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June 2019 Hall A, Booth no E6
Cobianchi Liftteile AG Cobianchi Liftteile AG Cobianchi Liftteile AG
Weststrasse 16, Postfach 177 Weststrasse 16, Postfach 177 Weststrasse 16, Postfach 177
CH - 3672 Oberdiessbach / Switzerland CH - 3672 Oberdiessbach / Switzerland CH - 3672 Oberdiessbach / Switzerland
+41 (0)31 720 50 50 Telefon +41 (0)31 720 50 50 Telefon +41 (0)31 720 50 50 Telefon
+41 (0)31 720 50 51 Fax +41 (0)31 720 50 51 Fax +41 (0)31 720 50 51 Fax

PC11GA / PC11GO / PC11GU PC13GA / PC13GO / PC13GU PC24GA / PC24GO / PC24GU

Q & P max. 1‘500 kg va max. 2,16 m/s Q & P max. 2‘600 kg va max. 3,5 m/s Q & P max. 5‘498 kg va max. 3,5 m/s

NEU mit Doppelgleitbacke NEU mit Doppelgleitbacke NEU mit Doppelgleitbacke

NEW with easy release mechanism NEW with easy release mechanism NEW with easy release mechanism

DIN EN81-20/50 DIN EN81-20/50 DIN EN81-20/50

Cobianchi Liftteile AG
Weststrasse 16, Postfach 177
CH - 3672 Oberdiessbach / Switzerland
+41 (0)31 720 50 50 Telefon
+41 (0)31 720 50 51 Fax

PC100E / PC100U   

  
Q & P max. 13‘000 kg va max. 2,63 m/s

Q & P max. 6‘951 kg va max. 3,5 m/s

Q & P max. 5‘000 kg va max. 5,06 m/s

NEU erhöhte Auslösegeschwindigkeit

NEW for higher speed

  

  

DIN EN81-20/50   

  
Cobianchi Liftteile AG
Weststrasse 16, Postfach 177
CH - 3672 Oberdiessbach / Switzerland
+41 (0)31 720 50 50 Telefon
+41 (0)31 720 50 51 Fax

PC100X / PC200X
PC300X / PC400X
Q & P max. 75‘872 kg va max. 2,0 m/s
  
Q & P max. 52‘000 kg va max. 2,63 m/s    

 
 


May - June 2019 Issue 3 Volume 1

Sto ry e n t s
80 A Remarkable Milestone in
Stockholm 26 ELA Conference 2019
by Kaija Wilkinson by Angela C. Baldwin

32 Big Success

Featu by Yasin Eker

res 39 World Stage

by Yasin Eker

44 Tradition, Modernity Meet at

84 Escalators and Moving Walks for
Heilbronn Lift Days
Amsterdam's North-South Metro
by Undine Stricker-Berghoff
by Koos van Lindenberg

90 Meet the Tulip: London’s Most

m n s
Controversial Tower
by Matt Irvin Co l u
64 The Impact of Pre-Stretching on
Elevator Ropes
by Konrad Stahr and Dr. Andreas Franz

26 68 Elevator Ride Quality Adjustment

With a VFD
by Sher Xiong

72 How Suspension Means Affect

Cost-Effective Design and Space
by Dr. Nicola Imbimbo

32 95 Lift Safety Revolutionaries

by Jonas Tomasson

2 • May - June 2019






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Innovative design and aluminium casing granting
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Please visit G-500
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May - June 2019 Issue 3 Volume 1

& Sta on Codes
50 The Role of Risk Assessment in
Innovative Product Development
by Lou Bialy

58 Does Installing Elevators in 39

Conformity with Standards
Guarantee Safety?
by Erol Akçay

61 Globalization in Standardization
Moving Forward
by Koos van Lindenberg


e n t s

8 Editor's Overview

10 Calendar of Events

12 International News

99 Product Spotlight
84 104 Advertisers Index

4 • May - June 2019


SINCE 1977

Başkent OSB R.T. Erdoğan Bulv. Malıköy
No: 5 Sincan - Ankara / TÜRKİYE
Tel: +90 312 640 15 60
Mission Statement
The intelligent collection, management and distribution of
Editor and Publisher
information for the benefit of the industry, while providing Angela Baldwin (V.P. Editorial), Massimo Bezzi, Jonathan
Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick
a global marketing platform that expands the reach of the Charest, Gina McKeller, James Green, Ricia Hendrick
industry to all corners of the world. (Chairman), Martha Hulgan, Achim Hütter, John Koshak, Robert
President Lane, T. Bruce MacKinnon (President), Lillie McWilliams (V.P.
Subscriber Services & Back Issues Production), Brad O’Guynn (V.P. Sales/Marketing) and Robert
T.Bruce MacKinnon
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♦♦ Submissions to be considered for publication should be Africa: Shem Oirere; Australia: John Inglis, Dean Morgan,
sent to Editorial space is Ritchie Lobert; Canada: John Murphy; China: Peng Jie, Zhang
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or educational value and may be edited. Contact Stricker-Berghoff, Will Berghoff, Andreas Wirths; Hungary:
Managing Editor Angela C. Baldwin, ext. 30, or email Marius Makovsky; India: TAK Mathews; Iran: Amir Reza Associate Editor Hashemi; Amirhossein Haji Seyed Boroujerdi Israel: Ami
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6 • May - June 2019

Editor's Overview

by Ricia Sturgeon-Hendrick

“There are over 15 million elevators all over the world, 6.2 • The Role of Risk Assessment in Innovative Product
million are in Europe.” Development by Lou Bialy. The author explains how risk
assessment is used for standards around the world.
. . . Robert Zappa, ELA president
• Globalization in Standardization Moving Forward.
The news from Europe is clearly positive. New offices Koos van Lindenberg speaks on acceptance of EN 81 20/50
are opening; partnerships are growing; seasoned managers by ISO, an important step towards globalization.
are moving into new positions; and, of course, skylines from
Cyprus to Paris and London are going up. • Does Installing Elevators in Conformity with
Standards Guarantee Safety? Erol Akçay notes that
The European lift industry gathered, as they often do in requirements are the minimums with no protection for the
the spring, in Germany, Greece, London and Turkey. There unanticipated. Constant change has to address emerging
were overlapping events in Turkey, both exhibitions. Each risks.
bolstered attendance at the other. Eurasia Asansör Fair
was the smaller of the two events but not by much. There Technology articles this month are: The Impact of Pre-
were 160 exhibitors and more than 30,000 visitors. Ali Bulut, stretching on Elevator Ropes by Konrad Stahr and Dr.
president of CNR Holdings, said, “It is impressive to see Andreas Franz. The authors, after much testing, conclude
Turkish companies competitive after 20 years where Western that in pre-stretching rope no significant difference in
companies have had 100 years.” The second event, Asansör elasticity could be discerned. How Suspension Means
Istanbul, is in its 16th year. It welcomed 288 exhibits and Affect Cost-Effective Design and Space Efficiency by
more than 28,000 visitors. In Germany at Heilbronn, the Dr. Nicola Imbimbo. The author states that the use of wire
36th conference, reported on by Undine Stricker-Berghoff, rope goes back almost 200 years and steel-based suspension
was held to a packed auditorium with topics concerning means is used around the world now in ropes and belts. He
standards and regulations. In addition, a women’s group met. focuses on inspection and predictive maintenance. Quality
Ascen.tec in Greece, the country’s first industry exhibition Adjustment with a VFD – a powerful adjustment tool from
in 10 years, proved successful and a second exposition is KEB for a mechanic to control rollback and speed.
planned for May of next year. Just before we went to press
our managing editor, Angie Baldwin, traveled to the UK to The feature articles this month range widely from
attend the ELA Conference in London. The European Lift London to Amsterdam to Stockholm:
Association explored lifts and escalators in a digital world.
The papers covered predictive maintenance, the use of • The Tulip in London’s historic area near the Tower of
artificial intelligence and much more. A panel on A Skilled London continues to be very controversial.
Workforce for the Future was well received.
• Escalators and Moving Walks for Amsterdam’s North-
The focus topic for this issue of ELEVATOR WORLD South Metro Line – met the energy efficiency demanded.
Europe is Codes and Standards, and it was a topic of
conversation in most recent European venues. With Brexit • Urban Escape – A Remarkable Milestone in
in the offing, many were relieved to hear that the UK plans Stockholm. thyssenkrupp delivers largest-ever order to new
to continue adherence to the EN81 standard. We offer three mixed-use city block.
excellent papers on Codes and Standards:
There is so much more to this issue – skylines are rising
all over Europe. Please enjoy!

8 • May - June 2019

w w w . a s c e n s o a r e . r o


Calendar of Events

2019 July
Indonesia Lift & Escalator Expo
July 10-12
Surabaya, Indonesia

Global Lift & Escalator Expo Africa
August 27-29
Johannesburg, South Africa

NAEC 70th Annual Convention and Exposition
September 16-19
Grand Rapids, MI, U.S

10th Symposium on Lift &

Escalator Technologies
September 18-19
Northampton, U.K.

October 15-18
Augsburg, Germany
CTBUH 10th World Congress
October 28-November 2
Chicago, IL, U.S.

International Elevator &
Escalator Symposium
December 3-4
Las Vegas, NV, U.S.

10 • May - June 2019

IEE Expo
February 27 -29
Mumbai, India
10th International Symposium on
Elevator & Escalator İran
February 27
Tehran, Iran

World Elevator & Escalator Expo 2020
May 6-9
Shanghai, China
Ascen.tec-Elevator Technologies 2020
May 22-24
Athens, Greece

Indonesia Lift & Escalator Expo
July 11-13
Jakarta, Indonesia

NAEC 71st Annual Convention and Exposition
September 13-16
Houston, TX, U.S
The Elevator Show
September 7-9
Dubai, U.A.E.

Eurasia Asansör Fair
October 21-24
Istanbul, Turkey

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 11

International News

Transitions Manager for Germany's Cibes

Lift Group
After founding Cibes Lift Deutschland
New roles are filled in India, Europe and Australia GmbH last fall, Cibes Lift Group has hired
Jaschar Mahmoudian as country manager
for Germany. He also serves as managing
Mehan Named thyssenkrupp director of Cibes Lift Deutschland and has
Elevator (India) CEO already spent several weeks at the Cibes
Manish Mehan has been appointed as Jaschar Mahmoudian Lift Group head office in Gävle, Sweden.
new CEO of thyssenkrupp Elevator (India), Mahmoudian has served in top management positions at such
thyssenkrupp announced in April. Mehan companies as thyssenkrupp and Schindler. He holds a degree in
has been the company's chief financial Business Communication from HTW Berlin - University of
officer for the last 12 years, where he led the Applied Sciences. Mahmoudian will be based in Berlin, where
financial and related functions for the Indian Cibes Lift Group plans to establish a new office soon.
Manish Mehan and Bangladeshi operating units. In his new
role, he will drive all strategic, operational Seasoned VT Professional for
and financial goals for Operating Unit India with focuses on sales Australia's LML Lift Consultants
and productivity growth, organization streamlining, talent LML Lift Consultants, headquartered
development, and overall safety and quality improvements. in suburban Melbourne, Australia, has
Ravi Kirpalani, CEO, thyssenkrupp India, said he is confident appointed longtime industry member
Mehan "will be an asset to the company. His vast experience and Gary Brown to its growing team of
leadership skills will further enhance the performance of the national consultants. Brown will monitor
organization. . . ." Mehan added, “With strong talent expertise the performance of lift companies, with a
and global experience, my focus would be to further accelerate Gary Brown focus on safety. Brown began his vertical-
the growth and deliver best results aligned with the company’s transportation (VT) career as a lift technician, going on to
vision.” He is a chartered accountant with a Bachelor of various roles with Otis and Schindler. He has overseen projects
Commerce from Delhi University. and led service, construction and safety departments. "Gary's
focus has always been on ensuring that the lift equipment
thyssenkrupp Elevator France Names New placed into service is finished to a high standard and safe to
President operate," LML Director Richie Lobert said, estimating that
Emmanuel Paris became the new president of thyssenkrupp bringing Brown to the team means LML has roughly 280 years
Elevator France on May 1. He succeeds Emmanuel Altmayer, of combined industry experience.
who served as president from February 2016 to April 2019. Paris
spent 10 years as manager at PricewaterhouseCoopers and four Managing Director for U.K.'s
years as head of Etna France before joining thyssenkrupp Pickerings
Elevator Home Solutions in 2011. Paris also worked for Drieux- Paul Brooks has succeeded Ian Bowers
Combaluzier, a company that specializes as managing director of Cleveland,
in custom elevators and the maintenance U.K.-based Pickerings Lifts. Bowers has
and modernization of multibrand retired, which has initiated further
elevators. He later became district changes within the company’s executive
manager for the Paris Ile-de-France area board, with former Service Sales and
of thyssenkrupp before becoming Paul Brooks Marketing Director Gary Rains having
director of sales and marketing been promoted to service director. In his new role, Brooks
operations. In addition to will be responsible for the strategy, growth and direction of
Emmanuel Paris, thyssenkrupp Pickerings, as well as taking responsibility for key customer
Elevator France is also joined by accounts. Brooks joined the company in 2014 as head of
Jérôme Py, who will serve as divisional operations before being promoted to service
chief financial officer France. director in 2018.

12 • May - June 2019

Lift safety in
your pocket
Let us guide you through the changes.
Email and order
SafeLine’s free EN 81-28 2018 guide today.

Now in accordance with EN 81-28 2018. Updated features include:

– Battery capacity time

– Self-test process
– Alarm failure indication
International News

OEMs and independents see shakeups
around the world.

IGV Names CEO/General

Michele Suria has been named Milan,
Italy-based IGV Group SpA's CEO and
general manager. Citing "extensive
(l-r) Invertek Drives Ltd. Global Key Account Manager Andy Whalley with
experience in management consulting and EPS CEO Nemanja Milentijevic
general management of small and
medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)," Suria Invertek Partners With Balkans' EPS, Expands
Michele Suria said his most recent position was chief Invertek Drives Ltd. of Welshpool, U.K., has appointed
financial officer at Implanta SpA. Prior to that, he was CFO and Electro Pneumatic Solutions (EPS) as its sales partner for
chief operations officer for Driade, a home design specialty Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro. Belgrade,
company. He has served as a consultant for Deloitte Serbia-based EPS will be adding Invertek's variable-frequency-
Consulting, Accenture and BIP. He also worked for drive (VFD) products to its automation and industrial process
ItalianCreationGroup, Athena, Telecom Italia/Tim, Vodafone, line, providing sales and service of the Invertek Optidrive
Siemens, Ferrari, Coin, Camozzi Group, Ansaldo, Biasi and range.
several other SMEs in finance management, marketing, Invertek also announced the completion of a new 5,500-m2
customer care, business development and process global manufacturing and distribution center at its
reengineering. He holds an MBA from Bocconi University in headquarters. It said the new facility will allow it to increase
Milan with a focus on Strategy and Finance. production to more than 500,000 VFDs a year.

EHC Global Opens Spain Facility to

Support EMEA Growth
Escalator handrail, component and services
provider EHC Global recently opened a facility in
Seville, Spain, to support growth in Europe, the Middle
East and Africa (EMEA). Located in the La Negrilla
district, the three-story facility houses sales, project
management, customer service and administrative
offices, as well as provides space for production,
assembly and storage. It joins EHC facilities in
Santander and Madrid. EHC Global President and
CEO Jeno Eppel and Managing Director, Central
Region Norman Rosnersky presided over a ribbon
cutting in May. Miguel Chías González-Blanch, general
manager, Spain & Portugal, observed, "Our new facility
will enable us to meet the growing demands and future
needs of our customers in the region." Ribbon-cutting ceremony in May for the new EHC Global facility in Seville

14 • May - June 2019

thyssenkrupp Elevator: IPO
on the Way; Canada
A New Path Forward
The executive board of
thyssenkrupp AG has proposed to the
supervisory board its elevator business
be launched in an initial public offering
(IPO), rather than splitting the
company in two as thyssenkrupp
Industrials and thyssenkrupp Materials
(ELEVATOR WORLD, April 2019).
The move is part of what the executive
board described on May 10 as a
"fundamental strategic realignment."
The move had been expected to end
antitrust proceedings of the European
Commission related to thyssenkrupp thyssenkrupp Elevator Canada celebrated its
Steel Europe AG's alleged role in Engineering Centre's two-year anniversary in May.
suspected cartel agreements.
thyssenkrupp and India's Tata Steel
assume the planned joint venture will Expansion, Centralization in as well as one branch, are under one
Canada roof. More than 30 employees
be blocked by the commission in light
relocated there, bringing their number
of concerns not resolved by a market thyssenkrupp Elevator Canada's
at the center to 87.
survey done in the wake of several Engineering Centre at 270 Finchdene
In further investment in Canada,
concessions by the steel giants. Square in Scarborough, Canada, was
the company centralized multiple
thyssenkrupp plans to reintegrate its expanded earlier this year. The
locations into its new shared services
Steel Europe business back into the company says the CAD3-million
facility at 2075 Kennedy Road in
group in the third quarter of this fiscal (US$2.23-million) facility is the only
Toronto. The modern 17,000-ft2 space
year. "The economic downturn and its one of its kind in the country and
is home to its finance, procurement,
effects on business development and features new-installation and
information-technology, payroll, HR
the current capital market have led to modernization engineering, Canadian
and safety departments. Its design
the separation not being able to be board repair, elevator simulators, a
mirrors the Finchdene facility, which
realized as planned," the company said. customer showroom and a parts
the company said creates "a synergy
"Instead, thyssenkrupp will warehouse. Hundreds of service
throughout locations where open
fundamentally realign itself to technicians and sales personnel are
collaboration and vibrant spaces
significantly improve operating trained there annually. Now, its
inspire employees to achieve more."
performance." construction and modernization teams,

CEO Title, Duties for Marks as WORLD, February 2019). At the same time, David L. Gitlin was
Otis Readies for Spinoff appointed president and CEO of Carrier. As Otis CEO, Marks
has greater responsibility and is confirmed as the company
Otis President Judy Marks was appointed
leader. She said:
CEO of the company by United
"I'm privileged to lead our 68,000 Otis colleagues into the
Technologies Corp. (UTC) in early June as
future. We're the world's leading elevator and escalator company,
UTC's air-conditioning and building systems
moving more than two billion people a day. The largest portfolio
company Carrier, aerospace and defense
of service contracts, our global presence, and our ability execute
supplier UTC and Otis prepare to split into
Judy Marks to scale enable Otis to deliver superior returns to shareholders
three independent companies (ELEVATOR
through economic cycles."

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 15

Orona Holds AGM, Approves Consolidation the project, Orona expects to be present in more than 14
Project countries (three more than currently) with 8,000 employees
(5,151 currently) and annual revenue near EUR1.2 billion
In April, Spanish manufacturing cooperative Orona held its
(US$1.35 billion).
annual general meeting (AGM), in which it approved the first
Priorities in the plan are Orona's technological independence,
phase of the "Orona EU" project, aiming, it said, "to consolidate
transformation for a digital world and job creation. It expects
the company as the only European lift operator capable of
approximately 350 jobs to have been created at its corporate
competing with the world's four major lift multinationals." This
headquarters. Another topic covered at the AGM was the
phase will run from 2019 through 2022 with the objective to
company's growth of 5.1% in 2018, marking a revenue of EUR741
boost its revenue to exceed EUR900 million (US$1.01 billion)
million (US$833.3 million). International sales accounted for 57%
and its headcount to above 6,000. It will focus on the challenges
of that number, with year-on-year growth of 3.13%. More details
of digital transformation and innovation, which it sees as
can be found in its 2018 annual report, available as a PDF here:
widespread throughout Europe. The following phases are
planned for 2022-2026 and 2026-2030, respectively. By the end of

Schindler, Telefónica Partner on IoT U.K.-Based KAPOK 88 Gains a

Connectivity Distributor in Estonia
Telefónica Business Solutions will be the Long Bennington, U.K.-based KAPOK
Internet of Things (IoT) and network connectivity 88, which provides custom and modular
partner for Schindler's cloud-based digital protective drapes for elevators, has gained its
platform Schindler Ahead, the companies seventh distributor: Adduco OÜ of Tallinn,
announced on May 27. Using artificial intelligence, Estonia. Adduco became an official KAPOK
Schindler Ahead provides predictive maintenance 88 distributor after receiving positive
by analyzing cloud-based data from connected feedback from private and corporate
elevators and escalators to improve diagnostics customers. Richard B. Annable, managing
and equipment reliability, as well as providing director of KAPOK 88, said:
passengers with interactive and personalized "The Adduco team is forward-thinking and
services. Operating in more than 40 countries, committed, and this has led to their becoming
Telefónica provides a range of communications the second-largest removal company in Estonia,
solutions for the business-to-business market. with ambition to continue their growth
"Offering customers network connectivity domestically and internationally. Becoming a
through a single provider is increasingly important KAPOK 88 distributor adds real value to their
Andre Kütt, Adduco business
as digitization advances in the building- customer removals manager, with brand and, I hope, will contribute to their goal
management sector," Schindler observed. KAPOK 88 drapes of becoming number one."

16 • May - June 2019

(l-r) Technical-Training Director Erol Akcay, Director of Sales and
Marketing Yavus Kayag, Middle East Regional Director Süleyman Özcan
and Liftinstituut Holding Managing Director Marco Waagmeester cut
the ribbon for the new Dubai offices.

Liftinstituut Solutions Opens Middle

Eastern Office in Dubai
Joined by a select group of architects, developers,
property owners and government officials, Liftinstituut
Holding Managing Director Marco Waagmeester inaugurated
Liftinstituut Solutions LLC's new Middle Eastern
headquarters in Dubai on May 29. The offices of the elevator/
escalator safety consultancy are on the 22nd floor of Tower 2
of the Boulevard Plaza building. The inauguration included a
seminar about optimizing engineering in vertical-
transportation (VT) system design. Liftinstituut Solutions
Managing Director Süleyman Özcan said the team provides
advice on VT design, modernization, maintenance and
inspection. Waagmeester said Liftinstituut's presence in the
U.A.E. is vital: "We are now able to service our customers in
the region on a much more personal level." The new office
may be reached at phone (971) 4524-7855, and more Liftinstituut Solutions' new Middle Eastern headquarters is on the
information is available at 22nd floor of Tower 2 of the Boulevard Plaza building in Dubai.

Residential Tower, Cyprus' Tallest Building, Opens

The first apartments in a residential tower named for 360˚
unobstructed views had been set to open in August in 360 Nicosia,
at 135 m and 34 stories, the tallest building in the island country of
Cyprus, according to the Greek Reporter. Designed to have a
minimal carbon footprint and rising from a new pedestrian plaza
on one of the capital city's busiest streets, 360 Nicosia has 27 floors
for residential use, with its 33rd and 34th floors reserved for a
restaurant and "Sky Club." The property was developed by Cyfield
Group and offers customizable, high-end finishes and views that
Bank of elevators in 360 Nicosia; rendering from Cyfield Group include the Troodos mountain range and Morphou coastline.

18 • May - June 2019

International News

Thyssenkrupp lands metro contract; big
changes on the horizon for Paris skyline.

