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Maintenance
SURPASS hiT 7020 3.2 Troubleshooting Manual
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Troubleshooting Manual

Maintenance SURPASS hiT 7020 3.1

Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures. Systems with forced ventilation have rotating items. Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage. The system complies with the standard EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. All equipment connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards. Mount the systems in areas with restricted access only. Only trained and qualified personnel may install, operate, and maintain the systems.

The same text in German: Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung. Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen. Anlagen mit Zwangsbelftung haben drehende Teile. Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Krperverletzungen und Sachschden fhren. Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. Angeschlossene Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen. Die Anlagen drfen nur in Betriebssttten mit beschrnktem Zutritt aufgebaut werden. Die Anlagen drfen nur durch geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal installiert, betrieben und gewartet werden.

Trademarks: All designations used in this document can be trademarks, the use of which by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of their owners.

Copyright (C) Siemens AG 2005


Issued by the Communications Group Hofmannstrae 51 D-81359 Mnchen Technical modifications possible. Technical specifications and features are binding only insofar as they are specifically and expressly agreed upon in a written contract.

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Contents
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3.1 1.3.2 1.3.3 1.4 2 2.1 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.10.1 Notes on this Documentation .........................................................................................9 Customer Documentation...............................................................................................9 Complementary Documents ...........................................................................................9 Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation...........................................................10 Symbol for Warnings ....................................................................................................10 Symbols for Notes ........................................................................................................10 Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs ................................................................10 Notes on Licensed Software.........................................................................................10 Protective Measures and Handling / Schutzmanahmen und Handhabung ...............11 Basic Remarks / Grundstzliche Hinweise...................................................................11 Mechanical Design / Mechanische Konstruktion..........................................................12 Front Door of the Device / Gerte-Vordertr ................................................................12 Card Shieldings / Schirmungen der Baugruppen .........................................................12 Weight / Gewicht...........................................................................................................12 Temperature / Temperatur ...........................................................................................13 Device Cooling / Gertekhlung...................................................................................13 Components Subject to High Operating Temperatures / Komponenten mit hoher Betriebstemperatur .......................................................................................................13 Dust Filter / Staubfilter ..................................................................................................13 Grounding and Potential Balancing / Erdung und Potenzialausgleich ........................14 Protection Against Excessive Overvoltage on the 48/60-Volts Power Supply Input / Schutz gegen berspannungen beim 48/60-Volt-Stromversorgungseingang............15 Electrostatic Sensitive Components (ESD) / Elektrostatisch gefhrdete Bauteile (EGB) ......................................................................................................................................16 Fiber-optic Cables and Connectors / Lichtwellenleiter und optische Steckverbinder .17 Laser Radiation / Laserstrahlung..................................................................................18 Protection Against Extraneous Laser Light and Protection of the Optical Modules Concerned / Schutz gegen austretendes Laserlicht und Schutz der betreffenden optischen Baugruppen..................................................................................................18 Laser Safety Circuit / Lasersicherheitsabschaltung .....................................................20 Handling Batteries / Handhabung von Batterien ..........................................................21 Emergency Switching OFF / Notabschaltung...............................................................22 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................23 Indicator and Control Elements on the hiT 7020 Network Elements............................23 LEDS ............................................................................................................................23 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Connection Description........................................23 IP Address Setting........................................................................................................23 Trap Destination Polling Mechanism ............................................................................23 Alarm Evaluation and Fault Isolation............................................................................24 Fault Clearance Procedures.........................................................................................24 Cables and Connectors ................................................................................................24 Module Replacement....................................................................................................24 Special Fault Clearance ...............................................................................................25 Alarm Tables.................................................................................................................26 Format and Content of Alarm Tables ...........................................................................26 Alarm List......................................................................................................................27 AU-AIS..........................................................................................................................27 AU-LOP ........................................................................................................................28 E1-Negative_Bit-slip_TCA_15m...................................................................................29 E1-Negative_Bit-slip_TCA_24h....................................................................................30

2.10.2 2.10.3 2.10.4 3 3.1 3.1.1 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.3 3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4

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Maintenance SURPASS hiT 7020 3.2 E1-Positive_Bit-slip_TCA_15m ................................................................................... 31 E1-Positive_Bit-slip_TCA_24h .................................................................................... 32 Equipment_OverHeating ............................................................................................. 33 Excessive_Bad_Bytes_Received_TCA_1s (LAN or WAN)......................................... 34 Excessive_Bad_Packets_Received_TCA_1s (LAN/WAN) ......................................... 35 Fan_Failure.................................................................................................................. 36 HP-DEG ....................................................................................................................... 37 HP-EXC ....................................................................................................................... 38 HP-FE_BBE_TCA_15m............................................................................................... 39 HP-FE_BBE_TCA_24h................................................................................................ 40 HP-FE_ES_TCA_15m ................................................................................................. 41 HP-FE_ES_TCA_24h .................................................................................................. 42 HP-FE_SES_TCA_15m............................................................................................... 43 HP-FE_SES_TCA_24h................................................................................................ 44 HP-FE_UAS_TCA_15m .............................................................................................. 45 HP-FE_UAS_TCA_24h ............................................................................................... 46 HP-GFP_Customer_Signal_Failure ............................................................................ 47 HP-GFP_Loss_of_Frame_Delineation ........................................................................ 48 HP-NE_BBE_TCA_15m .............................................................................................. 49 HP-NE_BBE_TCA_24h ............................................................................................... 50 HP-NE_ES_TCA_15m................................................................................................. 51 HP-NE_ES_TCA_24h.................................................................................................. 52 HP-NE_SES_TCA_15m .............................................................................................. 53 HP-NE_SES_TCA_24h ............................................................................................... 54 HP-NE_UAS_TCA_15m .............................................................................................. 55 HP-NE_UAS_TCA_24h ............................................................................................... 56 HP-RDI......................................................................................................................... 57 HP-PJCN_TCA_15m ................................................................................................... 58 HP-PJCN_TCA_24h .................................................................................................... 59 HP-PJCP_TCA_15m ................................................................................................... 60 HP-PJCP_TCA_24h .................................................................................................... 61 HP-PLM ....................................................................................................................... 62 HP-TIM......................................................................................................................... 63 HP-UNEQ .................................................................................................................... 64 HP-Virtual_Connection_LOA ....................................................................................... 65 HP-Virtual_Connection_LOM ...................................................................................... 66 Link_Failure ................................................................................................................. 67 Loss_of_Timing_Input ................................................................................................. 68 Loss_of_Timing_Output............................................................................................... 69 LP-DEG........................................................................................................................ 70 LP-EXC ........................................................................................................................ 71 LP-FE_BBE_TCA_15m ............................................................................................... 72 LP-FE_BBE_TCA_24h ................................................................................................ 73 LP-FE_ES_TCA_15m.................................................................................................. 74 LP-FE_ES_TCA_24h................................................................................................... 75 LP-FE_SES_TCA_15m ............................................................................................... 76 LP-FE_SES_TCA_24h ................................................................................................ 77 LP-FE_UAS_TCA_15m ............................................................................................... 78 LP-FE_UAS_TCA_24h ................................................................................................ 79 LP-GFP_Customer_Signal_Failure ............................................................................. 80 LP-GFP_Loss_of_Frame_Delineation......................................................................... 81 LP-NE_BBE_TCA_15m............................................................................................... 82 LP-NE_BBE_TCA_24h................................................................................................ 83 LP-NE_ES_TCA_15m ................................................................................................. 84 LP-NE_ES_TCA_24h .................................................................................................. 85 LP-NE_SES_TCA_15m............................................................................................... 86 LP-NE_SES_TCA_24h................................................................................................ 87

4.2.5 4.2.6 4.2.7 4.2.8 4.2.9 4.2.10 4.2.11 4.2.12 4.2.13 4.2.14 4.2.15 4.2.16 4.2.17 4.2.18 4.2.19 4.2.20 4.2.21 4.2.22 4.2.23 4.2.24 4.2.25 4.2.26 4.2.27 4.2.28 4.2.29 4.2.30 4.2.31 4.2.32 4.2.33 4.2.34 4.2.35 4.2.36 4.2.37 4.2.38 4.2.39 4.2.40 4.2.41 4.2.42 4.2.43 4.2.44 4.2.45 4.2.46 4.2.47 4.2.48 4.2.49 4.2.50 4.2.51 4.2.52 4.2.53 4.2.54 4.2.55 4.2.56 4.2.57 4.2.58 4.2.59 4.2.60 4.2.61

