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ICC 2025

SISMUN 2016- ICC 2025

Message from the Chairperson

Dear Delegates,

As the Chairperson of ICC 2025, it is my privilege to present to you the

issues this Committee has decided to discuss this year.
The last couple of years have been very crucial for cricket as a sport,
with the game being in the news for a variety of reasons, which are not
necessarily sporting in nature. On one hand, spot fixing has become a
prominent issue since the 2010 Pakistani spot-fixing scandal and on the
other hand the test format of the game has been steadily losing
spectator interest.
Both topics are extremely important issues from the standpoint of
sportsmanship and tradition, and I look forward to hearing your
innovative and creative solutions to the problems at hand. In order to
ensure that all members of the committee have an exciting and
interesting two-day experience through lively debate and successful
resolution drafting, I recommend taking time to thoroughly research the
history of your countries and their relations with the sport.
Working on this MUN has indeed been a very humbling experience for
me with regards to the issues selected and as the chair, I would expect
passionate debating from the delegates and also coming up with
mitigation measures reviewed from a different perspective: a
perspective of the new generation.
I hope this MUN and the ICC turns out to be a constructive and
enriching experience for the delegates. For any queries, feel free to
approach your vice chair, Upamanyu Banerjee, at
P. Mukherjee
Chairperson of ICC 2025

Introduction to the committee

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing
body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in
1909 by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa,
renamed the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its
current name in 1989.
The ICC has 106 members: 10 Full Members that play Test matches,
38 Associate Members, and 57 Affiliate Members. The ICC is
responsible for the organization and governance of cricket's major
international tournaments, most notably the Cricket World Cup. It also
appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test
matches, One Day International and Twenty20 Internationals. It
promulgates the ICC Code of Conduct, which sets professional
standards of discipline for international cricket, and also co-ordinates
action against corruption and match-fixing through its Anti-Corruption
and Security Unit (ACSU). The ICC does not control bilateral fixtures
between member countries (which include all Test matches), it does not
govern domestic cricket in member countries, and it does not make
the laws of the game, which remain under the control of the Marylebone
Cricket Club.
The Chairman heads the board of directors and on 26 June 2014, N.
Srinivasan, the former president of BCCI, was announced as the first
chairman of the council. The role of ICC president has become a largely
honorary position since the establishment of the chairman role and
other changes were made to the ICC constitution in 2014. It has been
claimed that the 2014 changes have handed control to the so-called
'Big Three' nations of England, India and Australia. The current ICC
president is Zaheer Abbas, who was appointed in June 2015 following
the resignation of Mustafa Kamal in April 2015. Kamal, the former
president of the Bangladesh Cricket Board, resigned shortly after
the 2015 World Cup, claiming the organization operated both
unconstitutionally and unlawfully. The current CEO is David Richardson,
who succeeded Haroon Lorgat.

History of the committee

1909 - 1963 - Imperial Cricket Conference
The governing body of world cricket, which has 106 countries currently
in membership, began its life with some very tentative steps. On 30th
November, 1907 the President of the South African Cricket Association,
Abe Bailey, wrote a letter to F.E. Lacey, MCC Secretary. Bailey, having
accompanied the South African team on their tour of England, was now
on his way home.
Bailey suggested the formation of an 'Imperial Cricket Board'. The
Board's function would be to formulate a set of rules and regulations to
govern international matches involving England, Australia and South
Africa. He also wished to promote a Triangular Test series between the
three countries in England in 1909. Though what was classified as a
Test match had taken place on their own soil as far back as 1889,
South Africa's 1907 tour to England was the first such visit to include
official Test Matches. South Africa had first played Tests against
Australia in 1902/03.
The idea of a Triangular Tournament found favour in England, but was
rejected by Australia. This was probably on financial grounds - Australia
had agreed to tour England in 1909 and was not keen to share the tour
with South Africa. Bailey was not deterred and continued to lobby both
MCC and Australia. On 15th June, 1909 representatives of all three
countries met at Lord's under the chairmanship of the President of
MCC, the Earl of Chesterfield, and agreed to stage a Triangular Test
Tournament. A month later, under Lord Harris's chairmanship, a second
meeting set the Imperial Cricket Conference on its way, when rules
were agreed to control Test cricket between the three nations. The
Triangular Tournament duly took place in England in 1912. The weather
that summer was appalling and problems in Australia meant that their
major cricketers refused to come. The tournament was not a success.

