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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Answer Key to Take Home 7. C. 12 MPa pd



Strength of Materials 2NT 2l t
P
60 1.5(d)
2(180) 100 
1. A. 246000 kPa 150  10 
3 2(0.80)(1.5)
Strain,  60
d  160 cm
150  103 (60) d  1.6 m
T
    T  T0  2(180)
  11.7 x 10-6 (100) T  7957.7 N-m 12. A. 0.76 mm
T  7957700 N-mm Let L  extension of the rod.
  11.7 x 10-4
Using the formula:
Induced stress,  From the formula for torque: PL a
L  loge
 Et  a  b  b
T  D3
  E 16 Substituting:
  11.7 x 10 -4
 210 x 10 
6 
7957700   1503
16
  L 
PL
Et  a  b 
loge
a
b
  246,000 kPa 16(7957700)
 40000  2800  75 
2. A. 571 mm 
 1503  L 
2x10 15  75  30 
5
loge  
 30 
64PR 3n   12 N/mm2 L  0.76 mm

Gd 4
  12 MPa
64 1500 N  0.10 m   25 
3
13. A. 0.01515 mm
 Let dL  Total extension of the rod
 9 N  8. A. 30 MPa
 83  10 2   0.015 m 
4

 m  Check if it is a thin cylinder by solving 4PL


dL 
  571 mm the ratio of thickness to diameter. ED1D2
t 1.5  102 4  5000  400
 dL 
3. B. 0.06 mm d 1.5  2.1 105  40  20
mgL t 1 1 dL  0.01515 mm
 weight   
2AE d 100 20
mg  Weight Therefore, it is a thin cylinder 14. A. 75.75 kN
mg   0.6 N/ m  40m  Solving for the longitudinal stress: Using the formula:
mg  24 N 
pd PL a
L  loge  
4t Et  a  b  b
24 N  40m 
 weight  
1.2(1.5)
   103 m   
 
2

 2  80mm 2   4 1.5  102 Substituting:


 
   1mm    PL a
    30 N/mm2 L  loge  
Et  a  b  b
1  105 MPa  
 
9. A. 0.075 cm P  400  100 
 weight  0.06 mm 0.21  loge  
pdL  1  2  10  10 100  50 
5
 50 
L   
4. C. Shear stress 2tE  2  0.21  0.000004P  0.6931
3(100)(  1  0.21
L   0.30 P
5. A. Poisson’s ratio
 5 2
2(1) 2  10    0.000004  0.6931
P  75746 N
6. A. 11.77 mm L  0.075 cm
D P  75.746 kN
t  10. A. 0.0357 cm
2t 15. A. 111.41 MPa
pdL  1 
L     Solving for the area of upper part:
The largest pressure occurs at the 2tE  2 
bottom of the tank
L 
2.5(80)(300)  1 
 0.25

A1  202
4
 
p  h 
2(1) 2  105 2
   A1  100 mm 2
p  9810 12  L  0.0357 cm
Solving for the area of lower part:
p  117720 Pa
11. D. 1.6 m 
A 2  D22
Solving for the working stress: 4

 
pD 
t 
Ultimate tensile stress
A 2  302
2 t Factor of safety 4
117720  8  300 A 2  225 mm 2
t 
2  40 x 10 6
 3
t  0.01177 m   100 N/mm2 The stress will be maximum where
Using the formula for stress area is minimum. Therefore it will be
t  11.77 mm maximum in upper part and minimum
corresponding to longitudinal joint:
on lower part.