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Maintenance SURPASS hiT 7020 3.2 4.2.62 4.2.63 4.2.64 4.2.65 4.2.66 4.2.67 4.2.68 4.2.69 4.2.70 4.2.71 4.2.72 4.2.73 4.2.74 4.2.75 4.2.76 4.2.77 4.2.78 4.2.79 4.2.80 4.2.81 4.2.82 4.2.83 4.2.84 4.2.85 4.2.86 4.2.87 4.2.88 4.2.89 4.2.90 4.2.91 4.2.92 4.2.93 4.2.94 4.2.95 4.2.96 4.2.97 4.2.98 4.2.99 4.2.100 4.2.101 4.2.102 4.2.103 4.2.104 4.2.105 4.2.106 4.2.107 4.2.108 4.2.109 4.2.110 4.2.111 4.2.112 4.2.113 4.2.114 4.2.115 4.2.116 4.2.117 4.2.118

Troubleshooting Manual

LP-NE_UAS_TCA_15m ...............................................................................................88 LP-NE_UAS_TCA_24h ................................................................................................89 LP-PLM.........................................................................................................................90 LP-RDI ..........................................................................................................................91 LP-RFI ..........................................................................................................................92 LP-TIM ..........................................................................................................................93 LP-UNEQ......................................................................................................................94 LP-Virtual_Concatenation_LOA ...................................................................................95 LP-Virtual_Concatenation_LOM...................................................................................96 MS-AIS .........................................................................................................................97 MS-DCC_Connection_Failure ......................................................................................98 MS-DEG .......................................................................................................................99 MS-EXC......................................................................................................................100 MS-FE_BBE_TCA_15m .............................................................................................101 MS-FE_BBE_TCA_24h ..............................................................................................102 MS-FE_ES_TCA_15m ...............................................................................................103 MS-FE_ES_TCA_24h ................................................................................................104 MS-FE_SES_TCA_15m .............................................................................................105 MS-FE_SES_TCA_24h ..............................................................................................106 MS-FE_UAS_TCA_15m.............................................................................................107 MS-FE_UAS_TCA_24h..............................................................................................108 MS-K1/K2 Mismatch...................................................................................................109 MS-NE_BBE_TCA_15m.............................................................................................110 MS-NE_BBE_TCA_24h..............................................................................................111 MS-NE_ES_TCA_15m ...............................................................................................112 MS-NE_ES_TCA_24h ................................................................................................113 MS-NE_SES_TCA_15m.............................................................................................114 MS-NE_SES_TCA_24h..............................................................................................115 MS-NE_UAS_TCA_15m ............................................................................................116 MS-NE_UAS_TCA_24h .............................................................................................117 MS-RDI .......................................................................................................................118 OA-Input_LOS ............................................................................................................119 OA-Output_LOS .........................................................................................................120 OA-Power_Failure ......................................................................................................121 OA-Pump_Bias_Out_Of_Range.................................................................................122 OA-Temperature_Bias_Out_Of_Range .....................................................................123 PPI-LOS......................................................................................................................124 RS-BBE_TCA_15m ....................................................................................................125 RS-BBE_TCA_24h .....................................................................................................126 RS-DCC_Connection_Failure ....................................................................................127 RS-DEG......................................................................................................................128 RS-ES_TCA_15m ......................................................................................................129 RS-ES_TCA_24h .......................................................................................................130 RS-EXC ......................................................................................................................131 RS-LOF.......................................................................................................................132 RS-SES_TCA_15m ....................................................................................................133 RS-SES_TCA_24h .....................................................................................................134 RS-UAS_TCA_15m....................................................................................................135 RS-UAS_TCA_24h.....................................................................................................136 RS-TIM .......................................................................................................................137 SFP_Failure................................................................................................................138 SFP_Mismatch ...........................................................................................................139 System_Clock_Unlocked............................................................................................140 SPI-LOS......................................................................................................................141 System_Clock_Holdover_Longer ...............................................................................142 Synchronization_Signal_Message_Mismatch............................................................143 TU-AIS ........................................................................................................................144

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Maintenance SURPASS hiT 7020 3.2 Timing_Reference_Degrade...................................................................................... 145 Timing_Reference_Failure ........................................................................................ 146 TU-LOM ..................................................................................................................... 147 TU-LOP...................................................................................................................... 148 Unit_Failure ............................................................................................................... 149 Unit_Removal ............................................................................................................ 150 UnitType_Mismatch ................................................................................................... 151 Abbreviations ............................................................................................................. 153

4.2.119 4.2.120 4.2.121 4.2.122 4.2.123 4.2.124 4.2.125 5

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Illustrations
Fig. 3.1 Basic Options for Alarm Containment and Alarm Evaluation .....................................24

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1
1.1

Notes on this Documentation


Customer Documentation
The Customer Documentation of the SURPASS hiT 7020 comprises the following descriptions and manuals: Technical Manual The Technical Manual gives an overview of the application, performance features, interfaces and functions of the SURPASS hiT 7020. It also contains the most important technical data.

The Technical Manual does not contain any instructions to be carried out. Installation and Test Manual The Installation and Test Manual contains instructions on mounting, connecting and commissioning the SURPASS hiT 7020, and connecting and commissioning the LCT operating terminals. Troubleshooting Manual The Troubleshooting Manual provides information about the alarm list SURPASS hiT 7020 supports and troubleshooting procedures. TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT User Manual The LCT User Manual provides information about the LCT (features, configuration, installation, etc.) and how to operate, monitor and maintain the SURPASS hiT 7020 using the Element Manager software (Application Software) running on the LCT.

Besides the LCT User Manual, the Online Help of the SURPASS hiT software is of high importance for the operator.

1.2

Complementary Documents
In addition to the SURPASS hiT 7020 customer documentation listed in Chapter 1.1, there is further documentation: SURPASS hiT 7020 Release Note This document identifies the specific version of the SURPASS hiT 7020 and provides information on HW, SW, LCT components and the limitations of the release as well as important notes concerning the customer documentation.

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1.3
1.3.1

Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation


Symbol for Warnings
This symbol identifies notes which, if ignored, can result in personal injury or in permanent damage to the equipment.

!
1.3.2

Symbols for Notes


Information which extends beyond the immediate context.

Cross reference to other chapters in this manual or reference to other manuals.

HELP 1.3.3

Reference to the online help system of the Element Manager software.

Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs


Menu options from pop-up menus or inputs to be made by the user (texts, commands) are displayed consecutively in their hierarchical sequence in pointed brackets: <Menu> <Menu item> <Command text> <Parameter> etc.

1.4

Notes on Licensed Software


This documentation refers to software products which were taken over from other companies as licenses. Should problems arise, you should contact Siemens AG as the licensee and not the relevant licenser.

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Protective Measures and Handling / Schutzmanahmen und Handhabung


Basic Remarks / Grundstzliche Hinweise
If the following rules are not observed, and if equipment damages or personnel injuries are the result, the manufacturer assumes no liability, and the warranty will expire! Bei Nichtbeachtung der nachfolgenden Vorschriften und daraus resultieren- den Personen- oder Sachschden wird keine Haftung seitens des Herstellers bernommen, und die Gewhrleistung erlischt! Falls Sie an den Gerten oder an der Verkabelung irgendwelche Teile ersetzen, dann drfen Sie nur Original-Ersatzteile oder solche Teile verwenden, die vom Hersteller ausdrcklich zugelassen sind. nderungen oder Modifikationen, die vom Hersteller nicht ausdrcklich zugelassen wurden, knnen zum Erlschen der allgemeinen Betriebsgenehmigung fr das Gert fhren. Soweit notwendig, sind an den Gerten Sicherheitssymbole und Kennzeichnungen nach IEC 61310-1 angebracht. Wichtiger Hinweis: Wenn kein Datum angegeben ist, beziehen sich die Normen (EN, IEC, UL usw.), die im folgenden erwhnt werden, auf die jeweils neueste Ausgabe der entsprechenden Norm. Zustzliche (speziellere) Sicherheitshinweise knnen auch in den nachfolgenden Hauptkapiteln dieses Handbuches enthalten sein.