There was no further meeting of the Conference until 1921, when the
main discussions centered on the use of eight-ball overs. Five years
went by without a further meeting, but in 1925-26, MCC sent a team to
the West Indies, a visit of particular interest to Lord Harris, who had
spent his early years in Trinidad. A West Indies side came close to
beating MCC in Georgetown and this performance strengthened the
home side's resolve to join the Test-playing countries. When the
Imperial Cricket Conference met in England in 1926, delegates from
West Indies, New Zealand and India were invited to attend. Later that
summer, Lord Harris presided at a second meeting at The Oval, where
it was agreed that the membership of the ICC should comprise,
'governing bodies of cricket in countries within the Empire to which
cricket teams are sent, or which send teams to England.' This definition
rather unfortunately excluded the United States, which had regularly
received teams from England since 1859 and had dispatched several
teams to England. The meeting effectively created three new Test
playing nations, West Indies, New Zealand and India. West Indies
played their first Test in 1928, New Zealand in 1929-30 and India in
From now onward, the ICC met on an almost annual basis except
during the war years. The main business of these meetings was to set
out future Test tours, check that players were properly qualified and
encourage the use of turf pitches as against matting ones. Possible law
changes, the enlargement of the wickets for example, also came under
The next major event was the admission to the ICC on 28 July, 1952 of
Pakistan, and in October of that year, Pakistan played their first Test
match. In May 1961, South Africa withdrew from the Commonwealth
and was thus no longer eligible for ICC membership. However, they did
send an 'observer' to the ICC meeting that summer.

1964 - 1988 - International Cricket Conference

In 1964, Pakistan suggested an expansion of the ICC in order to include
non-Test playing countries. The following year at the July meeting, the
ICC changed its name to International Cricket Conference and
Pakistan's idea was acted upon - USA, Ceylon and Fiji being admitted
to a new type of membership named Associate. South Africa did not
apply to rejoin. The Netherlands, Denmark, Bermuda and East Africa
became Associates in 1966. At the same meeting, after several years of
debate, a 'throw' was redefined. The basic rules of ICC were amended
in 1969.
At the 1971 Conference, the possibility of a World Cup was mooted and
ideas requested from members; in the same year, the voting system
was amended with full members (i.e. Test playing countries) having two
votes each and Associates, one. A scheme to stage a World Cup (60
overs-per-side) in England during 1975 was approved in 1973; East
Africa and Sri Lanka were invited to take part, as well as the six Test
playing countries.
New Associate members were regularly added - Argentina, Israel and
Singapore in 1974, West Africa in 1976 and Bangladesh in 1977. It was
agreed to stage a competition for Associate members, with the most
successful nations qualifying to play in future World Cups. 1978 was
largely occupied with the controversy surrounding World Series Cricket,
the matches staged by the Australian media magnate Kerry Packer,
which attracted many of the world's best players and, for a time,
threatened to de-rail official Test cricket.
In 1978, Papua-New Guinea joined as an Associate, but South Africa's
application to rejoin was rejected. After several years of trying, Sri
Lanka was raised to full membership in July 1981 and played their first
Test in February 1982. The problem of whether to re-admit South Africa
occupied much time at the 1981 Conference before their application
was again rejected. 1982 saw the idea of an international panel of
umpires for Tests being discussed. In 1984, a third category of

