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Analisa Struktur V

Tugas I

METODE TAKABEYA

q1 = 2 t/m'
q2 = 3 t/m'

4 30/40 5 40/60 6
30/30 30/30 30/30
5m
q3 = 2.5 t/m' q4 = 4 t/m'

1 30/40 2 40/60 3

30/40 30/40 30/40 5m

l l l l l
A B C

4m 8m 8m 4m

PENYELESAIAN
Karena simetris angka kekakuan dan pembebanan ditinjau separuh bangunan

1. Menentukan Kekakuan (K)


K = 1/12 x B x H ³
L

KA1 = K1A = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.4 ³ = 0.00032 m³


5
KB2 = K2B = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.4 ³ = 0.00032 m³
5
KC3 = K3C = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.4 ³ = 0.00032 m³
5
K12 = K21 = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.4 ³ = 0.0004 m³
4
K23 = K32 = 1/12 x 0.4 x 0.6 ³ = 0.0009 m³
8
K14 = K41 = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.3 ³ = 0.0001 m³
5
K25 = K52 = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.3 ³ = 0.0001 m³
5
K36 = K63 = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.3 ³ = 0.0001 m³
5
K45 = K54 = 1/12 x 0.3 x 0.4 ³ = 0.0004 m³
4
K56 = K65 = 1/12 x 0.4 x 0.6 ³ = 0.0009 m³
8

Harga diatas dikalikan dengan 1000


KA1 = K1A = 0.320 K14 = K41 = 0.135
KB2 = K2B = 0.320 K25 = K52 = 0.135
KC3 = K3C = 0.320 K36 = K63 = 0.135
K12 = K21 = 0.400 K45 = K54 = 0.400
K23 = K32 = 0.900 K56 = K65 = 0.900

2. Menentukan Momen Frimer


MF = 1 x q x L²
12
q1 = 1 x 2 x 4 ² = 2.667 TM
12
q2 = 1 x 3 x 8 ² = 16 TM
12
q3 = 1 x 2.5 x 4 ² = 3.333 TM
12
q4 = 1 x 4 x 8 ² = 21.333 TM
12

MF12 = -3.333 TM MF45 = -2.667 TM


M F
21 = 3.333 TM M F
54 = 2.667 TM
MF23 = -21.333 TM MF56 = -16.000 TM
MF32 = 21.333 TM MF65 = 16.000 TM

3. Menentukan Jumlah Momen Frimer Pada Titik Kumpul (τ)


τ1 = -3.333 τ2 = 3.333 + -21.333 = -18.000 TM
τ4 = -2.667 τ5 = 2.667 + -16.000 = -13.333 TM

4. Menentukan ρ : ϒ dan m(0)


ρ : Jumlah kekakuan pada masing - masing titik kumpul

ρ1 = 2 x 0.320 + 0.400 + 0.135 = 1.710

ρ4 = 2 x 0.135 + 0.400 = 1.070


ρ2 = 2 x 0.400 + 0.320 + 0.900 + 0.135 = 3.510

ρ5 = 2 x 0.135 + 0.400 + 0.900 = 2.870

ϒ = Kekakuan dibagi dengan ro

K12 0.400 K25 0.135


ϒ12 = = = 0.234 ϒ25 = = = 0.038
ρ1 1.710 ρ2 3.510

K21 0.400 K52 0.135


ϒ21 = = = 0.114 ϒ52 = = = 0.047
ρ2 3.510 ρ5 2.870

K14 0.135 K54 0.400


ϒ14 = = = 0.079 ϒ54 = = = 0.139
ρ1 1.710 ρ5 2.870

K41 0.135 K45 0.400


ϒ41 = = = 0.126 ϒ45 = = = 0.374
ρ4 1.070 ρ4 1.070

M(0) = Minus tau dibagi dengan ro

τ1 -3.333
M1(0) = - = - = 1.949
ρ1 1.710

τ4 -2.667
M4(0) = - = - = 2.492
ρ4 1.070

τ2 -18.000
M2(0) = - = - = 5.128
ρ2 3.510

τ5 -13.333
M5(0) = - = - = 4.646
ρ5 2.870
5. Pemberesan Momen parsil dimulai dari titik kumpul (4) ke (5), (2), (1)
seperti yang di tunjukkan dibawah ini :