2.1
!

If you replace any parts of devices or cables, you must only use original spare parts or parts which are explicitly licensed by the manufacturer.

Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the users authority to operate the equipment. If necessary, safety signs and markings according to IEC 61310-1 are fixed to the devices.

Important Note: If no date is specified, the norms mentioned in the following (EN, IEC, UL, etc.) refer to the latest issue of the respective norm in each case. Additional (more specific) safety remarks may also be included in the following main chapters of this.

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2.2
2.2.1

Mechanical Design / Mechanische Konstruktion


Front Door of the Device / Gerte-Vordertr
A subrack being fitted with a front door must only be operated with this door closed. There is danger of personal injury, if the door of the subrack is open. Baugruppentrger, die eine Vordertr haben, drfen nur betrieben werden, wenn diese Tr geschlossen ist. Bei geffneter Vordertr des Baugruppentrgers besteht Verletzungsgefahr. ffnen Sie deshalb, bevor Sie am Baugruppentrger arbeiten, dessen Vordertr, heben Sie sie an und nehmen Sie sie ab. Bringen Sie nach Beendigung der Arbeiten die zu diesem Baugruppentrger gehrende Vordertr wieder an und schlieen Sie sie. Bei geffneter Vordertr insbesondere nach dem ffnen von zustzlichen Abdeckungen knnen auch Teile mit hoher Betriebstemperatur zugnglich sein.

For this reason, before working on the subrack, open the front door, raise it and then remove it.

Once the work has been completed, refit the door belonging to this subrack and close it.

When the front door is open especially when additional covers have been removed components with high operating temperatures may also become accessible.

2.2.2

Card Shieldings / Schirmungen der Baugruppen


Do not touch the contact springs of the card shieldings with the fingers or with the hand. Berhren Sie die Kontaktfedern der Baugruppen-Schirmungen nicht mit den Fingern oder mit der Hand.

2.3

Weight / Gewicht
Warning Labels at the subrack in case of heavy weight. Warnschilder am Baugruppentrger bei hohem Gewicht.

The maximum weight to be lifted by one person is fixed to 18 kg!

Das maximale Hebegewicht fr eine Person ist auf 18 kg festgelegt!

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2.4
2.4.1

Temperature / Temperatur
Device Cooling / Gertekhlung
The built-in ventilation installations must not be modified, and there must be sufficient air flow! Vorhandene Lftungseinrichtungen drfen nicht verndert werden, und die ausreichende Luftzirkulation darf nicht behindert sein. Achtung! Lfterbaugruppen haben rotierende Teile!

!
2.4.2

Attention! Air condition devices have rotating items!

Components Subject to High Operating Temperatures / Komponenten mit hoher Betriebstemperatur


Warning Label for equipment components (e. g. heat sinks) which may attain high operating temperatures. Touching these components is liable to result in personal injury! Warnschild fr Gerteteile (z. B. Khlkrper), die hohe Betriebstemperaturen erreichen knnen. Beim Berhren solcher Teile besteht Verletzungsgefahr!

2.5
!

Dust Filter / Staubfilter


Each fan unit can be equipped with a dust filter that cleans the cooling air from dust particles. Provided that the environmental conditions (defined in ETS 300 019 class 3.1E) are fulfilled, replace the dust filter every three months. In addition, pay attention to possible notes from the filter manufacturer. Jede Lftereinheit kann mit einem Staubfilter ausgestattet werden, welches die Khlluft von Staubpartikeln reinigt. Vorausgesetzt, dass die Umweltbedingungen (entsprechend ETS 300 019 class 3.1E) erfllt sind, ist das Staubfilter alle drei Monate auszuwechseln. Auerdem sind gegebenenfalls die Hinweise des Filterherstellers zu beachten.

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2.6
!

Grounding and Potential Balancing / Erdung und Potenzialausgleich


Especially when running a combination of different communications equipment, it is important to establish correct grounding and potential balancing between them depending on the local grounding measures. Insbesondere bei gemeinsamer Verwendung verschiedener Kommunikationsgerte ist es wichtig abhngig von den rtlichen Erdungsmanahmen auf korrekten Erdungs- und Potenzialausgleich zu achten.

After mounting the systems into the rack, before attaching the connecting cables, and before commissioning, first check the grounding and potential balancing connections to agree with EN50310 and ETSI EN 300 253.

Nach dem Einbau der Systeme in das Gestell sind vor dem Anschluss der Verbindungskabel und vor der Inbetriebnahme die Erdungs- und Potenzialausgleichsverbindungen gem EN50310 und ETSI EN 300 253 zu berprfen.

The grounding must be effective as long as external cables are connected to the equipment.

Die Erdung muss bestehen bleiben, solange Kabel von auen an die Gerte angeschlossen sind. Wenn die Baugruppentrger bzw. Einstze nicht in einem Systemgestell montiert werden, mssen Sie auf andere Weise fr geeignete Erdung sorgen (gem ETSI EN 300 253). Erdungs- oder Potenzialausgleichspunkte sind normalerweise mit einem der nachfolgend dargestellten Zeichen gekennzezeichnet

If a subrack is not installed in a system rack you must ensure that it is properly grounded in some other way (according to ETSI EN 300 253).

Grounding or potential balancing points are normally labeled with one of the signs shown below.

Protective earth (PE) Ground (E) In both rack and wall mounted applications, the subrack Protective earthing must be assured by connecting a PE cable as depicted in the Cabling Plan document. The PE cable must be connected before each other cable connection, and disconnected last.

Schutzerde (PE) Erde (E) Sowohl bei Gestellmontage als auch bei Wandmontage des Baugruppentrgers muss die Schutzerdung dadurch sichergestellt sein, dass ein Schutzerdungskabel entsprechend dem Kabelfhrungsplan angeschlossen ist. Das Schutzerdungskabel muss als erste Verbindung (vor jeder anderen) angeschlossen und als letzte Verbindung getrennt werden.

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2.7

Protection Against Excessive Overvoltage on the 48/60-Volts Power Supply Input / Schutz gegen berspannungen beim 48/60-Volt-Stromversorgungseingang
A protection against excessive voltage is built Ein Schutz gegen berspannung auf der in on the 48/60-Volts power supply input. Stromversorgungs-Eingangsseite 48/60 V ist eingebaut. The equipment must only be operated at a 48V/60V DC battery-based supply voltage, grounded at its positive pole and corresponding to ETSI EN 300 132-2 and EN60950-1! Observe the above note especially before connecting other equipment to the user/customer interfaces! You must observe without fail the Protective earthing measures given in Chapter 2.6! The subrack interfaces for alarms and TIF contacts are supplied by external power. The maximum allowable voltage must correspond to the SELV voltage limits ( 72V DC) respectively to the 48V/60V DC batterybased supply voltage according to ETSI EN 300 132-2! Das Gert darf nur an einer batteriegesttzten, mit positivem Pol geerdeten 48V/60V-Versorgungs-Gleichspannung entsprechend ETSI EN 300 132-2 und EN60950-1 betrieben werden! Beachten Sie den obigen Warnhinweis insbesondere, bevor Sie andere Gerte an die Anwender-/ Kunden-Schnittstellen anschlieen! Beachten Sie unbedingt die Schutzerdungsmanahmen entsprechend Kapitel 2.6! Die Baugruppentrger-Schnittstellen fr Alarme und TIF-Kontakte werden extern versorgt. Die maximal zulssige Spannung muss den SELV-Spannungsgrenzen entsprechen ( 72V Gleichspannung) bzw. den Spannungsgrenzen der batteriegesttzten 48V/60V- VersorgungsGleichspannung gem ETSI EN 300 132-2!

