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Englisch – Aufsätze schreiben

Im Laufe deiner Schulzeit werden die Texte, die du in Englisch


schreibst, immer umfangreicher. Achte aber darauf, dass deine
Sätze nicht auch immer komplizierter werden. Besser ist es in
einfachen, verständlichen Sätzen zu schreiben. Wichtig ist es eine
bestimmte Vorgehensweise zum Verfassen von Texten anzuwenden bzw.
anzutrainieren (ähnlich wie im Deutschunterricht). Das hilft dir bei der Textgestaltung
und mit ein wenig Übung sparst du damit eine Menge Zeit ☺ Unterhalb angeführt sind
nun einige Punkte die dir dabei helfen können.

1. Den Text durchlesen (meist ist es besser das mehr als ein Mal zu tun, weil dir
beim zweiten Mal Dinge du übersehen hast eher auffallen oder du Sätze besser
verstehst).

Hast du alles verstanden?

JA: mache dir eine Stoffsammlung – z.B. in NEIN: unterstreiche od. markiere die Wörter
Form eines Mindmappings (siehe Seite 2) die dir unklar sind und schlage sie im
Wörterbuch nach. Wenn du Probleme mi
tSätzen hast bitte deine Eltern / Geschwister
/ Freunde /... um Hilfe.

2. Ordne deine Stichwortsammlung. Überlege dir: was passt in die Einleitung,


was in den Hauptteil und was in den Schluss? Wichtig ist jedenfalls, dass du dich
an die grundlegenden Fragen hältst: WER? /WAS? /WO? /WANN? /WARUM?

è Einleitung: worum geht es? Was willst du im Text aussagen? Kurzer Überblick
was du im Text besprechen möchtest.

è Hauptteil: Gliederung in mehrere Absätze mit einem wichtiger Gedanke pro


Absatz (ist meist ein Satz) und dann schreibst du noch ein paar Sätze dazu.

è Abschluss: dein Fazit, dein abschließender Gedanke, vielleicht nochmals eine


kurze Zusammenfassung der wichtigsten Punkte mit deiner persönlichen Meinung
dazu.

3. Lies dir deinen geschriebenen Text mehrmals durch. Achte auf die
Wortstellung (Word Order) in den Sätzen. Achte auf Schreibfehler.

Hast du die Fehler korrigiert und ist alle gut zu lesen?

JA: dann bist du jetzt fertig und kannst den Text abgeben :-)

© Nina Rattan Seite 1 von /from 6


Beispiel: Mindmapping
Task (Angabe)
„My home town“

Sights (St. Stephen’s Catehdral, Schönbrunn, Hofburg, “Riesenrad”,


Prater, Danube Tower, Parliament, Ring-Street, State’s Opera, Karlskirche,
Palmhouse, Carnuntum, Kärtnerstraße, House of Music, etc.)

my home town typical viennese coffee


Vienna house (Demel, Sacher,
Hawelka, etc.)
in summer (if the weather is nice) in winter
“Donauinsel” – nice food and cocktails, nice Christmas market (, in front
music from all over the world of Schönbrunn, Spittelberg,
in front of the town hall, etc.)

different parks (if the weather is nice) shopping


Wienerwald (Lainzer Tiergarten), Schönbrunn, cheap and easy: Mariahilfer Straße,
Stadtpark, Burggarten, Donaupark, Prater, Donauzentrum mall, Shopping
Botanischer Garten der Univ. Wien, etc. City Süd mall
luxury and expensive: Kärtner
things you can do in the evening Straße, Graben
Cinema (generally: Apollo Kino, Cinneplex trendy and different (some new
and UCI – Kinowelt; summer: cinema at the young fashionable designers):
meadow Krieau, cinema at the roof of the, Neubaugasse
main Library, cinema in the Augarten park)
theater and classical music (Viennese Mozart-Concerts, Viennese Boys
choire, Viennese concert hall, Folkopera, etc.)
discos / bars: “Ice-Bar Vienna”, “Keiko” à both directly located at the “U-Bahn-
Bögen” (beneath the underground nr. 6); several bars and disco “Empire” at the
“Bermuda-Dreieck” (just a few minutes away from Sweden Place [undergournd nr. 4];
“Andagio” (Millennium City), etc.
“Heuriger” – typical austrian type of “restaurant” owned by a vitner / wine grower –
that’s a MUST for every Tourist

© Nina Rattan Seite 2 von /from 6


Beispiel: Writing a text
Task (Angabe)
„My home town“

Vienna is a beautiful old town that’s really worth visiting it. If you plan a trip to Austria or
especially our capital city, you should at least come for three days or longer. There are Einleitung:
worum geht
a lot of intersting sights to visit and of course there is much more you can do. This city es?
is full of culture, possibilities to make sport, traditional coffee houses and nices places
in general. But now let’s start our “walk trough Vienna”, where I will give you further
information.