membership was approved - Affiliate - with Italy being the first to gain
admittance; Switzerland followed in 1985. New Affiliates in 1987 were
Bahamas and France, followed by Nepal in 1988.
1989 - present - International Cricket Council
A special meeting in 1989 agreed a set of rules effectively banning from
Test cricket players who had sporting links with South Africa. In July of
the same year, the ICC had another name change - to International
Cricket Council - but still retained the three initials that had served from
its inception. This was also the year in which the practice of the
President of MCC automatically assuming the chairmanship of ICC
came to an end, but with the election of Colin Cowdrey, it was still a
British hand at the helm. The newly-named organisation had more
teeth: it was no longer confined to making recommendations to national
governing bodies; now it could impose binding decisions on Members.
UAE joined as an Associate in 1990. January 1991 saw the first ICC
meeting away from England - in Melbourne, where the discussions
centered on the appointment of independent Match Referees, created
to enforce the proposed new Code of Conduct for the players. In July,
South Africa was re-admitted as full Members and the ban on players
who had sporting connections with South Africa was revoked.
Zimbabwe was admitted as a full Member, their first Test being in
October 1992. Namibia joined as an Associate and Austria, Belgium,
Brunei and Spain as Affiliates. A revised set of ICC Regulations was
The most far-reaching effect of the changes at this time was the
creation, in 1993, of the post of Chief Executive of ICC, a position to
which David Richards of the Australian Cricket Board was appointed.
Then, in July, Sir Clyde Walcott, from Barbados, was elected the first
non-British Chairman, in succession to Sir Colin Cowdrey, who had
been very active in encouraging cricket development in countries with
little tradition of the game.

Since its inception, the ICC had been run as a virtual appendix to MCC.
Even after MCC's influence within the game in England had been
curtailed by the formation of the Cricket Council and the Test and
County Cricket Board in 1969, and after the club's annually changing
President had no longer assumed the chairmanship of ICC, MCC's
Secretary was still performing the same administrative function for ICC.
But with Richards' appointment, this came to an end. Another change
saw ICC with its own office for the first time, though this was still at
Lord's, with a separate office soon established for commercial purposes
in Monaco.
For thirty years, from the time of South Africa's withdrawal, England and
Australia had enjoyed the status of 'Foundation members,' and this
effectively meant that little could be achieved unless the two countries
concurred. But with the implementation of the new Regulations, all this
changed. England and Australia lost their special privilege, all Test
playing countries now being of equal standing.
New technology was becoming available around this time to show with
increasing accuracy the correctness of umpires' decisions. 1993 saw
the first chance for umpires in Test matches to refer doubtful line
decisions to a third umpire equipped with video playback facilities. By
1995, it had been agreed that TV replays should be available in Tests
'wherever possible' and that the third umpire should signal out with a
red light and not out with a green. The following year, cameras were
also permitted to pronounce whether a ball had crossed the boundary.
In 1997, the third umpire could be called on to rule on the cleanness of
catches. This was also the year in which, for the first time, ICC tried the
Duckworth-Lewis method of adjusting targets in rain-affected matches
in ODIs.
New countries joining ICC were Ireland (1993), Scotland (1994) and
Italy (1995) as Associates, and Greece, Thailand, Vanuatu and Portugal
as Affiliates, whilst Nepal was raised to Associate status in 1996.
Problems occurred in 1996, when there was much bitter wrangling as it
became clear that no candidate could command the necessary two-

thirds majority to succeed Sir Clyde Walcott, who was to retire from the
chairmanship the following year. A meeting in Kuala Lumpur in March
1997 resolved the impasse with a revised ICC structure.
Implementing proposals drawn up by Sir John Anderson, Chairman of
New Zealand Cricket, ICC became an incorporated body with a
President, an appointment which was to be assigned to a member
country who would then nominate an individual to serve in the role for a
period of three years. India was the choice, and Jagmohan Dalmiya
became the first man to hold this new office, with the policy and
direction of ICC now vested in an executive board comprising
representatives of all the Test-playing nations plus three Associate
members. Reporting to that board were committees covering cricket,
development and finance and marketing.
Bangladesh's application for full membership was deferred in 1998, but
France and Uganda were raised to Associates and Kuwait, Luxembourg
and Malta became Affiliates. Match-fixing and betting by players and
other officials had featured in the media: in April 1999, a Code of
Conduct Commission under Lord Griffiths, a British law lord with firstclass cricket experience, was set up to investigate the rumours. This
was followed by the setting up of an anti-corruption unit under Sir Paul
Condon, the former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police in the
United Kingdom.
In 2000, on the completion of Dalmiya's term in office, Malcolm Gray
from Australia became President, and in July 2001, Malcolm Speed
succeeded David Richards as Chief Executive. A full-time panel of eight
elite umpires, who would stand in all Test matches, was created in
2002, one umpire from a non-competing country having stood with an
official of the home country in all Tests since 1994. In March 2004, a
new ICC Intercontinental Cup was inaugurated for major Associate
members and the matches were granted first-class status.
The drive to bring more countries into ICC membership has continued
apace in the last few years. Affiliates to join are:

