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# KONVERTER

## Komponen % mol Laju alir mol

Propylen 0.06044 31.06061
Propane 0.93956 482.8857

## Laju alir umpan 22551.515 kg/jam

Densitas propilen 1.326 kg/m3 STP
Densitas propan 3.046 kg/m3 STP
Spacetime 0.0022129878 jam
Jenis katalis kromium oksida
Diameter katalis 0.005 m
Densitas katalis 3390.22 kg/m3
Kondisi operasi
T 675 C 948 K
P 0.7 bar
Jenis reaktor Multitubular fixed bed reactor
Reaksi C3H8 → C3H6 + H2

Volume Reaktor
Densitas umpan = 1.4079722392 kg/m3
Laju alir volumetrik = 16017.0169005667 m3/jam
Volume reaktor = 35.4454636339 m3
Faktor keamanan 10 %
Volume total reaktor = 38.9900099972 m3
volume 1 reaktor 12.9966699991 m3
Jumlah Tube
diameter katalis/ diameter tube dk/dt = 0.15
diameter tube = 0.0333333333 m 1.312333 in
OD = 1.7 in 0.04318009 m
ID = 1.5 in 0.03810008 m
BWG = 16
L= 35 f 10.6681297 m 420.0043
volume 1 tube = 0.0121565302 m3
jumlah tube = 1781.8502736835 buah

Diameter Shell
Susunan tube : triangular pitch (60 )
o

## C' (clearance) = 0.0215900432 m sin 60 0.866025

Pt = 0.0647701295 m
Luas segitiga = 0.0018165618 m2
Diameter shell = 2.0306069082 m 79.94499 in

## Tebal Dinding Reaktor

low-alloy steel SA-301 B
P= 0.6908461 atm 11.1679417 psi
R= 1.015303454 m 39.972497 in
f= 1000 psi
E= 0.8
C= 0.125 in
ts = 0.683348155 in 0.01735708 m

Massa Katalis

porositas 0.4
Tumpukan katalis 2034.132 kg/m3
Massa katalis = 14.8367922541 kg /tube
Ac 0.001139518 M2
Volume katalis dlam tube 0.0072939181 m3

Note:
Data dari sumber/ perhitungan
Sumber data

OD = ID + 2TS
OD = 2.065321064 m 81.3116903 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)==>

## rc = 84 in (Brownell tabel 5.7) 2.133604

irc = 5.25 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)

k= 2
v= 1

## Th = 0.683793217 in ===> 0.27 in 0.029572

Tinggi tutup, OA = TH + b + sf

a = ID / 2 = 39.97249699 in
AB = a - icr = 34.72249699 in
BC = rc - icr = 78.75 in
AC = akar(BC^2 - AB^2) = 70.6817565072 in
b = rc - AC = 13.31824349 in
sf = 2
OA = 15.58824349 in 0.39594218 m

## Tinggi Total Tangki = Hs + 2 x OA = 451.180754 in 11.46001

MENGHITUNG BUFFLE
buffle 6
jarak buffle 1.910002346 m
luas area buffle 0.008057124 m2

Nozzle
Nozzle reaktor yang digunakan meliputi
Nozzle pemasukan umpan
Nozzle Pengeluaran produk
Nozzle Pemasukan BFW
Nozzle pengeluaran BFW

## Nozzle pemasukan umpan

Laju alir massa gas masuk, Fi 22551.515 kg/h 49717.84 lb/h
densitas gas campuran,r 1.4079722392 kg/m3 0.087897 lb/f3
Viscositas campuran gas 0.0014126413 lb/f

