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Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH

Erwin-Schrdinger-Str. 58
67663 Kaiserslautern
Germany
www.ivw.uni-kl.de
1 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Fracture Mechanics of Polymeric Materials


Jzsef Karger-Kocsis

2 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Toughness Determination Techniques
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Factors Infuencing the Mechanical Response of
Polymers and Polymeric Composites
4 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Differences Among Standardized
Toughness Testing Methods
5 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Why Fracture Mechanics?
(Linear-Elastic and Nonlinear-Elastic Methods)
6 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Why Fracture Mechanics?
7 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Why to Use Fracture Mechanical
Approaches?
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The Scientific Debate Continues: Is it Possible to Determine
the Toughness of Polymers by Fracture Mechanics
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Possibile Toughness Definitions
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Mikrostructural Parameters of Injection-Molded
Discontinuous Fieber-Reinforced Composites
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Structure Development DUE to Injection
Molding
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Mikrostructure of Injection-Molded Fiber-Reinforced
Composites and Cutting of CT-Specimens to Study Their
LEFM Response
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Microstructural Factoers of Discontinuous Fiber-
Reinforced Injection-Molded Composites
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Ralative Between Fiber Orientation and
Effective Fiber Orientatiton
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Relative Fracture Toughness as a Funktion of the
R Parameter for SGF- and LGF-PP Composites
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Concept of the Essential Work of
Fracture
17 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Determination of the J-Integral by the
Multiple Specimen Technique (JR-Curve)
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Effect of SCB Length on the Ductile Ratio
in LLDPE
19 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Fracture Energy as a Funktion of
Molecular Weight for HPDE and LLDPE
20 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Effects of Crystalline and Molecular Characteristics on
the Fracture Mechanikal Response
21 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
FCP Rate as a Funcion of the Microstructural
Efficiency for GF-Reinforced Injection-Molded PP
22 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Effects of MW and Orientation of the Skin-Core
Structure on the FCP Response in Injection-Molded PP
23 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Change in the Work of Fracture Parameters as a
Funktion of Filler Content and Filler Dispersion
24 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Essential Work of Fracture of Rubber-
Toughened Polypropylenes
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Detremination of the Critical Value of the
J-Integral
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Blunting Processes in Polymers
27 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Possibile Crack Growth Pathes in a Craze
28 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Does Phase Transformation Toughening
Work in Semicrystalline Polymers?
29 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Outline
30 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Crack Growth Behavior as a Function of
the Spherulitic Structure in PP
31 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Specific Work of Fracture vs Ligament Length for
an aCop as a Funktion of Deformation Rate
32 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
EWF Approach Adopted for a- and b-
Phase Plypropylenes
33 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Specific Essential Work of Fracture and its
Contributing Terms vs Intrinsic Viscosity for
Amorfhous Copolyesters
34 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Total Specific Work of Fracture and its Contributing Terms
vs Ligament for the DDEN-T Specimens of an aCOP at a
Constant Deformation Rate
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Total Specific Work of Fracture and its Contributing Terms
vs Ligament for the DDEN-T Specimens of an aCOP at a
Constant Deformation Rate
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Blunting Processes in Polymers
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Outlook and open Questions
38 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Differences Among Standardized
Toughness Testing Methods
39 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Why Fracture Mechanics?
