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Reported Shoes and Australia’s
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2/2020 Editorial Spotlight PLUS
Dear plus reader,
Our cover story in this month’s magazine is “The art of conversation” — turn to pages
14–15 to practise useful phrases for making small talk with people you’ve only just met
or don’t know very well. This kind of direct speech is generally simple and straight-
forward — but what if you want to repeat a conversation you’ve had to someone else
later? Do you know how to report speech and how to deal with the required shift in
tenses? On pages 4–6, you get a chance to practise what you’ve learned in Spotlight’s
grammar section.
Also in this issue, you’ll find plenty of words and phrases about footwear (pages 8–12),
exercises to test your reading and listening comprehension (pages 18–20) as well as
useful idioms with the noun “mind” (page 7). Keep that in mind and enjoy!

language editor


Herausgeber: Jan Henrik Groß
Grammatik Chefredakteurin: Inez Sharp (V.i.S.d.P.)
Stellvertretende Chefredakteurin:
4 Reported speech Claudine Weber-Hof
Art Director: Michael Scheufler
Redewendungen Redaktion: Owen Connors, Petra Daniell,
Michele Tilgner (frei)
7 The noun “mind” Autoren: Vanessa Clark, Adrian Doff,
Julia Howard, Lynda Hübner, Dagmar Taylor

Wortschatz Bildredaktion: Sarah Gough (Leitung),

Judith Rothenbusch
8 At the shoe shop Gestaltung: Nerina Wilter (frei)
Leiter Werbevermarktung:
10 Shoes and other footwear Áki Hardarson
(DIE ZEIT, V.i.S.d.P.)

Land und Leute Tel. +49 (0)40-32 80-1333
13 Australia’s “Nature Coast” Verlag und Redaktion:
Spotlight Verlag GmbH

Englisch für den Alltag Kistlerhofstr. 172

81379 München
14 The art of small talk Telefon +49(0)89/8 56 81-0
Titelfoto: BRIAN HARRIS/Alamy Stock Photo; Foto: Oliver Kühl

Fax +49(0)89/8 56 81-105
Englisch für den Beruf Litho: Mohn Media Mohndruck 33311 Gütersloh

16 Business correspondence Druck: MedienSchiff Bruno

22113 Hamburg
CCPAP-Nr. 0220 U 92620
Lesen und verstehen
18 High and dry
Einzelverkaufspreis Deutschland: € 5,50.
20 Sticking to tradition Weitere Exemplare von Spotlight plus können unter
der Telefonnummer +49 (0)89/12140710 bestellt
Test werden. E-Mail:
© 2020 Spotlight Verlag, auch für alle genannten
21 See how much you’ve learned Autoren, Fotografen und Mitarbeiter.
Der Spotlight Verlag ist ein Tochterunternehmen
22 Lösungen der Zeitverlag Gerd Bucerius GmbH & Co. KG.

Grammatik Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Reported speech
On The Grammar Page (page 50), Adrian Doff focuses on the tense changes from
direct speech to reported speech. Here are some exercises for you to practise this.

The sentences
1. What did you say? E in exercise 1
are in direct
speech. Note
Choose the appropriate verb for each sentence and write it in the past tense. that the open-
ing and closing
speech marks
ask | explain | insist | promise | reply | tell look different
in English and
A. He me, “I’ve for­ D. “I’m fine,” I . • “English
gotten my own mobile number.” E. “I’ll get the bill and I won’t take no speech
B. “You have to press this button for an answer,” she . • „deutsche
first,” he . Anführungs­
F. “I won’t forget to phone you when zeichen“
C. “How are you?” she . I arrive,” he .

2. Tell us what you say E

“Say” and
Complete the sentences below with “say” or “tell”. Remember
that the words
“say” and
A. me how old you are. D. that again! “tell” are used
B. how old you are. E. Did you 16 or 60? • say
C. Don’t him that! F. “hello” to Tim. • say
something to
3. Tense changes M • tell somebody

Complete the table by writing in the correct form of the verbs. We’ve done
some of them for you.