## Laju alir volumetrik, vo 157.1217255407 f3/h

Diamenter Nozzle, Dn
Asumsi aliran turbulen
Dn opt 39.6906441251 in

## Digunakan pipa standar 40 in

ID
OD
at'
cek reynold number

kecepatan gs, u

Nre
Nre > 4000, asumsi aliran turbulen benar
Spesifikasi Reaktor
Kondisi Operasi Kondisi Desain
temperatur, C 402 temperatur, C 402
tekanan, bar 0.7 tekanan, bar 0.76
space time, jam 0.002212988 space time, jam 0.00221299
Data Mekanik
bahan konstruksi low-alloy steel SA-301 grade B
Diameter Reaktor, m 2.0653210639 m
Tinggi reaktor, m 11.4600140777 m
tebal shell, m 0.0173570778 m
Tube
Diameter, m 0.0381000762 m
tinggi, m 10.6681297245 m
jumlah 1781.8502736835
KONVERTER

## Laju alir massa BM Z Data Zc = JM Smith

1304.545 kg/jam 42 0.289 Data BM = JM Smith
21246.970 kg/jam 44 0.276
0.942

## Bahan Carbon steel SA 204 A grade c

Fungsi Memproduksi propilen
Cao 8.344614E-06
k 31260000 -5.95283 0.002598 81228.04 viskositas : cp * 2,42
r 53423.284965
to` 0.0022129878
V 0.2957787288 1.01325
W 0.2386259442 1 750.0615
1247 525.043
112.5933 m3/kgmol
k2 0.0097 -0.1624 0.850099 0.008246 120.3194 m3/kgmol
185.1068

## Perhitungan Densitas (Gas Ideal)

BMcamp = 43.87913
Z= 0.276786
R= 83.14 cm3(bar)/ mol K
ρ= 0.001408 gr/cm3
1.407972 kg/m3

## (JM Smith, 1981)

(Kern )
(Kern )
(Kern )
in

ID shell 2Ntube*Pt^2*sin60/3.14

## (Brownell and Young)

(+ 10% tekanan operasi)

(bischoff,1970)

## (Brownell tabel 5.7)==> 84 in Elipsoidal Head => volume = 0.0847

m 1.1642317437

m
Zc = kompresibility factor critis (tekanan)

viskositas : cp * 2,42

m3/kgmol
m3/kgmol

## nsitas (Gas Ideal)

cm3(bar)/ mol K
ID^3
Komponen Laju alir massa Laju alir mol % mol
Propylen 47894.0656565657 kg/jam 1140.335 0.05821
Propane 334613.888888889 kg/jam 7604.861 0.38818
Oxygen 27608.5858585859 kg/jam 862.7683 0.04404
Hydrogen 2448.6111111111 kg/jam 1224.306 0.06249
Water 1262.6262626263 kg/jam 70.1459 0.00358
Methanol 276606.944444444 kg/jam 8643.967 0.44122
Fuel 1914.0151515152 kg/jam 44.51198 0.00227
19590.89

## Laju alir umpan 692348.737 kg/jam

Densitas propilen 1.326 kg/m3 STP
Densitas propan 3.046 kg/m3 STP
Spacetime 0.0076055541 jam
Jenis katalis kromium oksida
Diameter katalis 0.005 m
Densitas katalis 2363.5 kg/m3
Kondisi operasi
T 65 C 338 K 149
P 15 bar
Jenis reaktor Multitubular fixed bed reactor
Reaksi C3H+H2+O2 → C3H6O + H2O

Volume Reaktor
Densitas umpan = 454.0898992904 kg/m3
Laju alir volumetrik = 1524.6953047309 m3/jam
Volume reaktor = 11.5961526451 m3
Faktor keamanan 10 %
Volume total reaktor = 12.7557679096 m3

Jumlah Tube
diameter katalis/ diameter tube dk/dt = 0.15 (JM Smith, 1981)
diameter tube = 0.0333333333 m 1.312333 in
OD = 1.7 in 0.04318009 m (Kern )
ID = 1.5 in 0.03810008 m (Kern )
BWG = 16 (Kern )
L= 30 f 9.14411119 m 360.0037 in
volume 1 tube = 0.010419883 m3
jumlah tube = 1224.1757296025 buah

Diameter Shell
Susunan tube : triangular pitch (60 o)
C' (clearance) = 0.0215900432 m
Pt = 0.0647701295 m
Luas segitiga = 0.0018165618 m2
Diameter shell = 2.3802749968 m 93.71143 in