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2.8

Electrostatic Sensitive Components (ESD) / Elektrostatisch gefhrdete Bauteile (EGB)


ESD Symbol Modules displaying this label are fitted with electrostatically-sensitive components, i.e. they must be handled in accordance with the necessary safety measures. EGB/ESD-Symbol Baugruppen, die dieses Zeichen tragen, sind mit elektrostatisch gefhrdeten Bauteilen bestckt, d. h. beim Umgang damit mssen die erforderlichen Sicherheitsmanahmen eingehalten werden. Jeder, der Baugruppen mit EGB- / ESDSymbol aus- oder einpackt, berhrt, zieht oder steckt, muss stets ein vorschriftsmig angeschlossenes Erdungsarmband tragen. Dadurch ist sichergestellt, dass diese Baugruppen nicht durch elektrostatische Entladungen beschdigt werden. Jede Leiterplatte hat einen Erdungsauenrand, der mit dem Masseanschluss der Baugruppe verbunden ist. Die Leiterplatte darf - auch bei vorschriftsmiger Krpererdung- nur am Erdungsauenrand angefasst werden. Verwenden Sie beim Ziehen und Stecken von Baugruppen nur die daran angebrachten Zieh- und Steckhilfen. Baugruppen, die sich in einem abgeschirmten, ungeffneten Gehuse befinden, sind in jedem Fall vor elektrostatischen Entladungen geschtzt. Die Europa-Normen EN 61340-5-1 und -2 geben zustzliche Anleitungen zum sachgemen Umgang mit elektrostatisch gefhrdeten Bauelementen.

You must always wear a grounding bracelet that is connected properly when packing, unpacking, touching, pulling, or inserting modules displaying the ESD symbol. This will ensure these modules not to be damaged by electrostatic discharges.

Every printed circuit board has a grounding outer edge, which is connected to the ground terminal of the module. The board is only allowed to be touched or handled at this grounding edge - even if you are properly grounded. When pulling and inserting modules, only use the integral plug and pull aids.

Modules which are located in a screened, unopened housing are protected at any rate against electrostatic discharges.

The European Standards EN 613405-1 and -2 contain additional instructions on how to handle electrostatically-sensitive devices properly.

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2.9

Fiber-optic Cables and Connectors / Lichtwellenleiter und optische Steckverbinder


For laser safety remarks, see Chapter 2.10. Optical connectors are precision-made components and must be handled accordingly. To ensure faultless functioning, the following points must be observed. The minimum bending radius for optical fibers is 30 mm! Laser-Sicherheitshinweise siehe Kapitel 2.10. Optische Steckverbindungen sind Przisionsteile und mssen dementsprechend behandelt werden. Eine einwandfreie Funktion ist nur dann sichergestellt, wenn nachfolgende Punkte bercksichtigt werden. Fr LWL-Leitungen darf ein Biegeradius von 30 mm nicht unterschritten werden!

Mechanical damage to the surfaces of optical Mechanische Beschdigungen der Stirnconnectors impairs transmission quality by flchen von optischen Steckverbindungen higher attenuation. erhhen die Dmpfung und mindern deshalb die bertragungsqualitt. For this reason, do not expose the connectors to impact. Always fit optical fiber connectors with protective caps to guard them against mechanical damage and contamination. The protective dust caps should only be removed immediately prior to installation. Vermeiden Sie deshalb Stobeanspruchungen der Steckverbinder. Schtzen Sie LWL-Steckverbinder grundstzlich mit einer Schutzkappe vor mechanischen Beschdigungen und Verschmutzungen. Die Staubschutzkappe soll erst unmittelbar vor dem Einbau entfernt werden. Prfen Sie nach Entfernen der Staubschutzkappen die Stirnflchen der LWLStecker auf Sauberkeit und reinigen Sie sie gegebenenfalls. Zum Reinigen kann ein spezielles LWLReinigungswerkzeug oder ein einwandfrei sauberes, fusselfreies Zellstofftuch oder Fensterleder verwendet werden. Als Reinigungsflssigkeit kann Freon TF, Isopropylalkohol (99 %) oder Spiritus verwendet werden.

Once the protective dust caps have been removed, you must check the surfaces of the optical fiber connectors to ensure that they are clean, and clean them if necessary. For cleaning, a special optical fiber cleaning tool or a clean, lint-free cellulose cloth or a chamois leather is suitable. Freon TF, isopropyl alcohol (99 %), or white spirit can be used as cleaning fluids.

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2.10
2.10.1

Laser Radiation / Laserstrahlung


Protection Against Extraneous Laser Light and Protection of the Optical Modules Concerned / Schutz gegen austretendes Laserlicht und Schutz der betreffenden optischen Baugruppen
Depending on the device type, the laser radiation may also be invisible for the human eye! Devices and modules displaying either of the following warning labels contain laser devices. Warning Label according to EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1. Je nach Gertetyp kann die Laserstrahlung fr das menschliche Auge auch unsichtbar sein! Gerte und Baugruppen, die eines der folgenden Warnzeichen tragen, enthalten Laser-Einrichtungen. Warnschild nach EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1.

Warning Label for laser equipment as per EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1.

LASER CLASS 1

Warnschild fr Laser-Einrichtungen entsprechend EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1.

When operated in a closed system, the laser equipment of the device conforms to class 1 safety level. Nevertheless, in view of possible malfunctions, transmission systems which are fitted with optical fiber amplifier modules are classified as hazard level 1M. This hazard level is also applicable if the device is opened. This hazard level is labelled as follows:

Bei Betrieb im geschlossenen System entsprechen die Laser-Einrichtungen des Gertes der Gefhrdungsklasse 1. Unter Bercksichtigung von vorhersehbaren Fehlerfllen sind mit optischen Lichtwellenleiter-Verstrkerbaugruppen bestckte bertragungssysteme jedoch der Gefhrdungsklasse 1M zugeordnet. Diese Gefhrdungsklasse gilt auch bei geffnetem Gert. Die Gefhrdungsklasse ist folgendermaen beschildert:

Warning Label according to EN 60825-2:2004 / IEC 60825-2:2004.

Warnschild nach EN 60825-2:2004 / IEC 60825-2:2004.

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To ensure safe operation of the entire optical path, the laser safety shutdown must be activated, see Chapter 2.10.2. Commissioning should be performed with fuse protection in the closed system. To avoid damage to health, you must observe the regulations regarding protection against radiation from laser devices (EN 60825-1/ IEC 60825-1).

Fr den sicheren Betrieb der gesamten optischen Strecke muss die Lasersicherheitsabschaltung aktiviert sein, siehe Kapitel 2.10.2. Die Inbetriebnahme soll abgesichert im geschlossenen System erfolgen.

Zur Vermeidung gesundheitlicher Schden mssen Sie die Vorschriften zur Strahlungssicherheit von Lasereinrichtungen (EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1) beachten. Falls die Gefhrdungsklasse 1M im Ausnahmefall nicht vermieden werden kann (siehe oben), mssen Sie stets eine LaserSchutzbrille tragen.

If it cannot be avoided in an exceptional case to apply the hazard level 1M regulations (see above), you always must use dedicated laser-protective goggles.

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2.10.2

Laser Safety Circuit / Lasersicherheitsabschaltung


Under normal operating conditions, the maximum transmit levels of the optical interface units stay below the limit values defined in EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1, Laser Class 1. However, all optical transmitters (except at the Ethernet interfaces) are fitted with automatic laser shutdown circuits to safeguard against any possible hazard. This shutdown circuit can be configured and is active in the basic state. It trips, if no input signal is received by the optical receiver, i.e. if there is a break in the link. This prevents any uncontrolled laser emission if a fiberoptic connector is faulty or not connected. Unter normalen Betriebsbedingungen bleiben die maximalen bertragungspegel der optischen Anschlussbaugruppen unterhalb der Grenzen, die nach EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1, Laser-Klasse 1, erlaubt sind. Als Schutz gegen eventuelle Gefhrdungen sind alle optischen Sender (auer an den Ethernet-Schnittstellen) mit einer automatischen Laserabschaltung ausgestattet. Diese Abschaltung kann konfiguriert werden und ist grundstzlich aktiv. Sie lst aus, wenn ein Eingangssignal am zugehrigen optischen Empfnger fehlt, z. B. bei unterbrochener Verbindung. Dies verhindert jede unkontrollierte Laserabstrahlung, wenn der optische Steckverbinder fehlerhaft oder nicht angeschlossen ist.

To ensure safe operation of the entire optical path, the laser safety shutdown must be activated.

Fr den sicheren Betrieb der gesamten optischen Strecke muss die LaserSicherheitsabschaltung aktiviert sein. Auch unter Beachtung dieser Vorsichtsmanahmen sollen Glasfaserkabel, die an einem Ende offen sind, immer so behandelt werden, als wrden sie stndig Laserlicht fhren. Nie direkt in die Enden sehen, da sonst die Augen geschdigt werden knnen! Tragen Sie im Zweifelsfall stets eine Laserschutzbrille!