1999 - Cyprus, Morocco and Qatar;

2000 - Cook Islands, Czech Republic, Finland, Norway, Oman,
Philippines, Samoa and Tonga;
2001 - Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, Croatia, Indonesia,
Lesotho, Maldives, St Helena and South Korea; 2002 - Brazil, Chile,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Gambia, Ghana, Panama, Sierra Leone, Surinam,
Turks and Caicos Islands;
2003 - Iran, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda and Saudi Arabia; 2004 China, Isle of Man and Mexico;
2005 - Guernsey, Jersey, Mali and Slovenia; 2007 - Cameroon,
Falkland Islands, Peru and Swaziland;
2008 :Bulgaria, Estonia and Turkey;
2012 : Hungary, Russia. Switzerland was expelled as a Member in
Raised to Associate membership are: Germany (1999), Tanzania
(2001), Cayman Islands and Nigeria (2002), Zambia (2003), Belgium,
Botswana, Japan, Kuwait and Thailand (2005), Jersey (2007),
Guernsey (2008), Vanuatu (2009) Suriname (2011).
In August 2005, ICC left its base at Lord's to set up its new
headquarters in Dubai. There, under the presidency of David Morgan
until 2010 and now under Alan Isaac, it continues to face such matters
as match-fixing, player conduct, the use of floodlights and the challenge
of balancing the three formats of the game. As it addresses these
issues, ICC strives to remain true to the purpose enshrined in its
mission statement that 'As a leading global sport, cricket will captivate
and inspire people of every age, gender, background and ability while
building bridges between continents, countries and communities.'

Topic A: To make charges of spotfixing a non-bail able

Spot-fixing refers to illegal activity in a sport in which a specific aspect
of a game, unrelated to the final result but upon which a betting market
exists, is fixed; examples include something as minor as timing a no ball
or wide delivery in cricket, or timing the first throw-in or corner in
association football.
Spot-fixing attempts to defraud bookmakers by a player taking a
pre-arranged action to fix the result of that specific event.
Spot fixing differs from match fixing, in which the final result of a
match is fixed; or point shaving, in which corrupt players (or
officials) attempt to limit the margin of victory of the favored team.
Spot fixing is more difficult to detect than match fixing or point
shaving, and by its nature can be perpetrated by a lone fraudulent
player without needing any other players or officials to cooperate.
Previous spot fixing events
2010 Pakistan tour of England
Spot fixing in cricket first came to international prominence in the 2010
Pakistan tour of England, when it was determined that Pakistani
players Mohammad Asifand Mohammad Amir intentionally bowled noballs on specific deliveries as part of a conspiracy involving
captain Salman Butt to defraud bookmakers. As a result, Salman Butt
was banned for ten years, Asif for seven years and Amir for five
years. The matter became a criminal investigation that resulted in
custodial sentences for four people involved; in November 2011, Butt
was sentenced to 30 months' imprisonment, with Asif being imprisoned
for one year and Amir jailed for six months.
IPL Season 5 (2012)
In India, five players in IPL Season 5 (2012) were suspended for spot
fixing. The five players were Mohnish Mishra, Shalabh Srivastava, TP
Sudhindra, Harmeet Singh and Abhinav Bali. The suspensions were not
for any specific event during the season, but a sting operation revealed

all five either discussing earlier cases of spot fixing they had been
involved in, or seeking future spot-fixing opportunities.
IPL Season 6 (2013)
In India, On May 16, 2013, Delhi Police arrested three Rajasthan
Royals players - S Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan - soon
after their match in Mumbai over suspicions of spot-fixing. Eleven
bookies were also arrested, and days later, Gurunath Meiyappan of
Chennai Super Kings. It constituted Indian cricket's greatest corruption
crisis and sparked off a series of events, the latest of which is the Lodha
Committee's report. The first responses were by the BCCI, who set up
two inquiries, one into the involvement of the players and another into
the broader issues, including the possible involvement of the owners.