Escalator Modernization Order for thyssenkrupp

thyssenkrupp won a contract to modernize 53 escalators on
Line 2 of the Lille Metro in northern France, the "successful result
of a longstanding customer relationship and a meticulously
prepared offer," according to thyssenkrupp Head of Media
Relations Dr. Jasmin Fischer. Public transport operator Transpole
awarded the up-to-six-year contract to modernize the
approximately 30-year-old units on Christmas Eve 2018. The
contract builds on an existing relationship with Transpole, which,
in spring 2018 extended a 350-unit maintenance agreement with
thyssenkrupp for the Lille Metro. Fischer observed thyssenkrupp's
relationship with the customer reaches back to 2010, when
thyssenkrupp took over the Lille section of the system from

"Transformative Development" Design Selected

for Paris
Youssef Tohme, Buzzo Spinelli, Hardel Le Bihan and Adjaye
Associates are part of a team of architects that conceived the
winning design for the Brunesceau development on the Seine
River in southeast Paris, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban 180-m-Tall Triangular Tower for Paris Proper
Habitat reported, citing the Architects' Journal. To be built on a The first 100-m-plus-tall tower approved in 46 years by the
10,000-m2 former brownfield site, the development will include Administrative Court of Paris is a 41-story, 180-m-tall
skyscrapers and 25,000 m2 of office space, 800 housing units and triangular tower designed by Herzog & de Meuron. To be
20,000 m2 of retail. Architect David Adjaye, who designed a located in the Porte de Versailles neighborhood, in the south of
100-m-tall (or roughly 30-story) residential tower for the project, the city, Tour Triangle was approved with modifications by the
called it "truly transformative," featuring massive public terraces Council of Paris in mid 2015. The Urban Developer reported it
and using mostly renewable or reclaimed energy. was first unveiled in 2008 and "was quickly met with fierce
criticism" due to its size, height and design, leading to its
rejection in 2014 and delays by opponent groups. It would
become the city's third tallest structure, after the Eiffel Tower
and the Montparnasse Tower. Five thousand construction
workers would be employed, with another 5,000 employee
occupants upon completion. Construction is expected to begin
late this year to target wrapping up in 2024 for the Paris
The Tour Triangle would be the first building exceeding 100
m tall since the Montparnasse Tower, completed in 1973, to be
The Brunesceau development planned for the Seine River in southeast Paris; built in Paris proper; rendering by Herzog & de Meuron via
image from Hardel Le Bihan, Youssef Tohme, Adjaye Associates and Buzzo Spinelli The Urban Developer

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 19

International News

London, Birmingham see tall construction
and more.
SafeLine Opens Crayford Office
Swedish lift safety company SafeLine Group opened a U.K.
office in the Crayford area of London, where it says "the heart of
the U.K. lift business" lies. Led by Stuart Garcia, CEO of
SafeLine Group UK, the office will offer same-day collection
from its trade counter in Crayford and next-day delivery to
customers anywhere in the country. Customers will also be able
to use the supply and fit service from SafeLine's in-house lift
technicians. Located at Unit 47, Acorn Industrial Park,
Crayford, Kent, it is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The company supplies lift emergency phones, with more
The new design of the bridge is more monolithic than the previous than 250,000 installations across Europe, and has manufactured
design's finned look. It is expected to be L-shaped, New Civil Engineer more than 100,000 units of its SL6 phone system. It also sells
revealed in November 2018. CANopen Lift products, and its local-market product experts
"World's Tallest" Vertical Lift Bridge for London are also lift engineers.
The Architects’ Journal reported on details of a proposal to
construct the world’s tallest vertical lift bridge in southeast
London. It mentions Transport for London documents seen by
New Civil Engineer that show plans for a 90-m-tall, 180-m-span
vertical lift bridge to connect Rotherhithe and Canary Wharf.
These dimensions would make it both the longest and tallest
vertical lift bridge in the world. It would also be 15 m wide, and
its deck would lift to a height of 60 m.
Bridge specialist Knight Architects of Buckinghamshire won
a key design role for engineering and architectural support on
the project, in what Architects’ Journal called "a controversial
procurement." The latest proposal features a bridge 10 m longer
than the Arthur Kill bridge in New York/New Jersey, which is
currently the world’s longest lift bridge. A Transport for London
"The U.K. lift industry, in particular, is a very demanding one. With that in
spokesperson said "We are still working on the designs and mind, we decided to open the very first Swedish-owned U.K. office," said
plans," which had yet to go to public consultation as of April. Stuart Garcia, CEO of SafeLine Group UK.

Housing-Led Tower Plan Greenlit in London Despite Reservations

A plan to redevelop a retail center at 520 Old Kent Road in South London into a
development including a 48-story residential tower designed by London-based Brisac
Gonzalez has been approved by the Southwark London Borough Council despite concerns
of the impact it could have the surrounding historic environment, the Council on Tall
Buildings and Urban Habitat reported. The skyscraper will contain 1,113 apartments
mixing for-sale, for-lease and affordable units. Also on the drawing boards are 5,000 m2 of
office space, more than 2,000 m2 of retail space, restaurants, a cinema and a public square
and park. Historic England and Southwark's design-review council were among those
concerned about the tower's impact on the views, but the need for housing won out. Brisac Gonzalez's plan for Old Kent Road

20 • May - June 2019

Derelict Site to Be
Transformed by
Residential Tower
A derelict site in
Birmingham that once
housed a well-known rock
club will be transformed by a
42-story tower housing 481
EFESME Manifesto
rental apartments, thanks to
developer Moda reaching an
agreement with John Sisk &
a Call to Action
Son to start construction in On May 17, the European Federation for
April, Construction Elevator Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Enquirer reported. The (EFESME) released “Manifesto EFESME
Broad Street development, 2019-2024 — 5 Proposals to Grow Together,” a
which will have a 60,000 sq. document drafted to bring attention to and action
ft. podium with a lounge, on the needs of elevator SMEs as the 2019
fitness areas, co-working European elections loomed.
space and a dining area, is The document describes commitments
expected to be complete in EFESME intends to make over the five-year
2022. Moda Director of period and lays out the path it intends to follow
Projects Andrew Parker when working with the new European
called it a "landmark project" Commission (EC) and Parliament to promote the
that is the company's largest work of SMEs in the lift sector. It also notes five
within its pipeline of 7,000 Moda's tower on the site of the former ideals EFESME will pursue with EC leaders
apartments in 10 U.K. cities. Click Club in the heart of Birmingham during the period:
1) A more entrepreneurial society
Project to Bring Tallest Building to London's 2) More appropriate and SME-friendly
Brent Borough
3) A true implementation of the European
Developers are planning a high-rise project that would bring Single Market
251 affordable homes, affordable workspaces and an incorporated 4) Safer and higher-qualified personnel
supermarket to the Alperton neighborhood of London's Brent 5) Support for digitalization
borough, construction-oriented website reported Brussels-based EFESME said the manifesto “is
in April. Known as Minavil House, the 27-story tower would be the intended to be a declaration of both political and
tallest building in Brent and would "make a significant contribution practical intents.” It enumerates numerous actions
to addressing the capital's affordable housing crisis," the source to be taken toward attaining the five ideals. More
said. The project will also include a café next to the adjacent Grand information can be found at
Union Canal and is expected to be complete by 2022. press-release-manifesto-efesme-2019-2014.

Artist's rendering
of Minavil House;
image from FAL

22 • May - June 2019

International News

Tall-building completion and other Tweaked "Cucumber"
important skyline-changing updates Gets the Green Light
in West London
After being in the works
Twentytwo Office for at least seven years, a
Tower Tops Out 46-story residential tower
PLP Architecture's nicknamed the Paddington
Twentytwo, the latest Cucumber won approval in
high rise in the city, April from city planners in
became the district's west London, Building 1 Merchant Square, also known as the
tallest building when it reported. Designed by Apt Cucumber; rendering by Apt
recently topped out, and officially known as 1
the Council on Tall Merchant Square, the tower will be the tallest in developer
Buildings and Urban European Land's six-building Merchant Square project north of
Habitat reported on Paddington Basin. The original plan was tweaked to omit a
May 16. Located at 22 seven-floor hotel element in lieu of more homes and to increase
Bishopsgate, the the height of an adjacent building from 15 to 21 stories. The new
62-story office tower plan, which still requires approval from Mayor Sadiq Khan, will
being codeveloped by bring 426 new homes to the market.
French investment
manager AXA IM-Real
Assets and Lipton Luxury Residential Skyscraper Gets Boost
Rogers now stands at From Loan
its official height of A US$226-million loan has given a boost to developer Damac
278.2 m, higher than its International for Damac Tower or Aykon London One, a
neighbors the 50-story luxury residential tower designed by Kohn Pedersen
Cheesegrater (122 Fox (KPF) in the Nine Elms district
Leadenhall Street, 224 near Battersea Power Station, the
Twentytwo; rendering © Riverfilm Martin m) and Salesforce Council on Tall Buildings and Urban
Richardson Tower (110 Habitat reported, citing Architects'
Bishopsgate, 230 m). Journal. With the façade
Though the tallest in the Square Mile, Twentytwo does not approaching the 20th floor this past
overtake the Shard, across the Thames, which is 27.8 m taller. The spring, the Jenga-like tower is slated
planned 1 Undershaft, not yet under construction, will also be for completion in 2021. It will
taller, at 290 m. contain 450 homes with interiors
Once complete, the 118,451-m2 building will house 12,000 inspired by fashion designer
workers and some amenities, such as a fresh food market and Versace. Describing the financing as
London's highest free public viewing gallery. Vertical "a vote of confidence in the U.K. and
transportation includes 67 units from Otis (18 Gen2®, 13 SkyRise® Damac's track record," Damac
single-deck and 26 SkyRise double-deck elevators, and 10 Chairman Hussain Sajwani said the
escalators), plus three SkyBuild elevators used during construction developer is seeking further
(ELEVATOR WORLD, March 2017). According to the source, investment opportunities in Damac Tower or Aykon London
Twentytwo may have the fastest elevators in Europe. London. One; rendering by KPF

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 23

International News

Galataport Construction: Construction

continues on Istanbul's Galataport project,
which is expected to open in 2020; image
courtesy of thyssenkrupp Elevators.

thyssenkrupp Providing
123 Units for Istanbul
Cruise Ship Dock
When cruise passengers are welcomed at
Istanbul’s new Galataport harbor dock for the first
time next year, they will access the facility on
vertical-transportation equipment manufactured and
installed by thyssenkrupp Elevator, the company
announced in April. Galataport, serving as a cruise-ship
gateway to Turkey’s largest city and world-renowned cultural
and heritage center, will offer amenities such as a terminal,
offices, shops and food courts. Once completed, the facility will
have 123 thyssenkrupp units, both elevators and escalators, to thyssenkrupp Elevator Turkey CEO İsmail Polat expressed
ease the flow of people. his company’s pleasure at being a part of the Galataport
During the first phase of the project, thyssenkrupp will project, saying:
install 66 elevators and 21 escalators. A second phase will “As thyssenkrupp Elevator Turkey, we have proven success in
include the installation of another 36 thyssenkrupp units. large-scale projects. We are getting ready to prove our success once
Galataport is being built on a 1.2-km stretch of coastline again with our products to be used in the Galataport Project,
from Karaköy to Tophane, currently known as Istanbul which will be a new symbol of Istanbul, a world metropolis with
Salıpazarı Cruise Port. When it opens in 2020, it will employ its historical and cultural wealth. Just like Istanbul Airport, we
5,000 people and will be able to berth ships carrying more than will deliver several units in the shortest time possible and surely
6,000 passengers. With a capacity to dock three large ships at a will satisfy our business partners. We will facilitate the lives of all
time, the Galataport will serve about 15,000 passengers a day, visitors of Galataport by offering safe and comfortable
and up to 1.5 million passengers and crew members per year. transportation.” c

24 • May - June 2019



The European Lift Association explores "Lifts and
Escalators in a Digital World" at annual conference.

This year's ELA Conference attendees listened attentively

to presentations on the theme of digitalization.

26 • May - June 2019

The afternoon speakers answer questions from the audience. Onelia Angelosanto

Jeroen Bazuin and Harold Bussing Jonathan Berte Dan Charlesworth

by Angela C. Baldwin

The 2019 European Lift Association (ELA) Conference serves as the foundation for the World Elevator Federation,
took place on May 14 at the Leonardo Royal Hotel London the goals of which, according to Zhang, include:
City in London. The annual event was organized around the • Promoting the usage of elevators to improve quality of
general assemblies and board meetings of the ELA and life, while preserving the environment for a sustainable
European Elevator Association (EEA), which took place on society
May 13, culminating in a gala dinner that evening aboard the • Establishing a new model of international cooperation
Dixie Queen. Attendees enjoyed dinner, drinks and that will produce a win-win result
conversation while cruising along the River Thames. • Building a global community of shared prosperity for
The following morning, conference attendees gathered the elevator industry
for a full day of speakers who presented on the theme of • Establishing common values and standards for the
"Lifts and Escalators in a Digital World." In his opening elevator industry for such things as digitization,
remarks, ELA President Roberto Zappa said, "ELA has cybersecurity and privacy protection
recognized that digitalization is having a big impact on the • Ensuring product safety and quality
movement of people. It is a challenge, but it is also full of • Protecting brands and intellectual property rights
opportunities. I hope you enjoy the speakers and the rest of • Promoting innovation in technology, design and
the conference." business
The first speaker of the day, Zhang Lexiang, secretary • Promoting business ethics and codes of conduct
general of the Chinese Elevator Association (CEA), • Ensuring a global social responsibility standard
discussed the recent collaboration of the CEA and ELA and Following Zhang, Carine Lucas, lead expert of innovation
its benefits, saying, "It paves the way for the prosperous for Agoria, Belgium's largest employers' organization and
future of the global elevator industry." The collaboration trade association, discussed "How Digitalization Changes the
World." Lucas asked the audience to think about this

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 27

question: "What kind of impact do I want to make with my accessibility, efficiency, traceability and ability to be updated
company using digital technology?" She said the digital to the latest standards quickly.
economy is essential to overall economic growth, and there Jan König of VFA-Interlift followed and talked about the
are three main impact areas for most businesses: "Traceability of Safety Components," discussing the legal
organization (processes and operations), offerings requirement, along with a recommended system, for
(products, services and solutions) and business model achieving this objective, including recommended content for
(revenue streams). labeling.
Kari Suihkonen of KONE angled the day's topic toward The topic of "Digitalization (Smartification) of Existing
customers' changing needs and expectations and how Lifts" was covered by Dr. Paolo Riva of the University of
technology is presenting opportunities for adding value to Bergamo, who discussed the different approaches to
them in new ways. In his presentation, "How Digitalization is maintenance, including corrective and preventive. He delved
Changing the Buildings," Suihkonen discussed how KONE's deeper into preventive maintenance, analyzing the classical
technology analyzes maintenance needs and predicts faults, approach to maintenance versus the predictive, which he
allowing technicians to get "the right information at the right said allows for maximum efficiency.
time." He said analyzing equipment data helps predict the Before lunch, the morning speakers gathered on stage for
most common failures, including those from elevator doors, a question-and-answer session. Several topics were opened
signalization, emergency phones, control systems and cars. back up for further discussion before the conference broke
Following a coffee break, Harold Bussing and Jeroen to enjoy the buffet lunch arranged at the hotel's restaurant.
Bazuin of VLR (Dutch Association of Lift and Escalator The lunch hour allowed for relaxing conversation among
Engineering) discussed "The Lift Book in a Digital Era," attendees and, in the case of your author, a quick walk
stressing the need for a digital version of the still-typically- outside to view the Tower of London a short distance away.
paper lift book. They gave an update of the progress and Upon reconvening after lunch, Jonathan Berte, general
process toward a digital lift book in The Netherlands and manager of Robovision, took to the stage to speak about
touted its eventual benefits, including its sustainability, "Artificial Intelligence." He focused on what he called "the
new wave of AI," which can continue to program itself after

Attendees had opportunities to

visit with colleagues throughout
the day during conference

28 • May - June 2019

ELA has recognized that digitalization is having
a big impact on the movement of people. It is a
challenge, but it is also full of opportunities.

-- ELA President Roberto Zappa

Achim Hütter Stefan Kaczmarczyk Jan Konig

Zhang Lexiang Carine Lucas Nick Mellor

Morning speakers gather for a question-and-answer session before lunch.

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 29

its initial programming. "You can give it an example," Berte workforce shortages, skills mismatch, education and training
explained, "and then it continues from there." programs, technology, safety, future plans and more.
Following Berte, speaker Paul Waide, director of Waide The day's final presentation, "Perspectives on Brexit and
Strategic Efficiency, answered the questions, "What is a its Implications for the Lift Industry," was delivered by
Smart Building and the Smart Readiness Indicator?" He Mellor and Onelia Angelosanto, director of the Global Trade
explained that "a greater uptake of smart technologies is Team for Ernst & Young. "Uncertainty is the new constant,"
expected to result in significant energy savings in a cost- Angelosanto succinctly stated, "and the U.K. remains
effective way, while helping to improve comfort and divided." While Angelosanto focused on the possible trade
occupant satisfaction and enabling buildings to play a key implications of Brexit, Mellor discussed what it could mean
role in smart energy systems." for lift regulations and standards, stating:
The June 19, 2018, revision of the Energy Performance of "As an industry, we don't want to see a change in regulations
Buildings Directive requires the development of an optional and standards in the U.K., either by lowering safety standards
scheme for rating the smart readiness of buildings: the or a divergence from European norms. There is agreement in
“Smart Readiness Indicator." Waide said the indicator is the U.K. to keep European Union standards. Names might
intended to raise awareness about the benefits of smart change, but nothing else."
technologies in buildings (from an energy perspective, in Afternoon speakers gathered on stage for a final question-
particular), motivate consumers to accelerate investments in and-answer session following Mellor and Angelosanto's
smart building technologies and support technology presentation. Discussions continued until the conference
innovation in the building sector. was officially adjourned. Attendees your author spoke with
Following the afternoon coffee break, a five-person panel complimented the conference's theme, saying it inspired
discussed the important topic of "Skilled Workforce for the important presentations and timely subject matter for the lift
Future." The panel was composed of moderator Nick Mellor, industry. For his part, Mellor said, "This is one of the best
managing director, Lift and Escalator Industry Association conferences I've ever been to. Congratulations." It doesn't
(LEIA); Stephan Kaczmarczyk, University of Northampton; get much better than that.
Dan Charlesworth, LEIA; Tadeusz Popielas, Polish For information regarding next year's ELA Conference or
Association of Lift Manufacturers; and Achim Hutter, to access presentations from this year's event, visit
VFA-Interlift. The wide-ranging discussion touched on c

Tadeusz Popielas Paolo Riva

Paul Waide Kari Suihkonen ELA President Roberto Zappa welcomes attendees to the 2019 ELA Conference.

30 • May - June 2019


Big Success
Nearly 300 vendors and thousands of visitors
pack exhibition halls for Asansör Istanbul Fair’s
16th iteration.
by Yasin Eker
The 16th International Asansör Istanbul, held at Tüyap including an international slate of brands from 24
Beylikdüzü in Istanbul, was deemed a great success, as the countries and top Turkish manufacturers. New products
nearly 300 vendors who filled booths connected with launched by various companies, including complete
thousands of visitors interested in learning about the latest elevator packages, residential and commercial building
in vertical-transportation (VT) products and services. The units, hospital elevators, home lifts and personal carriers,
fair, organized by Tarsus Turkey with the support of boom lifts, goods lifts, escalators, moving walks and
AYSAD (Turkish elevator association), took place on hundreds of components across a range of categories were
March 21-24. exhibited. The event covered some 50,000 m2 of floor
Asansör Istanbul, among the largest international space across five halls at the huge Tüyap facility. The
elevator exhibitions, played host to 288 companies, official crowd count for the four-day fair recorded 28,868

32 • May - June 2019

A ribbon was cut to officially open Asansör Istanbul; (l-r) Zekeriya Aytemur, general manager of event organizer Tarsus;
Seda Bozkurt; ELA President Roberto Zappa; SEDEFED Chairman Ali Avcı; and AYSAD Chairman Sefa Targıt.

visitors from 96 countries. In addition to the huge expo, host country has faced in recent years. “Despite these
conferences focusing on the state of the VT industry and recent circumstances,” he said, “we have managed to open a bigger and
developments were organized by AYSAD and the European Lift more glamorous fair. We take pride in organizing such a fair with
Association (ELA). the support of our industrialists. We will continue making efforts to
help our manufacturers reach every region of the world — not only
Increased Interest Eurasia — and will create new channels for this purpose.”
Of the visitors, 5,780 came to Turkey from foreign countries.
This figure represents a 15% increase over the last fair, in 2017. The Maturity Attained
event opened the door to new trade markets and resulted in AYSAD Chairman Sefa Targıt said
millions of dollars’ worth of sales agreements. Organizers indicated organizers have proved the maturity of a
Asansör İstanbul had a booming effect on Turkey’s VT industry, sustainable event and international fair:
boosting its global brand identity at a difficult period marked by “We are in a bottleneck in parallel with the
shrinking domestic markets and trade-war impediments within construction sector; however, everything
export markets. will absolutely turn for the better. I rely on
Leaders of several organizations — the dynamic structure and export
SEDEFED (Federation of Trade Sefa Targıt capabilities of our sector.” Noting the latest
Associations), ELA and AYSAD — joined book published by AYSAD, he continued:
organizers for an opening ceremony to “Associations may also exhibit their products in fairs. AYSAD is
welcome participants. exhibiting two products this year. We have translated the 2014/33/
Zekeriya Aytemur, general manager of EU elevator regulations into Turkish, which you may see at
event organizer Tarsus Turkey, noted the AYSAD’s stand. It is a very important publication that we believe
Zekeriya Aytemur difficulties — economic and political — the will make an important contribution for our industry in terms of

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 33

security. As there is a huge amount of information ‘pollution,’ we
really care about publications such as this. Such materials are
published only by AYSAD in Turkey.”
The AYSAD chairman concluded by praising the role non-
governmental organizations have had in improving the world.

Digital Transformation
SEDEFED Chairman Ali Avcı said the
sustainability of success depends on the
vastness of imagination, adding:
“We are in a transformation era. We have
the power to change the flow of things
through digitalization. Transformation
begins with humans, is managed by ideas,
Ali Avcı
and is supported by technology. We at
SEDEFED attach great importance to this
fair, for it provides an opportunity for the adaptation of the elevator
and escalator industry to this process.”
Avcı also spoke of goals for Turkey’s manufacturing industry:
“Our target is to increase our global competitive power through
the manufacture of high-technology products and creation of high
added value. I believe digital solutions will create a leverage effect
for our economy. We believe that the main agenda of our country
should be to achieve an A-to-Z digital transformation. We may
reinforce the foundations of the transformation in our economy
only through qualified production. The most important capital of
the digital world is human. In order to create value in Turkey, we
need to combine our powers. In this sense, we fully believe that the
elevator and escalator industry will write a new story in its
contributions for our country. I also believe that this fair will bring
an intellectual infrastructure, both for the sector and for the
economy of our country.”