Even with this safeguard, fiber-optic cables which are open at one end should always be considered to be live.

Never look into open fiber-optic cable ends, as this may damage your eyes.

In case of doubt always use dedicated laserprotective goggles!

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2.10.3

Handling Batteries / Handhabung von Batterien


Some equipment may contain accumulators or batteries of different technologies e. g. lithium batteries or others. Bestimmte Gerte knnen Akkumulatoren oder Batterien verschiedener Technologien enthalten z. B. Lithium-Batterien oder andere. Beachten Sie gegebenenfalls auch folgende internationale Normen: IEC 60130-17 (Gerteverbindungen) IEC 61429 (Recyclingsymbol) IEC 61438 (Sicherheits- und Gesundheitsrisiken) IEC 60086-4 (Umgang mit LithiumBatterien)

Observe the following international standards, if applicable: IEC 60130-17 (device interconnections) IEC 61429 (recycling symbol) IEC 61438 (safety and health hazards) IEC 60086-4 (handling lithium batteries) Pay attention to error messages referring to the accumulator or the battery. Accumulators or batteries which are integrated in the device should only be replaced by the equipment manufacturer. If replacement is necessary, do not remove the accumulator or the battery from the device, but send in the complete device / the module (card) or the removable battery pack.

Achten Sie auf Fehlermeldungen, die sich auf den Akkumulator bzw. die Batterie beziehen. Ins Gert eingebaute Akkumulatoren oder Batterien sollen nur beim Gertehersteller ausgetauscht werden. Wenn ein Austausch erforderlich ist, dann bauen Sie nicht den Akkumulator oder die Batterie aus dem Gert aus, sondern schicken Sie das komplette Gert / die Baugruppe oder das herausnehmbare Batteriepack ein. Zur Vermeidung von Datenverlust soll die Batterie nur durch den Gertehersteller ausgetauscht werden. Wenn die Batterie nicht ordnungsgem ausgetauscht wird, besteht Explosionsgefahr! Schlieen Sie niemals Batterien direkt ohne Entladewiderstand kurz! Ohne Widerstand knnen so hohe Strme flieen, dass Explosionsgefahr besteht. Beim Entsorgen von Batterien mssen die rtlichen Vorschriften ber Beseitigung von Sondermll eingehalten werden.

In order to prevent loss of data, the battery should only be replaced by the equipment manufacturer.

! !

There is risk of explosion if the battery is not replaced correctly! Never short circuit batteries directly without using a discharging resistor! Without a resistor very high current will flow causing a risk of explosion! If you depollute batteries, you must observe the local regulations applicable to hazardous waste.

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2.10.4

Emergency Switching OFF / Notabschaltung


Especially if smoke or fire escapes from the device (or in other emergency situations), switch OFF the device immediately - by all relevant circuit breakers in the connector panel of the rack. Insbesondere falls Rauch oder Feuer aus dem Gert austritt (oder in anderen Notsituationen), schalten Sie das Gert sofort aus - mit allen zugehrigen Sicherungsautomaten im GestellAnschlussfeld.

If possible, first switch OFF the protection power supply and then the working power supply.

Schalten Sie mglichst zuerst die ErsatzStromversorgung aus, dann die BetriebsStromversorgung.

However, consider that such an emergency shut-down can disconnect important communication lines which may be required just in the case of emergency.

Bedenken Sie jedoch, dass durch solch eine Notabschaltung wichtige Kommunikationsleitungen unterbrochen werden knnen, die gerade im Notfall eventuell dringend bentigt werden.

For this reason, shut down the device only if it is inevitable. Otherwise perform the normal switch-off procedure.

Nehmen Sie deshalb nur dann eine Notabschaltung vor, wenn es unumgnglich ist. Verfahren Sie sonst entsprechend der normalen Abschaltprozedur.

After the emergency shut-down, and if it is possible without danger, check if the device is dead - either by using a measuring device or by the LED display of the device, if applicable.

Falls dies ohne Gefahr mglich ist, berprfen Sie nach dem Notabschalten, ob das Gert spannungsfrei ist - entweder mit einem Messgert oder gegebenenfalls durch eine LED-Anzeige am Gert.

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3
3.1

Troubleshooting
Indicator and Control Elements on the hiT 7020 Network Elements
LEDS
The LED displays the status of modules, there are four types of LED on the Mainboard, they are PWR, CR, MJ and MN. These comprise faulty LEDs and service/alarm LEDs, which are used particularly in maintenance tasks. Before you open the System Management Interface or remove any modules from chassis of all NEs SURPASS hiT 7020 and when doing any work with the subrack open, you must observe the measures contained in Chapter 2. The indication of LEDs is described in the SURPASS hiT 7020 Installation and Test Manual.

3.1.1

3.2
3.2.1

TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT Connection Description


IP Address Setting
There are two IP address in the Network Element, the one is Ethernet IP address, the other is the Node IP address. First of all, you should set the IP address of the SURPASS hiT7020 LCT and the NEs Ethernet IP address in the same subnet. Then, you should add the static route on the local Server where you installed the SURPASS hiT 7020. How to set the static route please refer to TNMS-M SURPASS hiT7020 3.2 LCT User Manual.

The Ethernet IP address and the Node IP address in the NE are different to each other. FTP Service have to use Ethernet IP in boot mode while use the Node IP in the running mode.

3.2.2

Trap Destination Polling Mechanism


TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7020 LCT polls the NE connected to it periodically and adds the LCT's IP address into the NE's trap destination table automatically. LCT's IP address can be added into the NE's trap destination by clicking the "Apply" button on the trap destination dialog of LCT, this dialog does not support adding any other IP into NES trap destination table, because it is meaningless.

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3.3

Alarm Evaluation and Fault Isolation


The Fig. 3.1 shows the basic options for alarm containment and alarm evaluation.
Alarm

LEDs on the front edge of the modules

See ITMN

On the screen of an operating terminal: Detailed identification of the alarm

Fig. 3.1

Basic Options for Alarm Containment and Alarm Evaluation

Even without an operating terminal, it is possible to isolate faults as far as the module level with the aid of the module LEDs. Columns containing the relevant information are included in the alarm tables in Chapter 4.

3.4

Fault Clearance Procedures


Refer to the Actions rows in Alarm Tables in Chapter 4. They contain specific instructions regarding fault clearance.

3.4.1

Cables and Connectors


Check the electrical connectors to ensure that they are fully engaged and that none of the pins is distorted. Check the optical fibers and optical connectors in accordance with the instructions given in Chapter 2. Check the cable layout (copper and optical fiber) in accordance with the wiring diagram.

3.4.2

Module Replacement
Before replacing a module which is suspected of being defective, try to reactivate the system by means of a hardware reset (e. g. pulling and re-inserting the module), but do not do this if the red fault LED on the module is illuminated.

When replacing modules, you must comply with the safety regulations, as described in Chapter 2.

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When replacing a module, it is essential to check and record the optical and the electrical transmitting power, using an optical or electrical power meter respectively, before the modules are returned to service. The module setup procedure can only commence once the module has been correctly inserted into the slot, as far as the stop, and then locked. Modules can be removed from or plugged into the slots while they are live.

i
3.4.3

After a module has been replaced; the module status must be checked using the LCT or TNMS-M.

Special Fault Clearance


In the event of faults occurring in the system which cannot be eliminated by applying the fault clearance procedures and instructions by the Alarm Tables, you can contact the relevant Siemens AG Service Agency. In order to provide effective support for the fault clearance operations, the following basic details will be required: Complete reference numbers for the equipment affected by the fault Software release numbers for the equipment affected by the fault An accurate description of the fault (times of occurrence, apparent associations with other factors, etc.) Details of the attempts already made to rectify the fault.