Pro40 (2009)
In England, allegations of spot fixing were made
against Essex bowler Mervyn Westfield, after he bowled poorly in
a Pro40 match against Durham in September 2009. Westfield later
pleaded guilty to accepting money for spot-fixing in the match,
specifically that he attempted to concede twelve runs from his first over
(although he conceded only ten); he was banned for five years and his
Essex team-mate and former Pakistan Test bowler Danish
Kaneria received a life ban after he was found to have orchestrated the
ICC Anti-corruption
Current implementations
To assist the ICC and the Members of ICC in the eradication of conduct
of a corrupt nature prejudicial to the interests of the game of cricket; and
to provide a professional, permanent and secure infrastructure to act as
a long term deterrent to conduct of a corrupt nature prejudicial to the
interests of the game of cricket.Sir Ronnie Flanagan, one of the United
Kingdom's most senior former policemen, is the Chairman of the ICC
Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU) and acts in consultation with the ICC Chief
Executive, David Richardson. Day-to-day operational responsibility
rests with the General Manager and Chief Investigator. Allegations of
corrupt activity are probed thoroughly by the Unit's Investigators,
sometimes with the assistance of Police Officers. In support of their

efforts, the ACU's Senior Operations Manager continues to build an

international network of contacts in both the legal and illegal markets so
that where concerns are raised, the Unit is able to activate these
relationships and effectively investigate allegations.
All players and officials that take part in the top level of international
cricket pass through the ACU's education programme.
As part of the education process, players are given details of the ways
in which corruptors may seek to 'groom' them from an early age as well
as the penalties that exist - not just for fixing all or part of a match but
also for accepting money, benefit or other reward for the provision of
information or failing to disclose the inappropriate conduct of others.
The seven Anti-Corruption Managers coordinate the ACU's prevention
measures. These experienced law enforcement professionals are
present at every international series to ensure that strict anti-corruption
protocols are enforced at all venues, collection information /
intelligence, particularly around the dressing room areas.


For the purposes of these Minimum Standards, words in italicised text
shall take the definitions ascribed to them in Appendix 1 of the ICCs
Anti-Corruption Code or, where there are none, those set below:
ICC Anti-Corruption Manager: means the individual(s) appointed by
the ICCs ACSU from time to time to provide anti-corruption and security
support services to the ACSU at, and around, all relevant International
Internet: means the global communications system of computer
networks accessible by the public whether wirelessly or through a cable
feed, which interconnect, either directly or indirectly, individual
computers and/or networks by accessing, among others, the world wide
web and derivative URL addresses.

Match Official: means any of the following individuals: Match Referee,

Umpire, Umpire Performance Manager and any technical expert
appointed by the ICC to provide technological support to the Umpires
from time to time.
Mobile Device: means any portable device (including a personal digital
assistant (PDA), blackberry or mobile phone) which is capable of
connecting to or using any mobile telecommunications technology to
enable or facilitate transmission of textual material, data, voice, video or
multimedia services.
PMOA: means as defined in Article 2.1, below.
Regional Umpire Performance Manager: means the individual
appointed by the ICC to provide performance management support to
the Umpires from time to time.
2.1 At each relevant International Match, the PMOA shall comprise of
the following areas;
2.1.1 each of the dressing rooms (including any medical or other
similar rooms that may be accessed from within the dressing room) that
are used by the teams participating in the relevant International Match;
2.1.2 each of the dressing rooms (including any medical or other
similar rooms that may be accessed from within the dressing room) that
are used by the Match Officials in the relevant International Match;
2.1.3 each of the match viewing areas (whether internal or external,
including any dug-out area) used by the teams participating in the
relevant International Match;
2.1.4 the operational room(s) used by any Umpire (including third or
other Umpires)
during the course of the relevant International Match;
2.1.5 the operational room(s) used by the Match Referee during the
course of the relevant International Match;
2.1.6 the dining area(s) used by the Players, Player Support Personnel
and Match Officials during and after the relevant International Match;