## P= 14.803845 bar 239.313037 psi (+ 10% tekanan operasi)

R= 1.1901374984 m 46.8557133 in
f= 11250 psi
E= 0.85
C= 0.125 in
ts = 1.2976829918 in 0.03296121 m

Massa Katalis
Volume reaktor 12.7557679096
Bulk density 0.4 (wallas)
Tumpukan katalis 1418.1 kg/m3
Massa katalis dlm tube 8.8658616742 kg/tube
Ac 0.0011395184
Volume katalis dlm tube 0.0062519298 m3

Note:
Data dari sumber/ perhitungan
Sumber data

OD = ID + 2TS
OD = 2.4461974246 m 96.3067926 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)==>

## rc = 96 in (Brownell tabel 5.7) 2.438405 m

irc = 5.875 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)

k= 2
v= 1

## Th = 1.3005624348 in ===> 0.75 in 0.057317 m

Tinggi tutup, OA = TH + b + sf

a = ID / 2 = 46.8557133114 in
AB = a - icr 40.9807133114 in
BC = rc - ic 90.125 in
AC = akar(BC^2 - AB^2) = 80.2689028298 in
b = rc - AC 15.7310971702 in
sf = 2
OA = 18.4810971702 in 0.46942081 m

## Volume total = Vr + 2xV head = 15.0402871 m^3

BM Z Data Zc = JM Smith Zc = kompresibility factor critis (tekanan)
42 0.289 Data BM = JM Smith
44 0.276
32 0.288
2 0.305 densitas ( A B n Tc
18 0 0.817242 0.3471 0.3473 0.28571 647.13 -0.80971
32 0 0.749048 0.27197 0.27192 0.2331 512.58 -0.77797
43 0.2765
propilen 0.133931495
Ca 7.149032E-05
Bahan Carbon steel SA 204 A grade A Cao 3.10701E-05
Fungsi Memproduksi propilen

viskositas : cp * 2,42
k 1.238994
r 1.081779
to -0.45633 0.007606 1.01325
1 750.0615
525.043
40.14401 m3/kgmol
1017.632 m3/kgmol
1082.587

## Perhitungan Densitas (Gas Ideal)

BMcamp = 35.34033
Z= 0.156333
R= 83.14 cm3(bar)/ mol K
ρ= 0.45409 gr/cm3
454.0899 kg/m3

Smith, 1981)
wnell and Young)

0% tekanan operasi)

## 96 in Elipsoidal Head => volume = 0.0847 ID^3

2.2565604
actor critis (tekanan)
MIXER NaOH

Komponen Laju Alir massa% mol Laju alir masuk mol densitas viskositas
Propylen 40646.84343 0.108082339 967.781986532 787.381 kg/m3 0.00054
Propane 269388.5101 0.683759843 6122.4661386593 1000.000 kg/m3 #REF!
Oxygen 23936.61616 0.083539135 748.0192550505
Hydrogen 2142.676768 0.119647565 1071.3383838384
Fuel 1914.015152 0.004971118 44.5119802678
8954.117744348

## material = stainless steel reactor

temperatur = 25 C
Waktu = 300 menit 5 jam
sistem continous
Jenis Reaktor CSTR

## Densitas Campuran = 74.5663 kg/m3 0.002694 lbm/in3 4.655141 lbm/f3

Laju alir volumetrik = 321.0114 m3/jam
Volume cairan, VL = 1605.0568 m3
hold up = 20%

## Volume reaktor = 1926.068201 m3

Over design = 20%

DIMENSI TANGKI

## Volume tangki = V shell + 2xV head

2311.2818416757 = 0.785 ID^2 * H + 0.1556 ID^3
ID^3 = 2457.242018
ID = 13.49426737 m 531.2693065157 in
Hs = 13.49426737 m 531.2693065157 in
Tinggi cairan, HL
VL = 0.785 ID^2 * HL + 0.0778 ID^3
1605.056834497 = 142.9447728 HL + 191.1734
HL = 9.891116534 m 389.4132579274 in