“Elevator Sector Not Well

ELA President Roberto Zappa addressed
the gathering by offering some numbers to
“The elevator sector is not well known.
To this end, I will give you some interesting
figures. For example, there are 457,000
Roberto Zappa elevators in this country, and 25,000 new
elevators are installed each year.
Approximately 30,000 people are employed in the field. One million
of Istanbul's population of 15 million people use an elevator every
day. There are more than 15 million elevators all over the world,
and 6.2 million of them are in Europe. In Europe, 135,000 elevators
are installed each year. All over the world, there are two important
players in the elevator sector. China is the leader in the world in
terms of number of elevators, and ranked second is Europe.”
After the speeches, a ribbon-cutting ceremony was held.

34 • May - June 2019

VIP Visit
Hasan Büyükdede, deputy minister of Turkey’s Ministry of
Industry and Technology, paid a visit to the fair, during which he
spoke, attended AYSAD and ELA conferences and, along with
Ministry of Industry and Technology İstanbul Provincial Director
Ümit Ünal, AYSAD Chairman Sefa Targıt and Tarsus Turkey
General Manager Zekeriya Aytemur, visited vendor booths.

Conferences Draw Attention

International Asansör Istanbul 2019 provided an information
platform where the sectoral agenda, including issues related to lift
safety standards that were topics for conferences presented by
AYSAD and ELA, was discussed. A domestic panel, hosted by the
fair and moderated by Targıt, focused on the formula for being a
Turkish brand on a global scale. The discussion was met with
great interest, owing in part to the panel members: Halil İbrahim
Çetin, general manager of the Ministry of Science and
Technology Industry and Productivity; Tunç Timurkan, AYSAD
past chairman and honorary member; and AYSAD board
members Fevzi Yıldırım, Sedat Yıldız and Can Mutlu.
Other seminar topics included the "MAE-Maestro Integrated
Lift Controller" by Melih Aybey, general manager of AYBEY
Elektronik; "Occupational Health and Safety in the Elevator
Installation Sector in Terms of Working on High Buildings" by
Hakan Adem Doğan, occupational safety master specialist;
"Pre-Registration Periodical Controls and Loaded Tests" by
Aydın Arat, elevator technical officer from the Chamber of
Mechanical Engineers; and "Disabled Access in Elevators" by
Mustafa Kemal Köken, an instructor with the Chamber of
Mechanical Engineers.

Merih Displays MARS Brand

MARS Elevator, the international brand of the Merih Asansör
group of companies, introduced new products and shared the
latest information on elevator technology, innovations, sectoral
experiences and services. Berna Ökmen, MARS Elevator deputy
general manager, said smarter, safer and faster elevators were on
exhibit at the fair. “We are proud to be a part of Asansör Istanbul
Exhibition, which has hosted the industry leaders for the 16th
time,” she said.

Arkel Introduces Monoblock Control Unit

Arkel, a leading brand in the manufacture of elevator control
systems, introduced a new product, the Monoblock Control Unit,
during the exhibition. The product, combining motor drive and
controller, is compliant with EN 81-20 standards. It can be used
with synchronous and asynchronous machines, and works with
systems up to 16 stops and speeds up to 1.75 mps. It comes in 4-,
5.5-, 7.5- and 11-kW versions, and includes contactorless drive
with safe torque off function, serial or parallel connection options
with lobby and car operating panels, duplex group control, the

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 35

ability to work open and closed loop, enhanced rollback
prevention, quick door opening through door-bridging relays,
battery backup options, cloud connection through Arlift, and
system update via secure digital card.

Three New Mikrolift Products

Mikrolift Mühendislik, which operates in manufacturing, sales
and technical support of elevator electronics, introduced three
new products. In addition to the MLDRIVER inverter, which was
released to the market in recent years, full serial-communication
integrated lift control device MLCOMBO-50 and parallel wiring
integrated lift control device MLCOMBO-40 were introduced.
MLCOMBO-50 and MLCOMBO-40, which are certified by
Liftinstituut, gained the appreciation of visitors due to their ease
of use and compact structure. Mikrolift, which has been
producing lift controllers, printed circuit boards and more for
many years, exerted its authority on control units through its new
ML drive.

Aybey Device Wins Liftinstituut Certificate

Aybey Elektronik, a manufacturer of control systems, received
a European Union certificate of compliance for the first
contractorless integrated elevator controller designed and
manufactured in Turkey, the AE-MAESTRO. The certificate was
presented by Liftinstituut during a ceremony at the fair.
The controller operates quietly, thanks to a contractorless
system compliant with EN 81-20/50, 81-1, 81-28, 81-70, 81-72,
and 81-73 standards. It was designed for electric lifts and offers
car serial or full-serial shaft communication, operation support
for simplex, duplex, triplex and groups of up to eight lifts, a
built-in radio-frequency interference filter and choke coil, an
integrated access control with VIP access support, real-time
clock and smart thin-film transistor hand terminal.

Company Dinners
Many companies in attendance at the fair hosted their guests
at dinners. On the first day of the exhibition, Italian companies
organized a dinner attended by many foreign and domestic guests
at the Kaşıbeyaz restaurant in Florya. On the evening of the
second day, Prolift celebrated its 17th anniversary with a large
crowd of guests, both from abroad and from Turkey, at the Florya
Chamada. Prolift Chairman Bahtiyar Karakoç made a brief speech
and expressed his gratitude for the support of the guests who
contributed the company’s success and talked about its global
projects. Following the speech, a video showing new production
facilities and new products was presented. The same evening,
GRAVIT greeted guests from abroad and from Turkey with a
pleasant dinner in the Florya La Chateauer restaurant,
accompanied by Turkish music and dances.
The next Asansör İstanbul will be held on March 25-28, 2021. c

36 • May - June 2019

Members of the audience listen to an address during the opening ceremony A bouquet of flowers marks the chair of former AYSAD President Ercüment
for the fair. Hizal, who died in 2018.


May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 37


Vendors, visitors and guests attend

opening ceremonies.

38 • May - June 2019

Dignitaries and special guests cut
the ribbon to open the 2019 Eurasia
Asansör Fair in Istanbul.

Turkish manufacturers push for global recognition at Eurasia Asansör Fair.
by Yasin Eker
With a large crowd of international visitors on hand, China, India and Germany. Products on display ranged
Turkish elevator component manufacturers flocked to the from elevator cars to automatic door systems and from
International Elevator, Escalator Industry and electronics to safety systems and accessories.
Technologies Exhibition (Eurasia Asansör Fair) on March Various presentations and panels were held during the
20-23 at the CNR Expo Istanbul. four-day event. Buyer committees from several countries
The fair, organized with the aim of contributing to the had the opportunity to meet participant brands and make
development of the sector and international trade, drew new business connections. It took place in Halls 1 and 3
30,478 visitors, including 5,726 from 83 foreign countries, of CNR fairground in Yeşilköy Istanbul and was organized
who browsed, examined and made deals among the 160 by Istanbul Trade Fairs, an institution of CNR Holding, in
manufacturer booths set up inside the fairground. Of cooperation with the Federation of Elevator Industrialists
those, 134 were Turkish brands, with the other 26 being (ASFED) and the All Elevator Industrialists and Business
foreign exhibitors representing several countries, mainly People Association (TASİAD).

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 39

Ali Bulut, chief executive and president of CNR Holding,
greeted visitors and exhibitors during an opening address in which
he highlighted the advances of Turkey’s domestic elevator
industry. Said Bulut:
“We are pleased to see that the Turkish companies have been a
competitive force, especially in the last 20 years, in the elevator
market, where Western companies, which have more than 100 years
of experience, have been dominant for many years. Today, the
Turkish elevator sector constitutes one of the important dynamics of
our economy, with its more than 3,000 establishments, employment of
nearly 50,000 people and its foreign trade volume, which is close to
US$500 million.”
The CNR chief offered his belief that Turkish products are less Ali Bulut, chief executive of CNR Holding, greets visitors to the fair.
expensive than Western products and are of higher quality than
many of the offerings from Asia. He continued:
“Thanks to technological developments, Turkish products have
been in a rapid transformation process in recent years. Although the
shrinkage in the construction sector caused a decrease in demand,
Turkish manufacturers will meet the deficit through export-oriented
growth. Turkish constructors have a great share abroad, especially in
the Gulf market, North African countries and Middle East market.
Our aim is to increase the share of Turkish elevator products in the
projects conducted by Turkish constructors.”

Domestic and National Industry

Next, TASİAD Board Chairman Ahmet Fikret
Gökhan took to the stage to urge on Turkey’s
elevator manufacturers. Emphasizing that
elevators carry more people than any other type
of vehicle, Gökhan stated, “The elevator sector
started its journey in Turkey in the 1950s. Today,
we are capable of competing with Western
companies easily.”
He said domestic and national industrialists should receive what
they deserve in public procurements, but also pointed out that
$US60 million of the country’s foreign trade deficit belongs to the
elevator sector.

Importance of Fairs
ASFED President Yusuf Atik spoke next, on
the importance of trade fairs. He said the aim of
these events is to ensure unity and solidarity, and
that they are the greatest factor for the
development of the country and industry. He
“Today, Germany is one of the leading exporter
countries, and one of the most important reasons of this is the [trade]
fairs. Fairs open up the horizons of the visitors and the participants.
They are important in order to see what is happening in the world.”
He closed his talk by enumerating branding actions ASFED
launched in 2018.

40 • May - June 2019

Industrial Transformation
Ümit Ünal, manager of the Istanbul office
of the Ministry of Industry and Technology,
presented a speech in which he talked about
domestic and national transformation
within the industry, increasing the export
share of the industry and the current surplus
status. He reminded his audience that a
program was begun in January 2018 to promote localization
of imported industrial products:
“Domestic and national transformation of industry is crucial
for increasing the export share. I am contented to observe this
same mindset in this fair. We carry out intensive efforts and have Visitors stroll among the booths lining the CNR facility floor.
big targets to replace imported products with domestic products.
Last year, 42 products were matched. Foreign industrial
products with a volume of US$20 billion in imports have been
replaced by Turkish industrialists’ products. Now, we are in the
second phase. Our slogan is, ‘978 main products and
intermediate goods.’ Core products and intermediate goods that
total a current deficit of US$105 billion will be nationalized.”
Ünal stated that the ministry encourages the purchasing of
domestic products, both in TOKİ (Turkish housing
development administration) and other public tenders, which
brings added value of domestic and national transformation
for the country. He emphasized it is obligatory to increase
the rate of domestic manufacturing to 80%, particularly in
industry, across a range of sectors from elevators to motors,
software to chemistry and other horizontal sectors.

Match Construction Sector

Tahir Tellioğlu, president of the
Construction Contractors Confederation
(İMKON), emphasized the need for Turkey
to attain the same success in the elevator
sector as it has in the construction sector, as
the world’s number two, and said:
“The elevator sector should grow in parallel with the growth
of the construction sector. We built 200,000-300,000 houses in
Algeria and the Middle East. If we cannot buy elevators from
our country, then there is a problem here. High state officials
should also support this fair.”
Stating they had very important brands making elevator
components, but that the public is insufficient in making the
shareholders of the sector meet, Tellioğlu emphasized that
more incentives should be given for using domestic elevators.
The İMKON president said this was a strategic fair:
“Domestic elevator manufacturing should be encouraged in
Turkey. The government should also take the responsibility here.
I think requesting at least a 50% incentive for domestic
production, will not be too much.”

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 41

CNR Eurasia has proved to be an efficient platform for raising
awareness within the industry, and this year’s event included
seminars designed to carry the industry further. One such session
was “Lift Tech Academy” by Aydın Arat, İbrahim Özçakır,
Nurullah Pireci, Mustafa Kemal Köken, Mustafa Görmüş and
Muzaffer. The seminar included detailed discussion on several
topics: technical innovations in the sector, legislative
amendments, periodic controls and handicapped access in

Genemek Unveils Mega 7

Gen Elektromekanik, a manufacturer of car and landing
operating panels, buttons, LCD monitors, digital and segment
displays, and other subsidiary products, introduced “Mega 7,” a
new-generation, large indicator module for car operating panels.
This product attracted the attention of many domestic and
foreign visitors.
Genemek hosted guests for a dinner at Florya Develi
restaurant on the second evening of the fair, giving a big-screen
presentation detailing Mega 7, as well as its new manufacturing

Merih Makes a Splash

Merih Asansör, a major exhibitor at the fair with 42 years of
business experience, introduced its latest products on an
international scale, particularly its complete elevator systems, but
also products from several other categories, including cabins,
automatic cabin doors, home lifts, personal carriers and goods
lifts. Anti-Vandal, L-Fit, H-Max and a fire-resistant glass-panel
landing door model attracted a lot of the attention, as did the
company’s cabin designs.

Government Official Visits

Turkish Republic Industry and Technology Deputy Minister
Hasan Büyükdere visited the expo on the last day of the event.
After addressing the exhibitors and visitors, he toured the
fairgrounds and booths, taking in information from exhibitors on
the products and services they had on display. c

42 • May - June 2019

TO Bally's Las Vegas Hotel & Casino

December 3-4

Submit a Paper:
Organized by:
Attend and Book a Booth:

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44 • May - June 2019

The trade exhibition was popular and busy.

After a welcome address by conference host Prof. Georg Schiffner stated upon request of EWEU that ISO 8100-1/-
Clauss of TAH, Klaus Dietel of TÜV Nord, conference chair 2 would be published in coming weeks, being 99% congruent
for the seventh time, told ELEVATOR WORLD Europe with EN 81-20/-50. An acceptance as EN ISO under the
(EWEU) that digitalization is driving innovation in the lift Vienna Agreement is planned, when the running revision of
industry: "All interested parties have to learn to live with it. A1 of EN 81-20/-50 will be taken into ISO 8100-1/-2. Its
We will support them on their way." publication is not expected before 2022. Further information
on the convergence process to CEN/ISO was expected after
Legislation and Standardization the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Dr. Gerhard Schiffner of thyssenkrupp presented his plenary session in the first week of April 2019.
traditional report on "European Directives, New European Ulrich Nees of Ulrich Nees Lift Systems and Consulting
Standards." He reviewed the guidelines accompanying Lift dealt with the "new DIN 8989 Noise Abatement in Buildings
Directive (LD) 2014/33/EU May 2018. He noted the paper With Lifts." As residents and users react sensitively to noise,
provides interpretations and statements; e.g., when a lift is to this paper receives high priority in construction. Many
be considered new and must fully comply with the directive. objections from acousticians and builders had been noted. As
According to the European Commission, no revision of the critical contributions in the media have shown, the
LD is planned, but a call by the commission for proposals for discussion of this topic is ongoing. Generally, the German
the revision of the Machine Directive (MD) 2006/42/EG Federal Pollution Control Act regulates the protection of
runs until mid-2019. The European Lift Association (ELA) humans when "e.g., trains or planes are thundering by." DIN
has contributed the alignment of the LD to the discussion. A 4109-1 Noise Abatement in Buildings Part 1: Minimum
study on a Product Legal Ordinance for lifts for the Requirements of January 2018 calls for maximum allowable
Ecodesign Directive runs until October 2019. Two reports of A-weighted sound pressure levels; for example, for living
seven subtasks were presented in the first quarter of 2019. rooms and bedrooms less than or equal to 30 dB(A). VDI
To better understand the work on various European lift 4100 Noise Abatement in Buildings - Dwellings has three
standards, Schiffner explained in detail which deadlines of grades: less than or equal grade I 30, grade II 27, and grade
standards exist and which are set. At the moment, the final III 24 dB(A). These requirements are usually found in
vote is on for a new Annex ZA for/to EN 81 Parts 20, 22, 50, contracts and represent a challenge to lift builders. DIN 8989
72 and 73. According to the European Union (EU) now demands to secure these values, among other measures,
Commission, existing certificates remain unchanged. There is by a wall thickness of 2,400 kg/cbm of normal concrete in
a delay in the process and application resulting from flaws in specific areas.
some EN 81 parts that were uncovered during a legal review. The noise measurements in rooms requiring protection
Some new standards in 2018: are made for all building services systems in the building
♦♦ EN 81-26, Remote Emergency Call Systems according to DIN EN ISO 10052. The structure-borne sound
♦♦ EN 81-70, Accessibility of Lifts measurement is carried out according to DIN 52221. Nees
♦♦ EN 81-77, Lifts in Earthquake-Prone Areas pointed out that, according to the standard, the result of a
♦♦ EN 81-80, Rules for Improving The Safety of Existing Lifts

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 45

measurement is not the final result. As primary measures for the
reduction of airborne and structure-borne noise, he mentioned,
among other things, the selection of the lift machine,
construction and guides of the counterweight, design/
construction of the rail brackets, construction of the machine
frame, as well as vibration isolation. Secondary measures
include location of the machine room/shaft relative to the area
requiring protection, area-related mass between the shaft wall
and the room in need of protection, avoidance of openings in
the lift shaft to the staircase, as well as adequate shaft

Smart People Play It Safe

Attorney Hartmut Hardt spoke on the "Legal Certainty of
the Market Players — Dealing With the New German Data
Protection Ordinance DSGVO." His example: according to the
Industrial Safety Ordinance, the expertise of the employee
must be proven when maintenance work is conducted at a
client’s premises. Is it, under the new regulation, legal to
provide the customer with this information about the
contractor’s employees? Hardt said the information can be
disclosed, as it is necessary for the purpose of fulfilling a legal
obligation. But, the employer should have the authorization of
the employee before releasing this information. Hardt also
clarified the question of the ownership of data collected by, and
used in, information technology (IT) systems. § 90 BGB
(German Civil Code) defines only physical objects (except
animals) as objects of legal rights. Therefore, data are not
objects within the regulations of the common law. His
conclusion: there is no ownership of data; thus, its status must
be regulated bilaterally by a contract.
Gerhard Quanz of the County of Kassel Offices for Safety at
Work and Security Technology, spoke on "Lifts in View of
Safety at Work — Accident and Damage Events and
Prevention." His message was that the vast majority of employee
accidents might be prevented. He explained the preconditions
for accident prevention based on examples of accidents at work:
material (e.g., compliant assembly) and organizational (e.g., risk
assessment). Hazards may result from:
♦♦ Environment (e.g., traffic routes or noise)
♦♦ Organization (e.g., instruction or first aid)
♦♦ Work equipment (e.g., railings or ladders)
♦♦ Situations (e.g., lifting loads or the presence of animals)
Stephan Störmer of TÜV Austria spoke about the safe use of
work equipment. For this purpose, the Technical Rule on
Industrial Safety (TRBS) 3121 was revised and the requirements
from the Industrial Safety Ordinance were specified. The term
“employer” and his duties have been defined. Annex 1 gives,
among other things, recommendations on 22 hazardous
situations, including technical and organizational protection
measures. A risk assessment must be carried out for each
Attorney Hartmut Hardt speaks on the German Data
hazardous situation.
Protection Ordinance.

46 • May - June 2019

Bodo Adamus informs about Bosch A Ziehl-Abegg belt drive on display at the exhibition
products and solutions.

Intelligent Technology Leads to Innovative ♦♦ Contemporary hydraulic drives by Michael Ruthenbeck

Solutions of Bucher Hydraulics
♦♦ Inclined Lifts by Stephan Huter of Doppelmayr Cable
Klaus Aengenvoort of eTASK Real Estate Software
introduced building information modeling (BIM) and its
Helmut Buchwinkler of TÜV Rheinland posed the
benefits to planners, manufacturers and operators. BIM as a
question of what users need to know about software safety
method uses software to create a single model that different
devices. Published in 2005, EN 81-1/-2 A1 deals with the
people involved can access during the lifecycle of a
use of software to be implemented for safety functions.
building. It aims to heal the loss of knowledge in building
Random, systematic and conjunct causes of errors are
operations and to increase knowledge in the early planning
explained in detail in his contribution to enable mitigation
phases 1-3/4, according to the German Fee Regulation for
measures in product development and operation.
Architects and Engineers (HOAI). A prerequisite, among
Stephan Kuss of TÜV Nord Systems presented the
others, for this process is the exchange of digital product
lecture "Digitalization — Networking Needs Security." He
data. According to Hardt, BIM is expected to become
said a mere conformity check is no longer adequate, and
mandatory for public buildings in the German state of
digitalization requires a holistic safety and security check.
North-Rhine Westphalia from 2020 onward.
Therefore, he said, TÜV Nord is already working on a
Four lectures focused on the latest technology:
digital lift test in which a trust center will carry out
♦♦ Innovative control concepts by Philipp Bruessler of
assessments to determine whether transferred data are
correct, and to ensure data manipulation is excluded.
♦♦ Intelligent machine systems by Roland Hoppenstedt of

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 47

Conference host Dr. Georg Clauss, standing at right, chats with attendees as they network during the conference dinner.

