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Tenses

simple present
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung
Signalwrter

present progressive
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung
Signalwrter

simple past
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung
Signalwrter

past progressive
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung

Signalwrter

I go to school every day.


She goes to school.
I don't go to school.
Do you go to school?
Handlungen, die regelmig stattfinden.
every day, usually, sometimes, never, always,...
I am going to school at the moment.
I am not going to school.
Are you going to school.
Handlungen, die gerade im Moment ablaufen
right now, now, at the moment, look!,
I went to school.
I didn't go to school.
Did you go to school?
Handlungen in der abgeschlossenen Vergangenheit
last year, yesterday, two days ago, in 1970,
I was going to school at 8 a.m.
I was not going to school.
Were you going to school?
- fr Handlungsablufe
- Handlungen, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt
(Vergangenheit) abliefen
- Handlungen innerhalb eines Zeitraumes in der
Vergangenheit
At 3 a.m., between 7 a.m. And 9 a.m.

present perfect

I have gone to school.


Verneinung
I haven't gone to school.
Frage
Have you gone to school?
Anwendung
- Handlungen, die in der Vergangenheit anfingen
und noch andauern
- Handlungen, die gerade abgeschlossen wurden
- Handlungen, die abgeschlossen sind, aber
Auswirkungen auf die Gegenwart haben.
- Handlungen, die in der Vergangenheit (nicht)
stattfinden, ohne Zeitangabe (I have been to NY
but I have never been to Wales.)
Mit dem present perfect drcken wir aus, dass (nicht warum) etwas geschehen ist.

Das Ergebnis ist wichtig!


Signalwrter

just, yet, already, never, since(Zeitpunkt), for(Zeitraum),...

present perfect progre Mr. Ling has been correcting the tests all day long.
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung

Mrs. Smith has been cleaning shoes for two hours.


She hasn't been cleaning shoes for two hours.
Has she been cleaning shoes for two hours?
Siehe present perfect +

betont die Dauer der Handlung!


Signalwrter

since, for, all day, all night, how long?,...

will-future

It will rain tomorrow.


It won't rain tomorrow.
Will it rain tomorrow?
- fr spontane Entschlsse
- zuknftige Ereignisse, die man nicht beeinflussen kann
- fr reine Vermutung (I think he will like the gift.)
probably, I think..., I'm not sure..., maby,....

Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung

Signalwrter

Going-to-future
Verneinung
Frage
Anwendung
Signalwrter

I'm going to buy a book.


I'm not going to buy a book.
Are you going to buy a book?
- fr Plne, Vorhaben
- absehbare Ereignisse
probably, I think..., I'm not sure..., maby,....

past progressive + pasHe was holding an ice-cream when it fell on my shirt.


Beachte

lngere Handlung (while) progressiv


krzere Handlung (when) simple

Adverbs of manner

Adjektiv: This test is easy.


Adverb: Ben did the test easily.
Adverbien geben an, wie jemand etwas tut. Sie
beziehen sich auf das Verb. Beim Adverb wird -ly
an die Adjektivform angehngt.
far, fast, free, hard, high, late, left, long, near, right,
straight ahead, wrong

Anwendung

Ausnahme

some and any

Verwendung

Tow Objects

There is some tea and some sandwiches on the table.


Is there any coffee?
-No there isn't any coffee.
Bejahte Aussagestze some
Fragen, Verneinungen any
Wenn man mit einer Frage etwas anbietet oder um
etwas bittet some
Nathan wrote the Queen a letter.
Nathan wrote a letter to the Queen.

viel, viele
Normale Aussagestze

Verneinungen und Fragen

a lot of = lots of
We have got al lot of (lots of) fun.
She has got lots of (a lot of) friends.
much viele (nicht zhlbar)
many viele (zhlbar)
Have you got much of time?
I haven't got many CDs.

relativ clauses

Katie is the girl who is wearing a green dress.

Beachte
Anwendung

A letter is a massage that you write t a friend.


Personen who
Sachen that
Relativstze verwenden wir, wenn wir sagen wollen, um
welche Person oder um welche Sache es sich handelt.

Relativpronomen who, which, that


Who fr Personen
Which fr Dinge

The soldiers who conquered the country were Normans.


The land which belong to Anglo-Saxons fell into the
hands of the Norman knight.
That fr Dinge und Personen The sword that they found last week was Norman. The
Anglo-Saxons were people that already live in England.

Whose (deren, dessen)

fr Personen und Dinge um auszudrcken, dass jemand


oder etwas zusammen gehrt. Auf whose muss immer
Nomen folgen.

gangenheit

Zeitpunkt

eschehen ist.

t), for(Zeitraum),...

l day long.
two hours.

eeinflussen kann
the gift.)

l on my shirt.

near, right,

s on the table.

et oder um

agen wollen, um
s sich handelt.

were Normans.
fell into the

as Norman. The
live in England.

en, dass jemand


e muss immer