4 -0.374 -0.139 5
-0.126 -0.047
M4(0) = 2.492 M5(0) = 4.646
-0.126 x 1.949 = -0.2459 -0.139 x 0.510 = -0.071
-0.374 x 4.646 = -1.7367 -0.047 x 5.128 = -0.2412
M4(1) = 0.510 M5(1) = 4.334

M4(0) = 2.492 M5(0) = 4.646


-0.126 x 0.800 = -0.101 -0.139 x 0.771 = -0.1075
-0.374 x 4.334 = -1.62 -0.047 x 4.739 = -0.2229
M4(2) = 0.771 M5(2) = 4.315

M4(0) = 2.492 M4(0) = 4.646


-0.126 x 0.749 = -0.0945 -0.139 x 0.784 = -0.1093
-0.374 x 4.315 = -1.6132 -0.047 x 4.871 = -0.2291
M4(3) = 0.784 M5(3) = 4.307

M4(0) = 2.492 M4(0) = 4.646


-0.126 x 0.747 = -0.0942 -0.139 x 0.788 = -0.1098
-0.374 x 4.307 = -1.6102 -0.047 x 4.877 = -0.2294
M4(4) = 0.788 M5(4) = 4.307

M4(0) = 2.492 M4(0) = 4.646


-0.126 x 0.746 = -0.0941 -0.139 x 0.788 = -0.1098
-0.374 x 4.307 = -1.6099 -0.047 x 4.877 = -0.2294
M4(5) = 0.788 M5(5) = 4.306

M4(0) = 2.492 M4(0) = 4.646


-0.126 x 0.746 = -0.0941 -0.139 x 0.788 = -0.1098
-0.374 x 4.306 = -1.6099 -0.047 x 4.878 = -0.2294
M4(6) = 0.788 M5(6) = 4.306
-0.079 -0.038

1 -0.234 -0.114 2
M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128
-0.234 x 4.739 = -1.1086 -0.038 x 4.334 = -0.1667
-0.079 x 0.510 = -0.0402 -0.114 x 1.949 = -0.2221
M1(1) = 0.800 M2(1) = 4.739

M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128


-0.234 x 4.871 = -1.1394 -0.038 x 4.315 = -0.166
-0.079 x 0.771 = -0.0609 -0.114 x 0.800 = -0.0912
M1(2) = 0.749 M2(2) = 4.871

M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128


-0.234 x 4.877 = -1.1409 -0.038 x 4.307 = -0.1657
-0.079 x 0.784 = -0.0619 -0.114 x 0.749 = -0.0854
M1(3) = 0.747 M2(3) = 4.877

M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128


-0.234 x 4.877 = -1.1409 -0.038 x 4.307 = -0.1656
-0.079 x 0.788 = -0.0622 -0.114 x 0.747 = -0.0851
M1(4) = 0.746 M2(4) = 4.877

M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128


-0.234 x 4.878 = -1.1409 -0.038 x 4.306 = -0.1656
-0.079 x 0.788 = -0.0622 -0.114 x 0.746 = -0.085
M1(5) = 0.746 M2(5) = 4.878

M1(0) = 1.949 M2(0) = 5.128


-0.234 x 4.878 = -1.1409 -0.038 x 4.306 = -0.1656
-0.079 x 0.788 = -0.0622 -0.114 x 0.746 = -0.085
M1(6) = 0.746 M2(6) = 4.878

6. Perhitungan Momen Akhir


Mengingat bentuk bangunan, pembebanan dan angka kekakuan simetris, ,makapada bentangan
6-5 dan 3-2 didapat ɵ6 = ɵ3 = 0 - m6 = m3 = 0
Titik 1
M12 = MF12 + K12 2 x M1(6) + M2(6)
= -3.333 + 0.400 2 x 0.746 + 4.878 = -0.7854

M14 = MF14 + K14 2 x M1(6) + M4(6)


