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PERHITUNGAN

1. Perhitungan α

φ = tan-1(𝑎𝑙 )

φα1 = tan-1(1,7
5
)

= 18,77˚

φα2 = tan-1(4,8
10
)

= 25,64˚

φα3 = tan-1(6,5
15
)

= 23,42˚

φα4 = tan-1(8,4
20
)

= 22,78˚

(φα1 + φα2 + φα3 + φα4 )

φ
̅ =
n
18,77˚+ 25,64˚+ 23,42˚+ 22,78˚
= 4
= 22,65˚

∑ = (φα1 )2 + (φα2 )2 + (φα3 )2 + (φα4 )2

φα 2
= (18,77˚)2 + (25,64˚)2 + (23,42˚)2 + (22,78˚)2
= 352,31˚ + 657,41˚ + 548,49˚ + 518,92˚
= 2077,14˚

(∑ φα 2 )−𝑛(φ
̅ α )2
𝛥φα = √ 𝑛(𝑛−1)

2077,14˚ −4(22,65˚)2
=√ 4(4−1)
= 1,43˚
𝛥φα
KR = ̅
𝑥 100 %
φ
1,43˚
= 22,65˚ 𝑥 100 %

= 6,32%

NT1 =|φ
̅ ± 𝛥φα |
= | 22,65˚ ± 1,43˚ |
= 21,22˚ ~ 24,08˚

λ = g · sinφ
λα1 = g · sinφα1
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 18,77˚
= 5,36 x 10-7 m
λα2 = g · sinφα2
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 25,64˚
= 7,21 x 10-7 m
λα3 = g · sinφα3
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 23,42˚
= 6,63 x 10-7 m
λα4 = g · sinφα4
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 22,78˚
= 6,46 x 10-7 m
(λα1 + λα2 + λα3 + λα4 )
λ̅α =
n
(5,36 x 10−7 )+(7,21 x 10−7 )+(6,63 x 10−7 )+(6,46 x 10−7 )
= 4
−7
= 6,41 x 10 m

λ2

= (5,36 x 10−7 )2 + (7,21 x 10−7 )2 + (6,63 x 10−7 )2 + (6,46 x 10−7 )2

= 1,66 x 10−12 m2

2
(∑ λα 2 )−𝑛(λ
̅α )
𝛥λα = √ 𝑛(𝑛−1)

(1,66 x 10−12 )−4(6,41 x 10−7 )2

=√ 4(4−1)

= 3,87 x 10−8 m
𝛥λα
KR = ̅̅̅̅ 𝑥 100 %
λα
3,87 x 10−8
= 𝑥 100 %
6,41 x 10−7

= 6,03 %

NT = | ̅̅̅
λα ± 𝛥λα |
= | 6,41 x 10−7 ± 3,87 x 10−8 |
= 6,03 x 10−7 ~ 6,8 x 10−7 m

2. Perhitungan β

φ = tan-1(𝛽𝑙 )

φ β1 = tan-1(4,9
5
)

= 44,42˚

φ β2 = tan-1(9,5
10
)

= 43,53˚

φ β3 = tan-1(13
15
)

= 40,91˚

φ β4 = tan-1(16,2
20
)

= 39˚

(φβ1 + φβ2 + φβ3 + φβ4 )

φ
̅ =
n
44,42˚+ 43,53˚+ 40,91˚+39˚
= 4
= 41,96˚

2 2 2 2
∑ = (φβ1 ) + (φβ2 ) + (φβ3 ) + (φβ4 )
φβ 2
= (44,42˚)2 + (43,53˚)2 + (40,91˚)2 + (39˚)2
= 1973,14˚ + 1894,86˚ + 1673,63˚ + 1521˚
= 7026,62˚
2
(∑ φβ 2 )−𝑛(φ
̅ β)
𝛥φα =√ 𝑛(𝑛−1)

7026,62˚ −4(41,96˚)2
=√ 4(4−1)
= 1,23˚

𝛥φβ
KR = ̅̅̅̅ 𝑥 100 %
φβ
1,23˚
= 41,96˚ 𝑥 100 %

= 2,95%

NTβ =|φ
̅ ± 𝛥φβ |
= | 41,96˚ ± 1,23˚ |
= 40,72˚ ~ 43,20˚

λ = g · sinφ
λβ1 = g · sinφα1
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 44,42˚
= 1,17 x 10-6 m
λβ2 = g · sinφα2
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 43,53˚
= 1,15 x 10-6 m
λβ3 = g · sinφα3
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 40,91˚
= 1,09 x 10-6 m
λβ4 = g · sinφα4
= 1,67 x 10-6 · Sin 39 ˚
= 1,05 x 10-6 m
(λβ1 + λβ2 + λβ3 + λβ4 )
λ̅β =
n
(1,17 x 10−6 )+(1,15 x 10−6 )+(1,09 x 10−6 )+(1,05 x 10−6 )
= 4

= 1,11 x 10−6 m
2 2 2 2
∑ = (λβ1 ) + (λβ2 ) + (λβ3 ) + (λβ4 )
λ2

= (1,17 x 10−6 )2 + (1,15 x 10−6 )2 + (1,09 x 10−6 )2 + (1,05 x 10−6 )2

= 4,97 x 10−12 m2

̅ β )2
(∑ λβ 2 )−𝑛(λ
𝛥λβ =√ 𝑛(𝑛−1)

(4,97 x 10−12 )−4(1,11 x 10−6 )2

=√ 4(4−1)

= 2,67 x 10−8 m
𝛥λβ
KR = ̅̅̅̅
̅β
𝑥 100 %
λ

2,67 x 10−8
= 𝑥 100 %
1,11 x 10−6

= 2,40 %

NT = | λ̅β ± 𝛥λβ |
= | 1,11 x 10−6 ± 2,67 x 10−8 |
= 1,09 x 10−6 ~ 1,1 x 10−6 m