Sie sind auf Seite 1von 33

Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 1 (von 33)

1.) Nenne die Hauptanwendungsgebiete des Gasschweißens und verschweißte Werkstoffe! (S.88)

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2.) Welche Wärmequelle wird beim Gasschmelzschweißen (Autogenschweißen als Wärmequelle?


(S.82)

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3.) Erkläre das Verfahrensprinzip beim Gasschmelzschweißen! (S.82)

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4.) Erkläre an Hand einer Skizze das Gasschmelzschweißen, mit Hilfe der Begriffe
Schweißbrenner, Gasflamme, Schweißzusatz, Schweißnaht, Werkstücke, Schweißfuge! (S.82)

Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 2 (von 33)
5.) Welche Bauteile können beim Gasschmelzscheißen auch ohne Schweißzusatz verschweißt
werden? (S.82)

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6.) Welche Funktion hat der Schweißzusatz beim Gasschmelzschweißen? (S.82)

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7.) Welche Kriterien sind für die Auswahl des Brenngases beim Gasschmelzschweißens von
Eisenwerkstoffe entscheidend? (S.82)

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8.) Nenne Vorteile des Brenngases Acetylen beim Schweißen gegenüber anderen Gases! (S.82)

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9.) Wie wird das in der Schweißtechnik verwendete Acetylen gewonnen? (S.82)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 3 (von 33)
10.) Beschreibe die Reaktion des Acetylens in der Brenngasflamme! (S.82)

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11.) Warum ist die Entnahmemenge von Acetylen aus einer Druckflasche beschränkt! (S.82)

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12.) Wie wird Acetylen in Flaschen gelagert? (S.82)

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13.) Aus welchen Gründen wird bei der Lagerung von Sauerstoff ein Kaltvergaser erforderlich?
(S.83)

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14.) Welche Funktion erfüllt der Druckminderer beim Schmelzgasschweißen? (S.83)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 4 (von 33)

15.) Auf welche Art soll das falsche Anschließen von Gasschläuchen verhindert werden? (S.84)

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16.) Was sind Gebrauchsstellenvorlagen (beim Gasschmelzschweißen) ?


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17.) In welcher Reihenfolge wird ein Brenner entzündet? (S.84)

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18.) Skizziere und beschreibe einen beim Gasschmelzverfahren verwendeten Saugbrenner! (S.84)

19.) Was versteht man unter einer Autogenflamme? (S.85)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 5 (von 33)
20.) Worauf ist beim Gasschmelzschweißen in geschlossenen Räumen besonders zu achten? (S.85)

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21.) Was versteht man unter einer „neutralen“ Flamme beim Gasschmelzschweißen? (S.85)

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22.) Was bewirkt ein Acetylenüberschuss des Gasgemisches beim Gasschmelzschweißen und wann
wird dies angewandt? (S.85)

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23.) Was bewirkt ein Sauerstoffüberschuss des Gasgemisches beim Gasschmelzschweißen und
wann wird dies angewandt? (S.85)

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24.) Skizziere eine Flamme mit Acetylenüberschuss, „normal“ und Sauerstoffüberschuss! (S.86)

Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 6 (von 33)
25.) Zeichne bei einer „normalen“ Flamme die Temperaturkurve und das Arbeitsstück ein! (S.86)

26.) Was versteht man unter Nachlinks- bzw. Nachrechtsschweißen und wann finden diese
Schweißarten Anwendung? (S.87)
Skizzen:
Nachlinksschweißen: Nachrechtsschweißen:

27.) Welche Wärmewirkung hat die Flamme beim Gasschmelzverfahren? (S.87)

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28.) Nenne 8 Schweißpositionen (mit Skizze) und den entsprechenden Kurzzeichen der DIN EN ISO
6947 und DIN 1912 Teil 2! (S.219)
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE
PF
PG
H-L 045

29.) Bestimme an einem Nahtquerschnitt die Gefüge im Schweißgut und der Wärmeeinflusszone
(WEZ) und erkläre warum sie entstanden sind! Skizze (S. 14)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 7 (von 33)
30.) Erläutere den Begriff Schweißdraht! (S. XX)

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31.) Erläutere den Begriff Schweißstab! (S. XX)

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32.) Erläutere den Begriff Drahtelektrode! (S. 106)

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33.) Erläutere den Begriff Stabelektrode ! (S. 98)