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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

P 19. A. Poisson’s ratio d  0.00426 m


 max 
A1 d  4.26 mm
20. C. modulus of rigidity Considering limitations of elongation:
35  103
 max  PL
100   21. D. If a material expands freely due 
to heating, it will develop thermal AE
 max  111.408 N/mm 2
2000(6)
stresses. 0.004 
 2
16. B. 38.56 % d (200000 x 106 )
22. C. strain of length + twice the strain 4
 Orig area  of diameter d  0.0044 m
 

% dec in area     100
Area at failure d  4.4 mm
23. B. 0.750 mm
Orig area Note: To be safe for both stress and
Solving for the thickness:
 2  elongation, use d = 4.4 mm.
pd
 4 3  
  2t 28. A. 380
    2252  pd 2fT
  t P
% dec in area   4   100 2 60
 2
3 t
3(1500) 2 1500  T
4 2(150) 750000 
60
 32  2.252 
% dec in area     100 t  15 mm T  4774.648 N-m
 2
 3  16T
τ= 3
% dec in area 
 9  5.0625 
 100
Solving for the change in length:
pdL  1
πd

9 L    16(4774.648)
2tE  2  
% dec in area  43.75%   0.04 
3

3(1500)(   1 
L   0.25 
17. A. 7.32 mm  5 2 
  380 MPa
2(15)  2  10 
Let D = Diameter of wire in mm   29. C. linear stress to linear strain

P L  0.75 mm
A 30. C. Bulk modulus
4000 24. A. resilience
95 
 2 31. D. 50 mm
D 25. 60 MPa
4 16T
Check if it is a thin cylinder by solving 
4000  4 d 3
95  the ratio of thickness to diameter.
D 2 N 16T
60  106 2  3  Eq 1
t 1.5  102 d
4000  4  m
D 
2
d 1.5
  95
t 1 1
D2  53.61   TL
d 100 20 
D  7.32 mm JG
Therefore thin cylinder
 T 3 m 
Solving for the circumferential stress: 5    Eq 2
18. A. 84.88 GPa pd 180   4   9 N 
Solving for stress:   32  
d 83  10 
2t m2 
P
 1.2(1.5) Two equations, two unknowns:

 
A d = 49.7 mm
50, 000 2 1.5  102

490.87 32. A. 226 mm
  60 N/mm2
  101.86 N/mm 2 64PR 3n
=
26. A. 28.82 kN-m Gd 4
Solving for strain: Solving for maximum torque 16PR  4m  1 0.615 
= 
e
dL transmitted by the shaft, T: d 3  4m  4 m 
L 
T  D3 m=
D
0.3 15
e d
250 
T   45  1503 160
e  0.0012 16 m=
20
T  29820586 N - mm
m=8
Solving for Young’s modulus: T  29820.586 N - m
16P  0.08  4  8   1 0.615 
T  28.82 kN-m 140x106 = 3 
 
Stress 101.86 N/mm 2   0.02   4 8   4 8 
E 
Strain 0.0012 27. C. 4.4 mm P  2322 N
E  84883.33 N/mm 2 Considering limitations of stress:
64  2322  0.08  20 
3

P =
E  84883.33  106 N/m 2 
A  42x10   0.02 
9 4

E  84.883  109 N/m 2 2000  = 226.45 mm


140 x 10 
6

E  84.883 GN/m 2  2
d
4
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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER ECE REVIEW FOR OCTOBER 2019 BOARD EXAM STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

33. C. 60 W 39. C. three times


D3 N
P  for short shaft 40. B. twice
0.83 x 106
503 (400)
P
0.83 x 106
P  60 kW

34. A. ultimate stress to working stress

35. B. Strain energy

36. D. 49.7 mm
TL

JG
 T 5 m 
5  
180   N 
d 4  83  109 2 
32  m 
T  237.03  10 d6 4

16T

d 3
N 16  237.03  106 d 4 
60  106 
m2 d 3
d  49.7 mm

37. C. 0.78 in
P
c 
A
P
50,000 

 2.5
2

4
P  245.44  103 lb

P

A
245.44  103 lb
40,000 
  2.5 t 
t  0.78in

38. B. 0.092 mm
Solving for the elongation caused by
its own weight:
gL2
 weight 
2E
mgL
 weight 
2AE
 7850  9.81 20 
2

 weight 
2  200  109 
 weight  0.078 mm

Solve for the elongation caused by the


tensile load:
PL
load 
AE
10,000  20 
load 

 0.3  200 109 
2

4
load  0.014 mm

total  0.078 mm + 0.014 mm


total  0.092 mm

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