Direct speech Reported speech (“She said that…”) Tense changes

When the
A. am, is → was reporting verb
is in the past
B. are → tense (“said”,
C. have / has → “repeated”),
D. will → would the following
verb(s) in
E. can → the sentence
must shift one
F. must / have to → had to step back into
the past. The
G. do / does → simple present
H. feel → changes to the
simple past, for
I. took → had taken example, and
the simple past
J. didn’t give → changes to the
past perfect.

2/2020 Grammatik Spotlight PLUS

4. What did she say? A

You saw your friend Jill yesterday with her cat, Brian, in a travel basket.
What did she say to you?

A. Jill: “I’m going to the vet’s because my cat is ill.”

Jill said she .

B. “I think Brian ate some poisonous plants.”

She said she .

C. “He’s been sick for two days.”

She said .

D. “He doesn’t want to eat anything at all.”

She said .

E. “He is drinking lots of water.”

She said .

F. “I hope the vet can help him.”

She said .

G. “He’ll probably have to eat special food for a few days.”

She said .

H. “I’ll buy some at the pet shop.”

She said .

5. Tell me again A

Look at exercise 1 again and write the sentences in reported speech.

A. He told me that .

B. He explained that .
C. She asked .
D. I replied that .
E. She insisted that .
F. He promised that .

Grammatik Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Reported speech
On the previous two pages, we looked at reported speech and, specifically, at how to
report statements. Here, we look at how to report questions.

6. Reported questions A questions
Rewrite the direct questions below in reported speech. Remember to use “if” require the
or “whether” in the sentences where there’s no question word. same tense
changes as
A. “When are you going on holiday?” • “What do
you think?”
He asked me . he asked.
→ He asked
B. “Why didn’t you write to me?” me what I
He asked me . thought.
When there is
C. “Do you have to work late?” no question
word, use “if”
He asked me . or “whether”:
• “Do you
D. “Have you ever been to Canada?” like it?” he
He asked me . asked. → He
asked me if
E. “How many people will be at the party?” / whether I
liked it.
He asked me .

F. “Who can speak Italian?

He asked me .

7. Famous last words A

Write down the last words these people actually said on their deathbed in
direct speech. We’ve done the first one for you.

A. Ex-Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that he was bored with it all.
Churchill: “ I’m bored with it all .”
B. Actor Errol Flynn said he’d had a lot of fun and had enjoyed every minute of
it. Flynn: “ .”
C. Artist Salvador Dalí asked where his clock was.
Dalí: “ ?”
D. Boxer Muhammad Ali said that he was in no pain and he was going to be
with Allah. Ali: “ .”
E. Marilyn Monroe’s ex-husband, Joe Dimaggio, said that he would finally get
to see Marilyn. Dimaggio: “ .”
F. Karl Marx said that last words were for fools who hadn’t said enough.
Marx: “ .”

2/2020 Redewendungen Spotlight PLUS
The noun “mind”
In Spoken English (page 56), Adrian Doff looks at ways to use the noun “mind”.
Try the exercises on this page to practise what you’ve learned.

1. Make up your mind! E

Choose the correct word from the two options highlighted in bold.

A. It may be cold in the mountains. We should hold / keep that in mind.

B. Who wrote Don Carlos? My mind’s a blank / zero.
C. I’m so angry. I’ve got half a / a half mind to complain to the manager.
D. He travelled abroad to take his head / mind off what happened.

2. Mind puzzle M

Complete our puzzle on A.

the right. The letters in the B.
coloured boxes form the C.
solution: an adjective that D.
collocates nicely with “mind”. E.