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34.) Nenne die 4 Grundarten der Umhüllungstypen von Schweißelektroden und gib deren
wichtigsten Eigenschaften an! (S.99)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 8 (von 33)
35.) Welche Aufgabe hat die Umhüllung einer Stabelektrode? (S.98)

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36.) Wie kann eine Abschätzung der Schweißeignung niedriglegierte Stähle erfolgen? (S.XX)

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37.) Was ist ein Lichtbogen ? (S.90)

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38.) Skizziere und bezeichne eine Kennlinie für Lichtbogenhandschweißen (mit Arbeitspunkt) in
einem U(I)- Diagramm! (S.91)

39.) Erkläre den Unterschied bei Verwendung einer abschmelzenden- und nicht abschmelzenden
Elektrode! (S.90)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 9 (von 33)
40.) Welche Eigenschaften bzw. Aufgaben hat der Lichtbogen? (S.90)
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41.) Was versteht man unter „Blaswirkung“ und wann tritt sie beim Schweißen auf und wie lässt
sie sich vermeiden? (S.90, S.104)

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42.) Nenne Vor- und Nachteile des Lichtbogenhandschweißens! (S.98)

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43.) Wie entsteht ein Lichtbogen unter Kurzschluss? (S.98)

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44.) Welche Aufgaben haben Schweißstromquelle? (S.93)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 10 (von 33)
45.) Was versteht man unter der Einschaltdauer ED? (S.93)

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46.) Was versteht man unter einem Schweißumformer? (S.93)

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47.) Definiere Nennstrom, Höchststrom und Dauerstrom! (SXX)

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48.) Zeichne eine Belastungskennlinie beim Lichtbogenschweißen und markiere den Arbeitspunkt!
(S.94)

Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 11 (von 33)
49.) Was versteht man unter Konstantstrom- bzw. Konstantspannungscharakteristik bei
Schweißstromquellen? (mit Skizze) (S.94)

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50.) Beschreibe das Unterpulver- Schweißverfahren (UP- Schweißen)! Skizze) (S.106)

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51.) Nenne Vor- und Nachteile des UP- Schweißverfahrens! (S.106)

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52.) Welche Aufgaben hat das Schweißpulver beim UP- Schweißen? (S.106)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 12 (von 33)
53.) Nenne Einsatzgebiete des UP- Schweißverfahrens und begründe diese Einsatzgebiete!
(S.110)

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54.) Warum können Schutzgasschweißverfahren nicht im Freien angewendet werden? (S.112)

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55.) Welche Polaritäten weisen Elektrode und Werkstück beim MAG- Schweißen auf? (S.112)

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56.) Was bewirkt ein zu großer Düsenabstand beim MAG- Schweißen? (S.116)

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57.) Welches Steigungsverhalten weist die Kennlinie beim MAG. Schweißen auf und warum stellt
sie sich so ein? (S.115)

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58.) Beschreibe den Werkstoffübergang beim MAGC- Verfahren! (S.113)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 13 (von 33)
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59.) Erkläre den Vorgang des Werkstoffübergangs beim MAG-Impulslichtbogenschweißen!
(S.112)

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60.) Zeichne eine Kennlinie beim MAG- Lichtbogenschweißen und markiere den Arbeitspunkt!
(S.94)

61.) Nenne Vor- und Nachteile des MAG- Impulslichtbogenschweißens gegenüber dem MAGC-
Verfahren! (S.115)

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62.) Nenne 4 Ursachen für das Entstehen von Schweißfehlern beim MAG- Schweißen und gib die
dabei entstehenden Schweißfehler an! (S.XX)

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63.) Warum gibt es kein WAK- Schweißen? (S.XX)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 14 (von 33)

64.) Wie wird Aluminium mit WIG- Verfahren verschweißt (Vorgänge) ? (S.119)

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65.) Erkläre das Verfahren und die Wärmeentwicklung beim aluminothermischen Schweißen
(Thermitschweißen)! (S.129)
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66.) Nenne Vor- und Nachteile des Elektronenstrahlschweißens! (S.130)

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67.) Erkläre die Wärmeerzeugung beim Elektronenstrahlschweißens! (S.130)

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68.) Welche Parameter spielen beim Punktschweißen eine charakteristische Rolle? (S.139)

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69.) Von welchen Einflussgrößen hängt beim Widerstandsschweißen die Festigkeit des
Schweißpunktes ab? (S.139)
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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 15 (von 33)
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70.) Erkläre das Verfahren und die Anwendung des Widerstandpunktscheißens! (S.140)