Traditions of the Setting Communal Coffee (CoCo) during the break on the second
The evening before, more than 70 conference participants morning. With women’s participation in the conference
met for the Bosch Service Solutions industry dialogue, making up 6% of the total, the event clearly reflects the small
"Beautiful New Digital Lift World!?" The host, Bodo proportion of women active in the lift industry.
Adamus, presented "Updates to Products & Services" and The next Heilbronn Lift Days event will convene on March
"Safety for Solitary Workplaces". Michael Puttrus of SafeLine 3-4, 2020.
Germany assumed that a sound business model for
monitoring lifts involving additional IT stakeholders will be Undine Stricker-Berghoff is the owner of ProEconomy, a
developed within 10 years. He said he considers the use of Luebeck-Travemuende, Germany-based engineering office
data as the upcoming challenge. Jan König of VFA-Interlift through which she works as a coach and consultant for
and Klaus-Peter Kapp of KP Solutions spoke on the topic management and marketing mainly in energy and building
"Safe Use Through Visual Inspection?" TRBS 3121 describes services. From 2008 until 2013, she was the managing
the procedures in detail. Technical solutions, such as remote director of VFA-Interlift e.V. in Hamburg, Germany. She
monitoring, are in sight. From the perspective of small and studied Mechanical Engineering at Ruhr-University Bochum,
medium-sized enterprises, Kapp stated to EWEU that 80% of Germany, and, immediately after graduation, worked as an
these IT-based solutions are being put on the market by the energy consultant for ERPAG in Lugano, Switzerland, and
"Big 4", with the rest by IT and facility management Campione, Italy. Prior to joining VFA-Interlift, Stricker-
companies. Berghoff worked for VDI, the Association of German
Not a new occasion, but a new location for the evening Engineers in Duesseldorf, Germany, as secretary for Building
event on the first day: the refectory of the University of Services, and was in charge of the VDI-Standards
Heilbronn. Its modern ambience matched the style and department. She also served one term as director general for
the Luebeck Chamber of Commerce and Industry. She has
operated ProEconomy since 2005. c
content of the conference. Four female participants attended
the Women in the Lift Industry of Europe (WoLIE)

48 • May - June 2019

Focus on Codes & Standards

The Role of Risk

Assessment in Innovative
Product Development
How this critical component is evaluated and
used for standards around the world
by Lou Bialy

Lou Bialy from his presentation at IEES

50 • May - June 2019

This article was first presented at the 2018 International
IEES Elevator & Escalator Symposium in Istanbul. For more
information on December 3-4, 2019’s event in Las Vegas

and to participate, visit

Risk assessment has been utilized extensively for many applications transposition into national regulations in the member states of the
in the elevator industry for more than 20 years. Due to its importance to European Union (EU) in 1997.
the industry, ISO 14798 Lifts (Elevators), Escalators and Moving Walks By way of clarification, the LD and Machinery Directive[2] (MD)
– Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction Methodology was developed by that preceded it were intended to prevent technical barriers to trade
international experts under the International Organization for between EU member states. They contained Essential Health and Safety
Standardization (ISO) umbrella. A principal use of this methodology has Requirements (EHSRs), which were essentially written in performance
been for the development of innovative products. One of the objectives language. The MD and LD also contained conformity-assessment
of this article is to demonstrate how ISO 14798 and other risk processes intended to ensure adherence to the requirements of the
assessment methodologies have been incorporated in or normatively directives. The MD and LD could be met by complying with the
referenced in important national and international safety standards, and requirements of harmonized standards, such as CEN EN 115[3] and
how this form of utilization may increase in the future. Another objective CEN EN 81-1/2[4]. As an alternative, the MD and LD EHSRs could be
is to illustrate how risk assessment can be used as a valuable aid to complied with directly, provided that all relevant hazards had been
innovative elevator product development. Pertinent examples relating to identified and addressed. Moreover, the conformity-assessment process
the determination of the subject to be studied, the establishment of had to be followed. The certification process could best be achieved
viable teams, the formulation of scenarios and the effective mitigation of using a Notified Body.
risk are described. Moreover, the role and responsibilities of the team The fact that the EHSRs were written in performance, rather than
moderator are discussed, and approaches to the building of consensus prescriptive, language provided latitude for the development of
among the team members is addressed in some detail. innovative products. While the MD and LD were valid only in the EU, it
Innovation is the lifeblood of economic development, and risk became clear that the innovative products that emerged would have
assessment is a vital means of assuring the safety of innovative products global appeal. It, thus, became evident that a globally relevant risk
not specifically addressed by prescriptive codes such as CEN EN assessment methodology was an essential part of a portfolio of standards
81-20/50 and ASME A7.1/CSA B44. This paper elaborates on how risk needed to facilitate the deployment of safe, innovative products
assessment may be used to verify that safe, innovative products conform worldwide.
to the following when applicable: Essential Health and Safety
Requirements of the Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU; the Machinery
Development of ISO 14798
Directive 2006/42/EC; ISO 8100-20: Global Essential Safety The need for a risk assessment methodology that could be accepted
Requirements (GESRs) and the ASME A17.7-2007/CSA B44-07 worldwide was recognized by ISO TC 178, and a resolution was taken to
Performance-Based Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators. develop a suitable document. A team of international experts from
Europe, Asia-Pacific and North America embraced the task under ISO/
Introduction TC 178 Working Group (WG) 4. Many different methodologies were
Risk assessment has been used for many years studied, and the document ultimately developed represented a broad
in multiple industries as a structured method consensus. The document is entitled ISO 14798: Lifts (Elevators),
for identifying, evaluating and mitigating risk. Escalators and Moving Walks – Risk Assessment and Reduction
There is a longstanding history of the use of Methodology.[5]
various forms of risk assessment in the The methodology provides a structured approach to risk assessment,
elevator industry for product design including determination of the reasons for the risk assessment;
and installation, as well as passenger formation of the team; determination of the subject of the assessment
and worker safety purposes. and identification of scenarios; and as risk estimation, evaluation and
Ultimately, the need for a unique reduction. Teams were established in Europe,
elevator-focused risk assessment Asia-Pacific and North America to test the
standard with global relevance became validity of the methodology.
apparent. This need was emphasized by Each team independently
the emergence of innovative products addressed the same risk
that occurred with the publication of assessment studies. When
the Lifts Directive[1] (LD) and its compared by WG 4, the results
were very close, thus illustrating
the cogency of the methodology.
Lou Bialy

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 51

Use of ISO 14798 Experience has shown that if there are too few members
The risk assessment process constitutes a versatile in the team, one member may dominate, and the team
tool that can be applied in multiple situations. The may be misled. On the other hand, if there are too many
methodology is particularly valuable for use in product members, the result is no better, and it can be more
development if the design is innovative or not covered difficult to reach a consensus. As a guideline,
by published standards. In such cases, a preliminary approximately eight members plus the moderator is a
design is subjected to a structured process in which suitable team size for most purposes.
hazardous situations and causes of possible harm are Role of Moderator
evaluated by the risk assessment team. Protective
The role of the moderator is crucial to the success
measures are developed, if necessary, to sufficiently
and validity of the risk assessment. For the best
mitigate identified risks.
outcome, the moderator should be knowledgeable in
Formation of the Risk Assessment Team the subject matter and experienced in leading and
The composition of the risk assessment team is vital facilitating teams. The moderator should be capable of
to the validity of the risk assessment outcome. It is vital leveraging the talent of the team, and ensuring all points
that the members of the team are knowledgeable and of view are fully expressed and that due process is
qualified in the subject of the risk assessment and the followed.
details of the issues under consideration. It is important One of the most important tasks of the moderator is
that a diverse range of expertise is represented in the to assist the group in reaching consensus. Voting can be
team. In general, the different engineering disciplines used when consensus is difficult to reach but should be
upon which the function and safety of the equipment considered only as a last resort. A modified “Delphi
depends, as well as manufacturing, installation, method” can be used. This process assigns numerical
servicing, inspecting and safety personnel, should be values to the choices only for the purpose of reaching a
considered for the team. It is imperative that the team decision. The votes are secret, and the average is
be impartial and empowered to carry out the task calculated. The team is informed of the average, then
without consequence to or intimidation of any of the votes again in secret until no further convergence
members. occurs. The choice corresponding most closely to the
There is no fixed number of team members for any final average is declared the decision of the group.
given risk assessment, and the appropriate expertise is Further descriptions of the role of the moderator are
more important than the exact number of participants. provided in ISO 14798 Clause 4.2.3 and Annex E1 and

Purpose* and subject: Moderator:* Date:

* NOTE Purpose, team moderator and members could be recorded in a separetae document

Protective measures
Estimation of After protective
Scenario (risk reduction Residual risk
risks elements measures
Case measure)
no Harmful event
Hazardous situation
Cause Effect S P S P




P- Level of probability of occurrence of harm ( see 5.5.4):
S- Levels of severity of the harm ( see 5.5.3.):
A- Highly probable B- Probable C - Occasional
1- High 2- Medium 3-Low 4- Negligible
D -Remote E - Improbable F - Highly improbable

Figure 1: Typical risk assessment documentation

52 • May - June 2019

Subject of Risk Assessment judgments in assessing severity levels but, rather, use its
It is very important that the subject of the risk assessment expertise to determine the potential seriousness of a
be clearly defined and articulated to the team. This process is particular event. While reaching consensus can be
described in detail in ISO 14798 Clause 4.3. The moderator challenging for the team, it is more readily achieved in terms
has the overall responsibility for keeping the team focused of severity than probability.
on the subject; however, all team members have a role in ISO 14798 Clause defines six levels of probability,
ensuring this. The risk assessment is typically documented as ranging from highly probable to highly improbable. In
shown in Figure 1. assessing probability, it is essential that the team considers
the frequency and duration of the exposure, the probability
Formulation of Scenarios of the harmful event occurring and the possibility of avoiding
In formulating a scenario, it is important to clearly or limiting the harm (e.g., if the doors are open and the lift is
distinguish between the hazardous situation, the causes and not present, users have a chance of not stepping into an open
the effects. Identification of the hazards is the first step in the hoistway).
process, and ISO 14798 Table B1 is a helpful aid to this end. A It is important that the team determines the highest level
hazard is a potential source of harm, and a hazardous of risk for a given scenario, rather than the risk with the
situation occurs when a person, property or the environment greatest severity. For example, a risk level of 2C or 3B is
is exposed to the hazard. As a simple example, a lift higher than a risk level of 1E, even though the latter has the
suspended or moving in a hoistway is a potential source of higher severity level. Sometimes, teams display a reluctance
harm, as it may fall or stop suddenly. If a passenger is present to assess the probability as level "F." Level "F" is highly
in such a lift, the passenger is exposed to the source of harm. improbable, but it is intended to be used in the risk
Thus, a passenger in a lift in a hoistway is a hazardous assessment when appropriate.
situation. A hazardous situation is not harmful in itself, but Reaching consensus can be a time-consuming process,
harm can occur as a result of a cause. If, for example, the and patience and understanding are key attributes the
suspension means fails, the lift would fall, thus endangering moderator and the team need to exercise.
the passengers. The result of such a fall could be harm to the
Risk Evaluation
passengers and damage to the equipment.
Figures 2 and 3 are very useful in guiding the team in the
Risk Estimation evaluation of risk. They illustrate that similar action is taken
The risk of harm is dependent on the possible severity of in a given risk group in several cases, even though the
the harm and the probability of occurrence. The assessment probability component is different. Thus, for example, risk
of these elements is subjective in nature and challenging for levels 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D are all in the same risk group. This
the team. With regard to severity, ISO 14798 Clause gives a measure of robustness to the process, as the team
defines four levels: high, medium, low and negligible. It is often struggles to reach a consensus on probability levels,
important the team does not attempt to make medical but the required action is often the same, even with differing
probability assessments.

Figure 2: Risk profile chart

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 53

Figure 3: Risk evaluation chart

Protective measures are required to address risks that fall Society is not totally risk averse. Most people understand
into risk group I, while no action is necessary for risks that fall that the world is not totally safe and that there is a degree of risk
into risk group III. Risks that fall into risk group II need further in everything they do. As times and technologies change,
consideration by the team. Such further consideration should people continuously recalibrate their tolerance for risk. One of
consider current societal values, as well as the practicality of the tasks of the team is to find the appropriate balance between
additional protective measures. the ideal, the feasible and the practical, taking societal values
Societal values are complex and by no means uniform. They into account at the time the risk assessment is carried out.
evolve with time and should be reexamined from time to time.
In general, members of society are concerned about safety,
Reduction of Risk
comfort, convenience and value. The expectations of society The team should endeavor to follow the following hierarchy
regarding safety constitute an evolving process. Early of risk reduction throughout the process of risk reduction.
automobiles had no passenger restraints, and this was Eliminate the Hazard, if Feasible
acceptable to society. Over the years, seatbelts, followed by
This is the most effective way of reducing risk, but it is not
airbags, became the norm. More recently antilock braking
always feasible. This is particularly true when the hazard is
systems and similar features have become more familiar.
directly connected to the function of the elevator. For example,
Modern metro stations feature platform doors that prevent
the function of an elevator is to carry passengers up and down a
passengers from falling onto the railway track. In the same way,
building. However, the height of the elevator in the hoistway is
in the past, lift passengers tolerated lifts not leveling at the floor.
a hazard, as the elevator car can fall. Clearly, it is not feasible to
This is no longer accepted. There is now an increasing
eliminate the elevator car, the height or the passengers without
expectation that the lift doors will stop before a passenger in
eliminating the function the elevator provides.
their path is contacted.
If, on the other hand, the hazard is not directly connected to
Passengers also expect comfort while in the lift. This
the function, it is feasible to eliminate the hazard. For example,
includes the temperature and quality of the air, sensation of
a handrail with a sharp edge installed in the elevator car is a
motion and pressure changes on the ears, ride smoothness, etc.
hazard. Eliminating the sharp edge does not in any way affect
Passengers do not expect sudden stops of the lift or entrapment
the function of the elevator.
within the car.
Building owners and passengers expect the lift service to be Protect or Guard Against the Hazardous
convenient and reliable. Long waiting periods are not Situation
acceptable, nor are frequent breakdowns and situations where
When it is not feasible to eliminate the hazard, guarding or
lifts are out of service.
protection should be applied. This action generally addresses
Societal expectations are paramount considerations in
the cause or the harmful event. For example, if an elevator car
assessing whether further protective measures are appropriate.
carrying passengers is suspended in the hoistway, and the
The feasibility and practicality of further measures also needs to
suspension means fail, this would result in the harmful event.
be considered. Furthermore, the effectiveness of further
Ensuring a robust suspension system and inspection protocol
measures needs to be evaluated. For example, experience has
would help address the cause; however, the suspension may still
shown that certain structural factors of safety and robustness
fail, and a safety device that stops the elevator car would reduce
criteria have led to low probabilities of failure. Increasing such
the severity of the harmful event.
criteria will not materially improve safety but will add to
weight, energy consumption, etc. Reducing operating speeds of Warnings of Residual Risks and the Use of
lifts and lift doors can reduce the effects of impacts but will add Protective Equipment
to passage times and inconvenience. It is necessary to warn the user of the residual risk when the
identified hazard cannot be eliminated or sufficiently mitigated.

54 • May - June 2019

Such a warning serves to further mitigate the risk, as the user approach was needed to extend the European model
will normally take precautions consistent with the warning. As worldwide.
an example, if a passenger boards a downward moving escalator, ISO TC/178 again took the initiative to develop a suitable
the height of the escalator constitutes a falling hazard. This standard. The work was again undertaken by the international
cannot be eliminated without eliminating the function of the experts of WG 4. Starting from basic principles, the team
escalator. If the passenger slips on the steps or loses balance, applied ISO 14798 to develop the GESRs of ISO 22559-1 (since
this would be a cause of a harmful event. Making the step renumbered as ISO 8100-20).[6] This document was followed
surface slip-resistant and providing a handrail that moves by three additional documents: ISO 22559-2/3/4 (since
synchronously with the steps are risk-mitigating actions. renumbered as ISO/TS 8100-21/22/23).[7-9]
However, if the passenger fails to grasp the handrail, or decides ISO 8100-20 defines 48 GESRs that are written in
to walk on the moving escalator, he or she could still lose his/ performance language and address the safety objectives of
her balance and encounter a harmful event. In this case, a elevators. They are accompanied by explanatory narratives
warning or cautionary sign at the entrance to the escalator is intended to assist the user in fully addressing the GESR. The
appropriate to alert the passenger of the residual risk and, thus, standard also contains guidance on its application, which
further mitigate the risk. includes the use of risk assessment to satisfy the GESRs. A
In the case of personnel authorized to work on elevator recent update includes an annex, which identifies specific
equipment, it is sometimes necessary to remove safety guards EHSRs from the MD and LD that need to be addressed for an
or bypass safety systems to determine the causes of innovative elevator product to be acceptable. ISO 14798 is listed
malfunctions. Such personnel should be trained to perform as a normative reference in ISO 8100-20.
these functions safely. Protective equipment, such as fall ISO/TS 8100-21 provides a list of Global Safety Parameters
protection, hard hats, safety shoes, safety goggles and safety (GSPs) intended to assist the user in providing protective
gloves should also be used to reduce the risk of injury. measures for the mitigation of risks. The GSPs are indexed to
Elevator equipment should be designed to minimize the the GESRs of ISO 8100-20 but are not mandatory, as the risk
probability of defeating or circumventing protective measures. may be mitigated by eliminating the hazard, or other suitable
It is important that the hierarchy of risk reduction be parameters may be applied. ISO/TS 8100-21 also lists
followed. It is imperative that warnings or protective equipment anthropometric data to assist in the selection of GSPs related to
are used in addition to (and not in place of ) design body-part dimensions. Examples pertaining to the use of risk
improvements, guards and installed protection means. assessment in addressing particular GESRs using corresponding
GSPs as protective measures are provided. ISO 14798 is listed as
Determination of Whether Risks Have Been a normative reference in ISO 8100-21.
Sufficiently Mitigated ISO/TS 8100-22/23 provide Global Conformity Assessment
Once the hazard has been eliminated or protective measures Procedures and general requirements for the certification of
implemented, the risk should be reevaluated, and a elevator systems, components and functions. These documents
determination made as to whether a residual risk remains. If also provide accreditation requirements for Global Conformity
such a residual risk requires further mitigation, additional Assessment Bodies. These documents are intended to provide a
protective measures are implemented until the risk has been global conformity assessment procedure carried out by globally
sufficiently mitigated. Protective measures can introduce new recognized competent authorities similar to the Notified Bodies
risks, and these need to be identified and mitigated, as well. It of the EU.
should be noted that protective measures usually reduce the As the demand for innovative products increased in North
probability of occurrence but may reduce the severity, or both America, it became evident that a structured approach to
probability and severity. acceptance would be helpful to both AHJs and manufacturers.
To this end, A17.7/B44.7[10] was developed based upon the
Risk Assessment and Performance-Based
ISO 8100-20 GESRs and ISO 14798 risk assessment
Standards methodology. A17.7/B44.7 describes the process to be used to
A major trend over the last two decades has been the swift establish safety using the GESRs, and it provides a list of safety
advancement in technology. This has had major consequences parameters consistent with A17.1/B44[11] prescriptive code.
on all aspects of life, including the elevator industry. The Accredited Elevator/Escalator Certification Organizations
development of prescriptive standards is, by its very nature, (AECOs) were created to provide independent verification and
slow and deliberate, with the result that prescriptive standards certification of equipment developed in compliance with A17.7/
have not been able to keep up with the pace of innovation in the B44.7. These organizations are accredited by the American
elevator industry. The MD and LD provided a path to the National Standards Institute or Standards Council of Canada.
development and deployment of innovative products on the
European market, and it was, thus, recognized that a global

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 55

Use of Performance-Based Standards and AECO. The certification process is similar to that described
Risk Assessment in Innovative Product above. It should be noted that code approval in North
America is on a jurisdictional basis. It is, thus, necessary to
present the AECO certificates to and gain approval from
For innovative products, the simplest approach in all
each jurisdiction separately.
regions is to basically follow the appropriate prescriptive
ISO 14798 and ISO 8100-20 have been referenced in
code, except where the innovative product differs from the
many standards and adopted in several countries. In many
code. For elevators in the EU, EN 81-20/50[12] would be
of these, the process of certification and conformity
followed, and the relevant EHSRs of the MD and LD would
assessment is complex. Moreover, these important
be identified and satisfied where the innovative product
standards have not yet been adopted everywhere. It is,
differs from EN 81.
however, evident that using ISO 14798 to demonstrate
On completion of a comprehensive risk assessment, a
compliance with ISO 8100-20 is a strong starting point to
technical dossier that contains complete technical
gain approval for innovative products in specific areas. This
information relating to the design, as well as the risk
is particularly true in areas whose prescriptive codes are
assessment document and a listing of the EHSRs in the MD
aligned with EN 81 or A17.1/B44. However, local approval
and LD that have been addressed in the dossier, would be
is necessary in all countries, and this can be a challenging
created. The dossier would also contain maintenance and
inspection information pertaining to the equipment being
certified. The technical dossier would be presented to any Looking to the Future
Notified Body (NB) accredited to certify elevator systems. Considerable progress has been made in the
The NB may request additional information or reevaluation development and adoption of risk assessment methodology
of any portion of the dossier, including the risk assessment. and performance-based standards in many parts of the
The NB may also request demonstrations of the actual world. Efforts continue to revise and update these
equipment, witness tests or take any further action standards to ensure they represent the state of the art and
believed to be necessary. The NB is under no obligation to continue to serve users' needs. In this context, ISO 8100-20
approve the submittal. When it is satisfied that the MD and has recently been revised, and the latest version has been
LD have been met, a certificate to that effect is provided. It published. A major revision of ISO 14798 is underway at
is important to note that such certification is valid present, with the objective of ensuring it represents the
throughout the EU. state of the art, addresses the latest technologies (such as
In the case of North America, the A17.1/B44 code SIL-rated design) and is user friendly.
would be used as a baseline. Deviations from this code It is envisaged that, with the passage of time, greater
would be addressed by complying with relevant GESRs of adoption and usage of ISO 14798 and 8100-20/21/22/23
A17.7/B44.7 and conducting a risk assessment. A Code will take place. Moreover, ultimately, an environment will
Compliance Document similar to the technical dossier be created where a single certification anywhere will be
described above would be generated and provided to an acceptable everywhere. c

References [4] CEN EN 81-1/2:1998 Safety Rules for the Accreditation Requirements Within Global
Construction and Installation of Lifts — Part 1: Conformity Assessment Procedures.
[1] Directive 2014/33/EU of the European
Electric Lifts. Part 2: Hydraulic Lifts. [10] ASME A17.7-2007/CSA B44-07:
Parliament and of the Council of 26 February
[5] ISO 14798:2009: Lifts (Elevators), Performance-Based Safety Code for Elevators
2014 on the harmonization of the laws of the
Escalators and Moving Walks – Risk Assessment and Escalators.
Member States relating to lifts and safety
and Reduction Methodology. [11] ASME A17.1-2016/CSA B44-16: Safety
components for lifts.
[6] ISO 8100-20: 2018: Lifts for the Transport Code for Elevators and Escalators.
[2] Directive 2006/42/EC of the European
of Persons and Goods – Part 20: GESRs. [12] CEN EN 81-20: Safety Rules for the
Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on
[7] ISO 8100-21: 2018: Lifts for the Transport Construction and Installation of Lifts – Lifts for
machinery and amending Directive 95/16/EC
of Persons and Goods – Part 21: GSPs Meeting the Transport of Persons and Goods – Part 20:
(recast) OJ No. L 157.
the GESRs. Passenger and Goods Passenger Lifts.
[3] CEN EN 115 Safety Rules for the
[8] ISO 8100-22: 2011: Lifts for the Transport [13] CEN EN 81-50: Safety Rules for the
Construction and Installation of Escalators and
of Persons and Goods – Part 22: Prerequisites for Construction and Installation of Lifts –
Passenger Conveyors (1998); latest edition: CEN
Certification of Conformity of Lift Systems, Lift Examinations and Tests – Part 50: Design Rules,
EN 115-1 Safety of Escalators and Moving Walks
Components and Lift Functions Within Global Calculations, Examinations and Tests of Lift
- Part 1: Construction and Installation (2017).
Conformity Assessment Procedures. Components.
[9] ISO 8100-23: 2011: Lifts for the Transport
of Persons and Goods – Part 23: Certification and

56 • May - June 2019


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Focus on Codes & Standards

Does Installing Elevators in

Conformity with Standards
Guarantee Safety?
In this Readers Platform, your author examines
this important question from multiple angles.
by Erol Akçay

External view of a residential elevator in Bruneck, Italy

58 • May - June 2019

Most elevators are manufactured and installed based on
European or North American standards. Compliance with
these standards is often obliged by local laws, and the
operation of elevators is subjected to various licenses and
permits. Nevertheless, we sometimes hear about accidents or
events that may panic us. How can such expensive machines,
which cost between US$10,000 and 1.5 million, cause
No one knows travelling
hazardous situations even though they are subject to many
cable like Draka
The standards, which specify manufacturing and
installation of all lifting equipment, including elevators, are
the guidelines prepared considering human safety. All of
these requirements have been determined as a result of
certain risk analyses. However, the requirements for safety
are the minimum requirements, so there is no protection for
unanticipated risks. For example, safety gears and speed-
detection systems are used in elevators that protect the
elevator against freefall due to rope breakage, and the lifting
equipment against any exclusion of suspension elements.
When designing these devices, the risk of freefall is
considered, and the limits are set for acceleration. Because
the sudden stop caused by the activation of safety gears may
also harm the passengers, braking momentum should not
exceed a certain limit (EN 81-1, max 1 G). Safety gears are
manufactured in line with the measurements required for this
rule. However, there is not another protection against any
failure in the speed-detection system. In other words, when a
freefall occurs, there is no protection within overspeed
governors that may detect any failure that can occur in the
trigger mechanism that engages with the increase of
centrifugal force, or in case of hydraulic lifts, there is no
protection that may detect the dysfunctionality of the rupture
valve. Since the related risks are considered low risks or are
ignored, these protections are not available. Therefore, in
lifting equipment there is no protection for situations that are
not seen as risk. One of the reasons for updates in standards is
the necessity to eliminate emerging risks. For example, when
the elevators relevel while the doors are open, but the
releveling continues past the floor level because of failure of Draka’s experience and expertise with travelling cables
the control panel, this is considered risky, and EN 81-1 is allows us to engineer complete solutions, including:
updated, and it is obliged to add a protection against • Hundreds of parallel and unitized flat cable designs
unintended cabin movement. Or, because people have hit the that are HAR certified
doors and fallen down to the well in the past, with EN 81-20, • Super-Flex® cables with a lifetime warranty
it was obliged to eliminate this risk through some • End-to-end halogen-free systems (cables and
mechanisms to prevent landing doors from fall apart upon installation components)
impact. The impact force has been designated at 1000 N. • Superior engineering and customer service
Perhaps this impact force limit may, out of necessity, be Contact Draka at +39 0331 579915, elevator-eu@
increased in the future., or visit our website at
Unfortunately, installing elevators in conformity with the for more information.
standards does not guarantee 100% safety. It is always
possible that new risks will emerge.

