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donavive cesta 1 TIECK AND SOLGER ‘THE COMPLETE CORRESPONDENCE, PERCY MATENKO Submitted in partial tument of the ‘roquitements forthe Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, in the Pacity of Phitwonby, Colutabia Univers. 1B, WESTERMANN COMPANY conrENTS 1 The Friendship of Philosopher and Poot 1 Solge's Induce on Tie’ Production 11 Tieceas Solger’s Helpful Critic IV The Plan for Journal V Tick’ Partin Solgers Nockelarcne Scien Vi Solger'sPhilesopica Meas ‘VET Ties Ati hilosoty Ree B ADEREVIATIONS Nore.—Wosks of reference occasionally ated are cite by fall file in he text, Below are sted works to which more frequent reference is made by abbreviation, ADB: Aligning Dewtache Biographi. ‘Minehen, 1873-1982, LVI Brin: ooesecccesesss WE, Slger, Ervin, Per Ge “priche aber‘ dar Sekine and the Kunst, Herausgegebon and fingeltet von Rudolf Kurta Berlin, 1907 Fomilingesciehte: Fanilien-Geschichte det Grifich Finch von Fiachenslenchen Geechee. Berlin, 1990, Gordetes. ssossesGrundree aur Geschichte dr dev ‘schen Dichtung aus den Quel- Te, won Karl Goce. 2. gan seu Bearbitete Aung®| fortgefihet (from val TV en) yor Edeind Goetze. Leipeg, Dresden, Bevis (vols 1 #, 1887 f.). Healer: SoloertPhilosphie dor iexichen Dialetit. Fie Beitrag sur Ge- ‘hich der romostisches wad speladti-idatictschen Pitan “sophie von Josef Heller. Beri, js 1938. Holt Briefe on Lads Tieck. Ausge- ‘wait und herausgegeben vor [Karl von Helle Breslin, 1854. Vv. Kupte LB: Lene ws. Lndwig Tisch, Erinnoringen aus dem Letom des Dichers ach ‘lesson minicken und ecrif. hen Mitllaagen, von Rodel phe. Leipaig, 1855. TI Krissche Schriften. Zum ersten ‘male gevammelt nd mit einer Vorrrée herouspegeben on Ludwig Ties, Leia, 1848 1852. 1V Lebenserencrangen aad Brief ‘weckee, Von’ Frcdich von Reumer. Lejovig, 186%. TL Getchichte der Kiniglchon Fried Tich-Withelna-Universit ou Derfie von Max Lenz. Walle, 4.8, 1910-1988. V. Solger's nachgelassene Sehiften tod Bricfwecheel, Heraosgege: fen von Ludvig Tieek und Friedrich von Ratner. Leipig, 1826, TL Pileophische Gespriche:..K, W. F. Solger, Pilesophische Ts. Vorlecwngen PSB su ‘espe, Belin, 1817. udu Ticths Schriften Resin, 8a8-1854. XXVITL, W. F. Solger's Vorlesangen fiber Aeshets, herausgegeben von K. W. L. Heyse, Lepag, 1, ssossssPeeusche Statsbibithee, Ber in, ‘Sichsiche Landesbiblithe, Dre ‘en, PREPATORY NOTE The aim of the following work is to present critical ei. Yion of de compete correspondence of Tete and Solger. The material published by Teck aad Raumer in 1826 in the Gr volume of Solger's nochgelaseene Schriften wad Brifeochiel Contains only seventy-two leters ovt of a total of banded and four leters available? and even thes, as 2 comparison with the corresponding manuscript material in the Preische Staatahibliothele in Desin shows, are by no means complete, ‘These omissions, both of lites and paste of letters, represent 4 very considerable portion of the MS, being a lite Toss than a thid of the total text ofthe Solger-Teck letters, The fext of the Teck-Reuner edition, moreover, i very poor, The ‘hiety-seven errata of the it volume, which are tated ope Dosite page 784 of the second ohne of the Nochgelassenc Sciriften wt Brefeechal, give only a fragmentary notion Of the great aumber of sypograghical errors ‘The omission of the unpublished material sa serious shor coring of the Tieck-Rauiner edition In their preface, the ei tors point out that their omissions were more extensive inthe case of friends of Solger who were then sil Iiving (euch as Tieck himself, for example) than in the case of athera? Tas statement canbe definitely substantiated. The unpublished ma terial contains an extensive variety of subject matter, some of it of great importance. Tt hae frequent reference to tersry matters, such a5 Tick’ edition of Kleist? the joureal which Solger and Tie had planned together the editing of Teck’ lished ter ln Bet nd tre eters wick wee pula sear fn Kast vou Hole Bef on Eady Tuc, Des the fe apa the engl of which ave aie he Ske Landes * Saige nakylauene Schriften and Brifehet, I V, This work vibe refer tensor ae NS "Clow pp asa) ale “Pp ty, a Deutsches Theater? and the poblicaton of the Fertunat* Cited also are a amber of Feferences to Solger's Philoso- Phitche Gesprickey The vnpeblshed portion of the corre Smdeace deals also with personal airs, giving very full infonation on the somerous visits that Tied and Solger aid each other? and diacesing in considerable detail the ne- Botistions in egeed fo a pension for Tieck® and those arising fn conection with the settlement of Henriette Flackeasten's ‘Share under her father’s wil” Frequent mention is made of ‘atious books which the two men requested from each other, thas affording » considerable insight ito the sart of reading thot they dig during this period" The uopublished corre spondence further contains the frank opinions of the corre Spondents oa a suimber of carrent events which agitated the ‘Gennany ofthe day, sick a8 the uaion between the Latheraa snd the Reformed congregations2# the Wol!-Schleermacher~ Buttman controversy" the Beelau “Turnfchde,"™ and the prosecutions of the demagogues It also gives thir frank Opinions om a considerable nuber of contemporaries, accm- panied frequently, where these are writer, bya dscasion of their works, ‘The writers involved inelde Sebitz © Burge lori” Kadech,* Bricdich Schlegel® Rasmes.” Schelling, Sehlcicrmacher* Bettina Brentano, and Goethe In these eter the correspondents do not mince matters by any means, an the frankness of their statements as regards the comer orares discussed doubles caused the editors to suppress this material in thee edition ‘There is another seriove fault with the correspondence a8 {po 6 Paes feo tPp ah gm se. Pa a fs Ge vepasea hae MPpgeaeie | “PASSE SE Sagi mee Ep Se Ch en fered tin hinted fo Letter 8p up. Ppoany fa Mp oR 94 © op a te “Ppan ae TP gleam sPaane phan published by Tieck and Raumer. Their edition was issued at period when Germaa textual rtcism seas still a ii fancy. With the exception of five biograpizal comments and Angle nef the Tieek-Solger correspondance brought out in 1806 is presented a8 an amorphous mass without any ct cal apparatis whatsoever. In view, thea, of the shortcamiags of the Raumer Tied ciitons the fragmentary natare of the publication with ie ‘omiaion of a consierible snd valuable portion of the text, its defecive typography, and its lack of even the most elemen= tury eort of ential appuatus, a ciical edition of the com= plete Solger-Tick correspondence appears tobe both justified land desivebe, The editor of the preseat dition has made it Tis sim to sigply this want, To achieve this parpose, he has Thad a twofold object before his eyes: to ceproduce on the one hand the complete text of the Sulger-Tieck correspondence, fl on the ute hand fo supplement with an adequate ct fal apparatus for literary and historical purposes. As far as the text is concemed, the editor has reproduced the leters Sealy just as they appear ia the manaserpt without change in ordiogeaphy, excep thatthe digraph & hasbeen nocralized thoughout. A very few cometon abbreviations have been re Se cerca tiie Gi Fo SCS Pact pre solved, such as und), d{ie)se. The leners are writen in Gothic sript, whichis reproduced ia Riman type, Wherever ‘Roman script is ured in the MS, this is indicated By an a8 teri A small superior wis ured hy the eitr to mar refer. ences to textual ieegalarties inthe MS; mdersoring i indi- cated by italics, double underscoring by small capitals, Square brackets [] are employed for etorial augestons to cover de fective or illegible spots inthe text, round brackets ( ) being ‘reserved for parenthetical expressions used by the eoerespon dents themselves ‘Te crical appartos is divided into three parte: @ gen ral introduction, explantory introductions to the several It fers, and notes. The ietroduction seks to trace the relations betwcen Salger and Tiede 2s a chapter in the history of Ger ‘man intelectual culture ie the frst quarter of the nineteenth century Te traverses in succession the personal relations of the philosopher and poet, Solger’s influence on Tie’ pro dvetion, Tick as 2 critic of Solger’s works, thee mutual plant for a journal, Teck’s part in editing Solger's Mach elazzene Schrifien ued Brisfechse, and Slge’sphioeopl cal ideas in outline and 20 far as they have a bearing on the present