Futurity1 min gelesenInternational Relations
How Will The War In Ukraine End?
The hasty withdrawal of Russian troops from northeastern Ukraine is by no means signaling the last stretch of the war, says Hein Goemans. Goemans, a professor of political science at the University of Rochester, is an expert on international conflict
Futurity4 min gelesen
Microbes Can Form ‘Superorganisms’ That Take Over Teeth
A cross-kingdom partnership between bacteria and fungi can result in the two joining to form a “superorganism” with unusual strength and resilience that can effectively colonize teeth, according to new research. It may sound like the stuff of science
Futurity2 min gelesen
NASCAR Shows Danger Of Airborne Lead During Pregnancy
Even short-term exposure to airborne lead during pregnancy could lead to adverse birth outcomes, according to new research. For the new study, the researchers took a unique approach to reach their findings—they examined birth data near a NASCAR speed
Futurity3 min gelesen
This Reptile’s Odd Chompers Clarify Life After Mass Extinction
An extinct reptile’s oddly shaped teeth, fingers, and ear bones may tell us quite a bit about the resilience of life on Earth, according to a new study. Paleontologists say the 250-million-year-old reptile, known as Palacrodon, fills in an important
Futurity1 min gelesenIntelligence (AI) & Semantics
How AI Can Worsen Health Care Disparities
Data sources that “teach” artificial intelligence could amplify and worsen disparities in health care, says law professor Nicholson Price. Those data sources are not representative and/or are based on data from current unequal care, says Price, a mem
Futurity3 min gelesen
Protecting Algae-eating Fish Isn’t Enough To Save Coral Reefs
Protecting algae-eating fish may not be enough to save endangered coral reefs, a new study shows. Some researchers, resource managers, and conservationists have advocated restoring populations of algae-eating reef fish, such as parrotfish in order to
Futurity4 min gelesen
Overcrowded Emergency Departments Put Patients At Risk
A widespread and increasing level of overcrowding in emergency department in the United States is putting patient safety and access to care at risk, two new studies show. Researchers examined, respectively, the progression in recent years of two meas
Futurity5 min gelesen
Dino-killing Asteroid Set Off Monster Tsunami
The asteroid known for killing most dinosaurs also triggered a monstrous tsunami with mile-high waves that scoured the ocean floor thousands of miles from the impact site, research finds. That miles-wide asteroid struck Earth 66 million years ago on
Futurity3 min gelesen
Prenatal Acetaminophen Linked To Preschooler Sleep And Attention Problems
Acetaminophen use during pregnancy is associated with sleep and behavior problems consistent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a study. Acetaminophen is a common drug used to treat a variety of issues, including fever, infec
Futurity3 min gelesenLGBTQIA+ Studies
Trans Adults Have 39% Chance Of Disability By Age 55
Transgender adults of any age are more susceptible to disability than those who are cisgender, research finds. The paper by Madeline Smith-Johnson, a doctoral student and graduate research assistant in the Rice University sociology department, appear
Futurity2 min gelesen
Report: US Could Make More Of Its Own Essential Drugs
A new report shows that the United States has the capacity to make the nation’s most essential and critical drugs—yet it’s mostly sitting idle. President Joe Biden signed an executive order September 12 to launch a National Biotechnology and Biomanuf
Futurity3 min gelesen
Climate Change Seems To Be Favoring La Niña Events
In the short term, climate change is favoring La Niña events, research suggests. Forecasters are predicting a “three-peat La Niña” this year. This will be the third winter in a row that the Pacific Ocean has been in a La Niña cycle, something that’s
Futurity2 min gelesen
Why Older Adults Should Definitely Get COVID Booster Shots
COVID-19 booster shots are essential for maintaining long-term immunity against infection, particularly among older adults, a new study shows. The findings in Clinical Infectious Diseases directly support the CDC vaccination guidelines recommending C
Futurity4 min gelesenChemistry
Trick Turns Plastic Bags Into Building Blocks For New Stuff
A new process could make recycling plastic bags much easier. Polyethylene plastics—in particular, the ubiquitous plastic bag that blights the landscape—are notoriously hard to recycle. They’re sturdy and difficult to break down, and if they’re recycl
Futurity2 min gelesen
Race And Ethnicity Affect End-of-life Care For Dementia Patients
More than half of Medicare beneficiaries are diagnosed with dementia during their lifetime and, of those diagnosed who receive intensive end-of-life care, most are from racial and ethnic minority groups, according to a new study. Intensive treatment
