Military History1 min gelesen
War Record
To prevent friendly fire incidents during the June 6 invasion of Normandy, France, Allied ground crews in Britain begin painting designated aircraft with black-and-white “invasion stripes” (P. 56). In a unilateral reprisal raid Waffen-SS troops (P. 2
Military History1 min gelesenPolitics
The Bomb
On July 16, 1945, the United States conducted history’s first test of a nuclear device (code-named Trinity) in the desert scrubland of south-central New Mexico. Weeks later, on August 6 and 9, it became the first—and thus far only—nation to use nucle
Military History2 min gelesen
Museum Of The Pacific War Upgrades Nimitz Gallery
The National Museum of the Pacific War in Fredericksburg, Texas, has reopened its newly renovated Admiral Nimitz Gallery after a $4.5-million upgrade. The expanded gallery devotes half again as much space to relating Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz’s st
Military History1 min gelesenPolitics
Worldwide Nuclear Weapons Testing
Eight nations—the United States, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea—are known to have nuclear weapons. Collectively they have tested more than 2,000 nuclear devices since the Americans conducted the very first test (code-
Military History1 min gelesen
Honoring First U.S. Veterans
The American Revolution Institute in Washington, D.C., has extended through July 26 its exhibition “America’s First Veterans,” spotlighting the postwar experiences of Patriot junior officers and enlisted men. Highlights include period paintings, docu
Military History14 min gelesen
Porter’s Private War
On the morning of Oct. 25, 1813, the inhabitants of Nuku Hiva—the largest of 15 islands comprising Polynesia’s remote Marquesas—awoke to the startling sight of a six-ship flotilla approaching from the east across the cobalt-blue South Pacific. While
Military History1 min gelesen
Mapping a Patriot Fort
Preservationists in Charleston, S.C., are using ground-penetrating radar to delineate the Horn Work, a defensive fortification built in 1758–59, overrun by the British during a 1780 siege and demolished in 1784 to make room for the growing city. Whil
Military History11 min gelesen
Warplanes Of A Different Stripe
This was it: D-Day, June 6, 1944. After long months of planning, preparation and perspiration the Allies were finally ready to breach the Atlantic Wall and push back the dreaded Nazi war machine as part of Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy
Military History1 min gelesen
Battle of Britain Ace Farnes, 101
Royal Air Force Wing Cmdr. Paul Farnes—one of nearly 3,000 flyers, dubbed “The Few,” who defended British skies during the 1940 Battle of Britain—died on Jan. 28, 2020. A Distinguished Flying Medal recipient, Farnes was the last surviving ace from th
Military History11 min gelesen
Wheels Of War
In August 1887 the French scientific journal La Nature noted favorably the role the velocipede, or bicycle, was beginning to play in European military maneuvers: For a few years past the Germans have been using the velocipede for the rapid carriage o
Military History1 min gelesen
Arizona Tribute
The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community near Scottsdale, Ariz., has opened the USS Arizona Memorial Gardens at Salt River, honoring the crew of the battleship sunk at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941. It centers on a building housing Arizo
Military History5 min gelesenPolitics
Action This Day
Audacious Missions of World War II: Daring Acts of Bravery Revealed Through Letters and Documents From the Time, Osprey Publishing, Oxford, U.K., 2020, $35 While war mostly entails long periods of waiting, there are those who prefer to take action re
Military History1 min gelesen
Brits Seek To Save Falklands Flagship
British conservative politician David Campbell Bannerman has launched a fundraising campaign to repatriate the former HMS Hermes, the aircraft carrier that served as the British flagship during the 1982 Falklands War. Launched in 1953, the carrier se
Military History1 min gelesen
By James Holland This detailed narrative chronicles the largely overlooked February 1944 campaign by Allied air forces to destroy the Luftwaffe and related German production centers. Through interviews, oral histories and official records Holland fol
Military History1 min gelesen
Graf Spee Eagle Could Fetch $26m
