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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER

ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Strength of Materials
7. C. 12 MPa
pd

2
NT
2
t
l
P
60
1.5(d)
100 
2
(180)
3
1.
A. 246000 kPa
Strain, 
2(0.80)(1.5)
150
10
60
d
 160 cm
3
150
10 (60)
d
 1.6 m
T

T
T
0
2 (180)
Let L  extension of the rod.
 11.7 x 10 (100)
 11.7 x 10
-6
12. A. 0.76 mm
T
7957.7 N-m
-4
T
7957700 N-mm
Using the formula:
PL
a
From the formula for torque:
 
L
Et
log
Induced stress, 
a
b
e
b
3
T
 
D
 E
 11.7 x 10
 246,000 kPa
16
Substituting:
-4
210 x 10
6
PL
a
3
7957700
 
150
L
log
e
16
 
Et
a
b
b
16(7957700)
40000
2800

75
 
L
log
3
150
e
5
2.
A. 571 mm
2x10
15

75
30
 
30
 
3
64PR n
2
 
L
0.76 mm

 12 N/mm
4
Gd
 12 MPa
Let dL  Total extension of the rod
3
13. A. 0.01515 mm
64 1500 N

0.10 m
25

N
8. A. 30 MPa
4
9
83
10
0.015 m
4PL
2
m
Check if it is a thin cylinder by solving
the ratio of thickness to diameter.
dL
 ED D
 571 mm
1
2
2
t
1.5
10
4
5000
400
dL
3.
B. 0.06 mm
d
1.5
5

2.1
10
40
20
t
1
1
mgL
dL
0.01515 mm
weight
d
100
20
2AE
mg
 Weight
Therefore, it is a thin cylinder
Solving for the longitudinal stress:
14. A. 75.75 kN
Using the formula:
mg
 
0.6 N/ m

40m
PL
a
pd
 
L
log

e
mg
 24 N
Et
a
b
  
b
  
4t
24 N 40m
1.2(1.5)

weight
2
3
2
10
m
4 1.5
10
Substituting:
2
2 80mm

1mm
PL
a
2
 
L
log
 30 N/mm
e
Et
a
b
b
5
1
10 MPa
9. A. 0.075 cm
P
400
100
weight
0.21
log
0.06 mm
e
5
 pdL
1
50
2
10
10 100
50
L

2tE
2
 
4. C. Shear stress
0.21
0.000004P
0.6931
 3(100)(
 
1
0.21
L
0.30
P 
5. A. Poisson’s ratio
5
2(1) 2
10
2
 
0.000004
0.6931
P
 75746 N
6. A. 11.77 mm
D
 0.075 cm
L
 
P
 75.746 kN
t
2t
10. A. 0.0357 cm
 pdL
1
L

15. A. 111.41 MPa
Solving for the area of upper part:
The largest pressure occurs at the
bottom of the tank
2tE
2
 
2
A
20
1
 2.5(80)(300)
1
4
L
0.25
5
2
2(1) 2
10
2
 
A
100
mm
p

h
1
p
9810 12
 0.0357 cm
L
Solving for the area of lower part:
p
117720 Pa
11. D. 1.6 m
Solving for the working stress:
2
A
D
2
2
4
pD
Ultimate tensile stress
t
A
2

30
2
2
Factor of safety
4
t
2
117720 8
300
A
225
mm

2
t
6
3
2
40 x 10
2
 100 N/mm
t
0.01177 m
t
11.77 mm
Using the formula for stress
corresponding to longitudinal joint:
The stress will be maximum where
area is minimum. Therefore it will be
maximum in upper part and minimum
on lower part.

CEBU: JRT Bldg. Imus Ave. Cebu City 0917 3239235

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MANILA: CMFFI Bldg. R. Papa St. Sampaloc 09176339235

EXCEL REVIEW CENTER

ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

d
  0.00426 4.26 mm m
P
19. A. Poisson’s ratio
d
 max
A
1
20. C. modulus of rigidity
Considering limitations of elongation:
3
35
10
 
PL
max
100

21. D. If a material expands freely due

AE
2
  111.408 N/mm
max
to heating, it will develop thermal
stresses.
2000(6)
0.004
 