Futurity3 min gelesen
Risk-taking In Kids Varies By Socioeconomic Background
Children from different socioeconomic backgrounds make different decisions when placed in the same risky situation, research finds. While psychologists have theorized that parents’ wealth and social status may influence their kids’ risk preferences,
Futurity3 min gelesen
Flaring Releases 5X More Methane Than We Thought
Oil and gas producers rely on flaring to limit the venting of natural gas from their facilities, but new research shows that this practice is far less effective than estimated. The findings show that the practice releases five times more methane in t
Futurity4 min gelesen
These Chimps And Gorillas Have Hung Out For Years
A long-term study reveals the first evidence of lasting social relationships between chimpanzees and gorillas in the wild. Drawn from more than 20 years of observations at Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo, researchers documented
Futurity8 min gelesen
Experts: Protests In Iran Mark Deep Divides In Society
Waves of protest in Iran suggest growing divide between young and old, and secular and fundamentalist, say experts. The recent death of a young Iranian woman, Mahsa Amini, while in the custody of Iranian authorities has sparked a massive wave of prot
Futurity3 min gelesen
Myths Contribute To Low COVID Vax Rates Among Kids
Researchers partly attribute low COVID-19 vaccination rates among children in the United States to misinformation. As of late September 2022, nearly 78% of US adults but only 31% of children ages 5 to 11 had completed their primary series of vaccinat
Futurity4 min gelesen
Wildfire Smoke Can Harm Kids’ Ability To Learn
When wildfire smoke pollutes the air in schoolyards and classrooms, it hurts not only children’s health but also their ability to learn and possibly their future earning power, according to a new study. The analysis, published in Nature Sustainabilit
Futurity6 min gelesen
Could A Phone Game Diagnose Autism Sooner?
A smartphone game that gathers video and audio data could facilitate earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and improve treatment, say researchers. In the game Guess What? an adult caregiver holds a smartphone to his or her forehead and asks a
Futurity3 min gelesen
Law Enforcement Can Fetter Harm Reduction
New research in North Carolina indicates that law enforcement could hamper the effectiveness of harm reduction programs. In 2016, North Carolina enacted legislation providing legal protections to people who make use of programs designed to reduce har
Futurity4 min gelesenLeadership
Managers, Err On The Side Of Too Much Communication
A boss who bombards you with communication may be frustrating, but one who leaves you in the dark may come off as uncaring, research finds. That’s the key finding from a new study that examines how employees perceive managers who assume that less is
Futurity2 min gelesenChemistry
Algorithm Targets Tumor’s Weakness To Treat Cancer
The way tumor cells allow their uncontrolled growth is also a weakness that can be harnessed to treat cancer, a new study with mice shows. A new machine-learning algorithm can identify backup genes that only tumor cells use so that drugs can target c
Futurity3 min gelesen
Skin Biopsy Tech Could Offer Super-fast Results
Biopsies have been performed the same way since the 19th century, but new technology could offer a diagnosis much more quickly. Consider, for example, what happens when a patient comes in to have a skin lesion biopsied for nonmelanoma skin cancer. “T
Futurity3 min gelesen
Girls Who Pretend To Be Marie Curie Stick With Science
Young girls who embrace the role of a successful female scientist, like Marie Curie, persist longer at a challenging science game, a new study shows. The research suggests science role-playing may help tighten the gender gap in science, technology, e
Futurity3 min gelesen
Deep Drilling Offers Clues To Japan’s Next Big Earthquake
Scientists who drilled deeper into an undersea earthquake fault than ever before have found that the tectonic stress in Japan’s Nankai subduction zone is less than expected. The findings, published in the journal Geology, are a puzzle because the fau
Futurity1 min gelesen
Expert: Iran Protests Are Part Of A Long Struggle For Freedom And Equality
Across Iran, protests have erupted over the killing of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish woman who died in police custody after being apprehended for not wearing her hijab correctly. The protestors’ bold acts of defiance against Iran’s Supreme Leade
Futurity4 min gelesen
Blood Test Predicts Which Hospitalized COVID Patients Will Get Worse
A one-time test could predict which people hospitalized with COVID-19 are likely to worsen significantly during their stay, even if they were admitted with relatively mild symptoms, according to a new study. The test measures patient blood levels of
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