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Grammar 2: Wie geht es...?

Pronoun How are you?


Sie
(formal)
"Wie geht es Ihnen?" (Vi git es inen)
du
(informal)
"Wie geht es dir?" (Vi git es die)
ihr
(informal plural)
"Wie geht es euch?" (Vi git es oih)
Ich bin Debora, und das ist Baginda
mein bruder.
Ich bin Frau Debora, und das ist Tiraya
meine Mutter.
Ich bin Daniel, und das ist Daisy meine
Tochter.
Ich bin Debora, und das ist Messi mein
Sohn.
Conversation 1: Im Bro
Herr Dr.
Schmidt
Guten Morgen, rau M!ller.
rau M!ller Guten Morgen, Herr Do"tor Schmidt. Wie geht es #hnen?
Herr Dr.
Schmidt
Sehr gut, dan"e. $nd #hnen? (..., %n inen?)
rau M!ller &eider nicht sehr gut. (&aide nih seh gut)
Herr Dr.
Schmidt
%h, das tut mir &eid. (%h das tut mir laid)
rau M!ller 'uf Wiedersehen, Herr Do"tor Schmidt. ('uf (idershin, ..)
Herr Dr.
Schmidt
'uf Wiedersehen.
Glossary
das )!ro *he office
im )!ro #n the office
Herr Mister
rau "rau" is the title used for +oth maried and single
,omen and appro-imates to the .nglish Ms., Mrs.
or Miss.
Wie geht
es #hnen?
"Ho, are /ou?" 's this is an office en(ironment, the
formal (ersion is used.
Sehr gut,
dan"e.
"Ver/ ,ell, than" /ou". *his is short for "Mir geht es
sehr gut, dan"e" ("I'm very well, thank you"), ,hich
/ou could also sa/ at this point.
$nd
#hnen?
"'nd /ou?" *his is short for0 "$nd ,ie geht es
#hnen?", ,hich /ou could also sa/ in full if /ou
,ished.
&eider
nicht sehr
gut.
"1ot so good." *he ,ord "leider" on its o,n
means"unfortunately".
%h, das tut
mir &eid.
"%h, #2m sorr/." 's in .nglish, this can mean that
/ou are sorr/ to hear something or sorr/ +ecause of
something that /ou ha(e done.
Vocabulary 8: Whats your name?
What's your name? My name is...
Wie hei3en Sie? ((i haisen 4i)
Wie hei3t du? ( (i hais du)
ich heie...
(Literally: "How are you called?")
Wie ist #hr 1ame?
Wie ist dein 1ame? ((i is dain name)
mein Name ist...
"Sie" has the pronoun "#hr". 1ote
the capital letters5
"du" has the pronoun "dein".
(Literally: "How is your name?")
Wie hei3en Sie? #ch hei3e
De+ora.
Wie hei3t du? #ch hei3e
De+ora.
Wie ist #hr 1ame? Mein
1ame ist De+ora.
Wie ist dein 1ame? Mein
1ame ist De+ora.
Grammar !: "lural #ronouns an$ #ossessives

Pronoun

Possessive
1st Person wir "we" unser "our"
2nd Person ihr
Sie
"you" euer
Ihr
"your"
3rd Person sie "they" ihr "their"
*he follo,ing points should +e noted0
*he German pronoun "ich" does not start ,ith a capital letter, unli"e its .nglish e6ui(alent
"#".
1ote that the pronoun "sie" can either mean "she" or "they" depending on conte-t. 'nd
,hen it +egins ,ith a capital letter "Sie" is the formal form of "you"5 )e (er/ careful ho,
/ou use this pronoun.
*he ,ord "ihr" can also pose difficulties. When used as a pronoun, it is the informal plural
pronoun of "you". When used as a possessi(e ad7ecti(e, it either means "her" or "their".
'nd ,hen it +egins ,ith a capital letter "#hr" is the formal form of "your"5
*he third person pronouns "er", "sie" and "es" can refer to persons. Ho,e(er the/ also
su+stitute for all masculine, feminine and neuter nouns respecti(el/,regardless of whether
they are ersons or things. *he gender of German nouns ,ill +e e-plained full/ in the ne-t
chapter.
Grammar %: &he verb 'hei(en' )* to be calle$+
Sinu!ar
ich heie # am called
du heit
Sie heien
8ou are called
(informal9formal)
Grammar ,: -ingular #ronouns an$ #ossessives

Pronoun

Possessive
1st Person ich "I" mein "my"
2nd Person du
Sie
"you" dein
Ihr
"your"
3rd Person er
sie
es
"he"
"she"
"it"
sein
ihr
sein
"his"
"her"
"its"
er"sie"es heit He9she9it is called
P!ura!
wir heien We are called
ihr heit
Sie heien
8ou are called
(informal9formal)
sie heien *he/ are called
*he (er+ "hei!en" is an e-ample of a ",ea"" or "regular" (er+ in that it ta"es the regular
personal endings for a (er+ in the present tense.
*he onl/ distinction is that the (er+ endings for the "du" person is usuall/ ":st" and not ":
t" as here. *he reason ,h/ it is "du hei3t" and not "du hei3st" is a logical one : if that
,ere the case, /ou ,ould ha(e three "s"2s in a ro,5
Grammar .: &he verb 'sein' )* to be+
Sinu!ar
ich bin # am
du bist
Sie sind
8ou are
(informal9formal)
er"sie"es ist He9she9it is
P!ura!
wir sind We are
ihr seid
Sie sind
8ou are
(informal9formal)
sie sind *he/ are