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GermanPod101.com Learn German with FREE Podcasts Upper Intermediate S1 Sushi Which Improves Your German 18 German

Upper Intermediate S1

Sushi Which Improves Your German

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German English Vocabulary Phrase Usage Grammar Points Cultural Insight

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German

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Bayer

Oh, sehen Sie Herr Jones, es sind Japan-Wochen in der Mensa! Und was heißt das? Das heißt, es gibt japanische Gerichte zu essen. Hmm, Sie meinen Sushi? Ja, zum Beispiel. Aber es gibt ja noch anderes Essen in Japan als Sushi. Na da bin ich ja froh, denn Sushi mag ich gar nicht… Was? Sie mögen kein Sushi? Ich liebe Sushi! Igitt, nein! Ich mag es nicht, wenn der Fisch, den man isst, so glitschig ist. Hmm, und wie ist es mit Miso-Suppe? In Miso-Suppe schwimmen doch Tofu und Algen, oder? Ja genau. Hm, nein danke. Das ist auch nichts für mich. Hmm, na dann gibt es hoffentlich noch andere Gerichte, die Sie mögen!

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Bayer

Sehen Sie Herr Jones, es gibt auch gegrillten Aal mit Reis. Hmm, Aal mag ich aber auch nicht besonders gerne… Was mögen Sie denn überhaupt für Essen? Lachs mag ich zum Beispiel sehr gerne. Na Sie Glückspilz. Es gibt auch gegrillten Lachs mit Reis. Ha, und ich dachte schon, ich müsste mich heute von den Schokoriegeln ernähren, die bei uns im Büro liegen!

English

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Oh, take a look Mr. Jones, it's Japan-week in the cafeteria! And what does that mean? It means that there's Japanese food to eat. Hmm, you mean sushi? Yes, that's one example. But there are actually other types of food in Japan besides Sushi. Well, that makes me happy, because I really don't like sushi. What? You don't like sushi? I love sushi! Yuck, no! I don't like it when the fish that one eats is so slippery. Hmm, what about miso soup? That's the soup with the tofu and seaweed, right?

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

Bayer

Jones

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2010-11-02

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Bayer

Yes, exactly

Jones

Hm, no thanks. That's just not my thing.

Bayer

Hmm, well then hopefully there's some other dish that you like!

Bayer

Look, Mr. Jones, there's also barbecued eel with rice.

Jones

Hmm, I don't really like eel that much either.

Bayer

What do you like to eat, then?

Jones

I like salmon quite a lot, for example.

Bayer

You lucky devil, there's also barbecued salmon with rice.

Jones

Ha, for a minute there I thought I'd have to live on the chocolate bars in our office!

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Vocabulary

 

German

English

 

Notes

froh

glad

adjective & adverb

 

igitt

yuck, eww

interjection

 

Fisch

fish

noun

masculine; plural: Fische

glitschig

slick, slippery, greasy

adjective

 

Tofu

tofu

noun

neuter

Alge

alga

noun

feminine; plural: Algen

hoffentlich

hopefully

adverb

 

grillen

to grill, have a barbecue

verb

weak verb

Aal

eel

noun

masculine; plural: Aale

Lachs

salmon

noun

masculine; plural:

Lachse

Glückspilz

lucky bastard

noun

masculine; plural:

Glückspilze

Schokoriegel

chocolate bar, candy bar

noun

masculine; plural is the same

ernähren

to nourish; subsist, live off of

verb

weak verb

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

Ich bin froh, dass es nicht so weit gekommen ist. Hoffentlich kriegen wir den jungen, kranken Vogel, den wir gefunden haben, wieder

I am glad that it hasn't come to that. Hopefully we'll be able to coddle up the young, sick bird that we found.

LC: UP_S1L18_110210

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2010-11-02

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aufgepäppelt. Heute Abend werden wir auf der Terrasse grillen. Tonight we'll have a barbecue on the patio.

Vocabulary Phrase Usage

1. Das ist nichts für mich. = That's not my thing.

2. Glückspilz = "lucky mushroom" = lucky devil

3. ernähren exists in two forms. With an object, it means to nourish someone, but with a reflexive

pronoun it means to subsist, or live off of.

Grammar Points

The focus of this lesson is Relative Clauses (part 1) Ich mag es nicht, wenn der Fisch, den man isst, so glitschig ist "I don't like it when the fish that one eats is so slippery"

German relative clauses are formed with either the relative pronouns „ welcher, welche, welches“ , or the plain definite articles, which have acquired the same function. In fact, the vast majority of relative clauses are now formed with „ der, die, das“ acting as relative pronouns. 4 The clauses work in the same way as they do in English. The only difficulty is that the relative pronoun must show the same case as the word that it replaces. Example „ Das ist der Mann, den ich liebe.“ This relative clause could be written as a full sentence as „ Ich liebe den Mann.“ . „ den Mann“ is Accusative, so the relative pronoun („ den“ in this case) has to be Accusative as well. Hence it is „ der Mann, DEN ich liebe“ instead of „ der Mann, DER ich liebe“ . In English, this is the distinction between „ WHO I love“ and „WHOM I love“ , but in German these relative pronouns can match have any case and any gender that a definite article can match. Some more examples below.

1 . Ich kenne den Mann. Der Mann singt dieses Lied. => Ich kenne den Mann, der dieses Lied singt.

2 . Der Mann singt dieses Lied. Ich kenne den Mann => Der Mann, den ich kenne, singt dieses Lied.

3 . Er sieht die Frau. Er hat der Frau geholfen. => Er sieht die Frau, der er geholfen hat.

Cultural Insight

Foreign foods in Berlin

LC: UP_S1L18_110210

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2010-11-02

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- Sushi is perhaps the most common Asian food in Berlin.

- It's true that there are lots and lots of foreign restaurants in Berlin, including some really exotic ones, for example offering Cuban, Sri Lankan, Nepali or Georgian food.

- Mexican food is chic and readily available, but not authentic at all, because it's mostly Germans or Turks preparing the food. There are not nearly enough Mexicans in Germany to fuel the demand for tacos, burritos, nachos and salsa, as these have become the fashion.

- Thai food is so popular in Berlin that even your neighbourhood europeanized Chinese restaurant will probably offer a few Thai dishes and you will find frozen ready-made Thai dishes in your supermarket.

- Mango Lassi, an Indian kind of mango milkshake, is available not just at Indian restaurants but at just about every Asian restaurant and some Turkish ones.

- All of these trends are specific to Berlin, or big cities at least. In other parts of Germany, particularly smaller towns, Italian, Turkish and europeanized Chinese are the only foreign foods you can easily get.

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LC: UP_S1L18_110210

© www.GermanPod101.com - All Rights Reserved

2010-11-02