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<;:fltrlog bu "Otlafa",; ro?~bling~'IDitn, 1918 muSlicfcfung fiar be·nQ)ud)bonbel. burcb

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}3nbalt :·1)er raffenttimlid)e, unb gottliete :Urfprung: be~ ,21~d~; ;21bdig:""":' relonp u~tl ~l'ei, '~ie'~nt~ebung b(~ ',21bdd 'nad). ber i norhifcf)tn ~age,: ~e'mif, dnb :21 blt icf)tll bed i5~lutl ~ unb Ji~abe(d: ;Iange . .paare,: ~~onen u. ~ute~ ~r~i5tigigfeit, QBcbr1 u. 5=C~bCf ~ red)t, 'IDappcll, mamc, ~ie man urabdige mamen nfennt, 12ludbreitnng bed '2lbdd unb '~ritlolratitfmulf buret l1orgefcf)id)t, ) licl)e ®efolgfcl)aftd1l'anberungen, ber ,;,b(onbtn oriogtrmanifcl)cn : morbbolfcf;. n.id)t. btr O~ie~t" fonberri ber, norb,ifd)t blonbt, ~(ut,

; abel allt' btr ;Stulturbringer, .~taotengrunber, ,fficligionlt~ift(r, . ,,' ~o&ialrcformator, ' fd)opftrifd)td ~enie unb . allt .port., ber i ~reif)tit; gcgen ~ut~tn, '~foffcn unb ~ob~I,. $UerfaU belt mbdd. ; tlurd) ffi\,\rcn\)ctmifd)ung,'~ilrp(nbtfpoti~mud,' ~tubalf~~cm unb i tlned)t(n'1)i(n~, ,@elb: 'tmb' c.t(1(mi~21bd" bee ; 2lbd liegt nicbt i in mt1me,.; <;illoppen unb· ffieid)tum, ; fontletn in . bee . ffioffe,

; bie smi~berouftid)tung ber ~ei6m arifd)~oriOofratifcf)m3nt(tl ;.l1atioMlcn. 5' 21bbilbul1gen: '1. 'fricgctifcl)er, 2.' bdueriici)er, : 3. prie~trlid)tr, 4. genio(cr 2tbd~tr)pulf,· 5. Sapanifd)tt 21i:ld~'

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~ $llSElalSal5>l5>~ 7 ~ssssscascaca" nBS in ijllgIOllb.' ~lt ben QllOlof(idliiid)en unb ifoubinObHd)C1l etaat!!n l,entd)te unb I)cnhf}t bager bie groute ~'oIiti idle ~rciI)cit. ~it Iornmcn be 11111 o{[) au bem an;dlcinenb l>ornb(l~elt ed)lufJ, bob cin aal)lreid}er, Illirflid) [reier mauern., firicoet. unb ~rieftcrobl'[T her fidlCtftc (Sdjuu· loan gcgen SDefpolie bon oben unb S,pi.ibcH)crr;d)llft non untcn unb bet cin~io \Jel'liiblid)e mUrg!! fUr ein gliidfi(r)c~ Q}cll1ein{c6cn ijt.

eoIol1ge bet 2{beI mauer, $hicoer unb mricfter 3119{cid'} ronr, rocr er [rei, lI11b bliiI)tc S!anbroirt{d)aft, rittcrlidic unb [rounne eitte. ~ i e lloIitifd)c u n b f u If u r e l Le !ffieItgcfd)id)ic 1It1l fi bof)et i III III ern r i f d) e 2l' b e 13 9 e{ d} i d) t e b l e i ben. ~o~ iit nid)t Zen.' bella, [onberu, maturnotrocnbigfeit. SDcnn oTIe {ltoijen enli)~'fun!Jcn frieb •

. lidrcn unb fricgeriid)cn !ffiirfen6 {tnb arHcq·abcIigen Ur;prulIllcil. (fben mcil ber nlte orifd)e UlbeI aIle C5tlinbe eilliriid)tig ull1faBtc, Ihlt er tl{!3 ~anbmirt, stedJnifer, nrtl'oer, Stiinftler, $ti(1)ier, ~(rat, illc1cI)rter, ~d)rct

· unb mril'f!erUnbergilngIid)e~ ge~d)affell. ~as TJat er hn ID1ittcfoItcr unb Di~ in bie neuejte Belt nllein burd) f)unbcrttau{enb from me unb IlloT)Itiitige eli ftungen unb a[~ Borberer' ber Stiinfte unb ffieHte~roifien. id}Qflcn geIei{tett (;f~ roar cine Belt nid)t nut ber mcrftanbe~., [onbcm ber lIDjf(cn~rultur. ~errlid)e 9JHillftCt, mit uneublldiem Blciue gcfdltie ••

· bene fOftIia)e miid)er ag Me IDcIJiiltnine untd)a~fJarer ~cHtesid)a\lc unb ois bie ~rullbIagclt mobernet (Mefittuno, gerobetc ~Iltten, mCird)cllI)aft {(Ilone IDoum., C6rt. unb IDIumengCirten ~obcn s.toufenbe unb Xou{enbe . blonber Cfi:lclinge in einem flincn fiIoUerIcbeu freiIDiIIiger(!ut{aguna

r)erborgc3aubctt. st'ic I)eiIigcn E<I)riften bet motbiitcr bnben He ung iifmIicfcrt, unb bobci {eloft oebhfJtet unb gcfungcn in ocHllidlem unb meltlidjern ::ton. ~an fic oft in ber e"taa}C iIJrer Bl!it {"rCa)Cn unh bcnlcu lItuuten, bag bilrjeu toit if)ncn nia)t borbcltcn .. 'itf>riged [)C\bcn • fic in riner e~lrod)e oe{~rocf}en, bie eben nut bem (frIeud)telen unb ~rt·

oCeia)cn berftCinblia) Ht. .