correspondence, Fialy, an attempt i ale set forth in brief compass Tieek’s attitude toward pilosophy, 28 necessary to an understanding of the correspandence with Sol- rer For this purpose the editor has drawn ten de published ‘nd unpublished correspondence of the poet and other eal: Intra material, inching the prefaces to his Selifien, Kepe’s interpretations, ete, The prefstry commentary to the letters is meant to serve as an aid in interpreting the individu let ters ab parts ofthe whole rdatioship between Tieck and Sol- fer. The notes explain specie points seferred 10 in the Ite fers, such as persns, places, UDlingraphical referenes, and the Hike, These ate treated separately here, a8 they would be ‘ot of pce in the more genera introdvetons Tr connection with the present work, sttenton is called to 8 dissertation on Tece and Solger by Esish Sehinabeck, ac- epted by the Faculty of Philosophy at Deelin University in 1910” The aim and scope of Schoncbeck’s work and those Of the preseat one ae, however, quite different. His disertay tion discustes Solger's philosophical idess and then points out how Tieck’s contact with them influenced the poets creative and critical writings. The present work, aa has already been Said, has as its primal objec, the presetation of aerial ei ton’ of the TieceSolger correspondence. Both works can, therefore, ia the editors opinion, stand side by ide, supple ‘menting cach other, and serving soc in ts own way to con tribute o 2 Faller waderstanding of the ie and thought of philosopher and poet In concluding these remarls, ti the editor's pleasant duty to acknowledge his indebtedness to those who have asisted him with this edition, Condal thanks are due to the Preiache Stansbiblotheke for its Kindness in placing the entire man script collection of Tieck-Solger correspondence (the Teck Solger NachlaS 25), consisting of Iundred Tees, at the editor's disposal; alio to the Séchsische Landesibiithek in Dees for permission to reprint from maauscript the three deters from Solger to Tiel in its possession (Me, Dat espe se Ne. 1; Mac. Dad. egoe ge Nr. aj Ms, Dad. egoe se Nie 3) 5 and to the Germaniaches Nationlmsoim in Naeuberg for pete mission to publish a Solger letter in its posession (Letter 99 Of the present series), For seces to snpablished eters by Ties avelable in various German Hbraries and archives the editor is indebted tothe Germanie Seneary at Columbia Uni ‘erty which is in possesion of photosatic copier of them Grateful acknowledgment is dv to Professor E. H. Zeydsl of the University of Cincinnati for advice ané importa speci suggestions which were of help in preparing the notes. He is rely indebted to Professor HL Fries of the Department of Phitsophy at Columbia Univesity for his many’ valuable svg agetions in regard tothe philosophical aspects of his dsserta- on. But above all he wishes to express his profound indebted- teas to Profestor Robert Herndon Fife, head of the Geran Department at Colima University, whose constant encour syement and invaluable scholarly advice have alone made the ‘on ints present form posible. 1 ‘THE FRIENDSHIP OF PHILOSOPHER AND POET Although Solger had met Tieck st the home of von der ‘Tagen in Berlin in 1808, it was sot uti S10 tat any closer association between theta developed. In the autuina af 1820, ‘Tick had looked wp Solger in Frankfort-on-the-Oder; Solger in 18rt paid a return vis in the “Pingstage” 1 Zichingen? tuhete Tieck Tived as the gucst of Wilton vou Bungsdonf, 2 schoolboy feiend? They became intimately acquainted with ach oer, and Tick, who dtrated all professional phillo- fists and pileophers was serprised to find such xnaninity (f opinion between them ca most important questions. Teck in that summer frequent the baths at Warmibrann in Silesia for his health, Seger visited the mountain range for a few days, and met his newly acquired friend there. As the sie ‘mam a completed is bathing perio, they rode together feom Wermbrunn to Schnedeberg* In consequeace of this journey ‘Teck and Solger became fost felends. The leters ofthis edi ion, st well as allusions in other works, such as the ache agelecone Schriften and Kople’s biography of Ladveig Terk, furnish scape evidence ofthe nature and extent of this fiend ship. No year passed that they did not visi each other# As 5,3, 1 i 76,78 8,88 6 se abo, MS, 3 Anche Lae 3 ike, Ti id Slee in rasorton he Oder in ba, Seliger the soe Tein Zebngen fr 81 (WS, I, 7-8): Teck viel Sager In evr dasing the tomer south’ of ng (NS, I, Sa, leer Soler to lemon, October 9 ef: Tikit ellge Monae er fens ea eet onsen Diasteg abet); Sa iid ie ietgcs, Supember rt a (p18, eC 18): Soaer Chel Tied cutng he Pengatage of hie (pe 50, sabe ct so INS. gn Soe o Pads yo em, yorn gos J 286" en Phe ih mit mene Prowse geen, od hb 2 TIECK AND SOLGER ‘ime went on their intimacy grew, and extended itself to de- tails of family interest and personal afass, Tieck was god- father to ane of Sulger’s children ? Frau Solger purchased CCrntuas gifts for Tieek’s children? and Solger cared on negotiations with the Prussian governmeat for the poets ap- ointment to an academic position in Berlin ‘The visits of Soiger to Tiec in Zicingen must have been particularly interesting. The Zicbingen este was frst wai ged and Inter purchased by Count Friedrich Ladwig Karl Finck won Fiekenstein an wile of Burgador, ieck’s fiend ‘A cultured man, the count not only took an active interest all terary morements, bt published a critical edition of the fest version of Bald won Klists Fring (1805), and virote ietricl translations of the old bucoliee ty the Greeks and [Roman poets, which he published in 1806 under the tile of Arcthasa. Kehler, a feld-chaplain who was quartered for 2 ‘lay withthe family, givesan eloquent description of the beauty Of the country estate at Madite, near Feankfort-oa-the- Oder, ‘he counts original seat which he had remodelled in 1800 into sn English garde, of the reined bet snatected hehavior of his daughters, sd of an especially pleasant evening spent in sah tb fim mba) Slr vised Te daring he at the of are, iy (NS. 1 Sf ters fom Sele to Bie Zi 2 Sasch 90 1d hy 7); a Tek ed Sele a Sate 1807, iter is ti to Eng (0, 7m a5) Sl? vised Tie Zikingen beeen February 16a Api e188 (oa, 4 gun Ap’ 106 ip (pm yf 8): Tick vite Solr Ber Setar May sand Jaye (et the Sedat o eater 9 6. {So ty ee am 9,1, yo: Seer to aames, Sein Jane 11. “Tia at con ver Wenn eB ken sed mt tr ite master) Sep af Pp. ga, gon SCL he eodctin to eter 73,9 4 ‘The cunt ha Hon managing ect ce ny spd a aught ea Novenber 9 17 (onegechii, i) For am nso of PMILOSOPHER AND PORT 3 listening to the rectal in the original by one of the daughters Of some of Pindar's odes, which the cost had translated. Not only the works of Goethe, bu also shove of yoanger poet ound acces here, Tiesk’s Romantische Dichtungen were Fead, and the songs of the Sternbald were kuown by heart. Muse, too, particule the works of the old Italian church master, ‘Marcello, Lott, and Palestrin, found a ready welcome in his cultured home The count vit an ardent admire of Tiet and 2 partaker ia his Shakespeare enthasasm and his love of ‘medieval German and English poetry. In his home Solger could meet, beside Tieck himelf, Wiel vou Bungedorf, LLandrat Willen vou Schite, 2 man who fad wou some fame in romantic circles by bis tragedy Lecrimas and who had 2 sed one of the count’s daughters, Barnime yon Pinckensti and the evangelical misister of Zicbinge, Kadach.* Here Solger had an oppertunity to discuss with Tec in deal their works and plans and to exchange opens om various eubjeets ‘of mutual imterest A typical ample ofthe way in whieh the two friends spent their time together in Zicingen is the f- Towing account by Solger to hie Trend Krave concerning such vist in rr 1 was at Ziehingen dorng the Wrhitswn holidays. 