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Zeitform Signalwörter Verwendung Bildungsweise Beispiele positiv Beispiele negativ Beispiele Frage
every day

always regelmäßig wiederholte oder


gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung
sometimes I work. I don't work. Do I work?
Handlungsfolgen in der Gegenwart
often Infinitiv He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
Simple allgemeingültige Feststellungen
Present
usually he/she/it + -s I go. I don't go. Do I go?
Verben mit statischer Bedeutung
(to love, to hate, to think, etc.)
seldom He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
in futuristischer Bedeutung:
never Programm bzw. Terminplan

first ... then


now I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working?
Handlung geschieht im Moment des
Sprechens (jetzt)
at the moment He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
Present to be (am/are/is) +
Progressive in futuristischer Bedeutung: bereits Infinitiv + ing
Look! I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
getroffene Vereinbarung oder
bereits feststehender Plan
Listen! He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
last ... I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
regelmäßig:
... ago Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit Infinitiv + -ed He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
Simple begonnen und ist abgeschlossen
Past (einmalig, wiederholt,
in 1990 aufeinanderfolgend) unregelmäßig: I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
2. Spalte
yesterday He went. He didn't go. Did he go?

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englisch-hilfen.de – SCHNELLE HILFE KOSTENLOS

häufig eine Handlung, die gerade


stattfand, als ein neues Ereignis I was working. I wasn't working. Was I working?
eintrat
He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
Past was/were + Infinitiv
while Ablauf einer Tätigkeit/
Progressive + -ing
Vorgang in einem bestimmten I was going. I wasn'tgoing. Was I going?
Zeitraum der Vergangenheit oder
zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
der Vergangenheit
just

yet

ever
Resultat einer Handlung, der
never Zeitpunkt interessiert den Sprecher have/has + past I have worked. I haven't worked. Have I worked?
dabei nicht participle*
Simple already He has worked. He hasn’t worked. Has he worked?
Present Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit *(Infinitiv + -ed) oder
Perfect so far begonnen hat und bis in die (3. Spalte der I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
Gegenwart andauert oder deren unregelmäßigen
up to now Auswirkungen bis in die Gegenwart Verben) He has gone. He hasn’t gone. Has he gone?
reichen
since

for

recently
I have been I haven't been Have I been
all day Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit working. working. working?
begonnen hat und bis in die
the whole day Gegenwart andauert He has been He hasn't been Has he been
Present Perfect have/has + been + working. working. working?
how long
Progressive ABER: Infinitiv + -ing
since besondere Betonung des Ablaufs, I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
Dauer und Unabgeschlossenheit
for eines solchen Vorgangs He has been He hasn't been Has he been
going. going. going?

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englisch-hilfen.de – SCHNELLE HILFE KOSTENLOS

Handlung, die vor einem I had I hadn't Had I


bestimmten Zeitpunkt der worked. worked. worked?
had + past
Vergangenheit angefangen hat,
already participle*
aber bis zu diesem Zeitpunkt oder
He had He hadn't Had he
Simple Past darüber hinaus andauerte
Perfect
just *(Infinitiv + -ed) oder worked. worked. worked?
(3. Spalte der
never Handlung, die zu einem
unregelmäßigen I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
bestimmten Zeitpunkt der
Verben)
Vergangenheit bereits
abgeschlossen war He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?

I had been I hadn't been Had I been


working. working. working?
Handlung begann vor einem
how long He had been He hadn't been Had he been
bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der
Past Perfect Vergangenheit und dauert bis zu had + been + working. working. working?
since
Progressive diesem (oder darüber hinaus ) an - Infinitiv + ing
Betonung des Verlauf, der Dauer I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?
for
dieser Handlung
He had been He hadn't been Had he been
going. going. going?
Vorhersage einer zukünftiger I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
Handlung oder eines zukünftigen
Vorganges
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
will - future will + Infinitiv
spontaner Entschluss
I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?

im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze


Typ 1 He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?

I'm going to I'm not going to Am I going to


work. work. work?

bestehende Absicht/Plan He's going to He's not going to Is he going to


be (am/are/is) + work. work. work?
going to - future
going to + Infinitiv
logische Schlussfolgerung
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?

He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?

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englisch-hilfen.de – SCHNELLE HILFE KOSTENLOS

Handlung, die zu einem Zeitpunkt I'll be working. I won't be working. Will I be working?
in der Zukunft sein wird und
bereits zu diesem Zeitpunkt He'll be working. He won't be working. Will he be working?
Future begonnen hat will + be + Infinitiv
Progressive + ing
I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
Etwas passiert, weil es gewöhnlich
geschieht. He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
I'll have worked. I won't have worked. Will I have worked?
will + have + past
participle*
He'll have He won't have Will he have
Future Perfect Handlung, die zu einem worked. worked. worked?
Simple bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der *(Infinitiv + -ed) oder
Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird (3. Spalte der
I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
unregelmäßigen
Verben)
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
working. working. working?
Handlung, die zu einem
bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
Future Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird working. working. working?
will + have + been +
Perfect
Infinitiv + ing
Progressive ABER: I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
besondere Betonung der Dauer going. going. working?
dieser Handlung
He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
going. going. working?
I would work. I wouldn't work. Would I work?
Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten
kann (mehr theoretisch) He would work. He wouldn't work. Would he work?
Conditional
would + Infinitiv
Simple
im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I work?
Typ 2
He would go. He wouldn't go. Would he work?

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englisch-hilfen.de – SCHNELLE HILFE KOSTENLOS

I would be I wouldn't be Would I be


working. working. working?
Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten
kann (mehr theoretisch) He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
Conditional would + be + working. working. working?
Progressive ABER: Infinitiv + ing
besondere Betonung der Dauer I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?
dieser Handlung
He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
going. going. going?
I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
worked. worked. worked?
would + have + past
Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten participle* He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
kann (es ist zu spät) worked. worked. worked?
Conditional
Perfect *(Infinitiv + -ed) oder
im Hauptsatz der Bedingungssätze (3. Spalte der I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
Typ 3 unregelmäßigen gone. gone. gone?
Verben)
He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
gone. gone. gone?
I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
working. working. working?

Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten


He would have He wouldn't have Would he
kann (es ist zu spät)
Conditional been going. been going. have been working?
would + have + been
Perfect
ABER: + Infinitiv + ing
Progressive I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
besondere Betonung der Dauer
going. going. going?
dieser Handlung

He would have He wouldn't have Would he


been going. been going. have been going?

Für Progressive kann auch Continuous stehen. Beachte, dass Signalwörter verschiedene Zeitformen verlangen können. Für die Zeitformen der Zukunft haben wir auf
Signalwörter verzichtet, da hier mehrere Zeitformen möglich sind und keine eindeutige Zuordnungen möglich sind. Überlege also immer, welche Handlung vorliegt.

englisch-hilfen.de – SCHNELLE HILFE KOSTENLOS