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4
4.1

Alarm Tables
Format and Content of Alarm Tables
Each alarm message is described in a table format. The alarm message descriptions are listed in alphabetical order and each alarm message is explained within its accompanying table. Each alarm table uses the following format to describe information about the alarm:

Item
Alarm Description Alarm Category

Description
Describes the alarm and supplies additional information about the function of the equipment. Describes the type of alarm. There are five (5) basic categories of alarm as shown and described below: Communications alarm type: An alarm of this type is principally associated with the procedures and/or processes required to convey information from one point to another; Quality of service alarm type: An alarm of this type is principally associated with a degradation in the quality of a service; Processing error alarm type: An alarm of this type is principally associated with a software or processing fault; Equipment alarm type: An alarm of this type is principally associated with an equipment fault; Environmental alarm type: An alarm of this type is principally associated with a condition relating to an enclosure in which the equipment resides. States the default severity of the alarm message. An alarm message can have the following 4 severity levels: Critical Major Minor Warning Indicates if the NE will send or not send the alarm message to the TNMS-M or LCT. Describes the visual indicators generated where the fault occurred. Refers to the cause of the alarm and provides more information about why the message was generated. It also provides details on the origin of the fault to assist operator in understanding and solving the problem. Actions that may help solve the problem, or suggests running specific tests for further diagnosis of the problem. Alerts the user for any side effects or items that should be kept in mind when performing the corrective action.

Alarm Severity (default setting)

Report to TNMS-M or LCT (default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions Note

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4.2
4.2.1

Alarm List
AU-AIS
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description The Alarm Indication Signal (AIS) is detected at the receiving side of the path. AIS indicates that the signal cannot be used. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. A defect is detected in one of the upstream nodes leading to the insertion of the alarm indication signal. The alarm indication signal is reported for information only. No action needs to be taken in the node where AIS is received. The node containing the defect is the node reporting VC-4 Remote Defect Indicator without the AU-4 Alarm indication signal received alarm. Check this node for other alarms.

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4.2.2

AU-LOP
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description No valid AU-4 pointer is found in the received signal. Communication Critical
Yes

The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Line unit failure in the remote node Local tributary unit failure in the station that reported the alarm. Check remote line unit. Check local line unit.

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4.2.3

E1-Negative_Bit-slip_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm category Alarm severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local indications Cause Actions

Description Negative Bit-slip number during a 15 minute period is greater than or equal to the threshold. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The clock frequency of the E1 service is faster than the frequency of the system clock. Check the Clock frequency of E1 Ports.

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4.2.4

E1-Negative_Bit-slip_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm category Alarm severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local indications Cause Actions

Description Negative Bit-slip number during a 24 hour period is greater than or equal to the threshold. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The clock frequency of the E1 service is faster than the frequency of system clock. Check the Clock frequency of E1 Ports.

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4.2.5

E1-Positive_Bit-slip_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm category Alarm severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local indications Cause Actions

Description Positive Bit-slip number during a 15 minute period is greater than or equal to the threshold. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The clock frequency of the E1 service is slower than the frequency of system clock. Check the Clock frequency of E1 Ports.

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4.2.6

E1-Positive_Bit-slip_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm category Alarm severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local indications Cause Actions

Description Numbers of negative bit-slip during 24 hours is more than or equal to the threshold. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The clock frequency of the E1 service is slower than the frequency of system clock. Check the Clock frequency of E1 Ports.

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4.2.7

Equipment_OverHeating
Item
Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description
The operating temperature of the NE reporting the alarm has exceeded the maximum permitted value. Equipment Major Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fan Failure Empty slots which are not covered by blank faceplates Dust Filter is dirty Ambient temperature is extremely high Replace Fan. Cover all empty slots with blank faceplates. Clean Dust Filter. Provide cooling at least in the direct vicinity of the NE. There is a high risk of seriously damaging circuit packs due to overheating.

Actions

Note

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4.2.8

Excessive_Bad_Bytes_Received_TCA_1s (LAN or WAN)


Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Bad Bytes received exceeds the provisioned threshold value. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated Erroneous routing of intermediate cabling Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Wrong LAN/WAN port configuration, such as PVID, VLAN Check upstream external cabling and equipment. Correct LAN/WAN port configuration.

Actions

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4.2.9

Excessive_Bad_Packets_Received_TCA_1s (LAN/WAN)
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Bad Packets received at LAN/WAN interface exceeds the provisioned threshold value. QoS Minor
Yes

The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated Erroneous routing of intermediate cabling Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Wrong LAN/WAN port configuration, such as PVID, VLAN Check upstream external cabling and equipment. Correct LAN/WAN port configuration.

Actions

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4.2.10

Fan_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description
Fan has failed. Equipment Major Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fan unit is defective. Replace the fan unit.

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4.2.11

HP-DEG
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the HP has exceeded the provisioned HP Degrade Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.12

HP-EXC
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the HP has exceeded the provisioned HP Excessive Error Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.13

HP-FE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.14

HP-FE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes

Actions Note

The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.15

HP-FE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.16

HP-FE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.17

HP-FE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.18

HP-FE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.19

HP-FE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.20

HP-FE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications QoS

Description The HP far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The HP UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.21

HP-GFP_Customer_Signal_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Higher Order Path Customer Signal Failure Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Invalid PFI byte received when the equipment is interworking with other equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

Actions

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4.2.22

HP-GFP_Loss_of_Frame_Delineation
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Higher Order Path Loss of Frame Delineation Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.23

HP-NE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.24

HP-NE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.25

HP-NE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.26

HP-NE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.27

HP-NE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.28

HP-NE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.29

HP-NE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.30

HP-NE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The HP Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.31

HP-RDI
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description A Remote Defect Indication (RDI) is being received. Communication Minor


Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The downstream NE that reported the alarm detects a malfunction: HP-EXC, HP-TIM, or AU-4 AIS received. No alarms in the reporting node. Check alarms from the downstream NE and follow the clearing actions for those alarm(s).

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4.2.32

HP-PJCN_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The AU Performance Monitor PJCN counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. When the input data rate is higher than the output data rate, a Negative Pointer change will occur on the Node reporting the alarm. Set the NE reporting the alarm to synchronize with the other Node. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.33

HP-PJCN_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The AU Performance Monitor PJCN counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. When the input data rate is higher than the output data rate, a Negative Pointer change will occur on the Node reporting the alarm. Set the NE reporting the alarm to synchronize with the other Node. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.34

HP-PJCP_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The AU Performance Monitor PJCP counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. When the input data rate is lower than the output data rate, a Negative Pointer change will occur on the Node reporting the alarm. Set the NE reporting the alarm to synchronize with the other Node. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.35

HP-PJCP_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The AU Performance Monitor PJCP counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. When the input data rate is lower than the output data rate, a Negative Pointer change will occur on the Node reporting the alarm. Set the NE reporting the alarm to synchronize with the other Node. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.36

HP-PLM
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The received payload value, used to indicate the composition of the VC-4 payload, does not match the provisioned value. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Payload composition of VC-4 at the node that reported the alarm is not the same as the payload composition of VC-4 at its far-end station. If the received payload label is 1, check if the mapping mode of the local and far-end nodes is the same.

Actions

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4.2.37

HP-TIM
Item Alarm Description Description The received path trace identifier in the J1 byte of the VC-n or STS-m Path Overhead (POH) does not match the expected path trace identifier. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Incorrectly connected line cables Wrong Expected Trace Identifier filled in via the management system for the network element that reported the alarm Determine in which network element(s) the line cables are incorrectly connected by interpreting the received VC-4 path trace identifiers. Check correctness of expected path trace identifier.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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4.2.38

HP-UNEQ
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions Note

Description VC-4 in STM-N signal not in use Communication Critical


Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Cross-connection is not consistently configured at both sides (for example, at local and remote station). Define or change the cross-connection at the other side so it is consistent with the local side. When defining or changing a cross-connection this alarm will almost inevitably come up as it is practically impossible to simultaneously issue the changes at both sides.

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4.2.39

HP-Virtual_Connection_LOA
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Higher Order Path Virtual Concatenation-Loss of Alignment Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.40

HP-Virtual_Connection_LOM
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Higher Order Path Virtual Concatenation-Loss of Multiframe Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.41

Link_Failure
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description There is no incoming signal on the 10/100 BaseT Ethernet interface unit. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Interconnecting cabling contacts have a problem Receiver fault in indicated unit Transmitter fault in the upstream equipment (not the transmission system) Discontinuity in the intermediate cabling Erroneous routing of intermediate cabling Check connections between the indicated unit, the connecting panel, and the DDF (Digital Distribution Frame). Check upstream equipment (not part of the transmission system). Check intermediate cabling.