1 made the shore Journey in bors and wat greaty favored by he weather: 3 bay there wat geain ean, Phe ser Aid hase, which one can relly eal a place, puts one in a theeful and clevatel moo Then the coeabiity of the ele {ured families assembled there, thee love for, and practice of fart and thir eavy and comfortable bearing extepinal Bssng. Twas pattclaiy delighted by mf assocstion wi "Kiar, Tapeuchtr cine Feith, erage via 1a th ited the Pomme, S935. Kepe, e ‘"Kige L6p: Fomine, 27; fo an accust of Tit sng Sean? attace to Senin ef the itedtin fo beter #8 > "Rope, 20 4 PIRER AND SOLGER “isc, who upon closer acqusistance has won my enti fiende ‘hip. We were together from easly momning, at times in the ‘edutul ound Uibrary snd eeading coo, at times in the gare ea Our conversations deat ast wth poetry, part widh fis inost recent expressions, Iut returned agein and agin 10 Shatcopeare, on whom Tie is working at present. Teck 1 tne of tose men with Wom one can carry on a thorough Sd St the same te dalightfl conversion with the great. fst calm He dove nt ssbrurily pronownce antec, he gives feesons or his arguments, occasionally inerjects his pguant Shure and coprestes Nise splendidly. When fe would Tauaeh Sut upon 9 tlle to explain somehing. I steed to Dian with {etulne pleasure; he apescs 0 benotially™ er eter, to Rasmer, writen four years Or, agin, ia ano Inter Twas a week jn Ziebingen with Tied; I cannot expres to you low pleasantly I peat is tin. Schita Lacrimas aso S42 there nb end cornice on very itimnate poetic fe wit ‘Teck. Sometimes Kadach too formed a foutly member it Gor group, We were nsearable shnost the entire day front Seves odode inthe morsiag wal sleven of tyelve ia the Srtuing, cecupied with teholicly and thoroggh comwersations ‘cr vith reading aon. Aftervards T fet as chough ina tance. ‘Thede ses to ne very mach that new and besetfal fom dis syeitings and there is hope that a'great deal of i wil be published s¢ Easter ‘The Berlin visits were, to be sure, not so saisactory bo cause of a lack of the necessary environment. Solge's home tras considerably simpler than the counts, However, here £00 vanguments were carefully planned in advance, and vets Scmetines Tasted over 4 mouth." ede was therefore justi a ‘As hashand, father, frend, teacher, and citizen ofthe state, cone will aivays be able to refer lo an praise his name as fed in wtng, Tt rte to Bi NS, 1 augue, ler frm Sager to Keats, rakort ine 16 5,100 Slee to Hauer, De. 1.181 "Ce them Laer 9p. if Fora at of Tes model worthy of imitation, livery word of hie writings shows Thats fail Christian he was. Eee the noble spice of por TEny devi whether there ae many philooptere who Mave Mined or surpassed him in profundity or versity. Le them jade what his ate wat to his contemporaries and pontesiy what ideas he svanced and simulated, an how i Eigeniche han. Foire tain his Hey where Soe of fcadship might appear t0 be paral ve 0 SOLGER'S INFLUENCE ON TIECK'S PRODUCTION In adition to personal relations, the Jaterests of the to fiends extended alo to criticism and to suggestions in con nection with the production and publication of each ether’s works, Solger encouraged and assisted Tieck in his work on Phoniasns, patculrly the Fortwvat; ia his edition of Kies, bis Shakespeare project, and his edition of the Deutschet Thester; and he was also consulted by Tied when the liter was planning his Zorbino, Teck was dcectiy o inecty com ‘cerned with the production and publication of most of Solge’s ‘works. Tn the following pages an attempt il be made to trace the reciprocal inflence of the two men in the years 1812 (0 1819, a far a6 thie can be docemnented from their cowrespond- cence. The cital interchanges rin throogh the enze period snd are st forth ia some detail, ince they throw a dest Hight fn the community of thought and effort between the poct and the plilosopher in the years when German esthetic theory Was rugaling to reorient itself amid the new forces broght into slay by the revolution in state and society, In conclusion, ‘Tiec’s part in che publication of Solge’s Kterary remsing is analysed on the Bans of his correpondence withthe pai Let us Sst exainine the nature of Selger’s assistance 10 ‘Tieck, He must have taken an interest ia Tie’s work from the very fret since Ties im one of his earliest eters to him, Gated Febraary 1, 1822, acenowledges the friends fran critic tism of his works inthe course of « previous conversation. ‘The leter shows e9 Tied’s preeccupution withthe Phantorur and his concern for Soles critical opinion. Thus, he wishes fo lean to what extent Soiger is satisfied with the sacond +79 low. Ala the ate eho th coverstion octet sven se lly ok pare at be ae en Tc wo Ei Giee a Warmtvuon inthe sunmer of 81 Ce abo, SoLGER’S INFLUENCE 7 volume of the Phontaus, published in 1811p and he inquires as to hie opinion of the Diumchen and of Tieck’s statement ia the Phontanus concerning the decine of dramatic art" In hit reply Selger spprove the Mastheninconporated in the Phan farus. He states tat he had defended Tiesk against conte porary critics of him for merging the fary-world and the eal one inthe Licbeszeuber and others of the Machen inthe first volume of the Phontaous, and he ascribes this eritciam to the “reflective tendency” prevalent at the time. Turing then to the second volume of Phontacks, Solger expresses his please with the criticisms direted agains’ Lind inthe CGetifete Ketr, aswell as vith thi strcl play asa whole. 1 seems to him as though everything in this dramatized Mcchen and in the Verkehrte Tet is now “more rounded ‘out in the Phontasue version, The changes, he therefore cone cludes, are undoubtedly valid. The Dlumchen, however, does ‘ot please him so much as the other playa becuse he Senses 4 ack of unity between the satirical and comical clement on the one hand and the supernatural elements onthe oer, pos. Sly he thnks, becase Teck turned his attention mere ‘the particslar follies ofthe tne than to the geueral madness of the world asa whole? (Of the stories and plays incorporated in the Phovtasus, the Portanat was probably the ene to the production of which Solger contributed most A hit of his interest in the wore is sven ap carly s¢ December 12, 1814, where he wites Tick ‘Bat he as not yet examined the Zerbiee(pablished in 1790) critically, but that be does not consider thi Yo be gen, since ‘Tieck’s readers do not yet posses the third port of Phantasus, to which they have all ben looking fornard for along time sow and which isto bring the hiherto unpublished Fortunat® Pp. & Iwi he ememere ht Phafn a 1 soporte a teen of Teas ener Meee CE. owe VI 38 SP to b ora 8 TIRCK AND SoLGER [Ageia and again be wrges Tiesto hurry with the pblication of thin As early ab February 14, 1836, he states that he is looking forward to the book Again oa May 11 of that year be urges Work upon it* On Joly 28 he expresses grave cone ‘zm that Teck has not yet begun to work on the Fortunet What i detaining you? Suey aot that old notion of doubt dng the vale and sgrfeance othe work! fst see the woth Boom Fads wi ant he Kora ad the Monee ih i toot exget desire! Tt had ealy so much ifn you that I could brag yas ino he wring mood! = Upon Yom rests the salvation of German art; yon ere te only ane tho sands here in pure poetic carty in the mist of age f pretense; your etinty fa the trie and vine one, forse ins ahvas hegcd ice aoe prety tom ie ole ‘Two more admonitions come from Solger; one on August 4g and one on October 169 uatl at Tast he welcomes fs pub Tieaton two days before Chests, 18162" Solger’s co-operation with Tied om his eiion of Kleist is taken up in some detail inthe introduction to Lester 38, pp 248 f, His contribution wes twofold. On the one hand ‘he ‘sent to Tick a fine appreciative essay on Kleit’s dramas, the Frins von Homburg and the Hermannsichlach, contained in a letter to Tieck (pp. 376 £), past of which Tied repablished in the introduction to his Kleist edition. On the other hand, he carried on negotiations alterately with the Zengens and "Pp. io. "Na ee dese Bea fst aor nach mein: Cara ‘Baan Sena ee etmes! han Se Gn Feta fr St tom, Pee Rr ca of Te a Ss Seif te ort, tthe eduction Yo Leer 38 (p38) for Soe alle ee gn Tied siecle Portal e- Snteck Tech tnd bier, Hern nae Mees, Tye soceR’s INFLUENCE 9 [Réhle von Lilienstem about the available manuscript mae terlal His contribution tothe acta text consisted of toc sical eorzection to one of Kleist smaller poems, the "Kricgs- Tied der Destshen.