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe

EW english 2019.indd 1
3/27/19 2:33 PM
Can’t we prevent risks? accordance with the standards may still contain
It is not possible to prevent all risks; however, it risks. Therefore, it is important that the design be
is possible to minimize the risk factors. The made appropriate for the environmental conditions,
standards cannot prevent the risks from emerging, and the adjusted products should be used.
but are used for preventing the risks from becoming Another way to minimize risks is through
dangerous to people. It is necessary to maintain a preventive maintenance. In many installations,
balance between risk analyses, costs and elevator companies provide standard maintenance
technological development. For example, avoiding service. However, the components will wear out
electronic mechanisms for the safety of the and lose their functionalities at different intervals.
elevators, and using some mechanical safety For example, there are big differences between the
components that operate through software and level of wear that occurs in elevators designed
electronic components may prevent the without calculating the impact of environmental
development of cheaper, lighter and, perhaps, safer conditions, which can lead to using insufficient
systems. components, compared to one in an indoor parking
So, the whole responsibility does not belong to place that is used less frequently. However, standard
the standards. maintenance visits provide the same amount of
One of the efficient ways to minimize the risks is service for both installations. So, the elevator used
to make the correct product selection. The place more frequently may generate risks more often.
where the elevator is to be installed also affects Preventive maintenance requires intervening
possible risks during the lifecycle of the elevator. before any risk occurs. For example, in places
For example, let’s think about the risks of installing where the doors are more frequently used, locks
an elevator designed for houses in a highly crowded should be adjusted once a month instead of once
place, such as a hospital. Low-cycle doors will get every six months. Overload devices should be
worn out earlier and start seizing during opening calibrated quarterly, not annually, in order to
and closing. People who rush in a hurry in such preserve the functionality of load devices, which
places often will hit the doors, and this will slow can be affected by vibration. A protection system,
down the elevator and lead to failures being seen. which stops the elevator when the overload devices
Because some failures are not directly related to do not function, does not exist in elevators that are
safety, these are not against the standards, but in conformity with the standards. The device should
frequent failures of the elevators in crowded places be monitored at regular intervals, in order to
like hospitals may cause panic among the people, prevent any accidents.
and hazardous situations in extreme cases. Additionally, there are some differences between
If elevators installed with simple magnet the American standards and European standards. A
mechanism landing readers are used at capacity situation that is seen as risky by one of them may
limits, from time to time the elevator may not stop not be considered as risky by the other and may not
at the landing level and the passengers may stumble require any obligatory prevention. Being satisfied
at the threshold and fall during entry and exit with the minimum at stages of design, installation
(When stopping at the landing level exceeds 2cm, and maintenance is an insufficient way to avoid
the control device should activate the motor and accident risks. Proper design, quality installation
pull the car to the landing level, but the landing and sufficient inspections are
doors are still open and this operation takes a few important and necessary to
seconds). prevent the possible damages of
Or, if low-cycle electronic components are used elevators and the risk of injury
in a crowded place where the elevator engages in to the passengers.
frequent stop-and-go use, the components may lose
their functionality and, in extreme cases, cause Erol Akçay is Technical
Manager – Eurasia for
Liftinstituut Solutions B.V. c
failures that may result in injuries due to sudden
Similar possible scenarios may be held up as
examples to the fact that an elevator installed in

60 • May - June 2019

Focus on Codes & Standards

Globalization in
Moving Forward
The EN 81-20/-50 standards for lifts, produced by
the European Committee for Standardization
(CEN) international, has been accepted.
by Koos van Lindenberg

Important topics for amendments on ISO 8100-1/-2

include alternative means of suspension, automatic
rescue devices and a review of the requirements for PESS.

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 61

In Europe, the EN 81-20/-50 standards for lifts have been in ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement) is an agreement on technical
place since August 31, 2017. The International Organization for cooperation between ISO and CEN. Formally approved on June 27,
Standardization (ISO) standardization committee TC 178 1991, in Vienna, this ISO standard is basically identical to EN 81-20,
adopted these European CEN standards as ISO standards and which is prepared by the European CEN TC 10 committee. And, the
published them on March 12, 2019, which means they are ready to same applies to ISO 8100-2, which is similar to EN 81-50. Both ISO
be used. 8100-1/-2 and the European standards EN 81-20/-50 can be used by
The official names are ISO 8100-1:2019 (Lifts for the Transport the industry, because the contents are the same. This also allows a
of Persons and Goods — Part 1: Passenger and Goods Passenger smooth transition for the industry to globalize international
Lifts) and ISO 8100-2:2019 (Lifts for the Transport of Persons and standards.”
Goods — Part 2: Design Rules, Calculations, Examinations and
Tests of Lift Components). ISO also published ISO 8100-3:2019
(Requirements from other standards [ASME A17.1/CSA B44 and Regarding the future of international standards, Schaareman
JIS A 4307-1/JIS A 4307-2] not included in ISO 8100-1 or ISO stated:
8100-2) for America and Japan. “Standards, of course, are dynamic. Amendments and revisions
are an ongoing process. The result of the revision currently prepared
Specification under CEN lead will be merged in a new version of ISO 8100-1 and
These standards specify the safety rules for permanently -2. This revision of the standard is planned to be completed by June
installed new passenger or goods passenger lifts, with traction, 2022. This is according to the current planning of the ISO
positive or hydraulic drive, serving defined landing levels, having development roadmap. The ISO standards will be adopted as
a car designed for the transportation of persons or persons and EN-ISO 8100-1 and -2; EN 81-20/-50, as planned, will be
goods, suspended by ropes, chains or jacks and moving between withdrawn in this timeframe, so in the near future, only the ISO
guide rails inclined not more than 15° to the vertical. In addition standards will be available providing requirements for lifts.”
to these standards, supplementary requirements need to be Upcoming Revision in European and ISO Standards
considered in special cases (use of lifts by persons with When asked about the most important topics for the revision,
disabilities, in case of fire, potentially explosive atmosphere, Schaareman noted:
extreme climate conditions, seismic conditions, transporting “The most important topics for the revision include, for example,
dangerous goods, etc.). rise and fall of vertical biparting doors; alternative means of
suspension, such as belts or coated ropes, which are currently being
Vienna Agreement used in lifts; the automatic rescue device, as an option, to move the
Pieter Schaareman, manager for Codes & Standards at lift to a specific floor to allow passengers to leave the car safely; an
Liftinstituut, is a member of the European standardization update of the requirements for programmable electronic safety
committee CEN TC 10 Working Group (WG) 1 and a member of systems (PESS) to the latest standards; requirements for freight lifts;
ISO standardization committee TC 178 WGs 4 and 6. He explains: well access in relation to refuge spaces; hydraulic brake release; and
“ISO's adoption of these CEN standards is one of the results of the editorial corrections. . . . There also will be a review of well-access
Vienna Agreement. The agreement on technical cooperation between procedures.”

Pieter Schaareman,
manager for Codes &
Standards at
Liftinstituut and
member of the CEN
and ISO standardization
committees, says the
adoption of EN-ISO
8100-1/-2 is an
important step toward
globalization of codes
and standards.

62 • May - June 2019

About CEN assessment procedures of the Lifts Directive require
CEN is an independent organization developing involvement of a Notified Body (NB). In addition,
European standards. Members of CEN participate certificates such as EU-type examination issued by an
in standardization work and are obliged to adopt NB are also considered in conformity assessment
European standards as their identical national procedures in many countries outside Europe. This is
standards, regardless of whether they are members a big advantage for the European industry. Some
of the European Union (EU). Many countries NBs, such as Liftinstituut, are also very active with
outside Europe also use European standards as the respect to standardization, at not only the national,
basis of their national standards. The main reason but also at the European and global levels."
for this is that the European standards for lifts and Cybersecurity
escalators are found to be well prepared,
Cybersecurity is not yet covered by any specific
reasonable in their requirements and have a strong
standard for lifts and escalators. However, the
track record on safety. “As long as we provide
installer of a lift must consider all the hazards and
high-quality and up-to-date standards, they will be
risks applicable to the lift, taking into account any
appreciated and used worldwide," said
foreseeable misuse; e.g., depending on how the lift
system is connected to the outside world and what
Statement to Parties in European may happen if the control system is compromised.
Standardization Activities Regarding the general application of the standards:
“Risks covered by a particular standard are
All stakeholders and interested parties are
listed in section four of the standard, which could
invited and welcome to participate in the
be consulted by installers to check whether a
standardization work. The European
specific risk is addressed. Depending on the
standardization system and process facilitates such
intended use and environment where the lift is
participation. Participation may happen in different
installed, there might be some risks that are not
forms and through different forums. Any
covered by the standards for lifts. An example is a
organization, based on its level of interest or
lift installed in an environment subject to
available resources, may choose from several
explosion, such as a coal mine. In this case, the
possibilities. For many members of the industry,
installer must address this risk using other
whether it concerns small, medium-sized or large
standards or specifications and demonstrate that
manufacturers, complying with the regulations is a
the chosen solution mitigates the risk adequately.
matter of business survival. While not all
In the end, the installer is responsible to address all
companies have the resources or possibility to
applicable risks, and the standards may not cover
delegate a dedicated expert to these forums, they
all those risks."
can give input via national trade organizations that
represent the interests of all members of the
Koos van Lindenberg is
industry at the national level. Many of the national
Communications manager and
trade associations are members of European
a technical engineer with more
federations that are in liaison with CEN or CEN
than 25 years of experience in
Technical Committee 10. Therefore, they have
safety and technics of lifts and
direct access to standardization activities at the
escalators at Liftinstituut. He
European level. Liftinstituut has been participating
has focused on energy savings
in standardization for more than 30 years.
and measuring it for lifts and
Notified Bodies escalators at the organization
Said Schaareman: since 2009 and serves as a
“Notified bodies play an important role within the member of its project team. c
European regulation for lifts. All conformity

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 63


The Impact of Pre-Stretching

on Elevator Ropes
The authors examine whether factory-
stretched ropes deliver desired results.
by Konrad Stahr and Dr. Andreas Franz

Introduction elevator ropes, and some do not. Others offer low-stretch

This article summarizes the main findings of scientific elevator ropes. But, what exactly does pre-stretching
investigations carried out on different types of elevator mean, and what is the effect of it? Are there alternatives?
ropes regarding their performance in the areas of stretch Methods of Pre-Stretching Ropes
and elasticity considering pre-stretching and sheds a light
According to Draka Elevator,[2] pre-stretching is
on pre-stretching in comparison to the stiffness-optimized
defined as pre-loading ropes in a way that the main rope
and low-stretch product options from the current Gustav
elements, such as core fibers, the core, wires and strands
Wolf product portfolio.
can settle/set under load prior to installation. The process
As your authors showed in Elasticity Behavior of
step of pre-stretching can take place during or after the
Elevator Ropes (ELEVATOR WORLD, July 2015),[1]
rope production process, whereas the effects of pre-
increasing building and traveling heights, high-usage
stretching during rope production are negligible, as the
levels, modern system designs, etc., are increasing the
factor of time involved is too short to get any benefits in
demands on the physical properties of suspension ropes in
terms of the setting process.
elevators. The trend toward saving costs and energy by
Improving elongation behavior by pre-stretching
reducing the size and weight of moving masses with
natural fiber core ropes requires a very high time factor;
regard to dynamic loads (e.g., drive and rotating parts)
for this reason, some producers offer post-production,
and static loads (e.g., the cab or car enclosure) further
pre-stretched elevator ropes. But, even if ropes are
moves the operating point of modern suspension ropes
pre-stretched after the production process, the effect can
into lower load ranges of the rope. An important
be assessed to be little to none. Though the speed is slower
consideration, in addition to the rope minimum breaking
than during rope production, the time to achieve
force and service life (or bending fatigue performance), is
meaningful lower stretch is insufficient, because of a
the stretch and elasticity behavior of a rope under load.
permanent setting of the rope. Natural fiber core ropes for
Rope stretch and elasticity are directly related to the
elevators with effective long-time pre-stretching would be
compressive deflection of the cab under load and thus
too costly. Under realistic conditions, ropes change reels a
have a significant impact on the behavior and performance
few times before they are installed on elevators. First, they
of the elevator installation, as well as the subjective
move from production to master reels and usually from
perception of the passenger on system comfort (e.g., car
master reels to smaller warehouse reels for distribution. At
movement during loading and unloading, releveling of the
the end, they are cut to length and wound from
cab and offsets of hoistway landings/cab sills).
warehouse reels to small reels or coils, ready to be
Furthermore, many designers and users of elevator
installed. During such handling, strands and wires change
ropes are confronted with the choice between pre-
position and tend to lose any benefit of a pre-stretching
stretched and non-pre-stretched elevator ropes, especially
process. This is another reason why the effect of pre-
when it comes to ropes with a natural or synthetic fiber
stretching ropes is extremely small or absent.
core. Some rope manufacturers recommend pre-stretched

64 • May - June 2019

Related axial Rope Modulus ESL-2-10 (N/mm2)

Figure 1: Longitudinal
modulus of elasticity in
the work area of elevator
ropes depending on the
number of cyclic
applications of axial load
and rope permanent and
elastic elongation

Number of axial loading cycles z (-)

Nowadays, experienced manufacturers of elevator ropes use being shown in the dependence of the adjusting modulus of
suitable materials and production methods to minimize the elasticity as a function of cycles of axial load. Furthermore, this has
permanent and elastic elongation of elevator ropes and to optimize taken place despite any prior pre-stretching processes. However,
the rope stiffness in the loading point. The results are elevator ropes this process can be seen as a short-term phenomenon that reaches
with the property of "low-stretch," which nominal data in terms of saturation soon after installation. When looking at Figure 1, it is
elongation show an improved performance compared to most ropes evident that no difference in the final modulus of elasticity could be
offered as “pre-stretched.” ISO 4344 indicates the maximum tensile achieved by means of pre-stretching, as both samples achieved the
force applied during both the pre-stretching process and the same value in their saturation phase.
process steps. The aforementioned laboratory test results could also be
validated in true-scale elevator field tests. As shown before, it
The Effects of Pre-Stretching should be noted that for ropes with synthetic fiber cores (SFCs),
The final rope modulus is not a quantitative value constantly the setting behavior can be more pronounced, so a longer setting
available immediately after installation of the rope. Instead, the rope period may be necessary.[1] Of course, the results shown in Figure
structure is subject to a settling behavior; after the settling has taken 1 are dependent on the actual cyclic load applied in testing or in the
place, specific rope stiffness is constantly present in a certain load actual application, and may vary quantitatively but not
range. Figure 1 illustrates a rope elastic modulus between 2% and qualitatively.
10% of the minimum breaking strength as a function of the number Pre-stretching is sometimes deemed to reduce (but not
of axial load cycles. All elastic moduli were related to the final eliminate) the amount of permanent elongation of newly installed
adjusting value of the respective type of rope so that quantitative elevator ropes, the aim being to eliminate the need for them to be
differences regarding the modulus of elasticity of the rope types shortened after installation. Figure 1 indicates that, as regards the
evaluated at this point are deliberately not considered. amounts of permanent and elastic stretch, no significant difference
It can be seen that, qualitatively, the fact that a rope has is realized through pre-stretching, aside from the performance in
undergone a pre-stretching process shows only a minor influence terms of rope modulus.
on its behavior in terms of reaching or achieving the saturation of
its axial modulus of elasticity. Although the initial modulus in the Conclusion
first loading cycle does show an increase of approximately 18% due As shown before,[1] suspension ropes with natural and
to pre-stretching, both curves approach each other very rapidly, synthetic fiber cores initially exhibit a significantly reduced rope
depending on the number of loading cycles. Between several load stiffness and, therefore, modulus (about 50-60% of the final
cycles from z = 10 to z = 80, a difference in elastic modulus of modulus) and approach their final stiffness slowly, compared to
approximately 2-2.5% can be assumed. From several cycles of z = ropes equipped with mixed or full steel cores, which are naturally
100 onward, no significant difference in elastic modulus could be settled due to their construction. However, fiber core ropes may
detected. exhibit advantages when it comes to robustness of elongation and
Obviously, the rope’s inherent setting phenomenon, in which elasticity, considering rope twist and other installation- or
the components of the rope compress under load, has taken place, application-specific aspects.[5] Parallel-laid elevator ropes with

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 65

mixed or steel cores are especially delicate and tend to untwist (ELEVATOR WORLD, March 2006)[3] or with a substitution of
easily during installation if not handled correctly. With this the natural fiber core by a high-modulus, high-strength synthetic
exception, parallel-laid ropes show a fairly good elongation fiber core as with Gustav Wolf ’s HyTrac (EW, July 2012).[4] Figure
behavior. 2 summarizes the performance of Gustav Wolf ’s rope types in
When considering the application of natural fiber core ropes, terms of the rope’s axial stiffness, minimum breaking force and
particular attention should be given to the actual performance of bending fatigue lifetime to better provide for application-oriented
the rope in terms of elongation and modulus. This is highly use.
dependent on the quality of the fiber core, and its components and With the “Trac” series, Gustav Wolf has developed a new
manufacturing process.[2] The fiber core supports the strands generation of elevator ropes. They should be considered for the
when the rope is under load. A good natural fiber core stays firm ever-increasing demands on elevator systems and, in particular, for
and will not get compressed by the strand pressure, thus high-rise installations.
preventing excessive rope stretch. A good natural fiber core has a
significant influence on reducing rope elongation and provides a Konrad Stahr has been employed at Gustav Wolf GmbH since
stable modulus performance. For this reason, rope manufacturers 2013 as chief quality & technical officer. He earned his degree in
with in-house core production can integrate and control the engineering at the Clausthal University of Technology.
production within their own quality systems.
Often, the term "pre-stretched" is used for a rope that is actually Dr. Andreas Franz has been employed at Gustav Wolf since 1998
showing significantly reduced and, therefore, low elongation and as technical manager steel wire rope. He earned his doctorate in
increased rope modulus performance. As shown in Figure 1, it can engineering at the Dresden University of Technology.
be stated that the effects achieved through pre-stretching are
negligible under realistic conditions of use and do not replace the
above-mentioned aspects with regard to a "low-stretch" fiber core. [1] Franz, A., Stahr, K. "Elasticity Behavior of Elevator Ropes,"
In fact, investigations have shown that “low-stretch” fiber cores EW, July 2015, Vol. 60, Issue 7, p. 86-92.
from well-known manufacturers in all cases had a lower structural [2] Draka Elevator. "Pre-Stretched and Low-Stretch Elevator
elongation than ropes with the "pre-stretched" predicate. Ropes," Tech Tip 16, 2012.
Ropes with natural fiber cores exhibit commonly a lower axial [3] Wolf, E., Franz, A. "Rope Development for Elevators," EW,
modulus of elasticity and stiffness than ropes with a mixed (fiber March 2006, p. 122-126.
and steel) core or a full steel core.[1] However, for ropes with a [4] Franz, A. "Development of Hybrid Rope for Elevators," EW,
fiber core, this characteristic may be increased. On the one hand, July 2012, Vol. 60, Issue 7, p. 90.
[5] Gustav Wolf. The Rope Handbook, Revision 2, September
2017. c
this can be reached by a flattening (compacting) of the outer wires/
strands, as carried out with the Gustav Wolf CompactTrac

Figure 2: Performance of
Gustav Wolf ropes in terms
of ropes' axial stiffness,
minimum breaking force
and bending fatigue lifetime

Performance related to performance of F 819 S-FC DT (%)

66 • May - June 2019


DUBAI2020 7-9 Sept



Elevator Ride
Quality Adjustment
With a VFD
Properly used, software functions can
eliminate effects of rollback and increased
speed-control response.

by Sher Xiong
Many people take ride quality for granted when they ride in initiated, and the VFD has not built up enough holding torque
an elevator, but a smooth and responsive ride requires precise to prevent the car from moving in the direction of weighting.
adjustment from all system components, such as the controller, This may be felt as a bump by passengers in the car during
variable-frequency drive (VFD) and brakes. The VFD can be a takeoff. Rollback is more noticeable on permanent-magnet
powerful adjustment tool for mechanics when properly applied. gearless motors than on induction geared motors because of the
This article focuses on software functions available in an lower starting friction of gearless machines. Rollback can be
elevator VFD for two main elevator adjustments: rollback and diagnosed visually if the elevator controller is located in the
increased speed-control response. machine room along with the motor. In machine-room-less
(MRL) applications, however, diagnosing rollback may be more
Rollback difficult, because the motor is out of sight. Inverter scoping
Rollback can occur for a brief moment at the beginning of software can aid in identifying and adjusting for rollback. Figure
the ride when the brake lifts, a speed command has not yet been

Figure 1: Command speed (red), motor speed (blue), motor torque (green)and motor position (yellow)

68 • May - June 2019

1 provides a visual representation of rollback using a four- small, it cannot be seen by the naked eye (as the sheave
channel scope trace showing command speed (red), actual rotating) or felt by passengers riding in the car. Figure 2 shows
motor speed (blue), motor torque (green) and motor position a scope trace of torque buildup in response to movement.
(yellow). Based on the amount of movement detected from the motor
The motor position (yellow) starts to deviate from zero encoder, the drive will quickly ramp torque (green) to hold the
before the speed command is given, indicating the brake has motor at zero speed. This is done by adjusting the integral
lifted, and not enough holding torque (green) is present to hold coefficient of the feedback control loop, or gain. The integral
the car at zero speed. Several torque bumps occur in response response accumulates error — in this case, non-zero speed —
to motor movement when the brake is lifted, which can cause a over time. Higher integral gain values will ramp the torque
bump to be felt by passengers on takeoff. There are several ways faster to accommodate the non-zero speed error until a
to adjust for rollback. For example, brake and speed command steady-state situation is reached (zero speed). All of this
timing may be adjusted such that the car begins to move as the happens very quickly — within 0.3-0.5 s — meaning passengers
brake is lifting. While this may reduce the effects of rollback, it do not feel anything. This method of providing torque when the
doesn’t address the root cause and still doesn’t provide a brake lifts works very well for most elevator applications, but
smooth takeoff for passengers. Luckily, depending on the VFD its basic functionality, a proportional and integral (PI) feedback
manufacturer, software can be used to eliminate rollback. control loop, relies on error (motor movement) to function.
Most elevator drive manufacturers have some method of Another method of providing torque involves using a load
providing a torque command — while under brake or weigher. A load-weighing device uses sensors to detect the
immediately after the brake picks — to eliminate rollback. One amount of load in the car and can provide a precise holding
method involves using a feedback control loop, which consists torque response based on different loading conditions.
of both a proportional and integral coefficient that can be used Depending on the type of load weigher used, it can connect
to provide the motor with adequate holding torque, thus directly to the VFD and transmit a torque command via an
preventing rollback. When this method is used, movement of analog signal, or it can be connected to the controller, where
the car is necessary to make the function work properly. This further filtering can be applied; then, a resulting torque
may seem counterintuitive at first, but the movement is so command can be sent to the drive via serial communication.