A. Why am I still working? I’ve got a mind to give it all up.

B. My leg hurt, but the book helped to take my mind the pain.
C. Physics is so abstract! I just can’t my head round it.
D. My laptop’s got a(n) of its own. It just shuts down for no reason.
E. It’s such an annoying tune. I get it out of my head.
F. She talked so much that, after a time, my mind started to .
G. I had no idea what to say to him. My mind was a(n) .


3. In other words A

Replace the phrases in bold with expressions using “mind”.

A. I can’t stop thinking about what you said. It’s in my thoughts all the time.
B. So, are you going to get married or not? You really need to decide.
C. Our cat never does what we want. It follows its own ideas.
D. I think I want to paint the walls green, but I’m not sure about it.

Wortschatz Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
At the shoe shop
In “Easy English” (page 58), Vanessa Clark talks to Lynne Oldfield, who works as a
sales assistant in a shoe shop. Here, you can practise what you’ve learned.

1. Question and answer E

Match the questions we asked Lynne (A–E) to her answers (1–5).

A. What kind of shoe shop do you 1. “All sorts of shoes and boots, and
work in? sandals in the summer.”
B. What sort of shoes do you sell? 2. “It’s a small family business.”
C. Do you sell accessories, too? 3. “Mostly people of 40 plus.”
D. Who are your typical customers? 4. “Aubergine-coloured boots have
E. What are the trends this season? been popular this winter.”
5. “We do all the extras, including
polish, brushes and shoelaces.”

2. Customers’ comments E

Fill in the missing letters to complete the comments about the shoes in
Lynne’s shop.

A. These sandals are made of D. I like Gabor. It’s a good

l t r. b d.
B. The most important thing for me E. What are the t e ds this
is c f t. season?
C. I love the q l y of F. Cheap shoes fall a t
these boots. after a few weeks.

3. True or false? E

How carefully have you read the information about old shoes on the “Easy
English” page? Test yourself here by deciding whether the sentences below
are true (T) or false (F).

A. In 2016, an old shoe was found in a wall at Cambridge University.
B. In the Middle Ages, people sometimes hid a shoe in a wall to pro-
tect the house and the family from bad spirits.
C. These shoes are sometimes found under tables or in cupboards.
D. The shoes were always new, not old.

2/2020 Wortschatz Spotlight PLUS

4. What’s missing? E

Read Lynne’s product list below and then look at the items in her shop.
Which item is missing? What has Lynne actually forgotten to order?
Illustration: Martin Haake; Foto: Forgem/

summer s
winter boo
school sho
football bo
shoe polish
shoe brush

Wortschatz Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Shoes and other footwear
In Vocabulary (pages 48–49), Vanessa Clark presents different kinds of shoes and
other footwear. Try the exercises on these pages to practise the relevant language.

1. Which word is it? E

Study the illustration and vocabulary presented on pages 48–49 of the maga-
zine to find the six types of shoes defined below.

A. In the summer, we can wear s d s.

B. In the winter, keep your feet warm in b s.
C. The classic shoes for men are black l -u .
D. For sport, you need a pair of t n s.
E. At home, it’s nice to wear comfortable s pp s.
F. For a walk in the country, wear h k gb s.

2. Odd one out M

Which word in each line does not belong in the same category as the others? that “pumps”
have a different
meaning in
A. Which shoes are not flat?
British and
ballerinas | stilettos | boat shoes | high-tops American
English. For
B. Which shoes do not have laces? British women,
work boots | high-tops | lace-ups | slip-ons they’re flat
shoes. For
C. Which shoes are not suitable to wear on the beach? American
pumps | sandals | flip-flops | boat shoes women, they
have a heel.
D. Which shoes do not have heels?
platform shoes | stilettos | court shoes | ballet flats
E. Which shoes are not suitable to wear in the office?
court shoes | slippers | pumps | lace-ups
F. Which shoes are not usually worn by both men and women?
trainers | wellies | hiking boots | court shoes

3. British vs American M

Match the British words on the left to their American equivalents on the right.