2.1.7 all other areas that the ICC Anti-Corruption Manager determines
should be included, such determination to be entirely at his/her
2.2 In relation to each relevant International Match taking place within
its geographical jurisdiction, unless otherwise agreed in advance by the
ICCs Anti-Corruption Manager, the host National Cricket Federation
2.2.1 ensure that there are no static / landline (or other) telephone
communication devices within the PMOA on the day of an International
2.2.2 put in place an accreditation system that enables access to the
PMOA to be strictly and easily controlled and monitored by the ICC
Anti-Corruption Manager and/or such other members of the security or
stewarding team appointed for such purpose. Such accreditation
system must include, at a minimum, the use of accreditation passes that
bear a clear and easily identifiable photograph and the name of the
individual to whom such pass has been issued;
2.2.3 provide adequate security at each entrance to the PMOA at all
times from the moment that a stadium has commenced its access
control for an International Match right through until all Players and
Match Officials have left the stadium at the end of the days play;
2.2.4 ensure that each of the members of the venue stewarding /
security team
allocated to be on duty pursuant to Article 2.2.3, above:
(a) has been security-vetted by the appropriate authorities and has
sufficient skill and experience to control and, wherever necessary,
prevent entry to the PMOA from time to time;
(b) is thoroughly briefed, in advance, by an appropriate representative
of the National Cricket Federation (and, where considered necessary,
by the ICC Anti-Corruption Manager) about what they are required to
do to satisfactorily perform their duties in this regard;
(c) is provided with appropriate identification so as to make him/her
instantly recognisable as a member of the security or stewarding
team; and
(d) will ensure that the rules regarding the display of accreditation
passes for the PMOA (as described in Article 3, below) are strictly
adhered to at all times.
2.2.5 issue, reasonably in advance of each International Match, all
accreditation passes permitting access to the PMOA to each of the
relevant Players and Player Support Personnel;

2.2.6 issue, within eight (8) hours of entry into the relevant country or
unless otherwise agreed with the relevant Match Officials, all
accreditation passes permitting access to the PMOA to each of the
relevant Match Officials;
2.2.7 maintain a comprehensive and up-to-date list of all individuals to
whom such passes have been, or will be, issued and provide a copy of
such list to the ICC Anti-Corruption Manager at least forty-eight (48)
hours before the commencement of the relevant International Match;
2.2.8 refer any additional requests for accreditation from time to time to
the ICC Anti-Corruption Manager for his/her consideration and approval;
2.2.9 provide a fixed photograph board at each entrance to the PMOA
that bears a
duplicate photograph of each person to whom accreditation passes for
access to the PMOA have been issued pursuant to Articles 2.2.5 and
2.2.6, above, and a copy of the type of accreditation pass(es) that
allows entry to the PMOA;
2.2.10 install CCTV covering all access points to each of the team
dressing rooms and use all reasonable endeavours to ensure that such
footage is copied at the end of a days play to a hard-drive or any other
similar portable storage device. The National Cricket Federation shall
ensure that it retains a copy of such footage for a period of twelve (12)
months from the date of the International Match in question and shall
provide a copy to the ICC ACSU on request and without undue delay at
any time during such twelve (12) month
2.2.11 ensure that there are no fixed or temporary video cameras or
other recording equipment set up within any dressing room or adjoining
medical or other similar room that may be accessed from within the
dressing room used by the teams or Match Officials) for the purposes of
broadcasting video or audio footage therefrom;
GUIDANCE NOTE: As an exception to the strict prohibition in Article
2.2.11,a static, vision-only video camera may be set up within the
PMOA provided that the following safeguards are implemented at all
times: (a) any intention to include such a camera must be
communicated reasonably in advance to the ICCs Anti-Corruption
Manager; (b) the camera must be static, wall-mounted and have any
audio-recording capability disabled; (c) the ICCs Anti-Corruption
Manager must be advised of the proposed time for such installation, so
that he can be present if he considers necessary; (d) the lens cap on
the camera must be securely locked at all times, with the designated

