeration Blocks, Census Circles, Enumerators, Supervisors by CD within Administrative District -Extracted from the Census Frame Master File -purposed for recruiting the required number of enumerators and supervisors for Census operations -also included the number of Census Circles for each AD

Preparation of Document 1 (Living Quarters Listing Book) Objective: Use by the enumerator during census operations Contain a. b. Sketch Map Boundary Description (M3 Form)

GIS
Embody of hard ware and software configurations designed to support the capture, management, analysis and dissemination of spatial data. Applied to census activities and output, such systems facilitate census cartography, data capture and linking population data (demographic and sosio-economics data)

Socio-economics characteristics - Education - Labor force Household and housing - Number of person per household - Type of construction materials - Population with access to basic facilities - Tenure status

PLANNING FOR CENSUS 2010 Strategy: Applying GIS component and application for the mapping activity'. (Spatial data for household and establishment)

Component : a. Software (Arc Gis Arc View 9.X) b. Hardware (Plotter, PrinterA3, Workstations) c. Base Map (JUPEM, JPBD, L.A.A,)

STRUCTURE OF CREATING EB FOR 2010

States Boundry

Admin.Area Boundry

Mukim Boundry

JuPEM topo map

Cadastre map JPBD

EB Map(Polygon) 2000

GIS SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE FOR CENSUS 1991-2010

Year 1991

Software Arc Info Workstation Pc Arc Info Arc view Ver. 1 MS Dos OS Unix

Unit 1 1 1 1 1

Hardware Workstation HP PC Acer 346

Unit 1 1

Base Map Topo. Map (L7010) L.A.A Map

Scale/Unit 1:63,360 Cassini Hard-copy

2000 Arc View 3.2 Arc View 8.3 2010 Arc View 9.1 78 Workstation HP Color Printer A3 Scanner AO Plotter AO 53 16 1 20 Topo Map (L8028) Topo Map (L905) Topo Map (L808) Topo Map (T738) Topo Map (T931) 1: 25,000 1: 3,000 -10,000 1: 25,000 1:50,000 1:3,000 - 12,500 3 2 Plan Printer Plotter 1 1 Topo Map (L7030) 1:50,000 Hard-copy

Digital

Preparation of Document 1 (Living Quarters Listing Book)


CENSUS DATA CLASS CENSUS DATABASE

GIS Population and Housing Census 2010

Objective: Use by the enumerator during census operations


NASIONAL LQ ESTABLISHMENT

Contain a. b.

STATES

HOUSEHOLD

Sketch Map
ADMIN.AREA CENSUS DISTRICT

INDIVIDUAL

Boundary Description (M3 Form)


STRATA

EB

Establishments

Living Quarters

FLOW CHART OF UPDATING EBS PROCESS


Start
Yes. e.g. Shape file, DXF, MapInfo Identify existing resources

A. DATA
Digital vector? No e.g topo map, pelan akui. Scan? No (hardcopy) Scan Map/Plan Select & draw a control point (GCP) on maps

Identify system coordinate on existing data.

Done (*.jpg, *.tiff) No

Yes

Map projection

Search and draw the GCP point on map

Identify system coordinate (RSO / Cassini / MRT Lat/Long / Arbitrary)

System? Dapatkan nilai kodinat GCP (Field Survey / GPS / refer JUPEM) Coordinate Converter Yes Reference

Kekalkan asal

RSO ArcView 3.3 - Malaysia Projection Converter Cassini

Cassini

RSOCS Cassini

CSRSO RSO

MRTRSO RSO

No Identify referenced coordinate (point GCP) e.g. GPS

RSO

ArcView 3.3 - Register & Transform Tool Minimum 4 GCP point

Convert to Geodatabase ArcView - ArcCatalog 1. Create Geodatabase ArcView - ArcCatalog 1. Create Geodatabase 3. Create Feature Class 2. Create Feature Dataset 4. Create Object Class Table 3. Create Feature Class 2. Create Feature Dataset 4. Create Object Class Table

ArcView - ArcMap Add data Georeferencing (Rectify) Minimum 4 GCP (known coordinate point)

B. Development of Database
No

Data Entry Update Existing data / layer

Create New data / layer

Yes

End

Digitize (on screen)

Digitize (on screen)

D. Layout

Print A3 size (Landscape)

Feature Class Living Quarters

Feature Class EB

Feature Class EB

Feature Class EB

Map Layout Arc Map - Layout

Updates (States, no. DP, Mukim, PBT, no. DB, LB, BP, id TK) Fill in M3 form Arc Map - Hyperlink

Updates Census District (Arc Map - Dissolve)

Updates Circle Census (Arc Map - Dissolve)

Union (Arc Toolbox)

No

Overlapped EB boundaries Yes

C. Updating Data

Updating EBs Boundary (Arc Map - Editor > Edit tool)

LAYOUT OF EB MAP FOR CENSUS 2010

EBS MAP OVERLAYED WITH RASTER IMAGE

HARDCOPY TOPO MAP

GIS Software were also used for : 1. Analysis on small area statistics (market research, consultant, student) 2. Publishing Census Atlas

Population data Aggregated Using Buffering Process

Population data by radius of 5 -20 km from Mid Valley

Figure 3: Pop

Basic Mapping
The provision of maps serves 2 purposes; 1. Census identification maps locates and show boundaries. 2. Statistical or thematic maps that visualize geographical distribution/patterns.

Thematic Maps
GIS output can be form of thematic maps based on census data collected. A collection of this would form a census atlas which can serve a wide variety of users and provide and effective visual presentation (Census Atlas)

Thematic Maps
Can be in the form of; Sub-area Population density Strata (Urban and rural population)

Conclusion
It is evident that national census data is considered an important component in planning, development, policy formulation and decision making. GIS represent an essential information technology component in dealing with collection, managing and analyzing of large spatially referenced data

Thank you for your attention Terima Kasih