<.tan bcr ~ntI)oH3H~mus {)eute- nOGl cine an}tunggcbicicnbe !.ffieItll1mI)t iit, lias betbmift et bem Umfianbe, ban oun) [)clIte nod) ber arild)c ~{i:lc( fid} Ieiuer bcfonbcr!3 cnninunt, ~od)abc(ilJe [udien mit beicnberer lUot. Hebe ben ~ef\litcn., in neuejter Belt ben mcnebiftincr"Drhelt (mClltOltC~ V~id.,tllnll) nu], meil fie nut bert ihrcn ererbtcu tomantila}cn 91eigungen trl,iitJfcrHd} leben unb fid) bot bern mooel, "bem fo}mu~igUen ~ier, b(\~ ouf tier cr'ri:le fried)i",t rcttcu 3U fonnen g{auben. 9~od) I)cutc lUiII bet rofiellcn)tc I)eroild)e &ticr, roie [cine !l3orfogrcn, bic ora Stmtjritter in

" 2lltcrtlino~ ntad}t tid) bie 2Ibnagnte bc~ blonbcn ~fcmenlll in (!;nlllanb immcr

· fii~lr:arcr. !!}Ionb ·au !!Jriinelt, bal} lid) ncr 12 ~al)rcn mie 2 ; IS bCt~irll, ilt jelJt ill ~l(30011) 1 :4, !nand]c!tcr 1 :5, 20nl'on 1:7 (,.~1. iBt. ~.", O. IX. 1U13). £lonNi!)c Sc~ide f,nbcn bcjjere !Ucr~(jItni~an~(en, mod) bc;;m ble enolijd)cn ~\Il(ollicn (5'ianaba uub 9lcllicc1allb). c:i:'icle l:[uVpen!olltingente tuatcn baf)c'( ;,m ~l~cltlricl1 ben bcltcn bcutrtl:)en Xtuppcn nleid}lucrtinl

T ~d ficroifd)et !)!a[jcnf)lJnicne •

• [ill icbc~ orobe. ~lcllie fam erft bonn aUt ~elttln(l. nlll ell ~ie uorbetunn bC3 ~1~c13 [nnb, !Uol. S;'ollllr., qllucf, lIJloanrt, l:3eel£)ObCn ulro. T.~rocncn f)ongt {ilfJ lIud) ccr mcbcme lid)nnbahld)c ~lItcUillcnapobc( [0 ciitin an ben ~bd an.

11 .~ 0 b i. n e a u (in .. 9lcnaifjtmceH).

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etifter ber ,menc~iftillcr, mer n r) n r'b bon (t I (l i r n a u t12 (bie ~eu'2.f~ betL8Jft('raICl1f~rorbell~, ein bur(Junbifdjer CEbdmann), m r 11 n 0,11 ocr ~hftcr ber ~nrtr)?ufcr, unb 91 0 r be r t,U bet Stifter bet mrnmon. [trctenicr, ~al3, fmil b~er 91amcn, hie nrjfn)e ed)on~eit, @Siite, m3ei!fJcit unb Slroft In ftd) neremen unb gera1le3u bie 9lettung be! fBaucrnrtQnbe~ ~nh b~t $fu,~tUt behentcn: €iie fJoben, fo oft @5tabf. unh ~cnb. unb o\.S~ltclItgcn3lJo~e~ @5to~t, Shrdje, !Dolfs· unb maffentum rettul1gsfoB ncrroirrt f)ot,ten, bie ireloenbc, unb fittridje ~hoft arifdj·nbeligcn fBollern. tUIl,I,$: Slttl'gcrtull~g u~,b mrtcfteduntS$ gelJrebigt unb burn, il)t meijvicl ~ctohgt. CfJne rtC mare f)eute oal1& ~eutfa,(anb f[omjfd'). Saot bon) lellJft ~ u t ,fJ e r b~n !B e r 11 ~ arb: ,,~it iCJl1aI§ ein [rcnnner uno g~Uc£\furd)bger ID1ond] ge11>cfcn, fo roar's €it. fBernf)nrb, ben ia, aIrcin l}ol}i!r fJa~1e, benn. nlle IDlona,e unb mfoffen au] bern ~rb&oben," Sie tnorc.!1 ntd)t~ !Uemger oIs Illtrcntontane, fonbern iml11ct @egner bes

ller~obcrten stmf)entunts, mit bem fie, ebeujo role fl)atet ~utf) .

. g;cCjbc aleb.~cn unb bon bern fie aUf! [)eftigfte berfofgt murben. c~i:;! .

Cr~c.~,:1gru~bun{J~n maren ftets _ ber Jcbenbige ~roteft gegcn bie fittrid)c- . i f!hgtofe, .. funftlerlfd)e .. unb 11>ifrcnfdjoftridJe merrottung if)rer .Bcit - un~

hie lBorIollfer ber fl'atcten meformotion. ~a, ftc~e nin)t on !8cnebift in~r6ert, fBrllno unb fBcmlJarb au ben gronten m3o~Uatern ber IDlcnfcf'~

~et,~ au rrd)nen, bcr~n. fegen!!rcid)e!!. m3irfen' nod} fJellte fiUJI6at ift. ~ieie ~onner. nnfJcn,b~n ,t~rem Vlarfcmnfthtft octriebcn, inrmer mlcbcr hie nltcn, etnfCld)cn ftttlln, erf)ollenen IMrunbfiibe bet nrifa)cn m3irticfJoft~· I,)r,blt~no. erneuern ,?orren, ~~r ~benI mar ftets iene foaiate :Orbnung . h)le [ie rtd} nur bereingelt im WOtben erIJaIten ~at. '

<rnfipr~.cf)cnb ben .brei ~nuptftanben, heren mertretct bet ~bel roar ~aliclt ltd] ot:~} brei ~~freme ~rbeIsbatietiiten entmldelt: 1. ber f1iimrlid)~ ;tlJPuB, has tft ~('rotfdJer VlaHentlJtJus, jebodj in grober'en <Einal!Iforlltt'!t