40 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Microsrukture-Related Fracture
Mechanical Response
41 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
FCP Response of LLDPE Samples,
Schematically
42 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Factors Infuencing the Mechanical Response of
Polymers and Polymeric Composites
43 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Change in the Damage Zone size of UD-
Reinforced Polymer Composites with Increasing
Crack Speed
44 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Proscesing Methods of Thermoplastic
Matrix Composites
45 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Impregnation of Reinforcements by
Thermoplastics
46 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Toughness as a Funktion of Crystallinity
Schematically
47 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Challenging Aspects
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Schematic Determination of the Critical
Value of the J-Integral
49 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Crack Resistance of Filled Systems Showing
Strain Hardening as a Funktion of Filler Content
50 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Direct Evidence of Crack Tip Blunting in
PEEK
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FCP-Resistance as a Funktion of Content
and Aspect Ratio og the Reinforcement
52 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Effects of Volume and Length of GF on the FCP-
Resistance of GF-PP-Composites
53 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Comparsion of the F-x Curves of DDEN-T
Specimens of an Amorphous Pen of High MW
54 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
DSC Traces of Amorphous Pen Grades of
low und high MW, Respectively
55 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Determination of the Crack Tip Blunting for
Amorphous Pen Grades of Varying MW
56 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Work of Frakture Parameters for an
Amorphous Pen of high MW
57 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Work of Frakcure Parameters for an
Amorphous Pen of low MW
58 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Molecular weight/strain Rate
Correspondence in Amorphous Polymers
59 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Comparsion of the F-x Curves of DDEN-T
Specimens of an Amorphous Pen of low MW
60 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
F-x Curves of DDEN-T Specimens of an aPen of
High MW at Medium Deformation Rate
61 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
F-x Curves of DDEN-T Specimens of an aPen of
High MW at high Deformation Rate
62 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Crack TIP Blunting in an Amorphous Pen
at Various Deformation Rates
63 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Domains Governing the Fracture Mechanical
Response of Amorphous Polymers
64 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
On the Molecular and Microstructural Dependence of
the Fracture Mechanical Parameters
65 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
DMTA Spectrum of an Amorphous
Poly(ethylene Naphthalate)
66 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Evidence for the Formation of the Plastic Zone by
cold Drawing in an Amorphous Pen of High MW
67 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Fracture Mode of DDEN-T Specimens of
an Amorphous Pen of lov MW
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Evidence for the Formation of the Plastic Zone
by cold Drawing in an Amorphous Pen of High
MW
69 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Ligament Yielding Accompanied by Crack TIP
Bluting in an Amorphous Pen of high MW
70 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Develpment of the Plastic Plastic Zone in
Filled Systems
71 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Deformation Mode in a Particle-Filled PP
72 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Scheme of the Morphology-Related Crack
Growth Resistance of ELPPs
73 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Plasitc Zone with Strain-induced Crystallization
in an aPen Due to high Strain-Rate Loading
74 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Evidence for the Formation of the Plastic Zone
by cold Drawing in an Amorphous Pen of High
MW
75 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Plasitc Zone with Strain-induced Crystallization
in an aPen Due to high Strain-Rate Loading
76 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Evidence for the Formation of the Plastic Zone
by cold Drawing in an Amorphous Pen of High
MW
77 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Energy Partitioning of the EWH
Response
78 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Yielding-Related Essential Work of Fracture vs
Square ROOT of the MEAN Molecular weight
between Entanglements
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Determination of the EWF Parameters
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Fatigue or Farigue Crack Propagation?
81 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Difference between Static and Cyclic Fatigue as
Assessed by Fracture Mechanics
82 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Effects of Molecular Weight and TIE Molecule
Density on the FCP Behavior of PBT
83 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Aspects Worth of R&D Activity
- Internal Parameters -
84 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Typical Fatigue Crack Propagation
Behavior
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Stable Delayed FCP in Discontiuous
GF-Reinforced PP-Composites
- Cyclic Fatigue -
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Outline
87 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Creep Superimposed on the FCP-
Behavior
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Experimental Techniques of Great
Fututre
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Stable Delayed FCP in Discontinuous GF-Reinforced
PP-Composites
- Static Fatigue -
90 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
The Essential and Non-Essential Work of
Fracture in a- and b-iPP, Respectively
91 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Phase Transformation Toughening (PTT)
in Semicrystalline Polymers
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Phase Transformation Touhening in
Engineering Ceramics
93 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Phase Transformation in Isotactic
Polypropylene
94 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Waxs Pattern of a Compression-Molded
b-iPP
95 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Stress-strain Behavior of Isotactic
Polypropylene in its a- and b-form
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Motivation
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Phase Transformation Touhening in
Semicrystalline Polymers
98 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Does Phase Transformation Toughening
Work in Semicrystalline Polymers?