™* ‘Soler was further iafuentil in encouraging Tiel with his reat projec, the Buch aber Shakespeare, Conceived origi ‘ally ia Tick’ youth asa commentary to Skakespesce’s plays, the project grew in his mind into a worke which was to pre sent the entre course of moder poctey, the foais of which ‘eck held to be Shakespeare. Tt was ths to beeoene, not a Buch abor Shakespeare, but a work about poetry its Liideke in Ludwig Tieck’s Buch sibor Shabespeore points ‘out that Ticek’s interes in the project was kindled afresh by his friendship with Solger, and that the period from 1810- 820 covering roughly the’ years of his friendship, was the peed slo of Tiecl’s most intents activity on this project. In discussing the impressions of his iret visit to Tie Sager refers to Ticel’s work on Shakespeare, which the poet and the had discussed togeer. “His investigations concerning the ‘gradual development of Shakespeare himself, and particu his humorous spirit,” he continues, “are really profoond and ive very important conclusions concerning the entre nature fof this type of pocty, quite diferent Tram Schleget's = ntrton to Later 38,28 rch Seki, Fv Klsts Werke, 1, pag. CC p gu: “Vor igieh winshte ih am Sth Tider, not die Ble doch? Bae it der Kee weer ger The vere whe Mur dr ranean at eh ch Tom deuschen Race, Brier see ie esl doch, Dab er gical wih" Riis Werke 1, 9). Seer corte was eiey mo ope “Tntolaction to Later om 84 "Tad Tech, Dur Buch er Shobeeoreberseegsin yo TL sek Hate 28, 554 5% 8 10 TIECK AND SOLGER hich both he and I condemned. During this visit, Teck had given Solgers number of Elizabethan plays to examine.” Solger'sexveism of these plays singles out to particulary for study: King John and King Leor. He shows gre exger- ness to earn hove Tie: wil develop the varius sages of ev0- Javon in Shakespeare's character. Ta comparing Shakespeare's caver King John with the later version, be reales that a ‘world ies betveen them, and tht something extremely ingtroce ‘Gee can he said about thir fact. He states that Ticks investic fgaons will show for the fist time not only what romantic poety is, but what modem poetry is and what a turing point In teary history Protestaism and its entre view of hie ‘was. Tick will of couse not fail to correlte allthis, thus taking Shakespear's history a history of an entire goare of fart" Solger’s judgment apparently agaees with eiticisns sag- sed by Tick doing the visit mentioned above, He com tents upon the intrdction of the hhamorous scenes ia the ‘alice King Johw and ngrees with what were poobably Tiek's ‘observations concering the surprising efect of the simplicity ‘of the rexogution scene in King Leon A leter to Solger fon March 2 1, shows Ties very mach cccupied ith the projet, and atthe sume time reveals the German poe’ con: teupt for English scholarship. He points out that le had read Goiwin’s Life of Chowcor for his purpose, but fad found nothing new is fe" His ingeret in the Shakespeare project is Surther shown by his request i the folowing eter tat So ger obtain for him Hains Orig or the Capel wore del- Ing definitly with the Elizabethan pesiod* pare Soler to Keause Fashion Jane 16 81 Pp. Dp. go Note, eg, that the store etna ape ratty wih win Teck Bae to sayin in ltrofucton tthe denaiher Theor (83. 238 ah 1). Pp CEng ae te taut oa Leter,p SoLGER's INFLUENCE 1 A silence of several years ensues on the subject, Tas may have been de to Teck’ iregular habits of work. A diary from the spring and summer of 1815, published by Lie in his Buch ber Shakespear, shows us how easly the pot fella prey tothe moods and accidents of daly life™” There Js a revival of iaterest upon the eve of Tieck's departure for Enyland ia 1817. "Only so eager a scholar as you are," he ates to Solgr, “can understand why I am Joking forward 0 much to thie English jonrney, and what has relly deter- mined me to take it, To read + few small bok whidh ae absolutely anavalable ia the whole of Germasy’ and cannot be purchased even in London; and so T am going there, Tis [ike a somewhat deuiled rummaging in large volumes. The josrney is of the highest importance to me for my stady of Shalespeace."® During bis visit to England, Teck spent four aetive weeks in the Hrtish Museum, copying considerable umber of Ellsbethan dramse from manasrpte and raze pints withthe assistance of the younger Schichegrol, who twas employed at the Bete Museum ‘Oa his retum from England, he reviews his Sadiogs as a esl of his studies in that country. le wstes to his fiend that his “suspicions and convient” concerning Shakespeare have been confirmed, but the matter gous further chan previ- ‘ously; he has alka achieved an opinion about ether eutors fof that time Solges, believing’ that Tiesk now has the Shakespeare work in shape for eitertion, urges him to com plete i” Tiec’s reply acknowledges Solge's interest in his Droject, “Most gladly would T discuss the Shakespeare project ‘rth you, with you above all men, for you are the most dis Cevesed and pet at the same time sificently trained to is Sp ec Pag ow ‘For Tiss say ip Bog HL Zeydl, aig Tick and aglon, Picton Unie, Pr 98 8 ‘Fp ze, mPise | 2 TIECK AND SOLGER cover the corsest passage everywhere and to Bad ties inter esting” He then complains that there ino genuine study ff the poet in German, that the English are an the wrong track ae false and stupid, ad the Germans lst in an indolent, and elfen adhivaton of the poet, the defective imiar tions sil being the Dest that they kad produced about him. Tn conection with the Sie Olt Plays, which he hed given to Solger bat which the latter bad not bad tine to read, Teck fxpresees his conviction that Shakespeare as a young man lat writen great deal and much thet was medincte and oven tad, probably for 2 living. Of course if the English refuse to scribe such plays as the Birgorbiege2™ Titas Andronicus, Pericies, Crowell, The London Prodigal, and even the old ‘King Johw to. Shakespeare, the matter is solved. Asstning their authenticity, however, the rest carves as much farther Not until then do the plays receive connection and consist- cency, and the poet who otherwise appears Hike a dueling reteor, now for the fat time becomes an individual Solger Continues hie exhortations On December 7, 1817, he again asks Tick how fa hea progres sith his work on Shake Sspeare2” Tieck, who hss apparently been suffering one of his etiodic spells’ of glom, breaks oat into complaints in his ‘reply about the loug coninsance of his preparations, the die Sipaton of his energies, and the amount of Hine and money he has spent othe British dramatist But dhe mood of de- TP we No doubt the flowing work i refered 0: “The Fret par of ‘he Centrton et he es fmane Hons of Vorb ond Loner ‘ith the doth ofthe good Date Hamplres" nd the bathe sth ofthe Dube of Sule, andthe Trail raf the Prt erin of Wincheer, sth ihe nota Retlion of Tacks Cade (pe the Date of Yorks fot elaine uta te Crome: Ls Prep ‘Thomas Creede for Thoms ilps rem be aid Me ‘bap ship Sie utr Chur ia Ctra (Corsi. Hep (We Inge, Shaesteare Bbaprap, Settee hoor, MEME, 3). Sr ia Sea SoLcen’s INFLUENCE 13 spondeney soon faves him, In a feter of April 27,1818, he speaks of his diligent cocupation with Shakespeare, and of his having digested everyting he had brought along with him from England, He thinks that he has learned 2 great deal dst fs new, and expects thatthe chapters on Sbaleapesre'slan- igeage wil torn out guite diferent and be mare istevtive than before. Shakespeare, he feos, fe but the central point of ‘the English theter and of modern at. If one does not Know ‘what preceded him, he remains aa enigma. The tendeney i to “scribe to him alone what he has in common with ll, One ‘ust sso study his period and posterity in onder to be eon- vinced how he is the key to our worl! and to all our cond tions. Its a mistake to regard himo as a curiosity and to fail to recognize the inner harmony, the rue stamiard of genius, in which he must always romais a model tw, this deepest ‘ruth which becomes poeey oF elf. Teck feels that he too vill ack proper words to express these points One cannot in Si into anyone by external means something which be must ‘experience and produce in himell. One can merely make room for it. Mush, however, becomes self-explanatory if cae se igands all the plays of Shakespeare asa singe unity” ‘A further hint of his occupation with his boole on Stace peace is his eiciam in a leter to Solger of December 17, E18, ofthe mnerow interests of the contemporary sage, and his plea fora revival ofthe Shakespearean age, Thi he be- lieve, is essential for the prosction of gemine dramatic ‘works, and wil, he promises, be dealt within great det in is prospective Buch aber Shobespeore™ “The whole project, however, 255 well known, come to xoth- ing. LAdeke, wo published such fragments of it ae Tied bad Tet, series this to the allowing eeasons: the death of Tixk’s patton, Count Finck von Fnckenstein; Teel’ ness, fllowed by is removal 19 Dresden, where