. In .fio~.f unb .Qorl'cr, nllo befonbcts: grobes llntergcfin,f orolie .\jiinbc unb ~IIBC; 2, ber f:ieg~rifn)e ~t)Pu~, l)efonbcr6 burd) nei~cren, [djmnlcn 3un, abc! fonge, lebntge me me - ber gcrmanifcf)e ~j)eIing lnor t't11~ !JCI!t3c ~ltteInr~cr fJinburdj .. ()eritten - lHCll'fnnte fraftioe (Mefin)ts3iioc, ed:e·:unbe ~ Ehrne UIl,~ Stopfc,. abcr grOBe, berbe ,t;nnbe, bo fie ili~ ~1!d)hq~n €,d)roer~er fufJren munten, gcfennaeidmct; 3. ber pricflcrficfJe

f~lJt>UB oc!('nn~etd',"et i)urdy: angcmein gr03iIe nor.,er. unb ~cfi{f)t5. ormen, ~retn~rc ascft(\!!~ aotie i}iific" bor arrent lleinc, aortc ~Cil1~e, u~b ent11>ld'erte5 {)()erocl!cf)t, 5tl)t.lCIt, rolC Itlllll fic ~eute nodj on mntln}CIl ~eber~elltfaJe~ untl cJl.ohfcIjen mnftorcn.(frfn)t!inungcn &clt)uI1bern fllllll. -un be~ rn~tnnrbeo~Yenen bet fiib~cutlcf)en SHofter ~egconl't mon nia,t {c(t(n o~nhd)en WtteftcrtlJpcn ,1m mroYatcnftanbe.

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12 Web. 1001 all gonfainc~.

U GSell. aida 1:)30 a~ Slo!n aul fbfem GScfd]led)tc beret b. ~ertcrutt (')

II b. Q.lenelJP, ncb. aida 1055. . •

13 ~cr ,,~c~,crll!lnq ,f!al1b bet . .salibat n i cfl t im llBege. ~t !nar {cbi lidj tine !~bar(I~~UllantldbJ'Jut1blldJe ~n(htution, bie !lUat ~~elofillteit abet ni.f.tll ab'lolufe

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s~~~~~s~~11~assesss Jell66nitll119 lInb mcrfa(( bc~ 2C~tld.

~ie I)eroifn)cn ~rier finb og bit altiuc 9laHe eiu m3onbcr"oU feU Uracil.

@Set! ber Uracit finb fie bon ~a~r ~u ~llrJr in f(ein~n, all~, bm. iibcr- . ' anf)Iigcn Sl'rieo~rn berteljenben @efolgfd}nftcn 1.mJ~I()efriiI)[jrtg_~t_()1 nad) . eiiben, Dffen unb m3eften bon iI)rcr eurol>oHd)cn ltrI)cimat ou~g.c· ia)l'llormt unb ~a()en [o aud) ben 2(bd unb ~{riftofroHsl1lu~ ag bie

oItefle €toatsform ii&erbic ~rbe berbreitet. ~rft bert, IUO bcr bfonbe

&rier (Wliogenfreif)cit IJatte, roo er au] {d}IUaa)Cre Shafte fties, clio

in ben (Mc&ieien ber ID?inbet· obet ID1ifd)toHen, fonntcn monarn)Hd)e efontcn cntrfer)en, 60 entftcIJen bie gronen m3eUreia)e unb m3ertfuUuten

nidlt auf bent moben bet nortlifd)·euro~liitd)cn UtI)cimat ber fBtonben, [onbem in ben GUlletften 9lonbgebieien, 11>0 "cd)CiIinismiibig ffeincrr ()eroijn}.nrjfn)c mauern-, Strieget- unb mrieftertJcrbiinbe ii&cr groBI! 9.l1offen bott 9Hebertnfrenmenfd)en ~etrfa)ten, ollo in ~gt)~tcn, ID'lejo.,o • tnmien, ~nbien, (!{Jina, 2Tlllerifa. IDlit bcm Untcrgang bet I)croiid)·ari.

id)en ~ctren. unb mbelsfa,ia)te Mefer Uleia,c ennnideln fid} bonn ble ~erfild)cn, gricn)jfn)cn unb romifd)cn Monard)ien unb mbcI8{taaten, bi~

mrn) bicfc nod) ~f1tf3eIJrung 'bc~ abeligen filonbcn mafienerement~ ~ufnnt. menfJrac{)en unb bie Url)cimot - 'ba!3 gcrmanHcfle ~uropn - fellJft fid')

au @ronftoatenberbonhen. politifd) umbilbete unb bas .septl'r b~t ~cIt· I)egcll1olt le eroriff. Eo breitctcn fin, oIfo bie blonbcn l)eroi{d)en ~rieoer.

bie QScfolofnlofien, falon in bet Uracit, bonn in belt ~Htorifa)cn .sciten f>cjOllbcrs roof)renb bcs romHd)en ~tnlJeriul1ls. ftJoter illl IDlitteIoUer

bttrd) ~ie 5lrico$. unb 5lrcu33iige unb in bcr !neu3cit bureT) bte ~cIt· reilcn iiber boB IDlittefllmrbcden unb bie gOll3e bcrool)nte (!r~e bet g~. mCi.f3igten - S'Hhnotc aus. ~er Sl'rielJ roar ber !Derbteitet bet Monllcn S'hicgcrraHe. 2fuf (Mnmb ihret fricgetiid}en unb roffcntiimlid)en ltfJer· fcgenflrit gefnng es iljr, fia) ij()cr bie bunlle nicbcrraifige ober ()creitG aJ(3u bcnnifdlte fBebolferung aIs ~crren' unb ,.WbeHI"rarfe ouf~utdJtDin.