## Tekanan operasi, Pop = 1 atm 14.696 psi

gc = 386.0919227 lbm in/lbf s2
g= 385.826 in/s2

## P desain = 15.74430437 psi

R= 6.747133687 m 265.6346532579 in
f= 20000 psi
E= 85%
C= 0.125 in
ts = 0.371150477 in 0.009427241 m 0.25 in standar (brownell tabe

OD = ID + 2TS
OD = 532.0116075 in 38 in (Brownell tabel 5.7) 0.965202

## rc = 36 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)

irc = 2.375 in (Brownell tabel 5.7)

## Th = 0.436093042 in ===> 0.19 in 0.004763 m

Tinggi tutup, OA = TH + b + sf

a = ID / 2 = 265.6346533 in
AB = a - icr = 263.2596533 in
BC = rc - icr = 33.625 in
AC = akar(BC^2 - AB^2) = #VALUE! in
b = rc - AC = #VALUE! in
sf = 2
OA = #VALUE! in #VALUE! m

## Tinggi Total Tangki = Hs + 2 x OA = #VALUE! in #VALUE! m

impeller ===>> six-blade turbine with disk agitator with four baffles

Dt = 38 in
C/Dt = 1/3

C= 12.66666667 in 0.3217339768 m

Da/Dt = 0.4

Da = 15.2 in 0.3860807722 m

Dd/Da = 2/3

Dd = 10.13333333 in 0.2573871814 m

W/Da = 1/5

W= 3.04 in 0.0772161544 m

L/Da = 1/4

L= 3.8 in 0.096520193 m

J/Dt = 1/12

J= 3.166666667 in 0.0804334942 m

Nre = #REF!

P= 5.53 W
0.01 kW
0.01 HP

## Daya motor = 0.01 HP 0.0065017165 kW

BM F19
Pa s 42 MeOH 28.4898 0.890306
Pa s 44 H2O 59.28798 3.293776
32
2
43 F30
MeOH 11.21069
H20 0.262751

F20
MeOH
H20

61023.38
standar (brownell tabel 5.7) 0.00635 m

m
0.350334
0.014597
Komponen % mol (Y) Laju alir mol Laju alir massa
Propylen 0.060435511 31.06060606 1304.54545455
Propane 0.939564489 482.8856749 21246.969697

P 0.7 bar
T 675 C 948 K R 0.08314
space time 0.1666666667 jam
Katalis kromium oksida
porositas katalis 0.06 cm3/g
Densitas katalis 5220 kg/m3
reaktor fixed bed multitubular

## reaktan pembatas propan

laju volumetrik (Vo) Fao/CAo
CAo Yao.P/RT 0.008344614 kmol/m3 Ca 0.0022364574
Vo 57867.943034239 m3/jam
Volume reaktor 9644.6571723731 m3

k 1.238994297
BM
kg/jam 42 Laju alir massa Laju alir mol BM % mol
kg/jam 44 propylen 11657.7020202 277.5643338 42 0.362373
propana 8486.74242424 192.8805096 44 0.251815
hidrogen 493.055555556 246.5277778 2 0.321854
m3(bar)/ kmol K butana 957.007575758 17.089421 56 0.022311
etana 957.007575758 31.90025253 30 0.041647
765.9622948

lnCao/Ca=kt
kmol/m3 k 7.9003394898
Chart Title
2.5

## 2 f(x) = 0.0320794845x^2 - 0.0699974743x + 0.2142968475

R² = 0.9884546641
0.9 0.105361 1.5
Column I
0.8 0.223144 Axis Title
1 Polynomial (Column I)
0.7 0.356675
0.6 0.510826 0.5
0.5 0.693147
0.4 0.916291 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0.3 1.203973
0.2 1.609438 Axis Title
0.1 2.302585
3x + 0.2142968475

Column I
Polynomial (Column I)
T 948
propilen -7.23 0.3418 -0.000094516
propane -5.462 0.32722 -0.00010672

## viskositas campuran 0.001413 lb/(ft·s)

231.8545 0.000232 0.001558
208.8329 0.000209 0.001403