he became fvelved in werle ‘in connection with the eater and the press; and above al “Pe Pa ant 4 TIECK AND soLGER the loss of his flthfal supporter in the project, Solger. Teck no longer found anyone to counteract the depressing moods to which he was subject, and so his most ambitions project sever came to completion In concluding the account of Solger’s interest in the produc tion of Tieck’s works, it should be goted that the philosopher ize Tieck conte assistance with his work on the Deutschee Theoter. This work is mentioned by Teck for the firs time inca letter dated January 2, 1817, in which he requests that Solger obtain for him a copy af Lokensteins Praga for a foe wotks, since he reves it for 3 certain "Arbei"™ Th a subsequent letter Tieck repeats the request forthe Lohenstein, fan] asks if Solger knows anything “modem, satisying, ot clever” about Opitz, Gryphius, Lohensten, and Hans Sachs! Solger complied with his request about the Lokenstin, bat tnade an ertor and male inn the Thusweldo instead of the Trogdon. Teck in his reply informs Solger of his mistake tnd jst with him about this matter, He then deBiiely states that fe needs the work in order to complete ke Deutsches Theater, two volumes of which sre to peas at Haste, and that he intends ta snckade a play of Lohensten inthis collee- tion” Solger corrected his error upon receiving Tsk’ It- ter, and mailed him an edition of Lohenstia's dramas with a leter, choosing of the two editions available at the Berlin rary, the ose whieh contained sn additional tragedy. Solger aso received {rom Reiner the manuscript of Tieck’s preface to the Dewiches Theater. Concerning this, the philosopher 1 Back ster Sharpe sin seine oP Ene "PLS, This ein cannot be Manised fa Goethe (el, Leter Note) Tie ad aed Rees to allow Slger to tke cate of the ‘moolealing forte prism and inthe poser ete 9 Reiner rom she end ofthe Jat fi, he aed im to end Slger he Ss poste Tce fo emer cod iB, PSE IS, 7 anos SOLGER'S INFLUENCE a5 ‘expressed his entice approval but wished for more detailed ‘reatment, He was coafdent, however, that muuch would be made wp in Tieek’s treatment of the individual authors © Finally Solger was consulted by Tieek concerning his con- templated revision of the Zerbina, Gat pabliehed ia 4736. In fone of his eariet letters Ties inguices {rom Soler what changes he would advise in case of new edition. In his ane seer Soger promises to read the work though for this pare pose hut these suggestions are not given by Solger unl on siderably later i the course of their frisndship, ia a letter, dated, March 23,1816. In his he repeats and applies to Zor” Iino the criticisms he had already) expressed conceming. the Divnochen: namely, thatthe dramatized Mazchen isto dios, and that there ie lack of connection bewecn the plot of the poetic personages and that of the main action Ted i the next letter accepts Solger’s critics, bat warns hin at to pect too anuch froma revision. He points out the dificl- Ses involved in remodeling a work which is based upon youth ful enthusiasm, so thatthe Jntroduction of a statement from 4 matucer period would only make the writer rideslous, al ‘explains the lack of unity by the fet that, like the VerBohrte Wet, which was witea in only a few dys, parts ofthe Zer= ‘ino were writen at considerable intervals from each other ‘re states that itis his plan to concentrate the whole werk more cr to give it amore definite plot, Tht however might male the play even more difuse than it is at present, for if the ‘comical part receives adios, the poeta part must also be expanded. He requests further suggestions from Scger. He then indicates the various contemporary subject that he would like to stirize inthe eevsed eden, such a the contemporery pedagogical mania, contemporary German fasiotism, prob ably of the type of Turneater Jab, the “Fougadomania,” i troduced by Anim and Brentaan; bt sbove all, erring mo SP =P. 10s “pple Pp a9 Pi aaa 6 TIRCK AND SOLGER foub tothe excester ofthe post-romantic movement, he wishes to rice "a moet cinder contermer of all hat is good sad thorough” who has grown sp ost of the Zerbino, the Sters- bal, the Kater, aad Tie’ other works! Teck never made the revision he had planned here, To judge by a Inter state rent in ane of his prefacess* he apparently found it unde- SSrable to add to an earlier work which had arisen out of & ‘mnifled mood and inspiration" Pp. ai 18,048 2 SNe der oreandns in Sees Nah rh er Lacy abel eA wr aro ete ne EL Sora ae ein Tele eam ry ht, dt st ost ona‘, ne Ge Sonu Seqincene Newegg casita Bowe mom me Mase dato mae cater aes Gel, si orocang er ander oem ee bg he So wees gach crate de ‘an Za sgt wri His Matsa”. BD uw ‘TMECK AS SOLGER'S HELPFUL CRITIC ‘Turning now to the co-peraion of Tien the production and publieation of Seger’ works, we find that in each of these except the posthumous work, the Vorlesungen. aber ‘Aesthotib, which was edited by KW. L. Heyse (Leipzig, 18ip), the port took an active interest His eritcsmes to be Gare, wore largely tecniclly stylistic in their character, but ‘they found a ready and willing neceptance with Solge. Tice us enatne this matter more in deull. The original eon ‘ception for the Erwin) Selger's work on esthetics, may go back a far ae Bog, when Saige in a diary note discusses the essential idenety and the mutual relationship of religion, piloophy, and art. "Philosophy, art, and religion are. the hee neccesary ingredients of an harmonious culture, Philos ‘phy without at issmeane without purpae, art without philoso- ‘hy is cod without beginning; but Doth without religion are truly criminal, ifanious, asd godless Then philosopby is de Fiance and violence, and art involent amusement!” His choice Of the dialogue as a mediam of expression fer philosophical Study is sugested in a letter to Raumer of February 4, 1807 at the conelision of his diexsson of Spinoza,’ and may have become a dessin throvgh his iatensive study of Plato in the following year® The Srst evidence of his acteal wore onthe [Erwin is contained in the letter of Jamutry 14,3813, wetten toa friend in Dresden. Here he says: “Inthe mornings T std ied diligently and eccupied myself particulary with & work, for the daboration of which Drevden was jet the place, and which I hope will appear in print t Easter Teis des alogues Gn the beautiful ané on art ite plaosophiea? intone; but L ran, ior Getrishe ter dar Shine wd die Kons, 2 v0 is, 1, us slg 0 Aber, Deen 8 TIECK AND soLGER ‘ll tell you something about i later."* The wore was, t9 be sure, not completed a6 scon as Solger had anticipated, After Ihe a finished the ist three dialogues, an interval of some time passed before the fourth was begun. The work 33 it ‘ood was first discussed with several friends an the contents analyzed? Reumer, who was one of the friends with whom Solger communicated, urged him to be porticalary catefal bout the form of his work, eliminating sifiness by adopting the niceties of Greek ste, such a8 these of particle, and avoiding the newfangled termaglogy in favor of simple Style, free fom the pslsophical jargon of the dy and decade, and comprehensible evento women. ‘Work was begun on the fourth dialogue on Apel 3, 18142 Then Teck, who had become beter acqusfited with Soyer, began to take an interest int. In an cary eter to Sager he ‘expressed great eagerness 1 learn the contents of Soige' wore fon ar? Solger's excuses, such as fear of losing the mamsript, ‘nd its unpolished condition? Baaly yielded toa request which sounded almost Eke a reproach and which led Soler to mail his first dialogue withthe next letter In hie next eter, Teck acknowledges receipt of the dialogue, mailing it back through ‘Radach, and expresses his keen appreciation of the pilosopbial Jmport ofthis work. “The whale ea talyphileophicl eoan- ey, which receives the more significance ar interest the oftener fone’ reads it" He is delighted, realizing as be does, that it agrees with what he himslt feel abut at. The fist dialogue serves a6. a sort of introduction, clearing away misunderstand: SHS, 1 fa, Soler wo Abehen, Jmaty 6 289, ‘Thee leds were! Rowner (NS. 21), Abee (HS, 1, 26), Fray von (vem) (2) (5, ah "5, 135 Breda November 318, INS. ue Salgr to Ramer, Apia 8g. oe ans pp ae "Dae Gane it ca wabres pounce Lei, ds, Je ater snan es est 29 ar Bolg wel Teese eka” (e190) | | rf TIeCK AS HELPYUL CRITIC 19 singe and breaking the grad for Solge’s own conception. Teck