99 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Mechanical Loss in Function of
Temperature for a- and b-Polypropylenes
100 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Complex Tensile Modulus in Function of
TEmperature for a- and b-Polypropylenes
101 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
DSC-Traces from Different Positions of a
Tensile Impacted Specimen of b-iPP
102 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Plastic Zone in a Fractured DDENT-Specimen of
b-ipp and Related Waxs Patterns
103 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Force-Elongation Curves of DDEN-t Specimens of ipp
without and with Phase Transformation Toughening and
Related Serial it Pictures
104 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Force-Elongation Curves of DDEN-t Specimens of PP
without and with Phase Transformation Toughening and
Related Serial it Pictures
105 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
EWF Approach Adopted for a- and b-
Phase Polypropylenes
106 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Process and Plastic Zones in a DDEN-t
Specimen of b-ipp
107 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Instrumented Impact Fracture Response
of a-iPP
108 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Instrumented Impact Fracture Response
of b-iPP
109 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Machining of Specimens for high-speed Fracture
Mechanical Tests from Injection-Molded
Dumbbells of iPP
110 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Deformation-Induced Crystal-Crystal
Phase Transitions in Polymers at RT
111 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Phase Transformation in Isotactic
Polypropylene (ipp)
112 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Microhardness Mapping of the Plastic
Zone in a b-ipp Showing b-a Transition
113 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Production Philosophy of Thermoplastic
Matrix Composites
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Integrated Processing Equimpent
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Possible Combinations og PP-Based
Preforms in Integrated Manufacturing
116 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Lamellar Interlocking with Amorphous Adherent
a Model forTranscrystallinity
(a-Phase iPP)
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Production of Chopped GF Mat-Reinforced
Thermoplastic Composites Papermaking Process-
118 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Skin-Core Morphology in Injection-Molded
a-ipp (a) and b-ipp (b)
119 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Production of Chopped or Continuous Swirl GF Mat-
Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites
- Melt Impregnation Technique -
120 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Alternative Manufacturing Routes for
Thermoplastic Matrix-Based Composites
121 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Alternative Manufacturing Routes for
Thermoplastic Matrix-Based Composites
122 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Failure Machanisms During Interlaminar Fracture
of Continuous UD Fiber-Reinforced Composites
123 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Dependence of the Fatigue Performance
of Polymeric Systems on their
Microstructural Parameters
J.Karger-Kocsis
Institute for Composite Materials Ltd.,
University of Kaiserslautern,
D-67663 Kaiserslautern,
Germany
(E-mail: karger@ivw.uni-kl.de)
124 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Domains Governing the Fracture Mechanical
Response of Semicrystalline Polymers
125 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Outline
126 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Concept of Integrated Manufacturing
127 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Presentation Philosophy
128 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Aspects Worth of R&D Activity
- External Parameters -
129 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Microstrukture-Related Fracture and Fatigue Performance of
Discontinuous Fiber-Reinforced Injection-Molded
Thermoplastic Composites
J.Karger-Kocsis
Institute for Composite Materials Ltd.,
University of Kaiserslautern,
D-67663 Kaiserslautern,
Germany
(E-mail: karger@ivw.uni-kl.de)
130 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Processing and Application of
Thermoplastic Matrix-Based Composites
J.Karger-Kocsis
Institute for Composite Materials Ltd.,
University of Kaiserslautern,
D-67663 Kaiserslautern,
Germany
(E-mail: karger@ivw.uni-kl.de)
131 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Thermoplastic Matrix Composites
132 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Thermoplastic Matrix Composites
133 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
On the Molecular and Mikrostructural
Dependence of the Work of Fracture Parameters
in Tough Polymers and Related Composites

J.Karger-Kocsis
Institute for Composite Materials Ltd.,
University of Kaiserslautern,
D-67663 Kaiserslautern,
Germany
(E-mail: karger@ivw.uni-kl.de)
134 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Messages
135 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Content
136 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Dependence of the Fracture and Fatigue Performance of
Polyolefins and Related Blends and Composites on
Microstructural and Molecular Characteristics
J.Karger-Kocsis
Institute for Composite Materials Ltd.,
University of Kaiserslautern,
D-67663 Kaiserslautern,
Germany
(E-mail: karger@ivw.uni-kl.de)
137 Institut fr Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH, J. Karger-Kocsis
Phase Transformation Toughening in
Ceramic Materials