team media manager being the only person authorised to remove the
lens cap; (e) the camera can only record for the period during which the
lens cap is removed and for a maximum of two minutes; and (f) the
ICCs Anti-Corruption Manager must be advised of the
proposed time for removal of the lens cap, which can only be prior to a
team taking the field for any of its batting or fielding innings, and must
be present during its recording period.
2.2.12 provide a safe and secure locker (or other similar storage
facility), into which all Players and Player Support Personnel (subject to
the limited exceptions set out herein) must deposit any Mobile Device
prior to entering the PMOA; and
2.2.13 provide a safe and secure locker (or other similar storage
facility), into which all temporary visitors (including ICC and National
Cricket Federation staff) to the PMOA must deposit any Mobile Device
prior to entering the PMOA, together with a logbook facility that allows
such storage to be accurately recorded and monitored.
2.3 In relation to each relevant International Match, the Match Referee
2.3.1 check whether there are any static / landline (or other) telephone
communication devices within the operational room(s) used by any
Umpire (including third or other Umpires) or Match Referee on the day
of an International Match and, where any exist, immediately report the
same to the ICCs Anti-Corruption Manager;
2.3.2 check whether there are any fixed or temporary video cameras
set up within the operational room(s) used by any Umpire (including
third or other Umpires) or Match Referee on the day of an International
Match and, where any exist, immediately report the same to the ICCs
Anti-Corruption Manager;
2.3.3 ensure that the rules regarding the display of accreditation
passes for the PMOA (as described in Article 3, below) are strictly
adhered to by the Umpires (including third or other Umpires) and the
Match Referee at all times; and
2.3.4 implement a protocol pursuant to which all Mobile Devices must
be collected from the Umpires (including third or other Umpires) or
Regional Umpire Performance Manager prior to their entry to the venue
on the day of an International Match; and (b) safely and securely stored
during that International Match until such time as those Mobile Devices
can be returned in accordance with these Minimum Standards.

Topic B: Abolition of test cricket

The new generation of fans who do not have the patience to watch a
two minute youtube video, can they be expected to watch a five day
long test, a test which often results in a draw. Cricket had to evolve in
order to survive, to meet the expectations of this new generation ,match
up with their pace and a result ODIs and later T-20s were born. As
cricket marched on with the reckless speed of T-20s, test cricket was
left far behind. Slowly and steadily as the viewership dropped further,
the administrators too realised where the money was. After all five days
of test could not match up with 40 overs of a T 20 in terms of its
commercial output. No one was willing to compromise on their greed
and thus began the process of decline and downfall.
In a recent interview, Andrew Strauss the England captain expressed
his fears about the future of test cricket. Says Strauss,Even in
traditional hotbeds of the game such as South Africa attendances are a
long way below what we would expect them to be. I am very much
aware that, if we are arrogant and assume Test cricket will always be
there, we are sowing the seeds of our downfall.
In the subcontinent too where cricket is a religion, the number of people
who worship test cricket has dwindled. The vast stadiums once packed
to capacity for Tests are now only so for one-day internationals or T20s.In the 2012-2013 England vs. India test series the crowds were a
record low. Even after the highly anticipated Sachins 100th ton on the
first day of the second test, Eden Gardens registered only 10000 people
in attendance. Those figures represent not only empty seats but whole
stands going empty during all the five days.
The shifting trend is prominent in the cricketing world across the many
boards.Recently Sri Lanka and South Africa have chosen to increase
the one day internationals in their cricketing calendar at the cost of test
matches. Both of these boards are particularly needy ones for whom the
benefits of a well paid ODI series far outweighs the positives of a much
ignored test series. But is it any different for the particularly rich ones?
India with its immensely large cricket fan following has the power to
stand up for test cricket. BCCI can easily afford to promote test cricket
.It isnt cash starved. The glory of IPL, its most commercially successful

