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PERHITUNGAN PENULANGAN PELAT TOREN

Data :
H Plat = 125 mm
B Plat = 1000 mm
F'c = 30 Mpa
Fy = 400 Mpa
β1 = 0,85
Asumsi Tulangan = 13 mm
Selimut Beton (p) = 20 mm
BJ Beton = 24 KN/m3
Berat Plafond = 0,11 KN/m2
Berat Penggantung = 0,07 KN/m2
Berat Utilitas = 0,25 KN/m2
Beban Hidup = 3 KN/m2

Beban yang Bekerja Pada Plat Lantai :


• Beban Mati (DL)
Berat Sendiri Plat = BJ Beton x H plat
= 24 x 0,125 = 3 KN/m2
Berat Plafond = 0,11 KN/m2
Berat Penggantung = 0,07 KN/m2
Beban Utilitas = 0,25 KN/m2
Berat Toren = 17,65 KN/m2 +
WDL = 21,08 KN/m2

• Beban Hidup (LL)


Beban Hidup = 3 KN/m2
2
WLL = 3 KN/m

Kombinasi Beban = 1,2 WDL + 1,6 WLL


= (1,2 x 4,09) + (1,6 x 3)
= 30,096 KN/m2

Pelat
Tipe 8
Menetukan Jenis Pelat
Lx = 4m
Ly = 4m
Ly/Lx = 1 < 3
Koefisien Mlx = 38 Pelat
Koefisien Mly = 43 Dua
Koefisien Mtx = 38 Arah
Koefisien Mty = 43

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Perhitungan Momen Pelat
Mlx = 0,001 x Wu x Lx 2 x Koefisien
= 18,298 KNm
Mly = 0,001 x Wu x Lx 2 x Koefisien
= 20,706 KNm
Mtx = 0,001 x Wu x Lx 2 x Koefisien
= 18,298 KNm
Mty = 0,001 x Wu x Lx 2 x Koefisien
= 20,706 KNm
Perhitungan Tulangan Lentur Arah X
dx = H - p - (1/2 x Diameter Tulangan)
= 98,5 mm
Mlx = Mtx = 18,298 KNm = 18298368 Nmm
Mn = Mu / Ø
= 22872960 Nmm
ρ min = 1,4 / Fy
= 0,0035
ρ balance =

= 0,0325
ρ max = 0,75 x ρ balance
= 0,0244
2
Rn = Mn / (b x dx )
= 2,3575
ρ =

= 0,01179
ρ = 0,01179 > ρ min = 0,0035
ρ used = ρ min = 0,0118
Luas Tulangan Perlu
As Perlu = ρ used x b x dx
= 1161,063959 mm2
Dicoba Tulangan D 10 mm
S Perlu =

= 114,2616

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Cek
S1 = 114,26158 mm
S2 = 3H = 375 mm
S3 = = 450 mm
Jadi, Digunakan D13 - 100

Perhitungan Tulangan Lentur arah Y


dy = H - p - Diameter Tulangan - (1/2 x Diameter Tulangan)
= 85,5 mm
Mly = Mty = 20,706 KNm = 20706048 Nmm
Mn = Mu / Ø
= 25882560 Nmm
ρ min = 1,4 / Fy
= 0,0035
ρ balance =

= 0,0325
ρ max = 0,75 x ρ balance
= 0,0244
2
Rn = Mn / (b x dy )
= 3,5406
ρ =

= 0,01770
ρ = 0,01770 > ρ min = 0,0035
ρ used = ρ = 0,0177
Luas Tulangan Perlu
As Perlu = ρ used x b x dy
= 1513,6 mm2
Dicoba Tulangan D 10 mm
S Perlu =

= 1
𝑥 3.14 𝑥 102 𝑥 1000
4
840,61
= 87,64865222

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Cek
S1 = 87,648652 mm
S2 = 3H = 375 mm
S3 = = 450 mm
Jadi, Digunakan D13 - 85

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