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World Film History II

Germany Eastern Europe

Post-war film in Germany


HANS BURGER: Die Todesmhlen (1945) WOLFGANG STAUDTE: Die Mrder sind unter uns (1946) R.A. STEMMLE: Berliner Ballade (1948) ALFRED WEIDENMANN: Canaris (1954) HELMUT KUTNER: In jenen Tagen (1947), Des Teufels General (1955), Ludwig II (1954) BERNHARDT WICKI: Die Brcke (1959)

Young German Cinema


ALEXANDER KLUGE: Abschield von Gestern (1966),

Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: ratlos (1968)


VOLKER SCHLNDORF: Der junge Trless (1966)

JEAN-MARIE STRAUB & DANIELLE HUILLET: Chronik der Anna Magdalena Bach (1968).

Germany in the 70s and 80s


VOLKER SCHLNDORF: Der Fangschuss (1976), Die Blechtrommel (1980) MARGARETHA VON TROTTA: Die verlorene Ehre der Katarina Blum (1975), Die bleierne Zeit (1981), Rosa Luxemburg (1986). RAINER WERNER FASSIBINDER: Warnung vor einer heiligen Nutte, Der Hndler der vier Jahreszeiten (1971), Die Ehe der Maria Braun, Die dritte Generation, In einem Jahre mit 13 Monen (1979), Berliner Alexanderplatz (1980), Lili Marlene, Lola (1981) WERNER HERZOG Land des Schweigens und der Dunkelheit (1971), Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes (1972), Jeden fr sich und Gott gegen alle (1974), Herz aus Glas (1977), Fitzcaraldo (1982) WIM WENDERS: Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter (1971) Alice in der Stdten (1974), Paris, Texas (1982), Der Himmel ber Berlin (1987) HANS-JRGEN SYBERBERG: Ludwig, Requiem fr einen jungfraulichen Knig (1972), Hitler - ein Film aus Deutschland(1977)

Eastern Europe after the II World War


Rigorous control by socialist governments in line with Stalinist cultural policy toward the end of 1940s. Period of liberalization as a part of deStalinization in the latter half of 1950s New restrictions implemented after the Prague Spring in1968 Gradual liberalization in the 1980s The fall of Socialism in 1989

Evasive strategies (Hendrykowski)


Historicism: national history as irreversible catastrophe sometimes treated allegorically or with irony and black humour Documentation: Fiction film as a tool for social diagnosis Literary affinities: Adaptations of classical and contemporary literal works Aesopic film language: Subtle use of metaphors, symbols, allusions, subtexts Artistic values: Notion of authorial film as an art form with a mission

Poland after the war


Production nationalized and organized under Film Polski dz Film School 1948 WANDA JAKUBOWASKA: Ostatni etap (1948) ALEXANDER FORD: Ulica Graniczna (1948) JERZY ZARZYCKI: Miasto nieujarzmione(1950) Reorganization of Film Polski in 1954 Polish School 1954-1963

New wave in Poland


JERZY KAWALEROWICZ: Pociag (1959), Matka Joanna od aniow (1961) ANDRZEJ MUNK: Eroica (1957), Pasaerka (1962) ANDRZEJ WAJDA: Pokolenie (1955), Kanal (1957), Popi i diament (1958) Wszystko na sprzeda (1968), Niewinni czarodzieje (1961) Czowiek z marmuru (1977), Bez znieczulenia (1978) ROMAN POLANSKI: Nz w wodzie (1962) JERZY SKOLIMOWSKI: Rysopis (1964), Walkover (1965), Bariera (1966)

The third Polish cinema


KRZYSZTOF ZANUSSI: Struktura krysztalu (1969), Barwy ochronne (1977) Rok spokjnego sonca (1984) KRZYSZTOF KISLOWSKI: Amator (1979) Przypadek (1979) Decalog I-X (1989) RYSZARD BUGAJSKI: Przesuchanie (1982) AGNIESZKA HOLLAND: Aktorzy prowincjonalni (1980), Bittere Ernte (1985), Europa, Europa (1991) WALERIAN BOROWCZYK: Goto, Ile damour (1967), Contes immoraux (1974), Dzieje grzechu (1975)

Czechoslovakia after the War


GUSTAV MACHAT: Kreuzersonata (1926) Erotikon (1929), Ecstase (1932) Nationalization and reorganization of film industry in 1945 Film Faculty of the Academic Dramatic Arts (FAMU) - with facilities for puppet and animation film production A separate Slovak production system in 1947 JII TRNKA: palek (1947), Sen noci svatojansk (1958)

Towards the Prague Spring


TEFAN UHER: Slnko v sieti (1962) VERA CHYTILOVA: Strop, Pytel blech (1962), Sedmikrsky (1966), Ovoce strom rajskch jme (1967) MILOS FORMAN: Cern Petr (1963), Lsky jedn plavovlsky (1965), Ho, m panenko! (1967) JAROMIL JIRE: ert (1968) KACHYNA, KAREL: Ucho (1968) JASNY, VOJTECH: Vichni dobi rodci (1968) JIR MENZEL: Ostre sledovan vlaky (1966)

Hungary
After the war GZA RADVANY: Valahol Eurpban (1947) ZOLTN FABRI: Krhinta (1955) New Wave ANDRS KOVCS: Nehz emberek (1964), Hideg napok (1966) MIKLOS JANCS: Szegnylegnyek (1965), Csillagosok, katonk (1967), Csend s kilts (1968), Fnyes szelek (1969), Mg kr a np (1972), Szerelmem, Elektra (1974)

Yugoslavia
DUAN MAKAVEJEV: ovek nije tica (1966), WR - Misterije organizma (1967) EMIR KUSTURICA: Otac na sluzbenom putu (1985), Dom za vesanje (1988), Underground (1995)

Soviet Union - Russia


ELDAR RYAZANOV: Carnival Night (1956) GRIGORI KOZINTSEV: Hamlet (1964) ja King Lear (1972) SERGEI BONDARTSHUK: War and Piece (1965-67) MIHAIL KALATOZOV: Cranes are flying (1957) GEORGI DANELIYA: Walking the Streets of Moscow (1963) MARLEN KHUTSIYEV: July Rain (1966)

KIRA MURATOVA: Brief encounters (1968),The Long Farewells (1971)


ANDREI MIHALKOV-KONTSHALOVSKI: The First Teacher (1965), Asyas Happiness (1966) ALEXANDER ASKOLDOV: The Commissar (1967) ANDREI TARKOVSKI: Ivans Childhood (1959), Andrei Rubljov (1969), Solaris (1966), The Mirror (1974) Stalker (1979) VASILY SHUKSHIN: The Red Snowball Bush (1974) LARISSA SHEPITKO: The Ascent (1977) ELEM KLIMOV: Agony (1975), Go and See (1985)

Soviet Union - other states


SERGEI PARADZANOV: Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (1964), The Colour of Pomegranates (1969), The Legend of the Suram Fortress (1986) TENGIS ABULADZE: The Plea (1967), Repentence (1984) OTAR JOSELIAN: April (1961), The Falling Leaves (1968)