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Wortschatz zu Lektion 1

e Amtssprache = official language


r Muttersprachler / e Muttersprachlerin [Deutsch als Muttersprache] = native speaker
e Fremdsprache [Deutsch als Fremdsprache] = foreign language
e Kenntnis = knowledge
e Plurizentrik
r Dialekt = dialect, regional language
e Stadt = city
r Fluss = river
beginnen = to start, to begin
enden = to end
flieen = to flow
r See = lake
liegen = to lie, to be situated
r Berg = mountain
e Hauptstadt = capital, capital city
s Schloss = castle
e Schokolade = chocolate
essen = to eat
r Nobelpreistrger / e Nobelpreistrgerin = Nobel Prize winner
r Physiker / e Physikerin = physicist
r Komponist /e Komponistin = composer
geboren werden = to be born
sterben = to die
r Schauspieler / e Schauspielerin = actor/actress
r Politiker /e Politikerin = politician
r Autor /e Autorin = author, writer
r Einwohner /e Einwohnerin = inhabitant, citizen
e Whrung = currency

e Flche = territory, area


s Nachbarland = neighbouring country
s Bundesland = federal state
r Norden
r Sden
r Osten
r Westen
kommen = to come

Wortschatz zu Lektion 2
e Geschichte = history
s Ereignis = occasion, event
e Grndung = establishment, foundation
grnden - grndete gegrndet = to found something, to establish something
r Bund = confederation, federation
r Brgerkrieg = civil war
e Revolution
r Brger / e Brgerin = citizen
r Krieg = war
r Kaiser / e Kaiserin = emperor, empress
s Reich / s Kaiserreich / s Knigreich /s Kaisertum = empire
e Monarchie / e Doppelmonarchie sterreich-Ungarn = monarchy, Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy
e Regierung = government
regieren = to govern, to rule
e Republik = republic [= a system of government, where the nation can decide with political participation,
with the right of vote]
s Jahrhundert = century
gro / klein = big/small
r Staat / r Nationalstaat / r Mitgliedsstaat / r Vielvlkerstaat = state, nation, member state

s Heilige Rmische Reich = Holy Roman Empire


r Konkurrent = rival
Krieg fhren gegen = make war on
e Schlacht = battle
s Preuen (Land) / r Preue / e Preuin (=r Bewohner)
gewinnen / verlieren = win/loose
sich auflsen / e Auflsung = to dissolve / dissolution
s Volk / e Vlker = nation
r Herrscher = ruler, emperor
heiraten = to marry
e Freiheit = liberty
r Nationalismus = nationalism
r Liberalismus = liberalism
r Reichskanzler = chancellor
(sich) verndern = to change
schnell / langsam = fast/slowly
e Niederlage / r Sieg = defeat / victory
e Krise = crisis
nennen = to name, to call
r Hhepunkt = high point, maximum
e Kunst = art
e Wissenschaft = science
e Verfassung = constitution
e Grundrechte = basic rights
[jemanden] ermorden = to kill someone, to murder someone
e Kriegserklrung = declaration of war
s Kriegsende = the end of the war
e Kultur = culture, civilization
s Zentrum = center, middle

e Architektur = architecture
e Malerei = painting
e Musik
e Literatur
e Reprsentation
s Brgertum = bourgeoisie
s Museum
e Oper
s Theater
s Parlament
r Brunnen = fountain
s Gebude = building
e Blume
e Farbe [die goldene Farbe]
e Jahrhundertwende = the turn of the century
s Gemlde = painting

Wortschatz zu Lektion 3 und 4


r Wendepunkt = turning point
e Zwischenkriegszeit = time period between two wars
e Grenze = border
e Schwierigkeit/ e Schwierigkeiten = difficulty, trouble
e Auseinandersetzung / e Auseinandersetzungen = conflict
ausrufen = to proclaim, call out, declare
r Friedensvertrag = peace treaty, peace agreement, peace contract
e Bundesverfassung = federal constitution
r Bundesstaat = federal state
etwas beschlieen = to resolve, decide something
gltig = valid

e Weltwirtschaftskrise = the Great Depression


e Wirtschaftsmacht = economic power [After the First World War the US became the biggest economic
power of the world.]
e Wirtschaft = economy
r Aufschwung = boom, rise
e Massenproduktion = mass production
r Brsenkrach = the market crash, the stock market crash
arbeitslos = unemployed
e Arbeitslosigkeit, e Massenarbeitslosigkeit = unemployment, mass-unemployment
s Vertrauen = trust, confidence
rechtsradikal = extreme right-wing
r Rechtsradikalismus = right wing extremism
r Fhrer = leader
r Aufstieg = rise
abschaffen = to abolish, to eliminate [As a result, democracy in Germany was abolished.]
e Vernichtung = extermination, destruction
r Widerstand = resistance, opposition
r Gegner = opponent
kontrollieren = to control, to check
e Ideologie = ideology
e gewaltsame Verfolgung = violent persecution
s Opfer = victim
brennen = to burn, to fire
zerstren = to destroy, to demolish
verhaften = to arrest
verharmlosen = to trivialise
einmarschieren = to march in
r Soldat, e Soldaten = soldier
verknden = proclaim, declare

r Jubel = cheer, jubilation


r Anhnger = supporter, follower
e Widerstandsgruppe = resistance group
s Mitglied = member
s Flugblatt = leaflet
befreien = to release, to liberate
kapitulieren = to surrender, to capitulate
e Kapitulation = surrender, capitulation
e Nachkriegszeit = post-war period
e Besatzungszone = occupation zone
e Besatzungsmacht = occupation force
teilen = to divide
geteilt = divided
verwalten = to manage, to govern
e Besatzungszeit = period of occupation
r sterreichische Staatsvertrag = Austrian Independence Treaty
e Unabhngigkeit = independence
r Wiederaufbau = reconstruction
e Kriegsgefangenschaft = war imprisonment
entlassen, freilassen = to release
r Kriegsgefangene = prisoner of war
r Heimkehrer = homecomer
e Heimkehr = homecoming
verantwortlich fr = responsible for
s Geld verdienen = to earn money, to make money
wiederaufbauen = to rebuild
e Trmmerfrau = rubble woman
e Heimkehr des Vaters = homecoming of the father