Actions

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4.2.42

Loss_of_Timing_Input
Item Alarm Description Description No incoming signal on the indicated 2048K(Hz, bit/s) station clock port. This is detected by the absence of pulses in the signal. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault in the equipment producing the station clock. Discontinuity in the cabling between the station clock supply equipment or erroneous routing. Check upstream equipment, such as the local exchange, producing the external clock reference. Check intermediate cabling connected to the related 2048K(Hz, Bit/s) station clock port

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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4.2.43

Loss_of_Timing_Output
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description No station Clock output available. Equipment Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. The Station Clock Output Reference signal is not available. Restore the Station Clock Output Reference signal.

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4.2.44

LP-DEG
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the LP has exceeded the provisioned LP Degrade Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.45

LP-EXC
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the LP has exceeded the provisioned LP Excessive Error Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.46

LP-FE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication has returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.47

LP-FE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.48

LP-FE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication has returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.49

LP-FE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.50

LP-FE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.51

LP-FE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.52

LP-FE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.53

LP-FE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The LP far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The LP UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.54

LP-GFP_Customer_Signal_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Lower Order Path Customer Signal Failure Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.55

LP-GFP_Loss_of_Frame_Delineation
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Lower Order Path Loss of Frame Delineation Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.56

LP-NE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.57

LP-NE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.58

LP-NE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.59

LP-NE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.60

LP-NE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.61

LP-NE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.62

LP-NE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.63

LP-NE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The LP Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.64

LP-PLM
Item Alarm Description Description The received payload value, used to indicate the composition of the VC-12 payload, does not match the expected value. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Payload composition of the VC-12 at the node that reported the alarm is not the same as the payload composition of the VC-12 at its far end station. If the received payload is >=1, check if the mapping mode of the local and far-end nodes is the same.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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LP-RDI
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description A Remote Defect Indicator is being received. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The downstream far end station of the node that reported the alarm detects a malfunction at its receive side: VC-12 Excessive error rate, VC-12 Path signal label mismatch, or tributary unit alarm indication signal received. No alarms in the reporting node. React on the far-end alarms. Follow the clearing actions for those alarm(s).

Actions

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4.2.66

LP-RFI
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description A Remote Defect Indicator is being received. Communication Minor


Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. VC-11 byte synchronous path Remote Failure Indication (RFI). React on the far-end alarms. Follow the clearing actions for those alarm(s).

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4.2.67

LP-TIM
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Mismatch between received trace ID and expected trace ID. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. A provisioned trace string inserted in a VC-12 path was received corrupted or not received at all, due to wrong configuration, hardware failures or transmission failures. Check cross-connections. Check tributary cables and tributary units.

Actions

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4.2.68

LP-UNEQ
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions Note

Description VC-12 in STM-N signal not in use. Communication Critical


Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Cross-connection not consistently defined at both sides (for example, at local and remote station). Define or change the cross-connection at the other side consistent with the local side. When defining or changing a cross-connection this alarm will almost inevitably come up as it is practically impossible to simultaneously issue the changes at both sides at the same moment.

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4.2.69

LP-Virtual_Concatenation_LOA
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Lower Order Path Virtual Concatenation-Loss of Alignment Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.70

LP-Virtual_Concatenation_LOM
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Lower Order Path Virtual Concatenation-Loss of Multiframe Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check the upstream external cabling and equipment.

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4.2.71

MS-AIS
Item Alarm Description Description The receive signal contains MS-AIS. MS-AIS is an indication that Loss of Signal or Loss of Frame has been detected in the upstream equipment. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Fault in an upstream node Equipment fault(s) in the local station Check alarms in upstream nodes. AIS (all-ones signal) is inserted in the downstream direction. RDI is inserted in the upstream (opposite) direction.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.72

MS-DCC_Connection_Failure
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description No connection could be established on an enabled MS DCC link. Communication Major


Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. MS-DCC is disabled at one side of the MS DCC link. Make sure that the MS-DCC is enabled at both ends of the MS DCC link.

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4.2.73

MS-DEG
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the MS has exceeded the provisioned MS Degrade Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.74

MS-EXC
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the RS has exceeded the provisioned MS Excessive Error Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.75

MS-FE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks are detected at the downstream node. The MS BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions Note

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4.2.76

MS-FE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS BBE value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.77

MS-FE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.78

MS-FE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS ES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.79

MS-FE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provisioned threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions Note

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4.2.80

MS-FE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS SES value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.81

MS-FE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions Note

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4.2.82

MS-FE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The MS far-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. An indication returned to the upstream node that errored blocks have been detected at the downstream node. The MS UAS value of the downstream node exceeded the provision threshold. Check downstream external cabling. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Actions Note

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4.2.83

MS-K1/K2 Mismatch
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description MS Failure of Protocol Invalid K1/K2 bytes received Communication Major


Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Improper protection configuration. Crossed link between working section and protecting section. Check other transmission alarm. Check upstream equipment. Check whether conditions of protection switching are normal.

Actions

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4.2.84

MS-NE_BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.85

MS-NE_BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeds the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.86

MS-NE_ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.87

MS-NE_ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.88

MS-NE_SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.89

MS-NE_SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.90

MS-NE_UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.91

MS-NE_UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

Description The MS Near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

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4.2.92

MS-RDI
Item Alarm Description Description The network element at the far end of the Multiplex Section (in the downstream direction) has detected an error in the incoming signal and, as a consequent action, has inserted RDI (110 in bits 6, 7 and 8 of the K2 byte) into the outgoing signal in the upstream direction. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. The downstream equipment has detected a receive signal failure, and has inserted MS-RDI as a consequent action. Locally no actions can be taken. Analyze the alarm state of the downstream equipment and take appropriate measures. The alarm is used when the downstream equipment has detected one of the following failure conditions at its receiving side: MS AIS, LOS, and LOF. All these failures will be reported to the transmitting equipment via the Remote Defect Indication (RDI) bits to draw local attention to the remote failure.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.93

OA-Input_LOS
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Optical Amplifier Loss Of Signal Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Cable failure or improper connection Dirty optical connector Input optical power is below the pre-defined power threshold value Check the upstream external cabling and equipment. Check the threshold in the management system.

Actions

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4.2.94

OA-Output_LOS
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description Optical Amplifier Loss Of Signal Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Local transmitting module failure Output optical power is below the pre-defined power threshold value Check local transmitting module. Adjust the predefined output power threshold value.

Actions

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4.2.95

OA-Power_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description The OA modules power has failed. Equipment Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. The OAs power module does not work normally. Replace this OA module with another one.

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4.2.96

OA-Pump_Bias_Out_Of_Range
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Pump bias is out of normal range. Equipment Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Pump bias is too low or too high. This OAs output power out of range or this OA module cant work normally. Replace this OA module with another one.

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4.2.97

OA-Temperature_Bias_Out_Of_Range
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description The current temperature of the OA module is out of range. Equipment Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Temperature of OA module is too high or too low. Provide cooling at least in the direct vicinity of the NE.

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4.2.98

PPI-LOS
Item Alarm Description Description There is no incoming signal on the PDH tributary port. This is detected by the absence of transitions in the signal, that is, only zeros are received. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Interconnecting cabling contacts have a problem Receiver fault in indicated tributary unit Transmitter fault in the upstream equipment (not the Transmission System) Discontinuity in the intermediate cabling Erroneous routing of intermediate cabling Check connections between the indicated tributary unit, the connecting panel, and the DDF (Digital Distribution Frame). Check tributary receiver port of the indicated tributary unit by looping the data at the DDF. Check upstream equipment (not part of the transmission system). Check intermediate cabling.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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4.2.99

RS-BBE_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.100

RS-BBE_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor BBE counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour monitoring period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.101

RS-DCC_Connection_Failure
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description No connection could be established on an enabled RS DCC link. Communication Major


Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. RS-DCC is disabled at one side of the RS DCC link. Make sure that the RS-DCC is enabled at both ends of the RS DCC link.