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71.) Erkläre das Verfahren der Rollennahtschweißung! (S.146)

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72.) Erkläre das Verfahren des Abbrennstumpfschweißens! (S.148)

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73.) Erkläre das Verfahren des Reibschweißens! (S.156)

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74.) Nenne Kriterien nach denen ein Werkstoff brenngeschnitten werden kann! (S205)

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75.) Nenne 3 Werkstoffe die nicht brenngeschnitten werden können und begründe warum!
(S.205)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 16 (von 33)
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76.) Nenne Werkstoffe für die das Brennschneidverfahren geeignet ist und begründe dies!
(S:205)

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77.) Erkläre und nenne Anwendungen des Plasmaschneidens! (S.209)

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78.) Beschreibe die Wärmeentstehung beim Wolfram- Plasmaschneiden! (S.122)

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79.) Nenne Vor- und Nachteile des Plasmaschneidens gegenüber dem Brennschneiden! (S.209)

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80.) Welches Scheißverfahren ist für das Verscheißen zweier Ringe aus S235, mit einem
Durchmesser D = 3000 mm und einer Dicke t = 25 mm am besten geeignet? (Begründung)

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81.) Erkläre den Unterschied zwischen einer „abschmelzenden“ und einer „nichtabschmelzenden“
Elektrode! (S.90)
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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 17 (von 33)
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) List the main areas of application of Gasschweißens and welded materials! (P.88)

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2) The heat source is the Gasschmelzschweißen (welding as a heat source? (P. 82)

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3) Explain the procedure principle at Gasschmelzschweißen! (P. 82)

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4) Explain to a hand sketch the Gasschmelzschweißen, with the help of the terms welding
torches, gas flame, welding additives, welding seam, work pieces, welded joints! (P.
82)

5) Which components can be added to the Gasschmelzscheißen even without additional


welding welded? (P. 82)

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6) What is the function of the additional welding at Gasschmelzschweißen? (P. 82)

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7) What are the criteria for the selection of the fuel at Gasschmelzschweißens of
ferrous materials decisive? (P. 82)

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8) List advantages of the fuel gas acetylene welding gas over other! (P. 82)

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9) How is the technology used acetylene welding won? (P. 82)

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10) Describe the reaction of the Acetylens in the fuel gas flame! (P. 82)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 18 (von 33)
11) Why is the extraction volume of acetylene from a pressure bottle! (P. 82)

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12) How is acetylene cylinders stored in? (P. 82)

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13) Why is the storage of oxygen a cold carburetor? (S.83)

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14) What role has the pressure at Schmelzgasschweißen? (S.83)

15) How should the wrong attaching Gasschläuchen prevented? (S.84)

16) What are the utility job templates (for the Gasschmelzschweißen)?

17) In which order will burner ignited? (S.84)


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18) Skizziere and describe a while Gasschmelzverfahren used Saugbrenner! (S.84)

19.) What is meant by a Autogenflamme? (S.85)

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20) What is the Gasschmelzschweißen in closed spaces particular attention? (S.85)

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Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 19 (von 33)
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21) What is meant by a "neutral" flame when Gasschmelzschweißen? (S.85)

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22.) What does a Acetylenüberschuss of gas at Gasschmelzschweißen and when is it


applied? (S.85)

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23) What does an oxygen surplus of gas at Gasschmelzschweißen and when is it applied?
(S.85)

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24.) Skizziere a flame with Acetylenüberschuss, "normal" and oxygen surplus! (S.86)

25.) Draw in a "normal" flame temperature curve and the work piece! (S.86)

26.) What is Nachlinks- or right after welding and when will these types of welding
application? (S.87)
Sketches:
After welding Links: After legal Welding:

Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 20 (von 33)

27) What effect has the heat flame at Gasschmelzverfahren? (S.87)

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28.) List 8 welding positions (with the plan) and the corresponding token of DIN EN ISO
6947 and DIN 1912 Part 2! (S.219)
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE
PF
PG
HL 045

29) Determine in a cross-section of the seam in the fabric of welding and the heat-
affected zone (GMT) and explain why they are! Sketch (p. 14)

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Erläutere the notion welding wire! (P. XX)

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31.) Erläutere the notion welding rod! (P. XX)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 21 (von 33)
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32.) Erläutere the term wire electrode! (P. 106)