enterprise has ensured that it has become superfluous both in wealth

and power. But the sad truth is the rich board only wants to get richer. It
appears to be blinded by that green dollar sign and cares little about
anything else, leave alone test cricket.
Choked by the commercialisation of cricket, the sacred IPL may just
have been one of the many last nails on its coffin. We all enjoy the thrill
of an IPL match and its close finishes and the glitz and glamour that
comes along with it. However we seem to have become averse to the
old school charm of test cricket which remains popular only amongst a
dying breed of purists. It is the most unadulterated form of the game
and the very foundation on which the cricketing world rests. Test cricket
is endangered but not yet extinct .It needs revival. There is a need for
the entire cricketing community to wake up, because their arrogance
just may end up in permanently destroying test cricket forever. And for
once we may all agree to Greg Chapells words The death of test
cricket may as well result in the death of the spirit of cricket.

Recent speculation
The future of Test cricket dominated the two-day MCC World
Cricket Committee meeting at Lord's, with the sombre
conclusion being that it is in danger of dying out. The
committee put forward recommendations including a World
Test Championship, a trial of day/night Test cricket and pink
balls in a bid to make the longer format more appealing.
"Except for certain icon series, such as the Ashes, Test
cricket throughout the world, and in particular the lowerranked nations, is in very real danger of dying," a statement
by the committee said. "MCC's research proved that
attendances at Test cricket have declined in recent years. In
addition, there is a growing ambivalence towards the longer
format of the game from cricketers in certain nations, with
player surveys revealing that an IPL contract was the main
career aspiration for many."
"The committee is deeply concerned that the proliferation of
lucrative domestic Twenty20 leagues, such as the IPL, will

lead to the premature retirement of quality international

cricketers. Those from the lower-ranked Test nations could
be particularly susceptible to such a career choice, based on
earnings alone."
Referring to a World Test Championship, the committee said
that the game "needs a World Test Championship and it
needs one within the short-term. Work should commence
immediately on devising the appropriate format."
Those views were endorsed by Steve Waugh, a member of
the committee. "Test cricketers want to play for a world
championship, like what happens in one-day and Twenty20,"
he said. "Something has to be done to lift the game's profile."
Martin Crowe, the former New Zealand batsman, suggested
an eight-team format in which teams play three-match series
and then move towards the semi-finals and final. The
committee said the proposal, which must first reach an ICC
agenda, would fit in with the current Future Tours
"If there's something to play for, it's definitely going to make a
difference," Rahul Dravid, another member of the committee,
said. "This sort of thing would help motivate players because
when No. 7 plays No. 8 it's almost meaningless."
A ranking system is currently employed by the ICC and
Australia sit on top of the table after beating South Africa in
March. Cricket Australia hired consultants over the past
couple of years to shape a Test championship model but
went cold on the idea after not getting any support from the
other ICC members.
Other aspects the committee hope will increase the
attractiveness of Tests include playing day-night games
using a pink ball. "We are hoping to stage one here next year

against Bangladesh," the MCC's head of cricket John

Stephenson said. "We would like to experiment with a pink
ball. We've done the research and think it's worth trying. We
want to safeguard the future of Test cricket."
After the meetings the committee also demanded stricter
controls on the number of international players appearing in
the IPL. "The committee is deeply concerned that the
proliferation of lucrative domestic Twenty20 leagues, such as
the Indian Premier League, will lead to the premature
retirement of quality international cricketers," the committee
said. "Those from the lower-ranked Test nations could be
particularly susceptible to such a career choice, based on
earnings alone."
The IPL chairman and commissioner Lalit Modi spoke to the
group for more than an hour on Tuesday and emphasized
that the league's success stemmed from it being marketdriven.

This background guide is by no means exhaustive. It is merely a mode

of guidance for delegates. Further research carried out by delegates is
utmost significant. Please note that content from the guide cannot be
quoted as evidence. Factual statements may be questioned by other
delegates or by the dais, because of which appropriate evidence is a