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4.2.102

RS-DEG
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the RS has exceeded the provisioned RS Degrade Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.103

RS-ES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.104

RS-ES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor ES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour monitoring period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.105

RS-EXC
Item Alarm Description Description The bit error ratio in the RS has exceeded the provisioned RS Excessive Error Threshold. The quality of the transmission signal is degraded. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Fault(s) in upstream external cabling or equipment. Check upstream external cabling and equipment.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.106

RS-LOF
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Description The position of the frame alignment bytes (A1/A2 bytes) cannot be detected correctly in the receive signal. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. The receive signal does not match the port rate (for example, this could be caused by a misconnected fiber, such as an STM-1 signal is received at an STM-4 port) The Section Overhead of the SDH receive signal is not correctly structured (due to a failure of the transmit circuit pack at the far end) The receiver at the circuit pack reporting the alarm is defective Check intermediate fiber. Clean dirty connectors. Check if Unit failure is reported for the unit generating the SDH frame alignment signal. If so, remove the defective unit and replace it with a new one. Loop the signal at the transmitting network element and at the receiving network element. If the network element reporting the LOF contains the faulty unit, replace the unit with a new one. AIS (all-ones signal) is inserted in the downstream direction. RDI is inserted in the upstream (opposite) direction.

Actions

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4.2.107

RS-SES_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.108

RS-SES_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor SES counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour monitoring period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.109

RS-UAS_TCA_15m
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 15-minute period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.110

RS-UAS_TCA_24h
Item Alarm Description Description The RS near-end Performance Monitor UAS counter exceeded the provisioned threshold during a 24-hour monitoring period. QoS Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream station Check upstream external cabling and equipment. The alarm is cleared automatically at the end of the first complete interval during which the counter value did not exceed the threshold value.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Note

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4.2.111

RS-TIM
Item Alarm Description Description The received RS trace identifier, used to verify the continued connection to the intended transmitter, does not match the provisioned value. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Improperly connected fibers Wrong expected trace identifier filled in via the SNM or LCT for the node that reported the alarm Determine in which node(s) the fibers are improperly connected by interpreting the received RS trace identifiers. Check correctness of expected RS trace identifier.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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4.2.112

SFP_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to TNMS-M or LCT (default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description SFP Module can not work normally. Equipment Major


Yes The MJ LED on the Alarm Panel is flashing. Laser Fault Replace SFP module.

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4.2.113

SFP_Mismatch
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to TNMS-M or LCT (default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description SFP Module can not work normally. Equipment Major


Yes The MJ LED on the Alarm Panel is flashing. The bit rate of SFP is lower than the port required An Electrical SFP is inserted Replace the mismatched SFP module with a suitable SFP module.

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4.2.114

System_Clock_Unlocked
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description The System Clock State is not Locked. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. System clock mode has been changed from locked to holdover or free-running mode manually The System Clock State is in holdover mode because of all Timing reference signals have failed Change the System Clock State to Locked. Check timing reference signal.

Actions

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4.2.115

SPI-LOS
Item Alarm Description Description The optical input power at the corresponding port is too low. Frame alignment and synchronization to the received signal is not possible. When gradually decreasing the optical input power below the receiver sensitivity limit, first a Loss of Frame will be reported, and if it becomes even lower a Loss of Signal will be reported. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. The Link LED of Port which reporting LOS is extinguished. Fiber failure Dirty optical connector(s) Equipment fault(s) in the upstream far-end station of the network element that reported the alarm Check the operation of the transmitter in the far-end station. Check if there are any fiber breaks. Clean if there are any dirty connectors. In the upstream direction, MS - Remote Defect Indicator is activated.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

Note

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4.2.116

System_Clock_Holdover_Longer
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description The System Clock State of NE has been in Holdover more than 24 hours. Communication Warning
Yes None All Timing reference signals have failed. Check equipment in upstream far end station. Check upstream cabling.

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4.2.117

Synchronization_Signal_Message_Mismatch
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Synchronization Signal Message Mismatch Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Invalid SSM byte. Check whether the value of SSM byte is a legal value.

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4.2.118

TU-AIS
Item Alarm Description Description The VC-12 payload signal is replaced by the alarm indication signal. This is detected by checking the TU-12 pointer bytes for an all 1s pattern. Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. In one of the upstream nodes a defect was detected which led to the insertion of the alarm indication signal. No action needed in the alarm reporting node. Alarm indication signal is reported for information only.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

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4.2.119

Timing_Reference_Degrade
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description Timing Reference Degrade Communication Minor
Yes The MN LED on the Main Controller is illuminated. Timing reference signal may be degraded or failing. Check equipment in the upstream far end station. Check upstream cabling.

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4.2.120

Timing_Reference_Failure
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description The Timing reference signal is not acceptable as timing source. Communication Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Timing reference signal may be failing. Check equipment in the upstream far end station. Check upstream cabling.

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4.2.121

TU-LOM
Item Alarm Description Description Alignment to the multi-frame structure of the received VC4/VC-3 signal is not possible. Therefore VC-12/VC-2 overhead and payload data cannot be extracted. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Unit failure in the upstream network element that generated the H4 multiframe Alignment signal or faulty unit within the network element that reported the alarm. Check on the management system if unit failure is reported for the unit generating the H4 multiframe alignment signal. In that network element, replace the unit with a new one. If a unit failure is not reported, loop the STM-1 signal at the transmitting network element and at the receiving network element. In this condition, the network element reporting VC4 Loss of multiframe contains the faulty unit.

Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause

Actions

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4.2.122

TU-LOP
Item Alarm Description
Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions

Description No valid tributary unit pointer interpretation obtained in received signal. Communication Critical
Yes The CR LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Unit failure in the upstream node that generated the TU pointer or in the node that reported the alarm. Check on the management system if unit failure is reported for the unit generating the TU pointer. In that node, remove the unit and replace it with a new one. If a unit failure is not reported, loop the STM-n signal at the transmitting node and at the receiving node. In this condition, the node reporting TU Loss of pointer contains the faulty unit.

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4.2.123

Unit_Failure
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Description A Unit failure has been detected. Equipment Major
Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Unit can not work normally because of hardware failure, firmware failure, or other conditions resulting in unit not working. If the alarm is still present after 1 minute, then remove the Unit and replace it with another one.

Actions

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4.2.124

Unit_Removal
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause Actions Description
Unit removed Equipment Major Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. Unit is not present. If the Unit is still needed, reinstall the unit into its slot position. If the Unit is not needed, delete it using the SNM.

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4.2.125

UnitType_Mismatch
Item Alarm Description Alarm Category Alarm Severity (default setting) Report to SNM or LCT(default setting) Local Indications Cause
Actions

Description
Unit Type Mismatch Equipment Major Yes The MJ LED on the Main Controller is flashing. The inserted circuit-pack type is not consistent with the preconfigured unit type. Replace with the correct circuit-pack. Un-plug the mismatched circuit-pack and delete the circuitpack via Network Management System.

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Abbreviations
ACO Bw7R CD-ROM CE DB DC DCC EGB EMC EN EOW ESD ETS ETSI F FAULT FO GMT GND GUI GUIMN HS HW IEC ITMN LCAS LCT LED LWL MSP NCT NUBAT OK OSN PDF PE PPP PUBAT Alarm Cut Off Style 7R Compact Disc Read Only Memory Communaut Europenne Data Base Direct Current Data Communication Channel Elektrostatisch Gefhrdete Bauteile Electromagnetic Compatibility European Standard Engineering Order Wire Electrostatic Sensitive Device European Telecommunication Standard European Telecommunications Standards Institute Standardized interface for connection of a local terminal Fault Alarm LED Fiber Optic Greenwich Mean Time Ground Graphical User Interface Graphical User Interface Manual Handset Hardware International Electrotechnical Commission Installation and Test Manual Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme Local Craft Terminal Light Emitting Diode Lichtwellenleiter (optical fiber) Multiplex Section Protection Network Craft Terminal Negative Power Supply Voltage Service LED Optical Service Node Portable Document Format Protective Earth (Ground) Point to Point Protocol Positive Power Supply Voltage

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Maintenance SURPASS hiT 7020 3.2 Random Access Memory Received signal Serial Debug Interface SDH Equipment Clock Separate Extra-Low Voltage Small Form Factor Pluggable (Module) Sub-Network Connection Protection Software Clock input Clock output Technical Description Telemetry Interface Telecommunication Network Management System Craft Terminal Transmitted signal User Manual Variable Configuration Data Block

RAM Rx SDI SEC SELV SFP SNCP SW T3 T4 TED TIF TNMS CT Tx UMN VCDB

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