An 800-pound bronze eagle recovered in 2006 from the stern of the German armored cruiser Admiral Graf Spee—scuttled off Montevideo, Uruguay, at the outset of World War II—is likely headed to auction, with a whopping presale estimate of $26 million. B
Military History3 min gelesen
Hallowed Ground Newtown, New York
In November 1778 a mixed force of 300 Iroquois, 150 Tories and 50 British soldiers raided the farming settlement of Cherry Valley on the New York frontier. They killed 30 civilians and 16 Patriot soldiers and took 70 captives (mostly women and childr
Military History1 min gelesen
Fort William Henry, 1757: A Fate Worse Than Surrender
Join the discussion at On capturing the British garrison, a French commander offered terms—but his Indian allies sought payback By Ron Soodalter IN THE ARCHIVES: Needing a soldier to fight Indians and rebuild the Army, George Wash
Military History1 min gelesen
Weird Weapons
Mankind’s perpetual arms race across the millennia has produced true victory makers along with its share of duds. The following clearly belong in the latter category: Conceived in 1942 but never used, the bomb contained more than 1,000 small compartm
Military History2 min gelesen
War Games
Can you match each of the following World War II German Waffen-SS divisions to the title it bore? ____ A. Frundsberg ____ B. Wiking ____ C. Götz von Berlichingen ____ D. Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler ____ E. Hohenstaufen ____ F. Das Reich ____ G. Hor
Military History1 min gelesen
Military History
Military History7 min gelesen
Interview Author, Spy, Advocate
In Forty Autumns: A Family’s Story of Courage and Survival on Both Sides of the Berlin Wall author Willner introduces readers to her Germanborn parents and their families and relates the lives they led during World War II and over the following tumul
Military History3 min gelesen
Meet Dad
Your story on the history of “The Jeep” [by Jon Guttman, May 2020] got me looking for this picture of my dad, U.S. Army Pfc. Philip E. Kelly, who served in the 498th Medical Collecting Company in Europe during World War II, including during the Battl
Military History1 min gelesen
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Military History2 min gelesen
Eisenhower Memorial Opens On V-e Day 75th
The long-anticipated Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial in Washington, D.C., opens on May 8, 2020, the 75th anniversary of Victory in Europe Day, when the Allies accepted Nazi Germany’s unconditional surrender in World War II. Authorized by Congress in 19
Military History3 min gelesen
Valor The First Female Ace
Sr. Lt. Lydia Litvyak Soviet Air Forces Hero of the Soviet Union Eastern Front 1942–43 Soviet Air Forces Sr. Lt. Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak, known as the “White Lily of Stalingrad” for her air support during that battle, was history’s first female fi
Military History1 min gelesen
Kuwait Gives to Memorial Fund
Kuwait has pledged $10 million toward efforts to build the National Desert Storm and Desert Shield Memorial in Washington, D.C. The gift reflects that oil-rich nation’s gratitude for the U.S.-led coalition that ousted Iraqi forces from its borders du
Military History3 min gelesen
What We Learned From… The Battle of Zappolino, 1325
The 1325 War of the Bucket traces its origins to 1075, when a power struggle between the papacy and the Holy Roman empire degenerated into warfare. Although the initial war between the papal (Guelph) and imperial (Ghibelline) factions was settled in
Military History1 min gelesen
Mercenary ‘Mad Mike’ Hoare, 100
Famed British mercenary Thomas Michael “Mad Mike” Hoare died on Feb. 2, 2020, in Durban, South Africa. The subject of our March 2019 feature “Mad Mike and His Wild Geese,” by Don Hollway, he led 5 Commando (aka the “Wild Geese”), a government-hired p
Military History2 min gelesen
Hardware Light Frigate USS Essex
Funded by public subscription in Essex County, Mass., laid down in Salem on April 13, 1799, launched on September 30 and commissioned on December 17, USS Essex was one of six frigates the perennially slowacting Congress had ordered five years earlier
Military History1 min gelesen
‘Off They Go’ To The Boneyard
Amid efforts to modernize its fleet, the U.S. Air Force will retire nearly 300 fighters, as well as more than 100 other aircraft across its bomber, airlift, tanker and drone fleets. Its 2021 budget proposal calls for 48 new F-35A joint strike fighter
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