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33.) Erläutere the term rod electrode! (P. 98)

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34.) List the 4 basic types of packaging types of welding electrodes and enter their
most important features! (S.99)

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35.) What is the task of wrapping a stick electrode? (S.98)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 22 (von 33)
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36.) How can one assess the suitability of low steel welding? (P. XX)

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37.) What is an arc? (P.90)

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38.) Skizziere and designated a curve for manual arc welding (with work) in a U (I) -
diagram! (S.91)

39.) Explain the difference when using a abschmelzenden- and not melting electrode!
(P.90)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 23 (von 33)
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40.) What characteristics and duties, the arc? (P.90)
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41.) What is meant by "blow effect" and when it occurs during welding, and how can it
be avoided? (P.90, S.104)

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42.) List pros and cons of Lichtbogenhandschweißens! (S.98)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 24 (von 33)
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43.) How does an arc under short circuit? (S.98)

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44.) What tasks have welding power source? (P.93)

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45.) What is the duty of the ED? (P.93)

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46.) What is meant by a Schweißumformer? (P.93)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 25 (von 33)
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47.) Define rated current, peak current and continuous current! (SXX)

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48) Draw a load curve at arc welding and highlight the work place! (S.94)

49.) What is Konstantstrom- or Konstantspannungscharakteristik in welding power


sources? (Sketch) (S.94)

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50.) Describe the Unterpulver- welding processes (welding UP)! Sketch) (S.106)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 26 (von 33)
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51.) List advantages and disadvantages of welding procedure UP! (S.106)

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52.) What does the welding powder during welding UP? (S.106)

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53.) List areas of the UP welding procedure and justifies these application areas!
(S.110)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 27 (von 33)
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54.) Why can arc welding procedure is not used outdoors? (S.112)

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55.) What do electrode polarity and workpiece during MAG welding? (S.112)

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56.) What caused too great a distance between the nozzles MAG welding? (P.116)

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57.) Which slope behavior, the curve at the MAG. Welding on, and why
They are so? (P. 115)

58.) Describe the material transition to the MAGC- procedure! (S.113)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 28 (von 33)
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59.) Explain the process of transition material at MAG-Impulslichtbogenschweißen!
(S.112)

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60.) Draw a curve at the MAG arc welding and highlight the work place!
(S.94)

61.) List pros and cons of the MAG Impulslichtbogenschweißens against the MAGC-
Procedure! (P. 115)

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62.) List 4 causes for the emergence of welding errors MAG welding and enter the
resulting weld mistake! (P. XX)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 29 (von 33)

63) Why are there no WAK- welding? (P. XX)

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64.) How is aluminum with TIG welding processes (operations)? (S.119)

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65.) Explain the procedure and heat dissipation during aluminothermischen welding
(Thermitschweißen)! (S.129)
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66.) List pros and cons of Elektronenstrahlschweißens! (S.130)

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67) Explain the heat when Elektronenstrahlschweißens! (S.130)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 30 (von 33)
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68.) Which parameter play in spot welding a characteristic role? (S.139)

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69.) from the impact depends sizes when resistance welding the strength of the welding
point? (S.139)
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70th) Explain the procedure and the application of Widerstandpunktscheißens! (S.140)

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71.) Explain the procedure for Rollennahtschweißung! (S.146)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 31 (von 33)
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72.) Explain the process of Abbrennstumpfschweißens! (S.148)

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73.) Explain the process of Reibschweißens! (S.156)

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74.) List criteria by which a material brenngeschnitten can be! (S205)

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75.) List 3 materials are not brenngeschnitten can and justify why! (S.205)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010


Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 32 (von 33)
76.) List materials for the Brennschneidverfahren appropriate and justifies this! (S:
205)

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77.) Explain and give applications Plasmaschneidens! (S.209)

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78.) Describe the heat at the emergence of tungsten plasma cutting! (S.122)

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79.) List pros and cons of Plasmaschneidens compared to the flame cutting! (S.209)

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80.) Which Scheißverfahren is for the Verscheißen two rings from S235, with a diameter
D = 3000 mm and a thickness t = 25 mm best? (Justification)

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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010
Verständnisfragen: Schweißtechnik Seite 33 (von 33)
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81.) Explain the difference between a "melting" and a "nichtabschmelzenden" electrode!
(P.90)
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Hiller, Andreas / SS 07 / Semester 4 / 09/12/2010