I think the famous sights of Vienna are the most interesting things for tourists. You can
either take the yellow “Tourist tramway” that circles around the ring, take one of the
tourist buses or walk around by joining one of the guided tours trough the inner city. Of
course you can also walk around by yourself. I suggest to start at the downtown. If you
need to go by public transport you can take the underground (nr. 1 or nr. 3) to
“Stepansplatz” and visit St. Stephan’s Cathedral. There are different possibilities when
visiting the church: you can walk up to one of the church’s tower, take the elevator up
to the other tower or go to the catacombs beneath the cathedral. At lunch time I
suggest a typical “Heurigen Restaurant”. It is just behind the cathedral and is called
“Figlmüller”. This restaurant is famous for it’s typical delicious austrian food. Afterwards
you walk down the “Kärtnerstraße” – a huge expensive but beautifull shopping street.
At the end of the street you will find the “State’s Opera”. If you like to, you can go inside HAUPTTEIL
1. Absatz
and take part at the guided tour. Otherwise you can get on the “Tourist Tramway” and
Sehens-
circle around the Ring-Street with it’s beautifull buildings. You can get off any place you würdigkeiten

want to. In the afternoon, if you need a break, you should go to one of Vienna’s typical
coffe houses like “Sacher”, “Demel” or Hawelka. Austria (or especially Vienna) is
famous for them and I am sure you will like the cakes :-). If the weather is nice there
are two other famous tourist attractions you really should visit on the next day and the
day after. The first one is Schönbrunn Castle. It’s the place where our emperor and his
family used to live. It’s surrounded by a beautifull park. If you walk up the strenuous
way to the Gloriette it will be rewarded with a magnificent view over Vienna. One thing I
really like is the maze that was reopened a few years ago. It’s really funny to walk
trough it and find the right way to the exit. You can have your lunch at the restaurant
located in the center of Schönbrunn’s zoo. It is the world oldest Zoo and you will need a
lot of time which is rewarded with funny animal shows and interesting information about

© Nina Rattan Seite 3 von /from 6


the animals. The zoo is located right next to the castle. In the
evening I would suggest you to have dinner at the danube tower.
It’s a quite huge tower with a rotary restaurant. While eating, you
will see the lights of Vienna with additional information of the
buildings you see. After two interesting days there is still much
more to see. If the weather is nice again I would suggest to visit the Prater, an old
“amusement park”. Next to it’s famous attractions it is also a nice place to take a rest
and walk around in the surounding park. At the entrance you will find the “Riesenrad”. If
you still don’t have enough from Vienna’s beautifull view and want to enjoy it once
more you can go on a ride. By the way, the Riesenrad was part of the world fair, at the
beginning of the 20th century, where the Eiffel-Tower was shown as well. After enjoying
an intersting day you will probably wonder if there is anything to do in the evening and I
can tell you: yes there is quite a lot.

In summer, when the weather is usually nice, you can spend a nice evening at one of
Vienna’s outdoor cinemas in Augarten Park, at the roof of the main library or just at
Kriau meadow. As Austria’s State’s Opera is very famous you could also check if you
get tickets for an opera. If you prefere operetta there are a few nice places like the
summer stage of Baden, a small town very close to Vienna, or “Mörbisch”. You can get
2. Absatz
on a bus that brings you to this place in Burgenland and carries you home afterwards.
Abend-
It is famous because, it’s a stage based on the water of lake Neusiedel. A lot of tourists gestaltung

are interested in Viennese Mozart concerts and in concerts of the famous Viennes
boys choire. Of course I understand that not everyone likes theater. Therefore you
could also go to one of Vienna’s bars or restaurans. In summer there are some pretty
cool ones like “Sand in the City”, “Hermanns Strandbar” or “Badeschiff”. There is also
the “Bermuda-Dreieck”, which is a part of Vienna where a lot of bars are and it is a
place especially for young people. Also very nice are the “ICE-Bar Vienna” and the
“Keiko”. But don’t think Vienna’s nice in summer only. In winter I deeply suggest the
different christmas markets of Vienna like the ones in front of the town hall or of
Schönbrunn Castle and Spittellberg. They are very beautifull and are really worth
visiting them, because they spread a special kind of christmas feeling and the glogg is
really great!