A. lace-ups 1. ballerinas
B. court shoes 2. oxfords
C. pumps, ballet flats 3. sneakers
D. wellies 4. pumps
E. trainers 5. rubber boots

2/2020 Wortschatz Spotlight PLUS

4. Shopping phrases E

Choose the right word from the two options in bold to complete these
expressions you might hear in a shoe shop.

A. I think these shoes are too small for me. They’re a bit loose / tight.
B. Are these hiking boots footwear / waterproof?
C. I’m looking for some fur-lined / open-toed boots for the snow.
D. I’m vegan, so I don’t wear canvas / leather shoes.
E. Do you have this shoe in a size / big six?
F. Do you sell wide-fit / wide-fat shoes?

5. Old or new? M

Which one of these sentences describes new shoes?

A. They need polishing.

B. They’re at the cobbler’s.
C. They’re a bit scuffed.
D. The heels are worn down.
E. They rub a bit, so I hope they’ll stretch with wear.
F. I’ve had them reheeled.

6. Shoe problems M

Match the sentence halves to suggest solutions to these shoe problems.

A. If you have a hole on the underside 1. try a heel grip.

of your shoe,… 2. a special insole might help.
B. If a shoe is too loose at the back,… 3. wear slip-ons or use a long
C. If your foot needs more support,… shoehorn.
D. If the rain comes in,… 4. get them resoled.
E. If you can’t bend down easily to 5. polish them.
put your shoes on,… 6. avoid shoes with pointed toes.
F. If your leather shoes are scuffed,… 7. try a waterproof spray.
G. If you have bunions,…

Wortschatz Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Shoes and other footwear
On the previous two pages, we looked at words and phrases you’ll need to talk about
shoes and other footwear. Here are two more exercises on the relevant language.

7. What’s the rhyme? M

Replace each of the highlighted words with a rhyming word that describes a
foot problem.

A. My sister has very marrow feet.

B. My father has very long woes.
C. My grandma has onions.
D. My brother wore new boots and got a big sister.

Did you hear? The circus is

having problems finding a new
clown. When the old one died,
he left big shoes to fill!

8. Shoe idioms A

What do these shoe idioms mean? Choose the right answers.

A. I wouldn’t like to be in his shoes.

1. I don’t like his shoes.
2. He’s in an uncomfortable situation.
B. She has left big shoes to fill.
1. It’s going to be hard to find someone to replace her.
2. She has big feet.
C. She’s such a goody two shoes.
1. She’s a good dancer.
2. I don’t like her because she is too well behaved.
Illustration: Helgita crea/

D. We’re organizing this event on a shoestring.

1. We have very little money to spend on it.
2. It’s a secret project.
E. We need more boots on the ground in the area.
1. We need more shoe shops around here.
2. We need to send more soldiers or police officers to a particular place.

2/2020 Land und Leute Spotlight PLUS
Australia’s “Nature Coast”
In our Travel feature (pages 28–35), Peter Flynn takes us to see Australia’s “Nature
Coast”. Here, you can test yourself on what you have read.

1. Parades and big waves M

1. Peter Flynn grew up on the Far South Coast of New South .

A. Malta B. Scotia C. Wales
2. The region he writes about starts at the town of Nowra and goes to the
border of the state of .
A. Perth B. Victoria C. Melbourne
3. Many of the houses here are owned by people from the capital city at
A. Darwin B. Canberra C. Brisbane
4. A “southerly buster” is a sudden that can cause cooling after
warm weather.
A. tall wave B. tidal shift C. wind change
5. On Easter Sunday, in the fishing town of Ulladulla, there is a
A. “princess” B. “sea monster” C. “boiled crab”
6. British celebrity chef has a restaurant on this coast, at Bannis-
ter Point.
A. Curtis Stone B. Scott Morrison C. Rick Stein
7. The best surf spot in the popular Batemans Bay area is , off
Broulee Island.
A. Pink Rocks B. Green Cliffs C. Magenta Stairs
8. Peter Flynn’s home town is Moruya, known for its country .
A. accent B. markets C. sports
9. The shire of Bega Valley is also called the “ Coast”.
A. Sapphire B. Opal C. Emerald
10. Mount Gulaga is a place considered to be holy by the Yuin, a local
A. San B. Aboriginal C. Inuit
Foto: lovleah/

Englisch für den Alltag Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
The art of small talk
In Everyday English (pages 54–55), Dagmar Taylor presents dialogues containing
pleasant small talk with strangers. Here, you can practise the phrases you’ve learned.