= 0.000 + 0.135 2 x 0.746 + 0.788 = 0.30786

M1A = MF1A + K1A 2 x M1(6) + MA


= 0.000 + 0.320 2 x 0.746 + 0.000 = 0.478
ΔM1 = 0.000

Titik 2
M21 = MF21 + K21 2 x M2(6) + M1(6)
= 3.333 + 0.400 2 x 4.878 + 0.746 = 7.53382

M25 = MF25 + K25 2 x M2(6) + M5(6)


= 0.000 + 0.135 2 x 4.878 + 4.306 = 1.898

M23 = MF23 + K23 2 x M2(6) + M23


= -21.333 + 0.900 2 x 4.878 + 0.000 = -12.554

M2B = MF2B + K2B 2 x M2(6) + MB


= 0.000 + 0.320 2 x 4.878 + 0.000 = 3.122
ΔM2 = 0.000

Titik 4
M41 = MF41 + K41 2 x M4(6) + M1(6)
= 0.000 + 0.135 2 x 0.788 + 0.746 = 0.31354

M45 = MF45 + K45 2 x M4(6) + M5(6)


= -2.667 + 0.400 2 x 0.788 + 4.306 = -0.3135
ΔM4 = 0.000

Titik 5
M52 = MF52 + K52 2 x M5(6) + M2(6)
= 0.000 + 0.135 2 x 4.306 + 4.878 = 1.82122

M54 = MF54 + K54 2 x M5(6) + M4(6)


= 2.667 + 0.400 2 x 4.306 + 0.788 = 6.42712

M56 = MF56 + K56 2 x M5(6) + M56


= -16.000 + 0.900 2 x 4.306 + 0.000 = -8.248
ΔM5 = 0.000

M32 = MF32 + K32 2 x M32 + M2(6)


= 21.333 + 0.900 2 x 0 4.878 = 25.723

M65 = MF65 + K65 2 x M65 + M5(6)


= 16.000 + 0.900 2 x 0 + 4.306 = 19.876

Titik A
MA1 = MFA1 + KA1 2 x MA + M1(6)
= 0.000 + 0.320 2 x 0.000 + 0.746 = 0.239
Titik B
MB2 = MFB2 + KB2 2 x MB + M2(6)
= 0.000 + 0.320 2 x 0.000 + 4.878 = 1.561

Titik C
MC3 = MFC3 + KC3 2 x MC + M3
= 0.000 + 0.320 2 x 0.000 + 0.000 = 0.000

7. Gambar Hasil Momen Titik Metode Takabeya

-0.3135 6.42712 -8.248 19.8758

4 5 6

0.314 1.821

0.30786 1.898

1 2 3
-0.785 7.534 -12.554 25.723
0.478 3.122

0.239 1.561

l l l
A B C
PERHITUNGAN MOMEN DAN LINTANG
Beban Terbagi Momen Titik
Arah
X SKETSA Rata (t/m') TM
Posisi
q1 q2 q3 q4 - +
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 q1 2 - - - 0.314 6.42712
1
l

4-5 2 - +
3 R4V R5V
4 4
0 - 3 - - 8.248 19.8758
1 q2
2
3
l

5-6 4 - +
5 R5V R6V
6 8m
7
8

Beban Terbagi Momen Titik


Arah
X SKETSA Rata (t/m') TM
Posisi
q1 q2 q3 q4 - +
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 q3 - - 3 - 0.785 7.534
1
l

1-2 2
3 R1V - + R2V
4m
4
0 - - - 4 12.554 25.723
1
2
3 q4
2-3
2-3 4

l
5 - +
6 R2V R3V
7 8m
8

Beban Terbagi Momen Titik


Arah
X SKETSA Rata (t/m') TM
Posisi
q1 q2 q3 q4 + +
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 R4V - - - - 0.314 0.308
1 R4H
2
l

3 +
4-1 4 5m
5 +
l

R1H
R1V
0 - = - - 0.478 0.239
1 R1V
2 R1H
3
l

4 +
1-A 5 5m
+
l

RAH
RAV

Beban Terbagi Momen Titik


Arah
X SKETSA Rata (t/m') TM
Posisi
q1 q2 q3 q4 + +
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 R5V - - - - 1.821 1.898
1 R5H
2
l