gell. (?5o(ongc fte fia) ronen~aft - burdl e\lH~tcd)cnbe roHclll)t){)icllndje 0)c!c\)c, luie Me @e~e~c bc~ 9RofcB, 9>lonu, 2\)£urO ulm. - reln ed)ieIten. lJIicorn fie aua} {oaiaI in ber D6erfa)icI)te. st:os \unr, mil' mir ~eute non}

ous bell !l3Hbmcden er{cI)en, tioeron in ben ontifcn m3cItreidlen 2.(fr\£ol$

un1l 9fficIIs ber golT. itberall Heme ber 2rbeI cinen me~t oilet rocn\oer r)cl'oib nufgcmHcf)tcn. lid)icren 9Renlcf)el\t\J~us bot, cine statfod)e, bte OUn) I)rltic nod) £lei allen roiiIfcrn, fagot bCI ben ~(I.4Jonern 3U bcouan)ten Ht,

lno bte aUc Striegednite Uon feimtelll unb l) e [ 1 ere III stt)l>us1 ift, ols

bil5 {)crooT)ltIid)c moll. ed)on m I uta r d) nloa)t aur rucfelloeollllg be! riilllifr{:cn Sliini(1s 91u m n Me mcmetfuno, bOB fie groBe ~i~nlin)feit mit bet orHtofroti;a)en @efetgcfJung bd ~\J{UtO {)otte. 9)cr urf4Jriin~ndJl' (]oltcshicnft, bet fcine e.tatuen unb feine &llltioen {)"fcr, lUof){ ober bol • q,fcr l1011 IDle[J[ unh m3ein (WlcHcl GSrolt) fonntc, crinneri (luffolIcnb an

- bic orrllianii#-ri--9lclioion~onfa}Quunocn. ,vcrtl[er, illotcn, 5.!nnoo{)orbell,

1 (:i)nma, ~to unb ID'lutfuqito finb Zl)pm, t-ic ilion in curopaijdjen GSroilflilblen unb aud) (IIi: bculfdje Elaal:biirgcr antreffcn (altn, tuenn man bon bet gclb. "

I'i1Cl\ <»elidjt~fQtbe ab{ir4t.

-~~~~see i!nmfen unb ~euHn)e oller (stamme brongen au] iljren 5lrieo~. uno

.: ~ilomfoljrten2 oft unb oft noa) ~tonelt eln lInfi bllra)tDon~erten hie ~lllb. injel bon eincm sum nnhcren ~nbe. ~ie Worlllonnen griinbefen if,r {iailifdjcg $?onigreidj unb fUti',telt" mit i~ren fd)lleITen €d)iffclt hie Riiftcn ~e~ roZitterm('ere~ Ijeint. SDie mJefigoten {onen in Sponicn unb ~n(lrl>. nfrifo, btl! Q50ten auf ber moIfonf]aIlHnfeT, ble non, im fl."iiferen ID1itteI. nlter ba3 $Durn)3ugslanb fiir bie gcrlltanifrIjen fi'reuafaljrer roor u::b roo auef} lJoriibergefJenb ef>enfo roie im $jciligen 20nb getmonifd)c ~iirftcn. tiimer eutltcnbcn. ~ie <!rofJerer {IiIbcten bie obere Ieitenbe ~(be[~ra,icr}ie 1I:1~ nicle ft'onifn)e unb itatienifn)e !![beTBI)Ciufct fiiljrcn h>enioftcll~ i£)tl~ Nomen nu] jene lIor~ifdjcn ~cl~en auriid'. ~ofi ber itaIientfdje fponifcf)c Hili> franaofHd)c ~[be[ eigentlid, germonifd)en Urfl'rungs un~ bOB irn ~rnf(lllg bos f>lonbe <!Icment borI)crrfd)te, bas Imt mJ 0 I t m o n nS Ous •. fii(n'licT, f{argcfegt. 91od) !jellte beroeifen bieB bie nielen germonijcf}en %mH?lI ber uebeutenbften 2I~eIsgcrd)rcd)ter, mie: mertini, ~fimborl:li, :~Iliofrl!bi, £bcsn)oId)i, @unlanN, ei!lmonbi, 2onfrondji, Ilbnlbin], ~o?, {lerociicl1 ouu, bie nltcn ~ortrats unb @klltiilbe, auf benen 9IbeIige fiets Nonb nub I)l'Uaugig bargeftcIIi fill~ unb iebenfaUs benerer mane moren (ll~ bie £)l'utigcn ,,~r?lcfg"·!!3cdrcter iener 2Cinber. $Det fpauijd'}e 9~otionllI. lie!!), bcr (f i ll, nlirb in ben <lib·!1l-omonaen gcfdjiIbert ofg ,,~o d),

IJ e 11) 0 dJ i e n", "ecinj! ~l1ng('1t IieuIicf} rot" .,. "mit ~ e I I e It ~{ U g en". 9)ng E'<l)onr,eit!libcoI ber mitteInTterHd)en S!iteratur oudj in '(len rOillGnijcf)en 2iinol'rn ronr ber blonbe ~{rirtofrot. S!)ie f8ifd)of~. unb

~rbtrcj{,elt~ bee romonijd)ell 21inber rueilcn im 9Infong iiberl\liegentl {lcrllinnifdje 1nnmen au] unb bpilclIgen, ban Lllt~ber mertl~ anfong~ linter bent ~inf{uB blonbcr ~ricr {tanh.

Zcl6ftbcritCinMid) ift, ~on ber 9I~er ber germonifd)en ~iinb(!r aucr, f,cute noo), trol3 ni<Ilt au Ieugnenher <!ntnrtuno unb IDer11li{nmng, t,Jr03CnhteIl bon) bcheutenb bron~er ift, olB bie grOnC WLnHc bc~ !13oUes. $Die uerrdHebeuClt IDodriitg·WuBftcrrul10enG unb ble iHuftticrten .8eitfrT)riften Iiefern ID?oieriof bon iif,ern:iiltioenber 3iiUe. 9IUU} ber .),1ornifn)e, 11110n. l'iid)t', ruffifcf)(! unb fiibf[C1lt>ifif)e ~r~cr, io fooor bie bornebmereu Xiirfen ;,cigen entfdH(!~en mer}r r}(!roi~en ~infd)rog alB bo~ mou, luM Otter) burd) hie bidfoaJrn unb mci! auriicf gef}enben 4)drnten mit ocrmnnjfa)el1 ~Ii)c[s, I1Qujcrn Icier)t ueoreiflicf) roirb. 6el&rl unlcr ben ~llben, l1efonbcl"!l b'!n roeftc1tropCiifcf,cll, iff bie obcre ®djicr)tc entrd,icben I,.ener unb fJeHcrcr DIaiie (lIs bos molf. 5I:ns fommt notiirlin) nid}t bnnen, mcil fi<f) cilDll bic mittellCinbjfdje oher ntoltllo[ijd)e mofre, bet bie mellten ~ullen onorTJl1rell, rIlllllif,Iid) lm l1eHeten 9nilieu "geblcin)t" uub "oufgeI)ent" [}otie, Ionbern