1. In English, please! E

Replace each German expression in the sentences below with the correct
English word.

You wouldn’t meet as many (A) (Leute), but that’s half the
(B) (Spaß). I met so many (C) (nett) people.
They were all so (D) (entspannt) and (E)

2. Conversation starters E

Complete the friendly questions below by matching the sentence halves.

A. What have… 1. already on your way down?

B. Have you… 2. climbed Ben Nevis before?
C. Are you… 3. make it to the top?
D. How was… 4. you got planned for tomorrow?
E. Did you… 5. your day?

3. Order, order! M

Put the sentences below in the correct order to recreate dialogue 3 on page 55.

A. Yes. I was up early this morning.

B. I don’t believe this! Are you already on your way down?
C. It’s definitely worth it. Enjoy the rest of the walk.
D. Morning! The view from the top is stunning today.
E. Thanks. Bye.
F. That’s amazing! And here I was feeling virtuous about getting up at 5.30!
I’ll have to get up earlier next time.
G. That’s right. You’ve got to beat the crowds, you see. There’s nothing like
watching the sunrise at the top of a mountain — and I wasn’t the only
person up there either.
H. You must have been up at three in the morning or something.

2/2020 Englisch für den Alltag Spotlight PLUS

4. Which words? M

Choose words from the dialogue in exercise 3 to match the definitions below.

A. large numbers of other people:

B. without any doubt:
C. extremely attractive or impressive:
D. what you can see from a particular place:
E. behaving in a very good and moral way:

5. What do you say? M

Choose the correct responses (1–6) to the phrases on the left (A–F). Be careful,
though: one of the responses can be used for three of the phrases and two of
them can’t be used at all.

A. Have a great day. 1. Thanks. Same to you.

B. Could I check in, please? 2. No, not at all.
C. Do you mind if I sit here? 3. That’s really kind of you.
D. Bon appétit! 4. Of course.
E. Would you like some of my bacon? 5. Don’t mind if I do.
F. Enjoy the rest of the walk. 6. You’re welcome.
Foto: vitranc/

Englisch für den Beruf Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Business correspondence
In English at Work (page 57), Ken Taylor looks at business correspondence and has
advice on some commonly confused words. Practise what you have learned here.

1. Openings and closings M ations…
such as “BR”
for “Best
Read Ken’s letter to Sarah again, and match the closings (1–5) to their open- regards” can be
ings (A–E). used in infor­
mal correspon­
dence but
aren’t advisable
A. Dear Ken 1. Sincerely, for formal
e-mails. An
B. Dear Sir or Madam 2. All the best, abbreviation
can give the
C. Dear Mr. Taylor, 3. Love impression of
laziness or,
D. Dear Mr Taylor 4. Yours sincerely even worse,
that the
E. Dear Mum 5. Yours faithfully recipient isn’t
worth the time
it takes to spell
out two short

2. Correspondence abbreviations M

The abbreviations below are commonly used in correspondence. Do you

know what they mean? Choose the correct options.

A. cc
1. closed copy 2. carbon copy
B. bcc
1. blank closed copy 2. blind carbon copy
C. attn.
1. attention 2. attachment
1. postscript 2. personal
Foto: iStockphoto/

E. enc.
1. enclosed 2. encased
F. ref.
1. reference 2. referral

2/2020 Englisch für den Beruf Spotlight PLUS

3. Which “t”-word is it? M

Read Ken’s letter to Jörg again, and complete the sentences below with “tech-
nique”, “technology” or “technical”.