criticizes ony certain tecacaldltculis,soch as an overuse (of putes, and perhape a lack ofrhetorieal sili the teat- tnebt of certain pang, ike the one about musi. Tide rea- Ties tha hie own poston is similar to Erwin’, nasa as he nnd devoted himself tothe outer aspect of beauty without moral ‘or philosophical necesiy, aot properly dividing what the Beas- {als ani can be from what i produced and brought about in him, With this he connected in his own fashion many ther fancies, felings, and envitions, so that his innexmost nature is reflected, be says ia the lst words of Erwin, and he expects to find in Adeber's answer also consolation and future ese of tind for himself. Teck points out that Anse’ explanation ‘des not satisfy the inclination that he recently expressed to Sol- ter toward the rystical pot of wew he his that Ansel is ally lacking in myatal intligente. On the other hand r= wis and Avelbert’s lat utterances are mach more mystical “Teck doesnot kaw to what extent Anscim is meant co be the representative of a pastcular type of contemporary philwophy “ie sequeis Seger to anal him the continnation, and if por sible the whee of the work, through Kadach, who is leaving Shortly for Batis. He conchades by referring to a discussion ‘which ead with Schit, to whom he showed the work and Tio also expested his wholehearted admiration of it, a5 10 Iniuther Herahard represented the point of view of Fichte, ‘heck favoring and Sehite opposing thie opin Tn Bis reply Solger agrees with Tieck’s general opinion as to the purpose of bis first dialogue, namely that, “I (the Ge “hrich) is nt to contain any abslatly fale opinions about the nature of the Beane, but only one-sided subjective ones, hich become false for that very reson.”® Solger acqiesces Pp. 90 Ck the intotion to Lr 4, 9 1 6 were a snubs es of the frm Glogs Of era, wih fom the ‘jn of the abe dion "hp is 20 TIECKE AND SoLoRR in and farther elaborates the philosophical tendencies which ‘Tiesk recognizes inthe fest dalogue, "Thie (Files view, a¢ represented by Bernhard in the rin) and Aasela’s view (that of the representative of the comtemporary "Seheiny~ ste") are deliberately placed side by sie withthe views of Burke and Baumgsrten, im order that one shoul se bow ssc ‘more correet sound common sease is; and Knots procedure js really @ wellplanmed atzempt to unite the opposing ele- ments Concerning Tieck’s technical far asthe process in as content ie, and God thereby revels knowledge of Hime is ploy" Th we should sock 1 explsin why Tic eas ao rach spepathy with Soge’s piso ideas, we wou Ba thet ‘xplnationbusialy i is afi forthe implstion of So. 82" theories of “irony the “esas Nicht” and the ut ‘eiy of religion, philospty, ant art Slgers theo ot irony gave to ant a objet validly in the whites theory af “reales Nis” elininated the lente poss of evi inthe ivrs; tat of the Metty of eligom ions, By, and at, justfed art and eligion, aswel ts phon, aspects of divine revelation. By means of thes dens Teg, found x rama action for the problem, evr present i his mind, of harmonizing the whole of exieence + tation wick corespondel to what Teck fad fe natively alle Bite and which was of paral inortance to Sim se bie intectest debicle following pom his contact with cob Boho Phdrophiche Caprice oc: The es ony ateteeatane sot lc Sir aa Bae fer dns myn a enon deren oe Bene ‘escarole el ot nad apn ees {Sioorin bang a nn compthnihethceot ae ee ince iow rete ocr cso of te Pace Ge (Bt i Ke) Jotan he hah yp ofa seen pone ‘ics wit ingtatin” (Ch nh abe, sabe mae art ‘Besa apc inc Wh ras eof beer a “oy whe tyr thecal wal ined} sean sign onacnow eich sr cones sansa sim lg lnc, he dine andes etn isi tw). vir ‘TIECK’S ATTITUDE TO PHILOSOPHY Ticks atu to piosonhy is complex in chance. He xnsees on the one hands dete dntaton to ta Gisie ofthe ma ant ta of ts protagonist: On he ‘other hand, he welones Soler plop ott of ew snot warmly, and posses, fo tonal, hen erty 2 iste ouok on ie whch equ les marked. The foowing page, tse on Ties pushed ap unpeisbed correondente, andthe preface to his Seiten, nen lsat the nate of Teck’ ste TW alt sto prove Tes ie of pi Ina late w Soler of fay 7,186 the pow ater the Je spite os grea feng of cones fad tof feat of Sger ss = phaopher and phot? In alter leer 0 AW. Sdlegl, he dears that what estranged hi frm Friedrich Selege dosing the ety pertod of the latter's de, velopment, was the site's interes in phlosophy an om Acinowledgingthe promise of a ork by Sens ihe laters Retinol pie, from Wis pices Mavs Tes opey dhs that he enertands “ide af tlign, and ag 2 anc piosoghy ‘The abe however is but dhe egtive side ofthe problem. or Tice id concern Hise wth pioepical questions and fosnd in Sager what he betel to be au expen af his oun point of view. A bref acount of the Mistry of he development of Tied’s Weltanacatuag tp fhe pat of Bis Scqsintnce wth Slee wil mate is ar Tei ci “Tal Tie ad iD Sgr ite it Ke nd -Anmaoge seep vor ike, Pasko ama ne ‘Meera WSS, Drcon sy os “ee ay ren J Sia in PSB, Berlin, MS, p. 4 a = thee ho ete rizcx’s PurLosorHyY 65 Inood, Teck sought an answer fo the problems of life in se- ligion* Then daring his period of adolescence and youth he was disturbed by doubts concerhing the meaning of existence ‘eck had Before him, as he tels-us in matover year, the soltions presented by two types of personalities, bat aither ‘of these elutons sted hen There was on the oue hand the group of "Genies” of the Sturm und Drang epoch with their empty enthsiasn, and ashe felt artifical passion. These cloaked ther egoism wnder the garb of virwe. Attracted to then as Tick was by theiriliance, their playing with poetry, snd thai enthasaem, he was nevertheless roplled by the a6 ftcunce with which they combined pedantry withthe fntasic ‘The other group consisted of the "better people,” who con trasted with the former group, the elmer, ealer, simpler, and truer people, who had deritely bien Farewell o al sions and lived therefore in a nartow parochial world where pone ould envy ther lot, Between theee two growps all ta was Toft to Tieck was a certs sad and sober resignation, wick did not satiaty hin? "The bold the brillant, the sel lvat- ing!" Tied sums up, “seemed always to have to combine with, pretence and deception; the tre snd good, with the narrow ‘inde: he who despise these ghitring pretences had t take his place among the weal, ignorant, and dejected people of ood intent. How did it fare with him who cold not and ‘would not make up his mind to join either of the feo par~ ties?™ Te was inthis state of mind that Tse wrote his i= liom Lovell. He describes thie work in matarer years 38 “an ‘efor to probe into the depths of the human spirit; the dis- Closure of hypocrisy, efeminacy, an falsehood, regardless of the form they may ase’ the contempt for Tie; the arzaga ents of te Wil Lovet "What hood sng sc hn icon Bs station fom pecan cry and art, ‘Tek re sed in velpon 1 thaw {had ow fod In pety a a Gsivn wo. is, Vie &, (83), OTS, VE awa 66 TIECK AND SoLGER sent of human nature, These problems and gloomy, moods fre not superfisially depicted bat earnestly conceived” “This state of ind seemed, However, suddenly to be trans. formed by ‘ater and higher wealth whch elevated all that was pitfal, every-day, avd insignicant, and life iselé by ts ‘splendor atid joy.” This was the feling for poety, a “deight, ‘hich permeated the woul directly from the works of art and pened tothe inspired mind the meaning of poetry ina difer- xt fashion than by way of observation and understanding.” ‘Tieck, like hie rtioaliaic contemporaries, was now indiffer- fat to religion, fading what was sacred only in the mystic depths of post. Chance put Jacob Bahme in his hands and fhe fll “wit anos criminal thoughtlessness,” as he says ia 8 etter to Solger? completely under the infueace of the Gee- ‘man wysti” He now looked down on Fishte and Scheling, fan did uot Sind them profound enough” But the ifiaenee of Blane was not beneficial The dualism of the philosophy of 178, Via oP ae STS. VI a FS, Hi nt, ta eter Bi itr, Sole ‘Tie dated “jena (Anfang) Tack ope her fo Fed J, Hoke, for whore Te Teds‘ilnied tinunin? “But if ou read Jaco hm tk vein, tal hive atom point of cota, you wil et & Dew wT ahold like tony stew sol, the wool apes Gereohy {ore Pty of God tne then” (Seed Keen Pay Oto [Renee ErucHong unter dom Eieacte Lay Ticks, Heeety ‘om Tiesto Sop Tee Jems [Ane Ba, 1). In aoe ete Ton