I am sure you are wondering what shopping is like in Vienna. There are different
3. Absatz
possibilities. You can either go to Mariahilferstraße, this is a long shopping street with Einkaufen in
Wien
different shops that you may find in any other city, or to one of the big shopping malls
like “Donauzentrum” and Shopping City Süd”. If you are looking for trendy and modern

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things made from you designers I suggest to go to “Neubaugasse”
which is a neighbouring street of Mariahilfer Straße.
Kärtnerstraße and Grabe are shopping streets in the first district,
but they are specialized on luxury and quite expensive things.

Shopping is nice and can be relaxing, but there are much more things you can do
in Vienna. One thing is sports. If the weather’s nice you can go to the “Donauinsel”,
where you can either rent a bike or a pedal boat. Of course you could also go to the
high ropes course if you are free from giddiness. Some people tend to swim in the 4. Absatz
danube, but that’s something I wouldn’t suggest, because it is quite dirty, but to do Sport in und
um Wien
sports on the water is quite harmless. If you like windsurfing than there are two
possibilities. Either you go to the lido “Alte Donau”, where you can rent an equipment or
take part in a course, or you take the train to lake Neusiedl. This takes about one hour
and there are a lot of windsurf-rentals. It’s also a place where some professional
windsurfers are training and where the world-championship is held every year.

There is so much to do in Vienna. It is really a beautiffl town and it’s really worth seeing
it. As every holiday ends faster than you like you should concentrate on the things you
Abschluß:
really like to do The best time for a visit is summer. If you plan a trip to our beautifull was ist dein
Fazit
city you should take a few days to have enough time for the most important (Ergebnis)?
sightseeings, the beautiful parks, the big amount of cultural things like concerts and the Kurze
Zusammen-
different theaters, big shopping streets and of course the different forms of sports fassung und
Fazit
activities. I suggest you to make a short plan, in which you point out what you angeben
absolutely want to visit. Then you will see how much time you will need. I am sure you
will like our capital city because it offers different things for all kind of free-time
activities. The only thing, that’s left to say now, is to wish you a pleaseant stay. Have a
nice time.

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Themen für andere Texte

über mich und Andre Meine Welt Hobbys und Ausbildung und
Freizeit Arbeit
Let me introduce My home town Cost of Cds/DVDs Applying for a job
myself... Which do you My hobbies and Give arguments for or
My sister/brother prefer - city life or interests against teenage
My father's/mother's country life? My favourite pop working
job Holidays at home group My dream job
My best friend or abroad? My favourite sport My dream school
People I like I'm happy when... An interesting My favourite subject
Problems of young If I had a million weekend School uniforms
people dollars... An interesting Schools in the
What I think about Living as a film/book USA/Britain and
fashion teenager in my My last holidays Germany
My strangest dream country in...
Who can be a hero? Plans for my next
Would you do any holidays
voluntary activity? I have a
dangerous hobby
Gesundheit Ich als Kunde Umwelt Medien und Kunst
What's my day like? I like/don't like My pet Do you like reading?
What I like to eat... shopping How can you save Which do you prefer -
At the doctor's Pocket money - the environment? reading a book or
Try to convince your how much do you Endangered watching the film?
friend to stop get - how much do animals I like my mobile phone
smoking/drinking/taking you need? Skiing and the I like watching TV.
drugs Do you save environment I like playing on the
My attitude towards money? Why I like animals computer.
sport There's too much
My favourite sports violence on TV
I like fast food Success changes
I'm a vegetarian people - what do you
think?
Englisch weltweit Die Vergangenheit, die Gegenwart und
die Zukunft
Life in Britain/the USA/Australia/Northern A day without electricity
Ireland (or another English speaking My future wife/husband
country) How do you see yourself in 10 years?
Why should people speak English? Christmas - an old tradition that should be
kept or big business for the industry

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