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'~!d ~lOllhl:'JtI1l!1It IIl1b !ln~iio fic!!t (filior 1Itit .vHir uou 400 Iltruhlniitflcn !lIrilrrll. s ~ic !IJwntl!lc:l IIII~ i;i~ srcllniijnllc~ in ~;lnIiell • .£?ei~l,in. 1 UO:i 1111;:'

,. 'Li~ lJJennl~IWI ill fimn:rcirtJH• ~rl1n, HJ07. • .

• ~l(!r. ~no riefine bOll Gl a nt I • ~ 11 b 1 alifnmmcnnClra!lene (lueaen1ltalctia!. 5 3· m. ~ie mticncr ~orlriil!:au{lflcnllng 19013 unb bie ~ra~craCR Sicnr'?(II~' ftelIulI(J 1009, bic IDrelHntlct ~al)tl)unbcrM(Ui:fld{unn 1913. ~; Il'arC fcf)r au tuiilljd)cll - 110m liinjiCerija}cn, anl~roporogiicfJcl\ unb aucq nom j:olitijrl)en Etani:l>unft au!: - menn bet ~bcl in [eincn: eigellcll !3ntcrefie bon ~eit au ,3cit !j.!orttall.~u~fldrunoen {einer aeilgenoffifd)!n !Jlilglicbct bcranjtalten luiirbe;

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. ~l:5iseaasaaet : f~lcbc~ roor unb roie~er nad) oben tlrangte. ~htberfcit~ ~Qd)tcn fin) aud; , bie roflcn~Clfh!n merfcr~{un(Jen, bc~ e~ebrcdlCrifd)cn roeil>Iin)cn ~~Cr5 burdi ~cn rarr~.antljroPoloOtfdJcJt unb raffenprt)d)oIogijcf}en 9lie~ciOaJtg bc6 ,(beEt ;t;tefe bon bol)crocloufencn bunllen .8igcllnern hn GJc[JellllCIt O~~cugten !BClftar1>~ rJ~tten nid)t elnen ~r!llJfetl ~mute~ ir)rer jnrii'ljjcf)cn !nater, o.~cr {lana bie (lllBere. unb inncrc Wrt ir)rcr mirflin)en ~i.mcrtliiter, ~t~ Qu~Itcn, nod} bcr !IDctf(' ber freiocfnHcnen efta"cn, bic untcrcn .;::;lanbe t~ f>ruta[ftcr ~cife. @Sernbc bierc martarbe fd)C1nbctcn ben ~[bcl, ~,blVOrJI. flc .lIIcI)r ~Ig her rnHencd)te [)cIbifd)c 2lricr auf aUe abcli!1clt .fui'.lerluf)fcttcn, .mre morne, ~oN1cn, .8crentonidI, gab en. Sie mad)tclt aus bern 9Cbcl em gert- unb edJrccf&iIb.

eo nxrr infoIge ber mrtbetDuf3tIofiofeit ble 6liinbeoHeberullg oerobe3u ~!!tgcfeIJrt, bas ~[cidJOemief)t in ber @ef('nfd}nft~orbl1uno bonrtiinbig gc. II~rt m~tben. ~le 60,IJIle abe~!oer ma,terJ bie ~etrfd)en· roonten, tooren in ~IC f0310len ~lefcn I)lltolJocffurat. 5tle 6i.HJne bon 9laHenpintfdJcrn hie In ~[fQbcnf)o~tben nil!bergc~ClIten merben fonten, lDClnhcftcn (lg' ror;. ocfnn!!ne !Beftlen auf ben ~o~en bet IDlenfdj~eit unb murben obenbrein ~~~<ij c~elllo~,s geg~n bos ~fdJonborelttum ertia}tete roHenT)1)gicnHcf)e .z..ll,mrnc IlctdJllbt: <:taefer unnntilrlidie .8uftonb llot bie pofitifd)Cll unb f031~ren. mctohthonen errcgt unb ctregt nub n1i~rt [ie {)cute non}. 5tcnn ' r~ 1ft em rorfcnontIJrolJofogifrf}cB 9loturgefcb, bah bas \006 binou] oe· I_lO~t, 111i;bcr in blc ~o(len r)inollfbrinot nnb boi r n f r e n I} 0 f t Vl_t e b riO e r e 11 n b e ddt> ere t e rn i e bet in b i e ~ i.e f Cit

rJl II n b (} e rt 0 fi e n 10 e r ben m u n. .