A. I need a better for relieving stress.

B. There’s too much language in this report —
I don’t understand it.
C. I don’t want to buy a new mobile phone, but the
is always changing.
D. They’re not going to win if they don’t improve their .
E. Do you think your lack of knowledge was the
reason why you didn’t get the job?
F. Has modern made our lives more comfortable?

4. Potential confusion A

The three words from exercise 3 are often mixed up. Here are some more word
pairs that might cause confusion. Choose the correct option to complete each
sentence below. You might want to use a dictionary to help you.

A. If you have a business English question, you can ask Ken for advice /
advise. He is always happy to advice / advise you.
B. Your new tie really complements / compliments your suit.
C. May I complement / compliment you on your suit and tie?
D. I’m hoping to elicit / illicit a positive response.
E. Did you know that Alan from marketing is having an elicit / illicit affair
with his secretary?
F. Are you ensured / insured in case you have an accident while at work?
G. We are doing everything to ensure / insure equal opportunities at work.
H. What exactly are you trying to imply / infer when you say I could be more
I. From the letters we received, we can imply / infer that the new advertising
strategy is working.
J. Have you seen the sight / site of the new factory? It’s a sight / site for sore

Lesen und verstehen Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
High and dry
Many of Australia’s farmers are being left high and dry for lack of rain, explains columnist Peter
Flynn in Around Oz (page 64). Test your reading skills by doing the exercises on the opposite page.

1 A few months ago, I took some visitors from the eastern states on a road trip to what is
known as the wettest town in Western Australia. Located on the south coast, about a
four-hour drive from Perth, the town of Denmark and the land around it looked its normal
(1) self, with cattle grazing in knee-deep grass.
5 What I was shocked to learn, however, is that Denmark is running out of water, a situation
that is recurring across the country, through South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales
and Queensland. Much of Australia has just entered its fourth year of drought — one that
could possibly become the worst on record.
Of course, Australia has always had droughts. Weather bureau data dating back to the 1860s
10 shows that we have a very bad dry period at least once every 20 years. At the time Australia
was formed as a (2) country, we had the “Federation Drought” (1895–1902),
halving the number of sheep and cattle. There was a 10-year drought from 1937, other big
ones in the 1960s and 1980s, and perhaps the worst, the “Millennium Drought”, from 1996
to 2010.
15 Today, we understand that El Niño weather patterns over the oceans generally cause
(3) dry conditions over Australia, and that La Niña conditions can, depend-
ing on changing ocean temperatures, bring widespread flooding.
What is different today, though, is that (4) climate change is causing
extreme weather events that are more frequent and potentially longer-lasting. Nowhere
20 is this more obvious right now than in the Murray-Darling Basin, a one-million-square-
kilometre area — about the size of Germany and France combined — in south-eastern
The area is home to two million people who rely on farming. Named after two
(5) rivers, the inland basin is about 3,000 kilometres long and extends from
25 Queensland to South Australia, with many other rivers feeding into the system. Farmers
here produce a third of the country’s food, but this latest drought, now in its fourth sum-
mer, has left little water for their farms. Towns are running out of drinking water and mass
fish kills are happening. Over the past three years, rainfall is down to almost one third of
the long-term average, the worst period ever recorded.
30 Most importantly, rain in the cooler months, from April to September, is down by half,
meaning that the ground does not stay wet enough for long enough to generate water
runoff to the rivers. And this is the big challenge facing Australia. The country is drying up,
with soil moisture levels at new all-time lows.
Foto: Paulus Rusyanto/

Building new dams is not an answer because there is not enough water to fill them.
35 For now, the farmers back in Denmark are relying on a new pipeline from the
(6) city of Albany to bring them drinking water, a sad state of affairs in
Western Australia’s wettest town.