Figure 2: Properly adjusted pre-torque settings show no rollback on the scope trace. The illustration shows command
speed (red), motor speed (blue), motor torque (green) and motor position (yellow).

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 69

Figure 3: FFTC
block diagram

Increased Speed-Control Response traditional PI control may not provide the desired speed-
For most elevator applications, the standard proportional, control response. For these types of applications, a more
integral and derivative (PID) gains in the feedback control sophisticated speed-control method can be used.
loop in a VFD provide adequate speed control-response, but Feed forward torque control (FFTC) can be used to
for some high-profile elevator applications (high-end office provide added speed-control response. FFTC reduces the
buildings, apartment complexes, etc.), additional tuning may dependence on speed feedback from the motor encoder by
be necessary to achieve the desired ride quality, such as when predicting what the system will do, based on the system
set up for aggressive floor-to-floor times. A traditional PID inertia, and providing the required torque command based on
feedback control loop relies on feedback from the motor that prediction (Figure 3).
encoder to make speed control adjustments based on the FFTC can be activated after the system inertia has been
difference between command speed and actual motor speed learned by the VFD. By modeling the motor data, ysp, and the
from the encoder. This difference is called error. The VFD’s system response, uff, with the system inertia, a prediction of
response to this error is adjusted via proportional and integral the response can be made. A pre-correction is made before
speed control gains. While this method of speed control the motor encoder feedback is received, reducing the amount
works well, it relies on the feedback from the motor encoder of error. This method of speed control provides a more
for speed control. For some high-performance applications, accurate response with less reliance on the proportional and
integral gains.

Figure 4: Command speed (red), motor speed (blue), motor current (yellow) and
motor torque (green)

70 • May - June 2019

To show how effective FFTC can be, a detuned motor discontinuous inflection points on the speed profile generated
with low-speed control gains and FFTC turned off was set up by the controller. Additionally, FFTC also features a gain
in a controlled R&D lab setting. No additional adjustments value that can be used to strengthen or weaken its response.
were made to the motor. Figure 4 shows a scope trace of the In general, activating FFTC makes the elevator system
command speed (red), actual motor speed (blue), motor more responsive. The speed gains will have less effect, and
current (yellow) and motor torque (green) of a simulated adequate speed control can be maintained over a wider range
elevator run. of gains. FFTC works well in applications featuring aggressive
Significant amounts of undershoot and overshoot are speed-control profiles and applications exhibiting high
present on both the acceleration and deceleration portions of starting friction, such as geared induction machines.
the profile (circled). Additionally, these areas of undershoot The elevator VFD is a powerful adjustment tool that can
and overshoot correspond to large torque bumps that can provide solutions to two common elevator ride quality
negatively impact ride quality. problems. Rollback can be eliminated using a PI control loop
Next, to show the impact of using FFTC, the system in the VFD. Additional tools, such as load weighers, can also
inertia was learned, and FFTC was activated. The same run be used to eliminate rollback. FFTC can provide added
was performed and scoped (Figure 5). response to achieve desired ride quality in highly dynamic
Activating FFTC drastically reduces undershoot and elevator applications. Additional adjustments, such as low
overshoot that were present in the acceleration and pass filters and gains, can fine-tune the ride for the best
deceleration portions of the profile. Also, the magnitude of possible passenger experience.
the torque bumps is much smaller, with smoother torque
transitions providing a much more comfortable ride. While Sher Xiong is an application support
this is an exaggerated case and done under lab conditions, it engineer in the Elevator Group at KEB
shows the basic principle and impact FFTC can have on America. He has been with KEB since
elevator speed control. 2018 and has a degree in Automation
A low pass filter can be adjusted to further improve ride Robotics Engineering Technology from
quality. When the speed profile is generated externally by the Hennepin Technical College in
controller, increasing the sample time of the low pass filter Minnesota. c
can help reduce any unwanted effects caused by

Figure 5: Command speed (red), motor speed (blue), motor current

(yellow)and motor torque (green)

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 71


How Suspension Means

Affect Cost-Effective Design
and Space Efficiency
This component is one of the main drivers for the
innovation of a complete elevator package.
by Dr. Nicola Imbimbo

Before the advent of modern elevators, hoist ropes

were made of natural fibers and used to lift materials,
especially into mining areas. Such environments were
very harsh and aggressive against the fibers, causing
them to rot quickly, giving rise to sudden breaks without
notice. For that reason, one of the key factors for
suspension means has always been reliability. The first
metallic wire rope was invented around 1834 by
Wilhelm Albert, a German mining engineer. These were
used to mine in the Harz Mountains in Clausthal,
Germany. At the time, Albert was looking for a more
reliable means by which to periodically inspect ropes
and a type that would last longer than the conventional
fiber ropes and iron mine hoist chains of that era, which
had proven to be unreliable.
The first twisted steel metallic rope was made of
three strands with four wires each, without a core. With Figure 1: The first twisted steel wire rope was made of three strands
this specific construction, all the wires were visible from having four wires each. All the wires are visible from the outside.
the exterior (Figure 1). This would change the users'
perception of hoist ropes. “forecasting” the replacement of suspension means is still
Since then, wire ropes gained quick acceptance due valid today.
to their durability and superiority over fiber ropes and Another element in elevator design is the efficient use of
iron chains. They were not breaking suddenly, as signs of the space inside the elevator shaft, with the request to have
wear would be present if inspections were carried out smaller machines that will provide for a larger cabin in the
routinely. This made it possible to schedule the same shaft dimensions. As the traction sheaves get smaller, the
replacement of the hoist rope before total failure. motor becomes less expensive and lighter. The motor cost
After more than 180 years, the situation is still and, consequently, the weight, are directly proportional to the
unchanged: steel-based suspension means, in the form torque generated. This latter requirement has been hard to
of wire ropes, are still the main element of suspension fight until “alternative” types of suspension media that make it
for elevators around the globe, and the concept of possible to reduce the size of the machines became available.

72 • May - June 2019

Figure 2: Different types of suspension means: dimensions are not to scale but provide an idea of the difference in sizes.

Reducing the bending ratio and covering the suspension available on the market. Beyond conventional wire ropes, there
means with a coating of polyurethane (PU) brought with it are: small-diameter ropes, PU-coated ropes and coated steel
another problem: the definition of reliable discard criteria that belts (CSBs) (Figure 2).
was both objective and recognizable. Each type of suspension means has its own pros and cons that
The aim of this article is to give an overview on the above are evaluated here in general terms. There are no strict rules in
subjects without entering a deep analysis but by pointing out the the selection of one suspension media over the others, but
main concepts by which to understand the application and the considerations must be drawn based on the application of the
effect on the total cost of ownership for end users. elevator, environmental conditions and traffic analysis — all
known elements for elevator designers. Next, attention should
Types of Suspension Means be given to motor size and hoistway space efficiency. There are a
Before starting any consideration on different elevator few options to deal with space constrictions while saving on the
configurations, it is worth clarifying which suspension means are motor cost (Figure 3):

Figure 3: The different arrangements available by which to reduce the motor torque and size in combination with the selected suspension means

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 73

The simplest way to reduce the torque of the motor is
Top view Top view
to switch from 1:1 to 2:1 suspension. This will save on the
motor size, but at the same time create some drawbacks
on the mechanical complexity for the complete elevator
(arrangement I in Figure 3). The second possibility is to
consider suspension media that allow a reduced bending
ratio, D:d < 40 (small-diameter wire ropes or PU-coated
ropes). In this case, the motor size could be sensibly
reduced, and the space efficiency is rather consistent.
However, small-diameter ropes are not currently included
Conventional wire rope Alternative suspension means
within EN 81-20 and would require manufacturers of
small-diameter ropes to perform a risk assessment and Same shaft dimensions
seek a declaration certificate from a recognized certifying Figure 4: Increased cabin dimensions in the same-sized shaft utilizing an
body. On the plus side, small-diameter ropes are under alternative suspension means
consideration to be included in a future update to EN
81-20 (arrangement II in Figure 3). A third option would
be to evaluate CSBs. In this scenario, the smallest traction Definition of Discard Criteria
sheave could be used, bringing tremendous savings both Development of and enhancements to suspension means for
to the motor cost and the increase in space efficiency. The elevators have always been related to the original concept of a
drawback in this case is that this solution is patented visual inspection. When the first applications for small-diameter
(arrangement III in Figure 3). ropes and belts arrived on the market, the key concern was how to
It is also worth evaluating how much the cabin size easily and reliably detect the discard criteria.
could change within the same shaft dimensions when Regarding conventional wire ropes, the discard criteria is to be
opting for one of the alternative suspension means based on visual inspections: checking for diameter reduction,
(arrangements II and III in Figure 3). In Figure 4, counting the number of wire breaks, identifying the points with
considering that all the mechanical parts are allocated to deformations, noticing the appearance of rouging, etc. This
the back side of the cabin, the gain in cabin space is readily reference rule is addressed in Annex E of ISO 4344, where it lists
visible, with a reduction of 30-40% of the original the discard criteria for elevator ropes in service. Figure 5 is an
dimension L. extraction from this rule where it reports the number of broken
The assumption reported above could bring, in certain wires the rope must have to be discarded.
cases, the possibility of installing an eight-person elevator
where it was previously only possible to install a six-
person elevator. Furthermore, where there is a block of
elevators in residential buildings, this could make it
possible to install one fewer elevator, yet provide the same
traffic-handling capacity. The traffic pattern must still be
evaluated in a way to not increase the waiting time in front
of the landing door on the ground floor too much.
Alternatively, with the same number of elevators, and with
the increased cabin capacity, the traffic-handling
capability could be increased sensibly.
All the considerations mentioned here are valid in the
case of low- and mid-rise buildings. When it comes to
high-rise projects or heavy-duty applications, other
elements must be considered and are outside the scope of Figure 5: Discard criteria based on the number of broken wires from Annex E
this article. Depending on the need of the specific low- or of ISO 4344
mid-rise project, one consideration or the other could
bring savings that were not available without the
alternative suspension means.

74 • May - June 2019

The number of broken wires is one discard criterion but
not the only one. There could be cases in which there are no
broken wires, but the rope must be discarded: for example,
due to a reduction in diameter greater than 6% from nominal.
Additionally, the ropes shall be discarded when there is red
dust protruding from the outer strands, which is a clear sign
of internal damage (fretting fatigue or corrosion).
It is interesting to note the last line of the table from ISO
4344, which reports that a single broken wire in the valley
between one strand and another is a criterion for immediate
discarding. This criterion is very important for wire rope
inspectors to be aware of, since such evidence is a clear sign
that the rope is losing the consistency of the core, and the Ts: Traction sheave
outer strands are severely squeezed against each other. A Dp: Divertor pulley
thorough and deep analysis of the rope should be performed L: Highly stressed portion of susp. means
when this happens.

Small-Diameter Ropes and CSMs Figure 6: Identification of the most stressed part of the suspension
The first task is to identify the most stressed portion of means
suspension means in which to look for discard evidence.
Generally, this portion is near the traction sheave, when the
cabin is on the most frequented floor (typically the ground
Consider a reeving arrangement in direct suspension (1:1)
with a traction sheave and diverter pulley (Figure 6). In this
case, when the cabin is stopped at the ground floor, there is a
portion of the suspension means, L, that will pass through the
traction sheave and diverter pulley as soon as the cabin starts
its travel upward. Considering that, in a residential building,
almost 80% of trips start from the ground floor, there is strong Figure 7: An
evidence that this portion of the suspension means will be the example of a
most stressed area in which the discard criteria will begin to Up/Down Actuator simple and
appear. For this reason, the inspection shall start from this bending
point and then be extended to other portions and to the tester
points in which the suspension means enters the sockets. Test sheave
Despite the nature of the suspension element, irrespective
of if it is coated, this principle holds validity and shall be used Simple Bending Tester
in general terms. Obviously, depending on the reeving
arrangement of the specific elevator, the portion in question
shall be shorter or longer, based on the number of pulleys
over which the element will be bent more frequently.
The visual inspection will be first performed at a specific
portion where deformation or surface abrasions could first be
seen and pointed out. Following the initial visual inspection,
it will be time to make a deeper analysis of the points
identified to see if any broken wires are visible and if any Test sheave
wires are piercing the coating. Up/Down Actuator
The care and maintenance instructions provided by the
suspension media manufacturer should be followed, preceded
only by what is reported in Annex E of ISO 4344. When in Revers Bending Tester

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 75

Axial line flux Detection Coil Rope flaw

permanent magnet Dispersed line flux

Signal year 0

Signal year 3

Homogeneous signal with "back noise" Signal with a spike indicating the broken wire
Signal year 7

Figure 8: Magneto-inductive setup and results of the investigation

doubt, the advice of the manufacturer or a competent person ropeways. The setup consists of a permanent magnet that
should be sought. brings the piece of rope under analysis into saturation. This
means the rope is immersed into axially oriented magnetic
Suspension Means Residual Life Estimation flux lines. When an interruption of a section occurs, the
For alternative suspension means, some new approaches magnetic flux lines are radially dispersed and detected by the
have developed: a finite lifetime definition, a monitoring detection coils (Figure 8).
system with nondestructive technology or a combination of The magneto-inductive methodology is an evolutional
the two. To define the approach of the finite lifetime type of exam in the sense that the signal will evolve as soon as
definition, it is important to create a laboratory the rope is subjected to more wear. The peaks become more
experimentation in which a setup for simple and reverse and more accentuated as the fretting fatigue and internal
bending is addressed. Figure 7 shows an example setup. abrasion continue. Evaluating the signals, some conclusions
The suspension media shall be tested in combination with could be drawn on the state of the wire rope, and an expert
the expected traction sheave and deflection pulley, including could judge the situation. More importantly, the most stressed
the details of diameter and groove shape. An expected lifetime rope part is, in this case, put in evidence quite easily, and a
in service is calculated from the lifetime obtained by each visual check of this section should be conducted.
element of the reeving arrangement by using a combination It is important to make an analysis at the time of
formula. Based on this calculation, a trip counter shall be installation and then to repeat the analysis year after year to
installed on the elevator to monitor how much residual see the evolution path of the diagram. In some cases, this
lifetime will remain for the system in operation. The counter device could be permanently installed on the elevator to
installation should not be a direct replacement of periodic monitor the situation in real time and to send notice to the
visual checks to ensure the system is in proper operating maintenance company when there is a need for an in-depth
condition. Environmental factors or other reasons not inspection. This brings us to the matter of predictive
anticipated could lead to damage of the suspension means and maintenance that could be integrated with the suspension
it reaching the discard point. means at this point.
The second method by which to monitor the residual
lifetime is by using a nondestructive methodology such as Using Suspension Means to Perform
magneto-inductive, current flow, visual with webcams or by Predictive Maintenance Tasks
other means. As an example, let’s examine the magneto- We will see now how to benefit from the sensors installed
inductive test. The selection of this type of analysis is not around the suspension means to get information to address
because it is more suitable than the others, but because it is predictive maintenance in the field. This will soon be realized
used extensively in similar fields like mining and aerial

76 • May - June 2019

in the industry. A basic set of sensors could eventually be draw conclusions on the quality of ride and eventual
composed as follows: anomalies
♦♦ A triaxial accelerometer: installed on the cabin, this will The case analyzed is one in which the triaxial accelerator
detect all the vibration connected with the travel of the sensor is installed on the cabin and is detecting some vibration
elevator. coming from the suspension means, even if the root cause could
♦♦ A load-weighing device: this sensor will detect the load in be coming from another part of the elevator system. Based on
the cabin and can also evaluate the vertical variation during the frequency analysis and time measurement on the signal
the travel caused by bouncing or guide friction. registered, the source of the problem can be determined. The
♦♦ A nondestructive testing device: installed close to the maintenance company can therefore schedule a visit to the site
traction sheave, such a device can monitor the evolution on knowing where to look, bringing the right spare parts for
the wearing of the suspension means in real time. This could replacement.
be based on any technology (e.g., magneto-inductive, Developing an algorithm that will understand the root cause
current pulse, webcams, etc.). from the vibration detected is a challenging process, but not
♦♦ A gateway: to transmit the information gathered to a remote impossible if the proper experimentation has been carried out.
cloud where a specific algorithm will analyze the situation to

NdT device

Vibration on the
suspension means

Root causes to investigate:

• Sheave bearings worn out
• Out-of-center sheaves Tri-axial accelerometer
• Inverter specifications
• Equal tensioning of ropes
Load weighting device
• Other abnormalities

Figure 9: Vibration on suspension means and investigation of root causes

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 77

Wearing of Suspension Means Conclusions on Suspension Media
Suspension means are subject to progressive Effects
wearing. If the frequency analysis put in evidence As described above, upon seeing the suspension
shows the vertical vibration has been slightly media vibrating, we could understand that we
increasing over a specific time period and then wouldn’t need to focus our attention on the
suddenly experiences a peak in correspondence to suspension media itself. By analyzing the specific
the increased level of traffic, a visual check of the spectrum of the vibration frequency, we can obtain
suspension media should be the first task more characterization of the phenomena and look
performed. Visible discard criteria will likely not for the root cause from other elements of the
be present. By measuring the vertical bouncing elevator system.
over time, we can understand that the rope is
under fretting fatigue before it contributes to ride Conclusions
discomfort. This article should have made it evident how
suspension means can contribute to the overall
Vibration Caused by the Rotating design of a complete elevator system, and in which
Mass way they can cooperate with safe operation and
A completely different scenario is if the predictive evaluations. Furthermore, in specific
frequency of the vibration relates to the periodic conditions, the selection of the right suspension
amplitude that is somehow correlated with the media for the right application could influence the
traveling speed. In this case, the sheaves are the total cost of ownership and the traffic management
main elements to be investigated to understand if of the building.
the phenomena are caused by roller bearings or by A smart designer will start their own evaluation,
some other uniqueness of the rotary mass. taking into consideration the options that
alternative suspension means could bring to their
Equal Tensioning in Suspension configurations.
Media This analysis has been limited to only a few
Another possible source of vibration could be aspects without entering into too much detail of
from the set of ropes losing equal tensioning. In the engineering cases. There is much more to be
this case, the frequency has some parameter of analyzed, and the suspension means are one of the
causality but in correspondence to a specific main drivers for the innovation of a complete
location of the cabin in the shaft. elevator package.
Effects of Inverter Parameters
Dr. Nicola Imbimbo is global application
Other vibrations affecting ride comfort can be manager for the elevator business unit of
attributed to the parameters of the inverter in Prysmian Group. Imbimbo is also a member of the
piloting the motor. In this case, it is evident the Italian and European Lifts Technical Committee
vibrations in the cabin are amplified during and is involved in the ad hoc group for the
acceleration and/or deceleration. Another element implementation of “Alternative Suspension Media”
that could bring some variance here is the level of into EN 81-20/50. He has published several articles
loading present in the cabin under such conditions. relevant to suspension media and elevators in
specialized magazines and presented several
speeches at international elevator forums. He
holds a doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from
the Polytechnic University of Turin in Italy. c

78 • May - June 2019

September 16-19, 2019

70th Annual
Convention &
2019 Exposition
Amway Grand Plaza &
DeVos Place Convention Center


Vertical Transportation Event in North America!

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Project Spotlight

The order included two panoramic elevators with a travel The installations incorporate lots of glass and steel and
height of 29 m, capacity of 1500 kg, speed of up to 2 mps provide a glimpse at the systems' inner workings; image
and four stops; image courtesy of thyssenkrupp. courtesy of thyssenkrupp.

A Remarkable
Milestone in
An illuminated cab thyssenkrupp delivers largest-ever
ceiling resembles
deconstructed dominoes; Sweden order to new mixed-use city
photo courtesy of Åhmans.
block, Urban Escape.
by Kaija Wilkinson
That Stockholm, Sweden, is the fastest-growing
city in Europe —with the equivalent of a busload of
new residents added each day — is evident just
looking around the horizon. In the Vasastaden
District near the city center, Norra Tornen is rising
to 33 stories. The tower will house apartments,
public areas, a gym and a movie theater. Southwest
of downtown, the 78-story Tellus Towers are rising
thyssenkrupp Elevator's biggest toward becoming the tallest residential towers in
order to date in Sweden northern Europe.[1]
consisted of 57 elevators, 27
escalators and 15 platform lifts.

