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# ECE 4000 -- Project Engineering & Professional Practice

Tail-End Z-Table
Area to the right of z in a Gaussian (normal) distribution,
where z is expressed in units of s (standard deviation).

z
x

## Z(z) = Prob{ x > z }

Z
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90
3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40
3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90
4.00

.00
.500000
.460172
.420740
.382089
.344578
.308538
.274253
.241964
.211855
.184060
.158655
.135666
.115070
.096801
.080757
.066807
.054799
.044565
.035930
.028716
.022750
.017864
.013903
.010724
.008198
.006210
.004661
.003467
.002555
.001866
.001350
.000968
.000687
.000483
.000337
.000233
.000159
1.08E-04
7.24E-05
4.81E-05
3.17E-05

Z(4.5) = 3.40E-06

5/25/00 6:37 PM jh

.01
.496011
.456205
.416834
.378281
.340903
.305026
.270931
.238852
.208970
.181411
.156248
.133500
.113140
.095098
.079270
.065522
.053699
.043633
.035148
.028067
.022216
.017429
.013553
.010444
.007976
.006037
.004527
.003364
.002477
.001807
.001306
.000936
.000664
.000467
.000325
.000224
.000153
1.04E-04
6.95E-05
4.62E-05
3.04E-05

-3
.02
.492022
.452242
.412936
.374484
.337243
.301532
.267629
.235762
.206108
.178786
.153864
.131357
.111233
.093418
.077804
.064256
.052616
.042716
.034379
.027429
.021692
.017003
.013209
.010170
.007760
.005868
.004397
.003264
.002401
.001750
.001264
.000904
.000641
.000450
.000313
.000216
.000147
9.96E-05
6.67E-05
4.43E-05
2.91E-05

Z(5.0) = 2.87E-07

.03
.488033
.448283
.409046
.370700
.333598
.298056
.264347
.232695
.203269
.176186
.151505
.129238
.109349
.091759
.076359
.063008
.051551
.041815
.033625
.026803
.021178
.016586
.012874
.009903
.007549
.005703
.004269
.003167
.002327
.001695
.001223
.000874
.000619
.000434
.000302
.000208
.000142
9.58E-05
6.41E-05
4.25E-05
2.79E-05

.04
.484047
.444330
.405165
.366928
.329969
.294598
.261086
.229650
.200454
.173609
.149170
.127143
.107488
.090123
.074934
.061780
.050503
.040929
.032884
.026190
.020675
.016177
.012545
.009642
.007344
.005543
.004145
.003072
.002256
.001641
.001183
.000845
.000598
.000419
.000291
.000200
.000136
9.20E-05
6.15E-05
4.08E-05
2.67E-05

.05
.480061
.440382
.401294
.363169
.326355
.291160
.257846
.226627
.197662
.171056
.146859
.125072
.105650
.088508
.073529
.060571
.049471
.040059
.032157
.025588
.020182
.015778
.012224
.009387
.007143
.005386
.004025
.002980
.002186
.001589
.001144
.000816
.000577
.000404
.000280
.000193
.000131
8.84E-05
5.91E-05
3.91E-05
2.56E-05

Z(5.5) = 1.90E-08

0
.06
.476078
.436441
.397432
.359424
.322758
.287740
.254627
.223627
.194894
.168528
.144572
.123024
.103835
.086915
.072145
.059380
.048457
.039204
.031443
.024998
.019699
.015386
.011911
.009137
.006947
.005234
.003907
.002890
.002118
.001538
.001107
.000789
.000557
.000390
.000270
.000185
.000126
8.50E-05
5.67E-05
3.75E-05
2.45E-05

.07
.472097
.432505
.393580
.355691
.319178
.284339
.251429
.220650
.192150
.166023
.142310
.121001
.102042
.085344
.070781
.058208
.047460
.038364
.030742
.024419
.019226
.015003
.011604
.008894
.006756
.005085
.003793
.002803
.002052
.001489
.001070
.000762
.000538
.000376
.000260
.000179
.000121
8.16E-05
5.44E-05
3.60E-05
2.35E-05

Z(6.0) = 9.90E-10

.08
.468119
.428576
.389739
.351973
.315614
.280957
.248252
.217695
.189430
.163543
.140071
.119000
.100273
.083793
.069437
.057053
.046479
.037538
.030054
.023852
.018763
.014629
.011304
.008656
.006569
.004940
.003681
.002718
.001988
.001441
.001035
.000736
.000519
.000362
.000251
.000172
.000117
7.84E-05
5.22E-05
3.45E-05
2.25E-05

.09
.464144
.424655
.385908
.348268
.312067
.277595
.245097
.214764
.186733
.161087
.137857
.117023
.098525
.082264
.068112
.055917
.045514
.036727
.029379
.023295
.018309
.014262
.011011
.008424
.006387
.004799
.003573
.002635
.001926
.001395
.001001
.000711
.000501
.000350
.000242
.000165
.000112
7.53E-05
5.01E-05
3.31E-05
2.16E-05

Z(6.5) = 4.04E-11