~{6er nid)t aIldn bon unten, [oubern roeltous mc~r bon obcn~cr unb Zml'lt 'b 0 It t 1) ran n i f dJ e n {1 it r ft e n uub ('turd; ~n~ g e u· b a I· f ~ rt e .1~1 lVur~c bel' !l3e~faIl ('tes nrifdJcn &beIS l)effTJIcuniat. (Ji3 ift bic~ ~~ne ol~~er niel au memg befannte !totjoef}C, bie Ulll fo ()ebeuhmosboller lit!. nl~ he b~n. ~r1>cf. non eine~!1 oft bOt(Jef:JrncIJtcn motIDlIrf, ber ben nItartler)en gre!n~e~, mIt bem rp~teren geuboI- lInb ~tcnrtobl'I berlucrT)[clt, c~trnftd. ~Ie gurftcn bof>en tin mereinc mit ~Clll oufftre()ell~rll etllM· ?llf:Jel an b~r, mernidjtungT be6 Q~tCll\ orifd)cn 3t'ri·~lbcrB ocnr()citet. ~1l t(Jrn cTJrgcl31gcI1 IDerbIenbuno I)Cltten .fie fid) iiJtcr l1otiirlin,Ucn E5d'mtJ·

. ~eCJr f:Jer?l~tit ~~b muntcn, bo~cr 3um edJluU bor ~cm S,pu{ld Ivcin)en Ollcr l.n~I1lO1t~jl~ ~!1 30rm l'lIler "nonrtitu~ioll" fn\)ihtIicrcn. ~er fl1iitcrc nl1e,ocr)tr~ctc gcfunflelte 3 e It ~ n I Uoot 1ft, bQ~ Illull icfj bcf(ln~rr~ [1£' to~cn~ fclltl' r)~roi,f~r)'OTif<f)e ed)i.i~fllno, f01l1'l~rlt ocrn~c \l'('i[ cr iilin ~ell ~nll f1ro).fnrohltot)~~cn 2Jemll fc!t rtMt ClU f ben f~l~\tr'illlifd)·b\J;;nllt i II ijC{)l'lI ';.f(r.~~cnrtO<lt 311rl1~{lcf)t,. c 111 e t I, P if d) 111 itt c I I ii It ~ i i 0) c ~ d) ,0 p f II tip. (fs 1ft bcumr}f1cn~, boft bcr i"cuhl1lftllot fid) nl'ro~c ill ,~tCl~cn .. till Sfnt'fttulIl lIub itt ~rclllfrrtcfl, Ivc fcf)olt 11llll oUelll ~(lIfoIlO (111 ~IC .... lrt1l1!fenmo Horf ll,~tlltittWiinbcrt H)I1t unb bie etii~fc cine ltlid,ti(l~ .Il~rre. ft'lcllt'll, (l,~l1 f~)l1rfftcJt 1111:> fonfcQuclttcjten l'lIlluirfelte IInb illl 1!:lff~lrr!;1l Hnll flltfUt{f}en 2(bfoluti~mlls bc,s lCl. [liB 18. ~or}I'T)lIlIbcrg cines ~~ntJflc~ ~C I e ~ 0 n 1> e r VI. unb ein{'~ Q It b,p i (J ~ XIV., olio

T eo Ne £Iinfc£jra~lunlJ be3 oUfad1fifdJen ~bdC butc!j Stad ben lSadjfcnfd)fiid,fcr'

eesse~~s~~15~~~~~~~~~ g{cin)3citill mit ~er l11cbitetrnnen ffiC'lfienI)eoent(lllic, [eiueu ~obe"unft rrrcid)te. $Del ID1itteUanbcr i{t ber ID1enjcf) bel' iHlel'treibung, bet :::tahni· ~(rirtorrat, ber bos fmetcn be~ &bd~ in :SeremonienfrC'lnt, I)cralbiicf}er !l~(\N'cnh'icIctci, 9lolllcnfuIt, IDlollcHeibung, l)od)I\Q;igcr unb ~ro~~!U· I)olter 9?of>cItllerci ficI)t.Q;r ift ber (B:tC'lllll11bntCt ~e~ micll~o-mbcH3. bcHen merbw{)cn bic groue frat1aofifd)e 9tebohltion bcrjd)ulbct [Joben. OSeTtli>e ber f~anifdle, itnIienifd)e, franaofiidJl' unb ~oInifd)e 2(bcI unb ocabel.tt' ~ttbl'n, oIto MitieIIiinber, finb bic nufoebIofcnftcn ~{bcT~ocrf~l1. <.tic melft rtad mebitcrronoiben i)iitften icner Seit fd)lI fen fid} hod) bcm IDluftcr bet 5laroIingcr in bern ~of. unb ·~ienHobeI· cincn QSegell~nri ococn ben nlteu <Mcuurt~. unb Utnbd. ~o mit bet Seit breI,te {ief} bQ~ $el'lJlifttt;~ onna um, unb bel' odfd)!! Ilrnbel fan! foaiaI, in Me. untercn ed}ief)~en lJinol) unb ntunte bern neugema.d)ten ~il>Iom·mbeI roeld.,en, rocnn er nld)t 5U Sjof unb ~re1l3 frodJ. «;ter Ilrcbel murbe ebenbreiu in ~en marberifd}cn aluecJIofen nriegen bet neueren Scit ocrabcau ausoerottet.' ~ic friegerjfd)c 5t1tgen~ rourbe [o bem cd)tcn mbcl aunt mcrbanoni~ unb forhcdc bag &nlOoefl[en be!$ friegBuntiidjlioen :tQItni·~tbcg, ~cr um [o

" ei friocrin bell bnmnnnnen metien bet mOllboi.r~ oIs 2icbcB{)clb fotio mer. 1J)~11 mcrIufb cu] bet &Iutigl'n !mnfJ[ftoit erlchte bo~ ftets geI~· [;eMlrftioc - bet ben ~uben tlcrfd)ulbete - n&folute giirftcntullt Clll6 ben ~{olltorftllb~lI, c~ entjtnnb bcr tlotroicoenb 11lCMtetrollOibc1o ~d~- 1111~ .vonbcliln~d, unbbcr moberne mcbr f110nlloIoibc1o ~lIbllf!ri~·, !lleClllllen· 1i\\b O.lclcl)ricl1obcI. ~er ~tbe[ uerlor to [cine i)rcifJcit nub [cine tOnentiimlhf)c illrunMaoc unb rourbe cine cu] ~orumenlen &crubcnbc ~'o[itiicf)e ober f(l~iaIe s,uartei. ~ie gt.nijeiten unb 91eef)tc, bie in nlten gciten ZOllfl'nbl' non [{cinen [rcien .Vetren befcHcnll (Jneen, [Joben fid) in ber 9~C113cit menioc 5llinioc unb giirrten anoccionct. eic T)olJcll hell iie unroc()cnt'lcn ~rj)c{ ebcnlo rJ~ri(J gcmnd)l unt> gennll [o \lc!ietf, roie if)tcrlcit? micbcr b i e f c sticllit.~lbcligen H)rc ~intcriolfelt brollofoIicrtcn. $ret fiirftlid)e ~(f>foIuti~I1II1B tlnh ~rutofr(lti~n11ls Ht bilf)cr tnt G)rullb~ cucnlo unoriicf) Inie ber Dd)IofratiBmu{\ lIlIb ~{lIord)i~'l11t1~, ~. i. Me ~i.i(lcH)('rrhf)llft. (g [inb G.kocnlatc, hic ben !Jll1nCIlOcOl'lljil~cn: IDlcbitcrron u~~ ITIlolloolijd) cntf~1l"cn)cn. ~ie ID?cbiterrnllcn finb Imt1let ~rutofrotcn, btc