80 • May - June 2019

Urban Escape takes its place on the
Stockholm skyline; image © AMF

Meanwhile, the inner-city Brukenkebsergstorg Square installation of 29 elevators, six escalators and six platform lifts. The
continues to evolve, from being lined with fashionable homes in second phase consisted of 25 elevators, nine platform lifts and 21
the 19th century, becoming "officeized" in the early 1960s to escalators. All elevators are thyssenkrupp EVOLUTION® BLUE
emerging as a financial center later in the decade when nearly all machine-room-less units for the European market, and the
the historic structures were demolished.[2] The tide is turning escalators are Velino Xtra heavy-duty units. Both models are highly
once again with the recent opening of Urban Escape, which takes customizable. The EVOLUTION BLUE elevators:
the place of Swedbank operations that moved out in 2014. ♦♦ Have capacities of 320-4000 kg and travel at up to 3 mps
The largest-ever project for developer AMF Fastigheter, Urban ♦♦ Are tested by TÜV SÜD, compliant with EN 81-13 and have
Escape consists of five buildings up to 10-stories, four streets, two stopping accuracy of +/-1 mm
squares and a shopping center. Within it are 1,100 m2 of residential ♦♦ Are equipped with features including a highly efficient drive
space, two hotels and rooftop gardens. There are also restaurants motor, energy recovery and LED lighting
and bars, and a reception area where people can sit down and have thyssenkrupp's E.COR controller was used in all elevators for
an informal meeting over coffee. Urban Escape,. Now standard with all thyssenkrupp elevator
AMF Fastigneter wasted no time in transforming the property systems, E.COR
after Swedbank moved out in 2014. The developer selected ♦♦ Responds optimally to usage patterns to avoid unnecessary
thyssenkrupp Elevator to provide the vertical-transportation (VT) trips and stops
system for the "city within a city," resulting in another "largest ♦♦ Separately stores unused energy during downward motion and
ever": thyssenkrupp's biggest order to date in Sweden that braking, feeding it back into the grid
consisted of 57 elevators, 27 escalators and 15 platform lifts. "The ♦♦ Detects potential disruptions before they occur
successful completion of the Urban Escape project is a remarkable ♦♦ Uses electronic components that minimize noise
milestone for us," Janne Piiroinen, managing director of thyssenkrupp Led by Project Manager Fredrik Allvise and Site Supervisor
Elevator Sverige, said. "I'm personally very pleased with how hard Konstantinos Charalampopoulos for the escalators, and Juan Pablo
our local team worked and managed to deliver quality products to Villanueva Contreras and Site Supervisor Thobias Hulten for the
our customer on this challenging project." elevators, the project incorporates components the project
The OEM started the job in 2015 and completed delivery in late incorporates components from thyssenkrupp Fartreppen AG and
April 2019. Finished in 2017, the first phase consisted of elevator car interiors from Åhmans, a family-owned company

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 81

The thyssenkrupp team worked in close collaboration with its
subcontracted fittings company to deliver against tight deadlines and
navigate tenants moving in at different times during construction.

founded in 1860 and headquartered in and shakers in style and technology.

Åhus, Sweden. Nearly all Urban Escape Urban Escape Project CEO Niklas
elevators are Åhmans' SUPREME Haglund said, "This project is creating a
model, incorporating LED lighting and brand-new city block in Stockholm, and it
providing options such as natural stone was absolutely essential that we worked
flooring and rear-coated glass walls. The with the very best partners to make it a
tenants opted for striking colors like reality."
bright red, and design elements such as Urban Escape has had no trouble
mirrors and ceiling panels like the ones attracting tenants and is well on its way
that resemble deconstructed dominoes. to becoming home to up to 8,000
Rolf Wennerstrom, Åhmans sales and workers. thyssenkrupp elevators are
marketing manager, said the company now serving the likes of global players
provided approximately 30 elevator cabs WeWork, the "Airbnb for office
for the project from 2015-2018. "By spaces"[3]; Nordic Tech House, a
having the opportunity to participate startup incubator, which moved from
early on in the construction process and nearby square Stureplan (home to
meet architects and property managers, Versace and Gucci)[4]; and, last but not
smart solutions were found early," least, Microsoft.
Wennerstrom observes, adding: After 28 years in a previous
"SUPREME is designed for conceptual Stockholm location, Microsoft found
collaboration with architects and that Urban Escape fits its philosophy
designers and provides unlimited choice of and serves as an ideal place to house
materials and colors. The SUPREME roughly 600 employees, as well as
Some elevators, with cabs by Åhmans, incorporate
concept is excellent for use with interiors welcome visitors from around the custom images; image courtesy of thyssenkrupp.
with glass, mirrors and stainless steel. world. The tech giant plans to move in
Through the model's carefully thought-out to its new 3,000-m2 offices in September.
system, it is easy to build in monitors Joacim Damgard, general manager of
behind glass or mirrors." Microsoft Sweden, said:
Installation was performed in phases "We chose Urban Escape because it fits
and came with significant challenges, in with Microsoft's vision of the intelligent
including working around a shopping workplace, where people, technology and
mall in the heart of the busy city that the environment are in symbiosis. Through
was open to the public throughout the years, we've had more than 100,000
construction. The thyssenkrupp team visitors to our 'open tours' of the office,
worked in close collaboration with its and we hope that many will want to visit
subcontracted fittings company to our new office, where we aim to create the
deliver against tight deadlines and most attractive workplace in Sweden."
navigate tenants moving in at different
times during construction. For example,
three different contractors were [1] Invest Stockholm "Stockholm's
working onsite at the same time at TAK, New Skyline – Exploring Disruptive
Urban Escape's rooftop restaurant and Buildings and Rooftops."
bar. [2]
The selection of thyssenkrupp Burnkebergstrog
Elevator for Urban Escape was part of [3]
AMF's overarching plan to roll out the welcome-to-urban-escape
red carpet for the world's top movers [4] c
Many tenants opted for bright colors and custom stone
flooring; photo courtesy of Åhmans.

82 • May - June 2019

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Project Spotlight

Escalators and Moving Walks for

Amsterdam's North-South Metro Line
Liftinstituut demonstrates high-energy-performance requirement of
thyssenkrupp escalators based on a series of measurements.

Not only is energy consumption important for the municipality, durability of the installations is,
as well. For example, the escalators' frames must last for at least 40 years, and bending of the
frames and walking surfaces is not allowed to exceed 1 mm per meter. This is why thyssenkrupp
incorporated additional compartmental constructions in the machine frames.

84 • May - June 2019

(l-r) Carl Van den Einden,
product manager for
machines at Liftinstituut,
and Harry Beukeveld,
project manager for
escalators at
thyssenkrupp, look back
on a successful and
pleasant collaboration
and are happy with the

by Koos van Lindenberg

The North-South metro line in Amsterdam, which has Beukeveld is proud that:
many lifts, escalators and moving walks, recently began “This is the highest energy performance level achievable
service. Liftinstituut carried out energy-performance- with the current state of the art, although we might have been
certificate (EPC) measurements and commissioning tests able to save another 8 or 9 MWh. However, at a certain point,
for all 91 escalators and the four moving walks. Your author we stopped measuring, as we had met the requirement. All 27
talked about the measurements with Harry Beukeveld, lifts achieved energy label A in the measurements, as well."
project manager for escalators at thyssenkrupp, which held
the contract for the project. He also spoke with Carl van
den Einden, product manager for machines at Netherlands- Basis for the Measurements
based Notified Body (NB) Liftinstituut, who is in charge of While Liftinstituut received instruction for the EPC
the technical operations involving these measurements. measurements in 2015, work started in October 2017. The
The municipality of Amsterdam had requested the basis for these measurements was standard ISO/DIS 25745-
measurements in its specification for the project. 1:2008. Meanwhile, an update of it had been published, but
Beukeveld explained they are: the specification dated back to 2011. Therefore, the 2008
“. . . related to the energy performance of the installations version applied, which stipulated the escalators had to be in
and specify that the maximum total energy consumption of operation for some 800 h before the measurements were
the escalators and moving walks was allowed to be 1,500 taken. All measurements were carried out on empty
MWh. If this were achieved, the structural contractor would upward-moving installations. The duration for each energy
get a substantial discount on the contract total. Our factory level measurement was 5 min. Van den Einden explained:
had to demonstrate this to the contractor beforehand based on “We then converted the results to 60 min, then multiplied this
calculations regarding the energy performance for the figure by 20 (20 operating hours per day) and again by 365
escalators and moving walks. These calculations later proved (365 days per year). For 91 escalators and four moving walks,
achievable in practice, too. The energy consumption ended up the results came to 1,498.3 MWh — so, nicely below the 1,500
even a little lower than the consumption calculated." MWh stipulated."

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 85

“This is the highest energy
performance level achievable
with the current state of the art"
— Harry Beukeveld, project
manager for escalators at

A Few Adjustments Required

Asked whether thyssenkrupp had made any adjustments
to the standard-traffic escalators to reach a lower energy
consumption, Beukeveld indicated each escalator is
provided with a full-load frequency converter. This device is
suitable for starting and stopping the escalators while fully
loaded. As a full-load frequency converter has been
developed further than a regular frequency converter, its
energy consumption is very low.
The emergency escalators have a "slow stop" switch
system, so that, in the event of an emergency, they will
slowly come to a halt when there are people on them. This
will minimize the chance of people falling, and the
nonmoving escalator can then be used as an escape route.
All escalators are provided with energy-efficient switch
systems, too, reducing their speed from 0.65 to 0.2 m/s when
there are no people on them. This saves power while they
are not being used. The escalators are only turned off at
night. Furthermore, the skirt band lighting is not switched
through the escalator but is switched on and off remotely.
However, it still operates as lighting in emergencies, as it is
connected to the metro building's uninterruptible power
supply (UPS). This UPS is an emergency power supply with
several large batteries that kicks in when voltage shuts down
in the event of a power failure. Due to the connection to the
UPS, skirt band lighting stays on for another two hours.

Van den Einden remarked that this was Liftinstituut's first
large-scale EPC measuring project for escalators. “So, it was
quite a challenge," he said. "In total, 130 measurements were
carried out." Beukeveld was convinced from the start that
the measuring results would be positive:
“As I knew about this specification requirement, I had
already arranged for a number of escalators to be measured in
the factory during a factory assessment test. The client attended Product Specialist Roy Bahadoer from Liftinstituut carried out EPC
this a number of times, too. The results were really favorable." measurements on 91 escalators and four ramps.

86 • May - June 2019

“This project has been a true technical highlight,
not just for us, but also for our subcontractor
Mulder Montage, who placed the installations.”
— Beukeveld

Execution Looking Back

All measurements were carried out by Roy Bahadoer, Beukeveld looks back on the North-South Line project
product specialist for escalators at Liftinstituut. Van den with pride:
Einden indicated why: “This project has been a true technical highlight, not just for
“Bahadoer has a lot of experience with this and is familiar us, but for our subcontractor Mulder Montage, too. Compared
with all the ins and outs. From time to time, his planning with large metro stations abroad, this has only been a small
needed tweaking, but, thanks to the operational support from project, but by Dutch standards, it has been a huge project —
Liftinstituut colleague Marian Kool, it was possible to get his and not always easy, either. In particular, De Pijp Metro
availability every time." Station, with two lines superimposed, was a technical
Beukeveld is also happy that all the measurements were challenge. As many as 60 lifting lugs were required to install
carried out by Bahadoer, noting, “Sometimes he had to work just one escalator here. This was complicated further by the
really long days, but he was always flexible and on time. It fact that no external machine rooms were possible near the
was also good to have just one point of contact." escalators, as the design did not enable this; the control
Beukeveld is also pleased with the support received from cabinet had to be located in the turnaround area. Luckily, a
Liftinstituut with respect to structural issues and risk few design issues were ironed out over time, and some
analyses, commenting, “It was definitely an advantage to deviations were allowed, although it took a fair amount of
work together with an NB." time and effort to get there. But, the end result is stunning."
Van den Einden also feels positive in retrospect and is
impressed by the way the stations look, remarking, “It is a
clever construction and a major technical achievement. c

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 87

Everything in the
North-South Line
has been
tested by Metro
and Tram and GVB's
testing firm, which
began work as
early as January
2018. This involved
not only the trains,
but also the
installations, such
as lifts, escalators,
moving walks,
metro systems and
thyssenkrupp has
also been
providing the
maintenance to the
escalators, moving
walks and lifts since
that time.

88 • May - June 2019

Submit your vertical, horizontal or inclined transportation system
of an innovative design, special application or approach that has
solved a major problem or overcome a unique challenge to the
ELEVATOR WORLD 22nd Annual Project of the Year Awards.


• Innovation • Elevators – New Construction
• Elevators – Modernization
• Originality and creativity • Elevators – Upgrades + Repairs
• Challenges overcome • Escalators – New Construction
• Installation methods and techniques • Escalators – Modernization
• Escalators – Upgrades + Repairs
• Use of advanced technology and overall • Moving Walks
quality of presentation • Inclined Elevators
• Platforms Lifts + Stairway Chairlifts
• Private-Residence Elevators
• Special-Purpose Lifts

All entries will be judged and categorized as received by an impartial panel

of experienced industry experts and professionals. Winning entries will be
published in the January 2020 issue of ELEVATOR WORLD. Winners in
each category will be acknowledged with an award of recognition.

Deadline for Entries: For contest rules & requirements,

September 30, 2019 visit
Project Spotlight

Meet the Tulip:

London’s Most
Controversial Tower
A potential new “public cultural attraction” faces scrutiny, sparks debate

Atrium looking down

© DBOX for Foster + Partners

by Matt Irvin
Official opposition to the Tulip, a towering “We have serious concerns about the
cultural and tourist attraction proposed in the capacity of the public realm to adequately
City of London, continued to build in the manage the additional number of people that
early weeks of 2019, multiple news outlets this development will bring,” Tom Noble, the
have reported. city’s group manager for the public realm,
Website reported on 6 said in a letter to planning officers.
February that London officials responsible for “Furthermore, we believe that the quality of the
the public realm have determined the plan for public realm will not be of the standard
ground-level access to the Tulip is inadequate required to support and advance the
for the huge number of visitors the developer development and the wider City Cluster.”
hopes to attract. The Tulip project would consist of a
305.3-m-tall tower offering observation

90 • May - June 2019

decks, educational facilities, ‘pod’ rides, a restaurant and sky slender ‘stem’ topped by a bulbous ‘bloom’ — The Tulip would,
lounge. It would sit next to 30 St Mary Axe, a high-rise building according to the development team, “enhance the Gherkin, one of
in the City of London known popularly as the Gherkin. The London’s most cherished and recognisable buildings, and offer a
Tulip has been proposed by the team that created the Gherkin, new state-of-the-art cultural and educational resource for
owner J. Safra Group and architects Foster + Partners. Londoners and tourists.” quoted Noble as saying public realm measures Sir Norman Foster, Founder and Executive Chairman, Foster
proposed in the design and access statement supporting the + Partners, praised both the design of the structure as well as its
Tulip’s planning application were “unacceptable and would likely stated mission, saying, “Continuing the pioneering design of 30 St
lead to people walking in the carriageway and experiencing Mary Axe, the Tulip is in the spirit of London as a progressive,
discomfort.” He added, “We do not believe that the current forward-thinking city. It offers significant benefits to Londoners
proposals will be of benefit to the City Cluster and therefore do not and visitors as a cultural and social landmark with unmatched
support the proposals in their current form.” educational resources for future generations.”
The fears follow concerns from planning officers at the Jacob J. Safra, of developer J. Safra Group, said, “We are
Greater London Authority, who in a 14 January notice voiced delighted to benefit from the exceptional talent of Foster + Partners
objections based on design, heritage and transport grounds, and in bringing to London this world-class visitor attraction. The Tulip’s
declared that it would breach the London Plan because its elegance and soft strength complements the iconic Gherkin. We are
facilities would not be free to the public and because it would confident in London’s role as a global city and are proud to offer its
harm protected views of the Tower of London. A BBC report of schoolchildren a state-of-the-art classroom in the sky to appreciate
the matter relayed that GLA officers “have significant concerns London’s history and dynamism.”
with the design approach. The height appears unjustified and the The GLA position, however, was echoed in a letter from the
introduction of significant expanse of solid and inactive building office of Mayor Sadiq Khan to the City of London Development
frontage would appear incongruous in the existing faceted context Division, which said that if the division opts to make a decision
of the Eastern Cluster, drawing significant attention in this on the developer’s proposal, it must consult with the mayor
heritage sensitive location. The site layout and loss of public again and allow him 14 days to decide whether to let the decision
realm at street level is also of significant concern.” proceed unchanged, direct the division to reject the application
In November 2018, J. Safra Group and Foster + or decide that he will “act as the local planning authority for the
Partners announced the development, and purpose of determining the application.”
said the Tulip would provide facilities for While developers say the purposes of the structure are in line
education, sightseeing, ‘pod’ rides and with the mayor’s goals for the Square Mile as regards cultural/
more. Deriving its name from its heritage attractions and environmental sustainability, the Tulip
nature-inspired form — a long, was faced with critics as soon as the project was announced,

Aerial view of The Tulip

© DBOX for Foster + Partners

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 91

The Tulip Gondola
© DBOX for Foster + Partners

including such well-placed observers as Historic England and within the top section, offering 20,000 free places per year for
Historic Royal Palaces. London’s state schoolchildren. This educational resource would
Despite the criticism, on April 2, the City of London Planning be provided by the tower’s owner, who promises to “deliver
and Transportation Committee resolved to grant planning national curriculum topics using innovative tools to bring to life the
permission subject to entering into a s106 Planning Agreement. city’s history and dynamism, inspiring the creative young minds of
This proposal is now subject to Stage 2 review by Mayor Khan. tomorrow.”
The benefits would not be extended only to children. The
Developers’ View Tulip, the owner says, would also offer an unparalleled vantage
Since the turn of the Millennium, London has seen strong point to view London from a height of around 300 m. The
growth as a global financial hub, growth reflected in a changing viewing galleries would include sky bridges, internal glass slides
skyline that has seen a number of new high-rise buildings. The and gondola pod rides on the building’s façade, experiences
City of London Corporation has been driving proposals to meant to appeal to people across all age groups. Interactive
enliven the Square Mile by creating a “Culture Mile” with materials and briefings from expert guides about the history of
world-class tourist facilities. The proposal for the Tulip reflects London would enhance tourists’ visits, and a sky bar and
what the developer says is a desire to “build public engagement restaurants with 360-degree views of the city would complement
within the City and enhance the Gherkin’s public offering.” The the experience.
Tulip, it vows, “promises wide cultural and economic benefits with
a diverse programme of events.” Sustainability Considerations
According to the website, the ‘Culture When it was completed in 2004, the Gherkin brought new life
Mile’is “a new home for contemporary culture in the ancient heart to its surroundings, the developers said, adding that the Tulip
of London’s working capital.” Its purpose is to inspire people “to would “extend the site’s public realm further.” Among the
wander winding medieval streets and marvel at architectural proposals are a new pocket park and a two-storey pavilion
wonders.” Culture Mile collaborators are the City of London offering a publicly accessible rooftop garden. Together with
Corporation, the Barbican, Guildhall School of Music & Drama, green walls, the proposal would increase the site’s green surface
London Symphony Orchestra and the Museum of London. area by 8.5 times, supporting the mayor’s goal for London to be
The Tulip developers see their project as fitting in with the the world’s first National Park City. Public access would also be
Culture Mile ideals. A key feature would be an education facility

92 • May - June 2019

The Tulip skybridge at dusk
© DBOX / Foster + Partners

considerably improved through the removal of more than half of

the existing perimeter walls around the Gherkin.
The development team said the Tulip’s “bud-like form and
minimal building footprint” are incorporated in efforts to reduce
the use of resources. The structure would use high-performance
glass and optimised building systems to reduce its energy
consumption. Zero-combustion technology is planned for the
heating and cooling system, and integrated photovoltaic cells
would generate energy on site.

Economic and Social Considerations

According to the developers, the combination of the Tulip
and the Gherkin would “bring life to the City of London at all
times of the day and evening, seven days a week,” which, they said,
would create opportunities for economic and social benefits for
of London, one of the sites it oversees. According to AJ, HRP is
the local community and for London. “The Tulip will offer an
warning of the “impact on the ‘eminence as an iconic,
outstanding venue to host cultural, educational, business and
internationally famous monument” by the arrival of the “exotic
technology events,” they said.
and consciously eye-catching” tower behind it.”
Vocal Critics As the Tower of London is a United Nations Educational,
The scheme is not without well-placed detractors, however. Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage
Historic England, an executive public body of the British site, HRP is urging the City of London to consult with the body
Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media before deciding on whether to approve construction of the
and Sport, criticised the Tulip’s “unusual eye-catching form” Tulip, AJ added.
because it would harm views of the Tower of London, The Aesthetic considerations are not the only issues being raised.
Architects’ Journal (AJ) reported on 10 December 2018. AJ CNN reported on 28 November that London City Airport is
quoted a Historic England spokesperson as saying: airing concerns that the Tulip as planned may interfere with air
“In our view, the proposed building would cause harm to the traffic operations. The airport’s technical operations coordinator
significance of the Tower of London, one of London’s four World has written to the City of London asking that it delay any
Heritage Sites. The visual contrast between the modern City of approval “until an assessment has been carried out on the impact of
London and the historic Tower of London has been established for this development on the radar coverage.”
decades, but has intensified in recent years as the Eastern Cluster of The airport’s concern, CNN said, was that the moving
buildings becomes taller and denser. This new building is located gondola pods on the face of the tower may have “a different effect
towards the edge of the Eastern Cluster and would create a vertical [on the airport’s radar] than a static element of the building.”
‘cliff edge’ to it when views alongside the Tower of London from the The CNN report also quoted Manuel Kaiser, “a member of the
east. This, coupled with the unusual eye-catching form of the Tulip, public,” as writing that the Tulip would contribute to the
would reduce the visual dominance of the Tower of London.” “Disneyfication of the area, leading to tourist crowds and
Historic Royal Palaces (HRP), a non-profit that manages undesirable side effects.”
several of Britain’s unoccupied royal palaces, lodged an even Subject to the planning approval process, construction on the
stronger complaint. AJ, reporting on 19 December, said HRP Tulip could begin in 2020, with completion projected for 2025.
called the Tulip “extremely damaging” to the setting of the Tower

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 93

The Tulip education
room with children
© DBOX for Foster +

Features of Tulip’s VT Design

As designed, the Tulip would feature a robust vertical-
transportation (VT) system. Central to the system would be four
double-deck, three-stop, 1600-kg, 8.0 m/s shuttle lifts that would
transport guests from the lift lobbies in the two-storey pavilion’s
mezzanine and ground levels directly to upper sky-lobbies at the
education and observation levels. From there, passengers riding up
to the restaurant and the Sky Bar would transfer to one of a pair of
single-deck, nine-stop (including four emergency stops), 1275-kg,
1.6 m/s, machine room-less (MRL) local lifts. There would also be a
pair of 10-stop, 1600-kg goods/firefighting lifts traveling 5-7 m/s
from the pavilion basement to the kitchen level, just below the Sky
Bar (these lifts would have an additional eight emergency stops
spaced every five floors up the shafts). A platform lift would be
available between the Sky Bar’s two levels. The upper levels would
also be served by two dumb waiters, with the specifications under
The pavilion’s levels would be serviced by three escalators (two
entrance, one exit) between the ground and mezzanine levels. Each
escalator would have 1000-mm-wide steps, a 30-degree rise, no
intermediate support and travel at 0.5 m/s. Lifts in the pavilion
♦♦ Two two-stop, 8000-kg, 0.3 m/s lorry/delivery lifts
♦♦ One MRL three-stop, 1275-kg, 1.6 m/s plaza entrance/rooftop lift
♦♦ One MRL four-stop, 1275-kg, 1.6 m/s shower/service floor lift
♦♦ Two MRL two-stop, 1275-kg, 1.6 m/s entrance/exit lifts
♦♦ Three two-stop, 1275-kg, 1.6 m/s goods and service lifts
The VT consultant was listed as:
Foster + Partners
Vertical Transportation Consultant Riverside
22 Hester Road
London SW11 4AN c
Bird’s Eye view of The Tulip
© DBOX / Foster + Partners

94 • May - June 2019

Company Spotlight

(l-r) Tomas Jäderberg and Lars Gustafsson

Lift Safety

SafeLine, having recently manufactured its 100,000th SL6

emergency telephone, has paved an important
technological road for the lift industry. In this story, an
unexpected meeting became the start of a longtime
partnership that made it possible.

