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# FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

“In the name of God, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful”

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## BMM3562 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

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## NO. CONTENTS PAGE

1. INTRODUCTION 3

2. OBJECTIVE 3

3. METHODOLOGY 4

5. CONCLUSION 6

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INTRODUCTION

## Figure 1: Jack stand

Jack stands are tower or tripod shaped and are designed to support the weight of a raised
vehicle. They should be placed under the vehicle axle or frame to provide additional support for
an elevated car. Once a vehicle is jacked up the stands are put in place and the vehicle is lowered
onto the stands. There are saddle-shaped tops on jack stands, which are designed to support the
vehicle axle. Stands should only be used on hard and level surfaces and only for the vehicles that
are within the weight capacity of the stands.

Jack stands are available in different types and are categorized by maximum height and
weight capacity. In most cases, the height of a jack stand is expressed in inches and the weight
capacity is in tons. Jack stands are usually sold in pairs and are most commonly used with floor
jacks. Stand heights typically range from 13 to 25 inches but can range all the way up to 6 feet.
Weight capacity can go from 2 tons up to 25 tons.

Jack stands are mainly used for repairs or maintenance, they are not commonly used to
change a tire.

OBJECTIVE

##  To test the strength of the propose jack stand design.

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METHODOLOGY

1) Create 3D parts of jack stand which are the cylinder and body using Solidworks. Then, the
body and cylinder is the assembled to create the jack stand model.

Figure 2: Cylinder

## Figure 4: Jack stand

Figure 3: Body

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2) Import 3D model part into Autodesk Inventor to do the finite element analysis. To start the
analysis, we selected the material for the model as Cast iron. Table 1 shows the mechanical
properties of the cast iron.

Table 1

## Cast Iron Mechanical Properties

Young’s Modulus, 𝐸 1.205 × 105 𝑃𝑎
Poisson Ratio’s, 𝑣 0.3
Density, 𝜌 7.15 × 10−9 𝑘𝑔/𝑚3

## Figure 5: Finite Element Analysis

Figure 5 shows the model is in the finite element analysis with generated mesh. Contraint is located
at the bottom face of the model. The strength of jack stand model was tested by applying load of
17 kN on top of the jackstand. 17 kN is applied because it is the weight of a regular car so we can
see if the jack stand can function to the real-life situation.

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RESULT AND DISCUSSION

The results for the finite element analysis are shown in the Figure 6, Figure 7 and Figure 8.

## Figure 6: Von Misses Stress

Figure 6 shows the result of Von Misses Stress of the jack stand. The maximum stress value is
1218347.375 Pa on the jack head surface. Next, the minimum stress value is 728.638 Pa in the
middle of jack stand.

b) Displacement

Figure 7: Displacement

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Figure 7 shows the result of displacement test. The maximum displacement of the jack stand is
4.291x10−6m on the top of the jack head and the minimum value of 0m at the bottom of the jack
stand. The displacement value that is very small shows this is a high strength structure.

c) Safety Factor

## Figure 8: Safety Factor

Figure 8 shows the safety factor result of the jack stand. The upper surface of the jack stand have
the minimum safety factor of 1177.0 due to the force of 17kN applied on that surface.

CONCLUSION

As a conclusion, the design of the jack stand shows that it has enough strength to support the
17kN load which is the average weight of the car that applied to it. Furthermore, the material used
is cast iron. This type of material is the best in term of its value of yield strength and modulus of
elasticity.