~l~oIlOoIcn fllmrer ~fnnrefJiftcl1. .

'~cr Ojipfen'llllft bet Ilntortllno tJes 1lI011ernen 9{bcr~ 1ft bie gcrobl'}tl l.loiicl\~jtlft ocltl(lr~enc mcr~rcf)uno tJl'~ (JbeltbiittiOf('it~vriltliv~. ~.lj)tlrd).

-; (;;ic IJriijnt I'r~cicI,ncl1betl\.lcirc onictll11; "ministcrialcs".

, ~11 ~~t Ed,rnd)t [lti !.iterl) (13,lG) fiden 1600 g_\lltOI\C \lnb 4000 (!lIcrrllnr~lcn, (,d ~1:nll~'crllli3 (1:1J6) 2,100 ~blc. lld eCllwnd) (13SG) Il)Ur~C l':r VO,!~('t. r~lcrn:idJii,lIc ~rt'.~I t>caimiett u. f. f:~m 2lcl!~~!C(J brad]t,!! ll.cr .l'cn1IdlC. olterniddj,r,,:. ltJl(1orijd]c. rtlfiifd)c. cnnltr~lc. frc1I130111d)C un]) llahemr~c ~h:t "to'

~mtlldi til: IIIl\lt'[;~II~didllt\'n $~,ut~l"rct!

I" <Zd[.jlt'cril'illttil{, t-nruntet h.uhdJc ?r\lr:1'~TpIlCn. , ,- _.,

II ~ n ( i t 11~, ~\mltol1ia 11. ~cfnnt al1f.~r!IIlI,t~J, l'nf~ }lIe fr,rlocll"'~~:!t o~.Itcn nUrin llIlr iibct lllllllidJliOc '!:t110C 311 el1tl~'CILcn l)nll~.n, !\r." .. ~ ItlH":~llt ..t!~t(lc rlltil~li~b ~ic (3lcmcilltc ~ct titden lUI~ ~(bclt.!}~n. ~Cl3 lIt, (\110 cm~ atl,ltotcctll\d~e ,l1..lcrlai;ILnll" tie i'on bet ntobcrnrn !BCtfnllunn nod) 111d,t cn:cld,t 'ft, to lttlt ;iOd) i11l11~r bic Ilona iil1ctr1iifjiocIl 8mifcf)cnl)nnt-fn - .Vlbo..:otbntlc· - ~Qbcn.

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iigrntQmt't unb (>naulgebm 3. fRna·~iebenfel', IDlObling. 445' 18 OIl •• l1n. !l!llcflbrlldtrct., s. ecrlAglQtlclllcflGfI lint·

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S~rrt ~fe''CDa',nr. ,alvolf Wufftibeii&er,~i6tt'aIiGmul,Unb 6oaintbemo~ ~~;'~ Iratie tlOn ~r. ~oftf 6:brdr. t1fttao~anftart .. i:~tolia· .. ~JlII"rmltr.1918.:K 'l'~. I '~,,' ~r. 30irf (t be r I e nimmt unter l>ell jrvUdlclibtu' 9lntionlllofoJt(lnten, rilltll.lin. : ::~ ~ borragenbcn !plav iin,'~u'lIb;tvcroftirie tilttfe (w~tokmad)l'~ttfft" linb ,,1I6tr- ''It

tuinblllll1. ·~tr '!pr~t'l~tatie:} "(tmlt, ·tuitb ;~untft~~c~.; '!lob i~m nt"!Bifrc~; OJcift ~ l

unb !6h[.lm .. dmflll(tHo~1i\ltn ,:Ullb·,audj .un ftlnblu{_,en ,1!aner .Iaum tiller gt. "~.i ,tuadJfell.ift. ,Wllhetbem 1ft ee tin gnann., ber bUn utib Ball3 .lIllb, ,mit .reluer, !Uf' .~" gCi[tUlIIIO fur [elne 'Ead'}e 'tinlritt.· {f 6 e r le if I ba~et ine~t nl3 {cbet nnbere : .,'C, ba~1I 6rrufcII, 'bie 'rfdjanbafijdjeR 3tt(e~rtn tlnb QJii"enflilber i bef 1!ibcraIillmll!S . : t bnb 603'tl[j{'muO I in i~rn·',oal1acn:"Jiimmrrlidjrn 'lllQdl~eit ~II enf4i1aell •. t;Do.. : ,t.' ilJlIcr, ~ .Rcrltiin1lnerf .bie- (!loVell". iiI -eme '~nt, ble J)cftc; riidjldjtOloftlte ,\llIblla. :' ~ lid . bod) . boDig tlbidlibe .nrUif. unblfclc~iOlUI9' ,.bit~et dtil3 ; finbijdjcn, ,teill : .: ~r~brc~~r,ifdjc.n !~dttaltnfdjauull!~cn" bibr:au.r.btr QTalltl!., aften ,stnta'l~l1p~e (ll'fii4rt : ',~l 'Jnvcn, '", e 'um 'It\) Q t -er eueu '1111 '110 • ., 'unleren .nil1bUII unb ~[jllbe~fillber".,.:: in ben ~nocti!lI: lieoell loirb.: (f berl e i{t'ftin: ~~rafi!nbter~er, er ifHin unfter ;'i Q3de~rte'C'. tr beTtot·o ae [eiue !1Jt&all~tunoen :burdj bioeturifl'riicr,e ftiner .(!Iegller. ; ':" CDccabe butdj bit !DdeudJtung lInb 8iticrtlDg .ber. :bcbeutenbflclt ,liIh'ca[cn tmb :~ foaiolbemo[ratifdjen !Burtfii~rtrunb butdj bie oe""tItiae iJiiae (cincr £!itcrntllr. ! ~~ nndjltl!ifc, -tuirb' bnfll\udj· ~tHeinem.;Queaenhlert .. tll1b ,.~onbfl,ltf,.. nllen : Dhlnqc3, . :', ba~ in bec ltJi()Iiot~d '(nnel ~riDdjriftcn. ft~len ;,foll. ,lll.la4.~(Uu I e~ fifler bOI i.:

~i:~6!fne~r j~~~t~o!'"un~i:itJ'f~::~t~n~! ~:~!tj::~~~:I~~~~# tt~~~ '~~~~ :~~~ ,:~

auf bern boO eiOfntlidje Sid tltrfcfJltiernben Glduft bieie3 !IDdtlriegcl ~ctQII~' •. (letommrn [etn \lnb bte IScfJ[uhrrdjnllng ouffteUen Ivtrllell. ~c~e tlcm, ber fi~ , ,:,:,' til brill ()c\)Or;le~fnben' ftam~te ,btr .. ijJtijler ,nidjt j~e~t&eitio Ini~ Ieiller. geiitit}cn \, '.' !maffe brcfc~m IJat. 'Die fie 1111. Ii fl e r Ie mit .Settriinllnnt bie (!Io~en" an bic i : ,

,tlanb grgrflen ~at.' " 2. b,o R', I

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~cdmrlanoe bon "ran" So ftf , eJatntf. au beUen 25ja~rlnem i)id',tcrjllt)Hiillnt !:' Vall idntm 1!detfreije bcloidte 1!lu!lBobe, lUetIn{J .l)ctntid), stirJt'9,· !mien I., l'JIS. 'i ~ ,

K 3.-. - 3n 2aiii~tigent ubHd}cn DUngen ~Qt fidJ ft. 3.' B 1 a t n if bell 9)hf)tet. ,I

{orr,ttr unb einen toiirbioeJl !ploU in lIer beutfcfJu!tcneidjifdjcn ElJtif erobert. i ,: t.

3mnter groncr IDurbe bet stref" feiner !Gert~rtr llllb !Bcrtjd,iilJer fdntt ~Ilr)cn, :': l'

immer nur reinen ~bcal(lI, bieuenben !tunll. bon btl, ber borlic!)cnbt mnnb I J

tine oIiin3cnbe IJJro6e af>oillt." 'I'ltr "cite 9)clueil fiit bie fiillttIcrjfdje !Drb(utulIll

8 (a t 11 i U ift brr Ul11ftanb, ,bdU eue feine Webi~tell&anbe..6d)att(n(){ulll~n "

unb Eonntu{tiiu6djw-. .60nnclI~ii~(n unb i'lihnmediefcu .... ,;l!1lci~tftllllbenu, .tJlut. <f6lic-, .. !lBdterfd)lag 1mb 6onnfnblid", bie tine octabtau lIniifletrr~-

&arr {JUUe geiftboUn tfinfant, barfltRen. im 1Dud',~onbd btrgriffen flub.

~fe !WiillrtfJdrute bOlt '''Qul Stoff (~(\mflllrg). !Berlao .fl, tf. !Dallmann, 6djmiebcflerg i .. 60., IDlf. -.8(1. - ~a3 lDiilf}fein 6idct fOloo~t elne liilloriidJ olt aud] cine l1liiicnfd)afllidj, Jlrnmfd)e S[)nrflrlIung be3intmrrant~n i:~cmQ3.

~Q ber !llerflirJer fcilll:lI <Dtlltnflnnb [Ircnll fad)lid) be~allbdt, in fiitacfltr ijorm i ein umfonor(idJc~' statfndJcnlltutetint flrinot nnb. allhtrbcm,,~iimfl ,nnrc!ltllb I'

fcf}reiflt, fo mUll' bieje6 tteine miidjlein anodegtlltlid]er' em"fo~Icn .oerben 1213 \

jTgcllbein bidbiinbiae3 !Ber!., ' .' ". I

!lltutftfJno tlllltur.~ln'ff·· <Btlln~aii{lt unb 9tilf)Uinitn~' 'au elnem EcUio~rn '. : 1 Uioted]iOntua) fiit eine bcuUcf}e !>tcligion au] tDiffcn[djnfUidjrr QJrllnb(ooc. (illt. I toorf!!n bLJ~1 ~UblUIB Weuner. 9niindjcn. Stucite \.'(Uf(11ge, buflcficrt 1I11b \Jtt· i

mc4rt. 1911. 6dbjluct(ag EublVig "euner, :!l'liind)tn'l, Illrieffadj 23, anr ben . ,

lBudj~anbd: CD. ,tlctleler, IDcrlnp. Eeillaia.; !)loul1raue 11. qluid: IDlt. 2,-, -

(!ille ie~c fcrcn"tDcrle Sdjrifl. bie IDir fUr eiue g~fllnbc'"l1b aidbcto'~{!te lle&t!I~. I,

fii~rlllln tunrm empf~~[cl1 li)nnell. \!([IttbinOG rrjd}tint unG bet 'l3cntlff .. bcnhdJ' , i

boUifrt,· all au unbdrimnlt. Einb tvit nid}t in erller 1!inie Vfrie~.i' nlir ~iitttn ",1',

IJrtne rtl1ld me~r n(QC~rit ii6er »torre unb »tnjJenmetlmale QI!IDllnrdJt.

, ,Fr. 5t~toboti~ S. N. T.

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