the same gene be aes bes fv say fhe mlansy mea int wks ad fallen ei Jao Bole: "Do st be ow thd, T become sty ead ef (be St ean) takes owson of fos Jeo im, hve he ee ful of there {Ser inte coral swing vk at Hens nowhere any more. Tis Iori exp fied wit Gd, sob cv ie hin Beat he sh ‘Trety to God, prtarly fn the aro” (iy Teck t0 Spbie ‘Teak Jem Ora an), 69) And ay te Joy lhe we Witten Sige tate eds Neva Henrich won Ofetngen for usta stds tht bei uring oni ercton with Joes Bate (ime Te to Wie Shel (Jul 18 18). “Bp ) 1 TInCK'S PHILOSOPHY o7 DBihme and most mystics, who ascribed too great a reality 0 evil who, in fac, belevel inthe coxisence of good and evil inthe deity, produced tert depression inhi’ “Passionate condkions tnd unexpected experiener” tone pace within him, aching their climax during his say in Dresten infor. His pletsure in poetry and aatare seemed something objectionable land rerong fo him, He thooght that he had found the Rey £0 the inner life, in which there was, however, no room for any= thing but religion. There were many howes when he wished the evlasion of a monastery in order to devote himself entcly to the mystica» Under the infuence of this mood Ties’ power of production and his poetic talent seemed Broken fr fever A biter struggle ensued since the outer world which he ‘had previously admired ad hie own spirit were covered with uskness. A fev years passed, curing which various Hterary land scholarly interests, sich asses of Hosmer, he Nibelun- {enlied, Sophoces, and Shakespeare occupied ht, ‘These were fetlowed by his Stillness Mich in 1805 and his joorney to Italy. He fet surfeited withthe mystics, nd the awakening tnge for creative weting brought him back from is mystical ‘obsession, “just a6 lightheadedly as head entered this fel” {nto the rel of poetry. Butt wes more a fight fom the prob lem tha sition of i, for Tec still recogazed the impor- tasceof Eahme's mysticism." He had daring his tay in Munich fom 1808-r8r0" carried on a sort of discession with Jaccbi cn these points, but it was, he tells ws, Hce speaking from oppo~ Site sides ofa chasm, where the spears heard the ech rather ‘ha their own words” Pp. fof, 90 AP ge Cea, tadeig Tc ond de Brider Scheel: Tick 1 Fr Siblegl, Zsinge Dernber 118 47: Kap 1 afi however placer be paid of Tes el eas a after ta tring of the Gearon (is) (Later Note, Kinks Laie Pa ek ie 1 4 "Tp Aitaeh Teck fa eet admiration for Sal as a pera (Teck to Petes, Zebioge, ete. 8 88, Stacy Hissin Nacsa Freeh Porter IS; 2 woe Ead- H i 6 TIECK AND s0LGER ‘Then came Tieck’s acquaintance with Solge. Solger, he says, rearranged his ideas without tang them from him, showing ‘im that what is moet exretia) for 2 man's thinking i per~ specive. A few hasty words dropped by the philosopher at a tianer to the effect tht el was "reales Nich,” left a pro: found impression upon Teck, The thovght became dearer and learer ia his nd, and cate 10 final dasty when he read Solger's as dialogue. He now rized how Bake and ther ‘mystics had ascebed oo grata reality to evi so that the most terrible dualism had to develop. It as now possible t lay the demon of daubt which Bulme had conjured sp. Fora discussion of Solger’s philosophical ideas in so far 28 they have @ Bearing on Tieck, with special reference to the philosopher’ theories of “irom,” the “reales Nichia” and the Escential identity of region, philosophy, and art, cf. above, pg f "Teck, as was already meationed atte end of Ch. VI, heat endorsed these ideas of Solger. In acknowledging. Solge’s Philosophische Gespricke, which develop these ideas, be 5) “Sy old reecatment against the oraace of many tilos fiers in wishing to create God ig sil the same fut Tvelize Inore deinitely than ever that philosophy never tended that. Fronly now fully utderstand your reality and illusion as well, faa munis of letters and oral uterances, and after a few Sraggles T feel nyse incredibly calmed your art-ialogues fre even clearer to my inner self, most splendiy ofall, the tose presence of God i all thats feastfal his trasfgaration bf the rel and how eeligon, art, and philosophy ace 50 in. sig Tick ad i Briley Sclegele Tick wo Fe, Sel, Wares aly nett, 6-160), he ted to fd a soln for bi pealen Him. Thus ne of the pslce to Be Solin, Tk comments om the iat tat Joh an Herder were oly dar between velo ft elacton wi! realy ng seo wisung fo wie tan CTS, si) "othe fal dislepse of Seat Phisophircke Gypace, pine rincK’s PHILOSOPHY & ‘imately the same thing’ A sinilar acknowledgment comes somewhat Intern regard tothe question of the “reales Nicht.” ‘Since Tiesle has grasped this pint of Solge's philosophy and faith, he saya, no eroris any longer posible im him. For this ‘conviction, since he has come to his senze, has Become the eed the essence of his life, What he had lacked was means ff expression, power of correlation and help from without, Te was thie deficeny in himself which hel him back from the philosophers, and caused Mu orginal distaste of Solger. He fad carried! on at variogs ties strange abd ieteresting con- erstions ot this subject with Friedrich Sehlegel, very fre- (gently wih Ficte, and afterwards with Jacobi, who ander- stood hin ost among these mex He spol 1 Scheling only in passing because he never fle onfdence in him, stil ssi Schleiermacher, He. remembers these conversations almost verbatim, This was the feasoa why he gave himself up almost nconitionaly to the mystics, isemuch as this “most neces ary presence this "true life” was recogeized by them. Be- fore his acgesintance with Selger, he found only Novalis to ‘wtiom he could pour out hi soul concerning this question ‘They were quite agreed, Teck fels hat Novalis and Solger would have tnderstood each other completely. For Harden berg’ moble soul sought this very point, and perhaps ad found it and Teck only didnot se i in his words. He who has not grasped that seaty of nothingness which Soler has row mae a principal taming polat of is thoughts, can, he believes, ot be permeated by the reality of the divine either, the true realty?" Finally, im summing’ up in Kopke his ine Aettedness to Solger, Tes says Later Solger had peofound influence ypom my fe, His Boon isan chelate in wih he pet oon a8 @ fighest valuesT am gray indebted to him Amon al former {Hcophe ony Jo Bates etacted me ad for ale Eompltely domisted me- Mesaile T have also given itn dine | scopiced dst he comes to an eeiary contusion “Pas. np ae ae rs TIECK AND SOLGER without being able to reconcile his Lucfee with God and ends Ina sort of despaie, T could really fallow Solger's tear of thought and in this fashion returned agsin € philosply Thad the greatest repect for his alent; Re was 2 dre sacle ellen mat,» Heads clear conviction of a laner myst ‘il coanetionHeimesn philosophy and religion head worked ‘out these thoughts in hms! bat wanted fo have then Yate Sil more and saved thelr prtayal for his old age What Tieck sought in philosophy wa an explaation for the problems of life asa whole. Previous philosophers failed te understand him or satisfy him. Solge's philosophical ideas however did afford a rational sation for his problems, eying ‘Teck that harmony of life so essential for creative produc: Tfwe assume tat (otality of experience i¢ the explanation of Tieck’s point of view, iti clear why Tieck conld not find satisfaction in most plosophere. They were t9 formals, too exclasively concerned with certain pilosoptieal formula hich failed to tke cognizance of the whole of life, “Since Solger is no longer among us" he writes Iter (1827) to Reumer, “my disincination for many philosophers again bee comes stronger. A rule they know litle abont art, poety, religion, and nature. The formula supplies everything for them “Life as life", he writs in another leer to Reamer ope, are “CE above As Tic sae in seolaing his ideas to Soler for tescing Mime fom the Seeing efece of cod Balms “Heaven, earth, eigen a mell sy aime 6d Je, (Gea Jove all hoveret sadly tranetguredsgun in tat oh {yun in wick youth aol ieee had see them i ‘ESjsion and hs meat at's ection fen bat ety tbo of tintin a dlintason of Beata wit my J. Bohne, ho hd ene coated al the ned aad al he frais fa the poe T 1A sot and which oe wean Fad given frre hs peace is aldeiyconlfed wat new sword. tad 9eu and Noe Tle andthe poe were all sete sed mere cmpehee ya 80. 