2
6
d (200000 x 10 )
16. B. 38.56 %
22. C. strain of length + twice the strain
of diameter
4
Orig area
d
 0.0044 m
 Area at failure
d
 4.4 mm
% dec
in
area
 100
Orig area
23. B. 0.750 mm
Solving for the thickness:
Note: To be safe for both stress and
elongation, use d = 4.4 mm.
pd
2
 3

4
2t
28. A. 380
pd
2
2
fT
 225
t
P 
4
2
% dec
in
area
 100
60
2
3(1500)
 3
2
1500 T
t
4
750000 
2(150)
60
2
2
2.25
%
3
t
15 mm
T
4774.648 N-m
dec
in
area
 100
2
3
16T
Solving for the change in length:
τ =
3
9
5.0625
πd
% dec
in
area
 100
pdL
1
L

9
16(4774.648)
2tE
2

3
% dec in area
 43.
75%
0.04
3(1500)(
 
1
L
0.25
 380 MPa
17. A. 7.32 mm
Let D = Diameter of wire in mm
5
 
2
2(15)  2
10
29. C. linear stress to linear strain
P
 0.75 mm
L

A
30. C. Bulk modulus
24. A. resilience
4000
95
31. D. 50 mm
2
D
25. 60 MPa
16T
4
Check if it is a thin cylinder by solving

3
4000
4
d
the ratio of thickness to diameter.
95
2
N
16T
D
2
6
t
1.5
10
60
10
Eq 1
2
3
4000
4
m
d
2
d
1.5
D
 95
t
1
1
2
TL
D
53.61
d
100
20

JG
D
7.32 mm
Therefore thin cylinder
Solving for the circumferential stress:
T
3 m
5

18. A. 84.88 GPa
Solving for stress:
pd
180

N
4
9

d
83
10
2
2t
32
m

P

Two equations, two unknowns:
1.2(1.5)
A

d = 49.7 mm
2
2 1.5
10
50,000

490.87
32. A. 226 mm
2
 60 N/mm
2
3
 101.86 N/mm
64PR n
 =
4
26. A. 28.82 kN-m
Gd
Solving for strain:
Solving for maximum torque
transmitted by the shaft, T:
16PR
4m
1
0.615
=
dL
3
e
d
4m
4
m
L
3
T
 
D
D
0.3
m
=
15
e
d
250
3
T
 
45
150
160
e
0.0012
m
=
16
20
T
 29820586 N - mm
m
= 8
Solving for Young’s modulus:
T
 29820.586 N - m
16P 0.08
4
 8
1
0.615
6
140x10
=
T
 28.82 kN-m
3
2
4
 8
Stress
101.86 N/mm
0.02
4
8
E 
Strain
0.0012
27. C. 4.4 mm
P 2322 N
2
Considering limitations of stress:
3
E
84883.33 N/mm

0.08
20
P
64 2322
=
6
2

4
9
E
84883.33
10
N/m
42x10

0.02
A
9
2
E
84.883
10
N/m
2000
 = 226.45 mm
6
140 x 10
 
2
2
E
84.883 GN/m
d
4

Eq 2

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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER

ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

33. C. 60 W
39. C. three times
D N
3
P 
0.83 x 10
6
 for short shaft
40. B. twice
50 (400)
3
P 
0.83 x 10
6
P
60 kW
34. A. ultimate stress to working stress
35. B. Strain energy
36. D. 49.7 mm
TL

JG
T
5 m
5 
180
N
4
9
d
83
10
2
32
m
6
4
T
237.03
10 d
16T

3
d
6
4
16 237.03
10 d
N
6
60
10
2
3
m
d
d
49.7 mm
37. C. 0.78 in
P
 
c
A
P
50,000 
2
2.5
4
3
P
245.44
10
lb
P

A
3
245.44
10
lb
40,000 
2.5
 
t
t
0.78in
38. B. 0.092 mm
Solving for the elongation caused by
its own weight:
2
gL
weight
2E
mgL
 weight
2AE
2
7850

9.81

20
weight
9
2 200
10
  0.078 mm
weight
Solve for the elongation caused by the
PL
AE
10,000

20
2
9
0.3
200
10
4
 0.014 mm
    0.078 0.092 mm mm + 0.014 mm
total
total

CEBU: JRT Bldg. Imus Ave. Cebu City 0917 3239235

|

MANILA: CMFFI Bldg. R. Papa St. Sampaloc 09176339235