3 +
5-2 4 5m
5 +
l

R2H
R2V
0 - - - - 3.122 1.561
1 R2V
2 R2H
3

l
4 +
2-B 5 5m
6 +

l RBH
RBV

GAMBAR MOMEN

l l l l l

GAMBAR LINTANG

l l l l l
GAMBAR NORMAL

l l l l l
a bentangan
NTANG
Momen Titik
Momen Lintang
TM Perletakan (T)
(TM) (T)
+
9 10 11
6.42712 R4V = 2.472 -0.314 2.472
R5V = 5.528 1.158 0.472
0.630 -1.528
-1.899 -3.528
-6.427 -5.528
19.8758 R5V = 10.547 -8.248 10.547
R6V = 13.453 0.798 7.547
6.845 4.547
9.891 1.547
9.938 -1.453
6.984 -4.453
1.031 -7.453
-7.922 -10.453
-19.876 -13.453

Momen Titik
Momen Lintang
TM Perletakan (T)
(TM) (T)
+
9 10 11
7.534 R1V = 3.313 -0.785 3.313
R2V = 6.687 1.277 0.813
0.840 -1.687
-2.097 -4.187
-7.534 -6.687
25.723 R2V = 14.354 -12.554 14.354
R3V = 17.646 -0.200 10.354
8.154 6.354
12.508 2.354
12.862 -1.646
9.215 -5.646
1.569 -9.646
-10.077 -13.646
-25.723 -17.646

Momen Titik
Momen Lintang
TM Perletakan (T)
(TM) (T)
+
9 10 11
0.308 R1H = -0.124 0.314 -0.124
R4H = 0.124 0.189 -0.124
0.065 -0.124
-0.059 -0.124
-0.184 -0.124
-0.308 -0.124

0.239 RAH = -0.143 0.478 -0.143


R1H = 0.143 0.334 -0.143
0.191 -0.143
0.048 -0.143
-0.096 -0.143
-0.239 -0.143

Momen Titik
Momen Lintang
TM Perletakan (T)
(TM) (T)
+
9 10 11
1.898 R2H = -0.744 1.821 -0.744
R5H = 0.744 1.077 -0.744
0.333 -0.744
-0.410 -0.744
-1.154 -0.744
-1.898 -0.744

1.561 RAH = -0.936 3.122 -0.936


R1H = 0.936 2.185 -0.936
1.249 -0.936
0.312 -0.936
-0.624 -0.936
-1.561 -0.936
-2.497 -0.936
Interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 4
Mx = RAV x X - 1/2 q X² - 0.31
= 2.47 X - 1 X² - 0.31
= -1 X² + 2.47 X - 0.31
Dx = -2 X + 2.47
Interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 4
Mx = RAV x X - 1/2 q X² - 8.25
= 10.55 X - 1.5 X² - 8.25
= -1.5 X² + 10.55 X - 8.25
Dx = -3 X + 10.55

Interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 4
Mx = RAV x X - 1/2 q X² - 0.79
= 3.31 X - 1.25 X² - 0.79
= -1.25 X² + 3.31 X - 0.79
Dx = -2.5 X + 3.31
Interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 4
Mx = RAV x X - 1/2 q X² - 12.55
= 14.35 X - 2 X² - 12.55
= -2 X² + 14.35 X - 12.55
Dx = -4 X + 14.35
∑M4 = 0
- R5V x ### + 6.43 + q . ### x ### - 0.31 = 0
- R5V x ### + 6.43 + #REF! x ### - 0.31 = 0
- R5V x ### + 6.43 + #REF! - 0.31 = 0
- R5V x ### = - #REF!
#REF!
R5V = #REF! T

∑M5 = 0
R4V x ### + 6.43 - q . ### x ### - 0.31 = 0
R4V x ### + 6.43 - #REF! x ### - 0.31 = 0
R4V x ### + 6.43 - #REF! - 0.31 = 0
R4V x ### = #REF!
R4V = #REF! T #REF!