1B, Teck to Rasmer, Dien, Mach 16 8, 13-26 TIECK'S PHILOSOPEY a (2820), “that is and remaise the content of all feling and thought. And will it ever be otherwise or can i ever be others wise? Tf existence is only contioaly existence, or one and the sane concep, certainly never2™ It is Tieek’s love of the totality of Hfe and hi consequent unwiingness to give himself upto any formula that acounte forthe fact that he cool in his youth be at the same time an ardent democrat and a defender of the existeace of monas- tesieg™ His entbusase forthe sepblian ideal dd not blind him tothe craity of the epblcems in Nordhaset™ nor tmiration of the beauty of the Catholic church prevent censure of it as a supporter of despotism On this account, LB, IL, Ties to Ramer, to, Dresen, Api 2 18. Note, toa ‘Ties atsration for Suge tect he soap wished eaves he Ing he exerinced. We knw sina?” Tass writes to Mo et werhave sot experened” (384 sow) “CE Tiedée faith tthe otal of asin: Tick 1 Sophie ‘Tiek, Gis, Dee 7, SLB, MS, op. palo. Heist ‘athe “democrat load ithe gree af rane al Fees, dan caine of on of hr deat ae gro at Gang, Incas dlsson on the pony 9th “vaiy of aft clases (van der gen, hein Hteich Wachowler Brfecaet mit Enlai Tick. Joos don, 6: Testo Wackenroley, Cotte Dect. 26 79). Avcnfog2 mown oo He tip Toone ‘ya he ene the fate tampte of Hrs and eae (Cottle Rie, Forsangen ar derher Pistepe, Lape 2809 she Tec to Sot Tek et ay 150). The democrat mt on-Proian Fond ees it daw med ope (iy 1. "he monasteries, he sys Ina Ite 19 Sopie Ties in 135, mse fo be asthe. Here he man wn cut the wood rom fe ot ‘ow the weld rejects fda nfo and tse ree Even if he ‘hit t's miserable anda gat 4 detpable erm, af Bianon of ston se of apo mos tn sal egeieations is coneiae whe ees peage he geet fein ee at oe shuld peri fos lve of mannd and not este from ne {Elf and one's eaten in mimatropy (Gathld lon of. ey epg: The to Sie eke Ha. May 2179) “Psdnch van der Ley, of 10h: Tick to Wacker, Gi gen Novte 6s "Sot le, oh i, 85 a TIBCK AND SOLGER too, he wams Wackenroder against avoiding the mil course i cathetic judgments! He i not 40 forget the modeen for the medieval" nor exchange “the implse to great deeds” for “the inclination to the pecan ™* Eccetecty in att (ere plasia on the individual emotion) makes it waite, 38 Artis essentially social in character For this reason too, inthe period between 1793 and 1810 (the beginning of his ftiendstip with Solger), ‘Tec in a letter to Jatobi compleins ‘hat his isan age carried away by the compretension of empty forms to a cold though active zeal instead of secking the contemplation of the divine in inspiration, x which alone it Ticat® Hence, too, during hie aoguiatasce with Solger his Draie of the Iate’s freedom fom biss and his satisfaction ‘hat unlike others, Soler docs not consider himself misuades- stood, if one is not acqusiated wih his entice system and all ite rauifsntons, For there is an entice syteon in every wise word, indeed often more compete for the thinking person than when ene later becomes sequanted with the so-called system, with ite gups and contradictions. The centre of knowl- Ciige is everywhere and everything presupposes something which precedes and follows. So, too, Task’ dsike of the followers of romantic shiboleths, who were more bateful to im evea than the rationalists; his dsike of post-romantic forts, such as those represented by the fate-tragedice™ and ‘he works of Feugué "his erticse of Goethe for setting up sn ideal Gredk world, and forgeting fatherland and religion fn account of it?" his distrust of extemal wonders, ch as Prev van doc Lee of ct 4: Tek o Wacken, Git igen Deb 9 Ei as rid, 10 =a, 59, Roach Zoepcts Ane FH Sacobte chins Ue 1, Th, No, tg Tick acl 88 ee 8). aes Pp. a0 mp Lady Teck and dic Beer Sees, 1 Tek oF Sees Prag, Sewn 36 3818 bp riper'’s PHILosormy 73 Wilhelmine von Chézy attributed to Adam Mller Tt is his seaming for totality, hie dislike forthe dogmatic and narrow ‘that cases his protest im his leters to Reamer agenst the "Gonies" of modem times, with their naturalistic dletantsm, their superficial contempt for order and kaowledge, and their merely formal attachient to Goethe, Schiley, and nature Ihence his opposition fo empty idealism, his isistence upon en deal proceeding from the self?" his dislike of Friedrich ‘Schlegel for his ulttemontanism in his Inter years and his fconment, with referees to the same pont, on the pecllar tendency of the hniman mind to eck its highest wisdom in superstition, nstead of censing the divine in the actual word ** hheace his advice to Waagen aginst taking up a polemical at- titude in his studies? and his atack on “the demagogical ‘nonsese," as he calls tof the Young Germans the isig- nificance of ther afectations their "alse hatefulnss" and “cold storm and eolophonium tempest" his praise of Bran review of Tieek's own Vittoria decorontbona for its Seesdom, from dogmatic system hs estrangement from Hegel on ac couat of his srctaess and sharp dseticism, eo: lnally Tie’ atitode toward vicenary experiences futher Tak © Willenine v Chay, Zshingn,Febe 26 817 (FSB, MS, faeces) 2a ato Tk wo Ramer, Zetngen, Mark 39,1815 S10, tty Te wy Rimes, Zetegen, Feary 2198 1, siz Tk to Rane, Dende, None 1,184 ‘1, It age ce to Rane, Drea, Ap 3 1. Hoe 1, ys Ladwig Teck ta Wangen Zcingen, Mach 9 sp *ehoron 1 Resonate, gn, gst won Oto Figs, 3, Tk ta Cal Guta ven Tenn, Dresden Moves 108 ‘Ladi Tack to Fedh Tee Drenden Novem 136 SED, MS,p2 palates Tce Mae Deelen, Janay 2, 84a PSH, Bat, p., toe, Ho I ong: Tie to Bras, Deen, de xen Oct, 18 = Ropke 70 ” TIECK AND SoLoEE ‘exemplies his position. For, while he opposes Kern's phaa- tows wotld in favor of a physiological explanation of visionary phenomena? he has een mind on the subject. Ina letter to Count von Wartenburg in 1855, he expresses his eagerness to learn fom him concerning the nature of dreams, with their pe- cular mingling of truth and Mlsion" and in his Tat Jeiter to Kemer, he spats of the riddle of the smivers, and of the ix possibilty of solving it among ene humble daily tasks! Tn summing up, Wwe can therefore say that Tick's faith in ‘totality of experience explains bis auitude coward pitesophy. ‘This fahth made it imposible for bi to fnd satisfetionin'8 ‘Single Formula or dogma and heace slienated him from most systematic philosophers. This very reason brought him close to Solger, the one philosopher whose fundamental ideas di ‘ooresponid with Tiel tase pont of view. ‘Suns Kore: Briefe! mit ein Frenne. on ee sot Sebo Thebad Kemer Stata aod Leg 1, Ty Nov Sh fopant Tiee to Kerner Hien Bad, Jay 2780 PoE. H. Facer ln Berke Vergngenhlt Bel1o,o76: Task to Gra ror Wares, unt (20. Satna Kerr, Ue No. 950, 9px: Te to Kerns, Btn, uae 8a ‘This leer appears tobe he Bit ofthe evi, anodaiag eveo thar of "Frankfort 6 Oden aren Mee 1814" Thay fF exe rie, Ties inguiy concerning Weekes Geach, and ‘Sebmi's Geehicte der Dewtchon reed ti he preset iets, ‘Sanmwerel im Later 2 Moreover Seger ackuopledges rect of Leger 2 through Kadseh why is eteatonad in the preset keter sits bearer. Teck had winked Soiger the previods ation in Fak ervom the Oder, and the ltr, 0 jadge by oa eter, had spa enly promised t came to Ziebingen dang the Chriss baidys ‘The hater ie a testimony to Teles wide Yeading, Te gives evidence of she frenlytlasons existing beeen Tieck and Solger een at (his any date 1. Ties to Soler *ciebingen Teh bin Bw, Wohlgebole. noch meinen Dank schol fr ie gutige Bening, ducch welhe ich die Ossterrechischen CChronitent ehalten habe, die ich wohl noch auf einige Zeit ss bohalte winsche, wenn die Bibliothek sie noch entbehren ‘ans, im Fall der TV. Band nichis emtht, ws sich auf den ‘ager Friedrich 1, das Interegnom, und etwa noch *Rdolf von *Habsburg beset, so ist er mun unbrauchbar; dean er ‘war damals yertchen, als Sie mir die drei ersten ‘hile der Pegiechen Samentung® ibersandten. Hat Ihre Bibliothek aber vielicht Wher’ Gedichte des Zeitgenossen vor Opitz? Teh besaf sie selbst chedem, und cin Freund hat sie mit ver Totsea, eeitdem habe ich allenthslben vergetiche Nachfrage ethan; wie es mgtich, ro wiinachte fh wobl noch Schmide Geschichte der Destsene® 2a faben. Sie habon eich dare Thre Gite und Uhr fremcliches Anerbieten so drist gemacht, a ich mich mit allen iesen Wnschen sad Nachiragen an Sie wende, ‘Mein Fresnd *Kadach der ache gewoseht hat, Ihre per- inliche Hekanmtschafe x machen, Ist crfreut, Ihnen dieses [at tibergeben mu innen:rughich bn ih so dels, ein Ver~ reichnis der Bicher bezulegen, die ich in Devorstehender