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 95

Gustafsson at
production line

by Jonas Tomasson
It all started with an advertisement. In night before they finished talking. Though
1993, Tomas Jäderberg was flipping through they did not know it at the time, they had just
the electronics section of the phone directory laid the foundation of what was to become
when an advertisement for an emulator for SafeLine Group.
sale caught his eye. Ever since he was a child, It would take years until the two worked
Gustafsson said Jäderberg had been interested in electronics together for the first time. Gustafsson has
Jäderberg "has and was always on the lookout for new always, at least as long as he can remember,
gadgets. The ad was signed with a number not had many ideas, but no one listened to them
always been the far from where he lived, in the south of at the lift company where he was employed.
one to make it Stockholm. He decided it was worth a visit. He, therefore, quit his job and started his own
work in the end, The one behind the ad was Lars "Lasse" company, fulfilling a longtime dream.
Gustafsson (ELEVATOR WORLD, June Hisselektronik AB was founded in 1995 by
while I have 2019). Gustafsson had worked in the lift Gustafsson, who sold floor displays and
always been business as a technician since he was 15 years control systems for lifts he had manufactured
the one with old. When he later wanted to learn about the himself in the basement of his house. Things
theoretical side of electronics, he entered a were going alright but not as good as he knew
the industrial community college and started manufacturing it could.
knowhow and components in his basement. This meant he In 1998, a new industrial standard was on
the ideas." was always short of space; hence, the ad. the rise in the European lift business. EN
It did not take long for the two to realize 81-28 set new safety demands for lift
they had many things in common. "We were emergency telephones. A lot of the old
both stuck in our jobs and wanted to do telephones could only dream of fulfilling the
something different with our careers. We new demands. Those available on the market
discussed development and shared a passion were technologically old-fashioned and
for electronics but from different places and in functioned poorly, something Gustafsson had
different ways" over a cup of coffee, Jäderberg experienced firsthand over his many years in
recollects. Gustafsson was more interested in the industry. He saw a gap in the market but
the practical side of things, while Jäderberg's knew he had to act quickly and deliver a
interest lay in the problemsolving. One cup of product that was both practical and of high
coffee turned into eight, and day passed into quality. For that, he needed Jäderberg.

96 • May - June 2019

Gustafsson said Jäderberg "has always been the one to
make it work in the end, while I have always been the one
with the industrial knowhow and the ideas." Jäderberg
had worked with telephony all his career and had just the
right skills Gustafsson needed to deliver a quality product
in accordance with the new standard. Jäderberg had
SafeLine Timeline
always wanted to work in development; so, when ♦♦ 1993: Lars Gustafsson and Tomas
Gustafsson approached him with the offer, he was quick Jäderberg meet, and the first seed of what
to accept. will become SafeLine is planted.
The development of what would become the first ♦♦ 1995: Gustafsson starts Hisselektronik AB.
SafeLine telephone started at once. Gustafsson knew that ♦♦ 1998: The European standard EN 81-28 is
the most important thing was that the telephone proposed as a new industrial standard.
functioned flawlessly but, at the same time, was easy to The development of SafeLine 2000
install. Put simply: there would be no hassle. begins.
Gustafsson had access to a lift in Stockholm, the shaft ♦♦ 1999: SafeLine 2000 samples are sold to
of which was infamous for the static it caused phones Gothenburg, Sweden. The first Global
within to have. "I knew if we could get it to function there, System for Mobile communications
it would work everywhere," he said. He and Jäderberg (GSM)-based lift emergency telephone is
rode it all day, trying out new methods, but things went developed.
poorly. They couldn’t get rid of the static, and the exact ♦♦ 2000: SafeLine 2000 is launched.
placement of the phone equipment largely decided the ♦♦ 2001: Hisselektronik hires its first
reception quality. (This was often the case with the employee and moves to Solkraftsvägen in
equipment of that time.) Tyresö, Sweden.
Static in calls from lift shafts is common due to ♦♦ 2002: SafeLine is sold abroad for the first
electronic cables disturbing the signals, Jäderberg time.
explained, saying that he then read as much on static ♦♦ 2004: Jäderberg begins working full time
issues as he could. He returned with a simple solution: the with SafeLine phones.
cables from the car up to the machine room should run ♦♦ 2005: SafeLine starts exporting. Success is
through a current loop. This minimized the effect of static had at the first abroad lift fair, Germany's
so that wherever the voice station is placed in the lift car, Interlift, when SafeLine 3000 (the first lift
communication is upheld. emergency telephone to combine
Based on his solution, Jäderberg produced the first landline and GSM in one unit) is displayed.
SafeLine 2000 units by hand, and Gustafsson later sold SafeLine, with its 11 employees, relocates
them to different lift companies in Sweden. The product to its current facilities at Antennvägen in
was an instant hit, and it did not take long before they Tyresö.
were sold out. Those first units are still in operation, some ♦♦ 2007: SafeLine Europe is founded.
25 years later. ♦♦ 2008: Hisselektronik becomes a
The next step was mass production of products to subsidiary of SafeLine.
supply the increasing demand. For Jäderberg to produce ♦♦ 2009: The company's first lift control
thousands of units by hand in his home was out of the system is launched.
question, so an external party took on production. As this ♦♦ 2010: SafeLine Sweden AB is formed.
presented a risk of lowering the quality standards, ♦♦ 2011: The SL6 lift emergency telephone is
Jäderberg arranged a protocol by which all units had to be launched and goes on to be highly
tested. "I knew we needed a high standard of testing to successful.
maintain a high quality of product. Our cornerstone ♦♦ 2015: The holding company J2L acquires
philosophy has always been to test every step in majority shares of SafeLine Sweden AB,
production. I had a music room in my house that became and Hisselektronik becomes an
a testing room." He tested the first 50 units manually and, independent company.
from that experience, developed SafeLine's fully ♦♦ 2017: The THOR control system is
automatic testing system. Jäderberg is convinced the launched.
testing systems laid the foundation for the company's ♦♦ 2019: SafeLine manufactures its 100,000th
reputation for reliability and, thus, its successes. SL6 circuit board.
In the following years, SafeLine grew and acquired its
own production line, allowing Gustafsson and Jäderberg

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 97

The 100,000th SL6

to refine the concept with every succeeding time in its history, its sales in Germany are
product, while following the European better than its sales in all the Nordic countries
I knew we standards. When the SafeLine SL6 was combined. "Before, nobody really knew who
launched in the beginning of the 2010s, we were abroad, but now everybody knows. It
needed a SafeLine became the biggest manufacturer and is a very conservative industry, where things
high standard supplier of independent lift emergency move at a snail’s pace — something we always
of testing to telephones on the market. Of their years of take into account when developing new
hard work and, above all, cooperation, products," Gustafsson explained.
maintain a Gustafsson said with pride, "We have had an There were, however, some missteps along
high quality of impact on the level of technology in the the way. "There are certain products that we, in
product. Our industry and hardened the competition. If a hindsight, could have skipped, but we have
manufacturer is going to make a similar always learned something from those
cornerstone product, it looks toward us." mistakes," Gustafsson said, continuing with a
philosophy has In addition to Gustafsson and Jäderberg, smile:
always been to many of SafeLine’s first employees still work "Usually, those mistakes have originated from
there. Employees talk about decisions coming specific customers wanting specific functions.
test every step from below, rather than from above — a Then, when you finally launch the product, it
in production. company in which the technicians can take part turns out nobody else wanted it. Now, we have
I had a music in decisions. "We have a very positive culture, increasingly let sales and marketing decide what
and business has always been good," Gustafsson is needed, rather than it coming straight from the
room in my explained. "Those two things, I think, have customer to development. Usually, we have let
house that contributed tremendously to people remaining our gut feeling decide for us.
became a testing within the company over the years." Generally, it has led us in the
As it is hard for SafeLine to further improve right direction."
room. upon its emergency telephones without also
raising prices, the company has shifted focus Jonas Tomasson is
from telephony to other segments of the lift copywriter for SafeLine
safety market. The independent lift control Group. He holds a degree in
system THOR is one example. It has helped Journalism from Stockholm
SafeLine become a market leader of open University. c
control systems in Europe, and, for the first

98 • May - June 2019

Product Spotlight

Contactorless Integrated Controller

Aybey Elektronik of Turkey launched a floors as simplex, as well as in a lift group with up to
contactorless integrated lift controller at Asansör eight units.
Istanbul 2019 (ELEVATOR WORLD, June AE-MAESTRO can drive both syncronous and
2019). AE-MAESTRO supports EN asyncronous motors. It supports both closed- and
81-20/50, 81-1 + A3, 81-70, open-loop operation for geared traction machines.
81-28, 81-72 and 81-73 lift Therefore, it can be retrofitted to one- or two-speed
standards, and has been geared traction machines directly without an
certified by Liftinstituut as a encoder. It offers three Controller Area Network
safe-torque-off device. Its buses. Car communication is always serial. Landing
output can be connected panels can be connected in serial or parallel
directly to the motor without connection. It can also use incremental or absolute
contactors. This is to make the encoders for floor selection. In this case, an
controller wiring easier and the intelligent speed system determines travel speeds
operation of the panel quiter. depending on the path and manages the travel
The company says it also curve. It can use also magnetic switches when
extends the lifetime of the open-loop operation is selected.
output transistors at the driver The product includes a thin-film-transistor
stage due to the absence of a terminal for monitoring and adjustments that can
mechanical switch between the be used anywhere in the shaft via CAN bus. The
motor and transistors. device's two serial ports are used for serial data
The compact integrated communication (such as USB or Ethernet). The
controller includes the lift controller system can be monitored and adjusted directly with
itself, a motor driver, an EMC filter, a DC choke USB or in a local network and via the internet with
coil and a rescue power supply isolation circuit. It Ethernet.
uses dual microprocessor architecture, and The system supports access-control restrictions
manages the motor with a digital signal processor based on floor number or time and VIP travel.
and the lift system by another processor. This These two systems are managed by the access
allows the motor processor to be dedicated to control software built into AE-MAESTRO. A
motor signals and helps achieve high precision in radio-frequency identification card or iButton
generating motor signals, which it outputs at 250 device can be used with this function when read by
Hz with a selectable carrier frequency of 4-16 kHz. a reader in landing units or the car operating panel.
Its power range is 4-30 kW. It can be used up to 64 c

New Incremental Encoder Series

Düsseldorf, Germany-based outputs A, B, Z and their inverted
TWK-ELEKTRONIK GmbH has signals, available with either Push-Pull
added the FOI series of incremental (HTL) or RS422 (TTL) output drivers.
encoders to its range of magnetic The sensor shaft is designed for axial
encoders. They are compact and offer a and radial shaft loads of 40 and 110 N.
high level of resolution and accuracy, Their operating temperature range is
which the company says were -40°C to +85°C, and their protection
previously only obtained from optical rating is IP65. The 750,000-plus
encoders. They are also robust like versions, including those for elevators,
magnetic encoders. Any desired are available from stock in small
number of pulses between one and quantities.
16,384 can be obtained. They provide c

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 99

Product Spotlight
Rotary Encoder System
How to correctly measure position and speed
of low-rise residential elevators
by Robert Wachendorff

Ever since Elisha Graves Otis installation time also became

dramatized his safety device on the increasingly important.
floor of the Crystal Palace As international standardization
Exposition in NYC in 1854, lift also continues to develop, it is no
designers and manufacturers have longer enough to detect the car
been trying to answer the question, only in the critical positions.
"Where is my lift car, and how fast Rather, it has become necessary to
is it going right now?" know the precise speed and
Over the years, a position of the previous "zero-
fundamental principle that visibility phase" and be able to
detected only the critical precisely regulate it. Over time,
positions with absolute these new requirements have
reliability in the shaft head, resulted in various technical
shaft floor and door zones, was solutions for measuring position
established. Optical sensors or and speed in the shaft to improve
magnetic switches with a fixed elevator performance with respect
As for its other installation in the elevator shaft to positioning and leveling.
encoders, and with associated tape with Apart from many variants in the
offers the
holes or magnets that confirm design, functions and
standardized the pre- and shutoff points of the characteristics that result from the
CANopen lift control units have been installed in very different approaches around
profile for the every elevator. At the same time, the world, some basic solutions
shown here.
the speed of the car is measured have been established on the
and controlled using encoders and market:
drives. ♦♦ Optical scanning using sensors
It is possible to imagine that all installed on the car, in
elevator manufacturers have combination with a reading tape
developed countless variations of mounted in the shaft
this basic principle with the aims of ♦♦ As above, but as a magnetic
optimizing safety, assembly and system
maintenance requirements at the ♦♦ Optical scanning with a perforated
lowest possible cost. However, the metal tape (also referred to as a
additional requirements of ride tape selector)
comfort, positional accuracy and ♦♦ A rotary encoder with a deflection
energy savings were added over mechanism and a timing belt
time. Ideally, passengers will not mounted in the shaft
feel the car's starting and braking SilentMove™ is an example of
and would like it to stop completely the latter system. While it is only of
flush with the floor. A uniform and limited use for high-rise buildings,
balanced control system also allows it is designed for applications in a
additional energy to be saved. wide range of medium-sized
Finally, elevator manufacturers' buildings. This includes residential
desire for faster and more flexible elevators or home lifts, hydraulic
installation and the requirement of
clients to, in principle, reduce

100 • May - June 2019

Product Spotlight lifts, limited-use/limited-application (LU/LA) systems, cargo lifts
or car lifts.

How It Works
A toothed pulley mounted on the shaft of a rotary encoder,
which in turn is attached to the car, rolls along a timing belt
mounted in the shaft. The timing belt is mounted between the
shaft head and bottom, using very simple but efficient mounting
parts tensioned by a spring. The encoder is easy to incorporate
into the elevator by using a mechanism or bracket in both new
installations and modernizations.
The information generated about the position, like speed and
acceleration of the car, can be transmitted via an interface as
absolute or incremental values to a control and regulation system,
which, in turn, can use this information to map the elevator's
functions. This results in the encoder system's first important
♦♦ It is much easier to install a timing belt than magnetic or optical
reading tape.
♦♦ The large tolerance with respect to the plumb line allows for
faster and more flexible assembly.
♦♦ The sensor system is self-contained in a single component. This
eliminates the risk of reading errors with separate sensors and
tapes in dirty hoistways. This is especially true in harsher
environments such as outdoor installations or buildings subject
to corrosive salt air.
♦♦ Compared to the installation of optical sensors or magnets,
commissioning is quick and easy. The installer can easily move to
each floor and accordingly record the door zones and floor
positions as soon as the control system has recorded the values of
the position in the shaft using a reference run. All values for the
run are thus set after a single run. For corrections due to
tolerances, the values can simply be rerecorded. Rather than
having to move about the shaft, the installer can carry out these
tasks seamlessly from the control system or by using a remote
However, one disadvantage also shows why the encoder
system can only be used to a limited extent at higher speeds and
elevations: even if the system reduces noise using vibration
dampers, noises are generated at high speeds. Although they may
be below the defined requirements, they are, nevertheless,
Additional special requirements in many of the
Robert Wachendorff is CEO of Wachendorff Automation GMBH aforementioned applications (home lifts, hydraulic lifts, LU/LA
& Co. KG and a managing partner of the company. He has many systems, cargo lifts or car lifts) make SilentMove attractive. First,
years of experience in sales and organization and holds an in some cases, only a few centimeters or steps need to be bridged.
Industrial Engineering Dipl.-Wirtsch- Ing. From the Technical Here, a system with magnets or optical sensors cannot provide
University of Central Hesse in Giessen, Germany. good positional accuracy, and the other systems are too complex
in terms of installation and handling. Only the flexibility of the
installation options for the timing belt and the associated freedom
of attachment fully solve this application's problems.
With hydraulic elevators, the precise detection of the position
and the speed, especially when starting up and braking, can result
in significantly greater ride comfort with regard to the uniformity
of the acceleration and landing of the car. Above all, the position

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 101

Product Spotlight of the floor can be approached very precisely. value from the position and number of rotations
These features allow the customer to reach the and sends this value to the control unit. Our
floor faster and more accurately, while consuming QuattroMag single-turn technology is based on
less energy. With all applications, the highly four hall sensors, in conjunction with a patented
accurate position makes it easy to adjust the door algorithm that calculates the magnetic field
zone individually, thus minimizing the time generated by a diametrically arranged magnet in
between the car's stopping and opening the door. such a manner that any interferences from the hall
The rotary encoder is also compact, a design signals cancel each other out. These technologies
Specifications that requires both high bearing loads and make the product useful even in highly accurate
♦♦ Noise Produced: 68 technologies to ensure the device does not take up and dynamic applications that, in the past, only
dB too much space. In Wachendorff Automation optical systems could handle.
♦♦ Accuracy: 0.1 mm GMBH & Co. KG's WDGA series, two key The control and sensor system requirements for
♦♦ Speed limit: up to technologies make it possible to accommodate an residential applications are not comparable with
800 ft/min absolute multiturn encoder in a 36-mm housing: those for the high-rise sector. While a highly
♦♦ Height limit: up to EnDra® and QuattroMag®. The EnDra multiturn accurate position measurement is desired to
400 ft technology uses a Wiegand wire consisting of a prevent trip hazards or unevenness, higher safety
♦♦ Belt system: nonslip hard magnetic sheath and a soft magnetic core. requirements are only needed to a limited extent,
due to steel The absolute position per revolution (single turn) because of the relatively low lift speeds and low
reinforcement; is measured with a magnet on the rotating shaft elevations.
Teflon coated and four hall sensors. When the magnet's field The elevator installer can save considerable
♦♦ Encoder: moves along the wire due to the shaft turning, the time and material not only regarding the individual
incremental or soft magnetic core wants to follow the field, while costs for the positioning system, but also thanks to
absolute magnetic via the hard magnetic shell prevents this from the short installation time and, in particular, the
CANopen, SSI or happening. An increasingly large field difference is interface design. Many microcontrollers used in
RS485 interface created in the wire (similar, for example, to controls and drives come equipped with interfaces
♦♦ Certification: UL drawing a bow). As soon as the external field that are already integrated and can be upgraded to
listed matches the coercivity of the outer shell, the shell a required interface with only a few more
is demagnetized, and the voltage in the core jumps components. This provides the control unit
dramatically. This speed-independent pulse is designer with a suitable means of communication
generated twice per revolution and converted via a between encoder and control system at almost no
coil into electrical impulses. These signals create extra cost. In addition, the WDGA encoders offer
enough power to operate a low-energy fram the versatile and proven CANopen protocol or
accumulator and provide information on the proprietary adaptations, as well as common
number of rotations completed. No additional interfaces, such as RS485 or SSI.
external energy is needed for this revolution count.
When external voltage is available again, an c
intelligent microcontroller calculates the correct

Energy Conservation
Skeleton Technologies of Used with a regenerative variable-voltage,
Grossröhrsdorf, Germany, has variable-frequency drive (VVVF), the graphene
partnered with Spanish ultracapacitors in the KERS recirculate and store
company Epic Power to energy, which can then be recalled from the
offer the Kinetic Energy system's ultracapacitor pack when the elevator
Recovery System needs it.
(KERS). The product uses KERS can be applied to new installations or
silicon carbide-based DC/ retrofitted to existing lifts. As a rule, the systems
DC converters to recover have a capacity of up to 15 kW. If, however, more
energy in braking applications. stored energy is desired, it can be made possible
Skeleton says it can reduce the power by installing multiple systems in parallel.
consumption of elevators by up to 50%. c

102 • May - June 2019

Product Spotlight

Monoblock Elevator
Control Unit Launched
Arkel Elektrik of Turkey has sold its failure; customer just needs to connect an
integrated control unit, Arcode, since 2013. uninterruptible power supply to it.
Known for combining the main controller board; ♦♦ Only 17 wires for traveling cable
variable-voltage, variable-frequency (VVVF) AC ♦♦ Automatic tuning of a geared or gearless
drive; and automatic rescue machine from any make with no need to remove
device (ARD) in a single ropes.
package, it was a catalyst for ♦♦ Connection with an overload device using the
the company's growth. The pretorque function
company's new monoblock ♦♦ Software update by Secure Digital card
elevator control unit ♦♦ Built-in floor-announcement and music systems
Arcube combines a VVVF ♦♦ Serial or parallel car or shaft installation options
drive unit, control board, ♦♦ Synchronous and asynchronous machine
ARD logic and all other support
panel elements as a single c
unit. Monoblock
technology's design helps
the inherent
limitations of
conventional elevator control
Arcube is EN 81-20 panel systems. It is smaller than a
compliant. briefcase (422 mm high X 537
mm wide X 200 mm deep), only
20.2 kg and prewired. Made on a
robotic assembly line for The innovative safety system for
reliability, it also eliminates the
motor contactor for noiseless
the prevention of finger trapping.
machine-room-less installation.
With a goal to lighten and
minimize the panels used for
lifts, Arkel offers the Arcube in 4,
5.5, 7.5 and 11 kW motor power
models. Other features include:
♦♦ Ability to work up to 16
floors, 1.75 mps and with two
lifts in group operation
♦♦ Car positioning with or
without motor encoder,
providing accurate floor
leveling irrespective of load
and direction
♦♦ Evacuation operation to the Your Premium Partner for High Quality
nearest floor in case of power Elevator Doors, located in Munich, Germany.

May - June 2019 • ELEVATOR WORLD Europe 103

Advertisers Index
Aksöz Makina .....................................................................................1
Alberto Sassi S.p.A. ..............................................................................3
Ametal ...............................................................................................31
Arkel ................................................................................................. 17
Aybey Elektronik ................................................................................ 49
Cobianchi ...............................................................Front Cover İnside
Giovenzana International B.V. .......................................................... 21
International Elevator & Escalator Symposium ..................................43
Kleemann .......................................................................................... 25
Liftinstituut ...........................................................................Back Cover
Merih ..................................................................................................5
MEILLER ..........................................................................................103
Montanari ................................................................. Back Cover İnside
NAEC ................................................................................................. 79
Prysmian S.p.A. ..................................................................................59 LOOKING FOR
SafeLine ............................................................................................13
The Elevator Show Dubai ................................................................... 67 INDUSTRY INFORMATION?
The Global Lift And Escalator Expo .................................................57
Wittur .................................................................................................7 Try Elevator World’s
Elevator World Products
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Elevator World U. K. ...........................................................................83
Elevator World Project of the Year........................................................89 ELEMART
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Elevator World Newsletters ..............................................................104 information, from upcoming magazine features
to tips on helping your business succeed.

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market that includes expanded news, product
announcements and mini articles specific to
the market.

104 • May - June 2019

Your worldwide certification partner for elevators and escalators

based on code
ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7
Certification based
on increasingly used
EU safety codes and
Certification based
on Japanese codes
and standards

As an experienced Notified Body (NoBo) and Accredited Elevator/Escalator Certification

Organization (AECO), Liftinstituut helps you as a manufacturer of elevators, escalators and
moving walkways with your product certification. Because our specialists are familiar with the
widely accepted European regulations and specific North American guidelines, together with
you they enable you to launch a product throughout the world. Would you like to know more
about the regulations for your international market? Would you like to know how we can help
you speed up the certification process? Please call Dennis Lindeboom (+31) 65 20 84 107 or
send an e-mail to for more information.

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