2/2020 Lesen und verstehen Spotlight PLUS

1. Back where they belong E

Six adjectives have been removed from Peter Flynn’s text. Put them back in
the right place.

A. global C. major E. nearby

B. lush D. modern F. persistent

2. Test your memory M

How well can you remember what you read? Pick the right options to com-
plete the sentences from Peter’s column.

A. Farmers in produce a third of the country’s food.

1. the Murray-Darling Basin 2. South Australia
B. Drought has left farmers with little .
1. water 2. time to harvest
C. Towns are running out of .
1. fish 2. drinking water
D. Building is not an answer because there is not
enough water to fill them.
1. bigger basins 2. new dams

3. Peter means… M

Read the three statements below and decide what Peter means by them.

A. Much of Australia has just entered its fourth year of drought — one that
could possibly become the worst on record. (lines 7–8)
1. The drought might make it into the Guinness book of records.
2. The drought might be the worst that’s ever been officially measured.
B. Rain in the cooler months, from April to September, is down by half. (line 30)
1. It rains only for half a year now — between April and September.
2. Between April and September, it rains only half as much as it used to.
C. It’s a sad state of affairs in Western Australia’s wettest town. (lines 36–37)
1. The town is faced with difficult circumstances.
2. The town is in difficulty because it’s so wet.

Hörverständnis Spotlight PLUS 2/2020
Sticking to tradition
Liam O Caidhla (see pages 12–13) makes Irish walking and fighting sticks — and likes
sticking to tradition in the process. Listen to him here, and test your comprehension.

1. Listen carefully E

Listen to the audio and decide whether the information below is true (T) or
false (F), or whether there is no mention of it (N).
Online anhören
T F N QR-Code
scannen oder
A. Shillelaghs are made of bamboo. URL eingeben
B. The interview was recorded in winter. www.spotlight-
C. Liam uses power tools when harvesting. plus0220
D. The wax is heated in the microwave.
E. It can take up to five years to complete a shillelagh.

2. Which stick? M

Listen to the audio again and decide whether the statements below refer to a
fighting (F) stick or a walking (W) stick.

A. We’ll apply copious amounts of boiled linseed oil.
B. The moisture needs to be fully removed.
C. It needs to be light and balanced.
D. It isn’t dried out fully, so that it has a sort of built-in shock absorber.
E. If you hit something, there shouldn’t be a sting.

3. Fill the gaps A

Use the words from the list to complete the statements below. Listen to the
audio one last time for help.

absorbed | bark | extremity | petroleum | trimmed

A. The edges of the wood are .

B. A(n) wax is used to create a good seal.
C. The wax is into the pores. Hörverständnis-
Training unter:
D. The wood should dry evenly through the .
E. The moisture content can be assessed by examining the .

2/2020 Test Spotlight PLUS
See how much you’ve learned
We hope you’ve enjoyed this issue of Spotlight plus. Try our revision test to see how
much you’ve learned. Any questions? Contact us at:

1. Check your progress M

1. They us to stay calm and wait for help.

A. explained B. said C. told

2. She said she a lovely photograph of our team.

A. has taken B. is taking C. had taken

3. Jill’s not here. She said she to the doctor’s.

A. is going B. was going C. will go

4. What is your car?

A. brand B. label C. mark

5. Don’t forget to tie your .

A. sandals B. wellies C. shoelaces

6. It’s raining quite heavily. We’d better put our on.

A. boat shoes B. wedges C. wellies

7. We don’t have much money to organize Mum’s party — we’ll have to do it
A. on a shoestring B. in her shoes C. at goody two shoes

8. Do you mind if I close the window? — .

A. Don’t mind if I do B. Thanks. Same to you C. No, not at all

9. What a view!
A. chatty B. stunning C. virtuous

10. If you start your e-mail with “Dear Sir or Madam”, you should end it with
“ ”.
A. All the best B. Love C. Yours faithfully

11. Do you have a good for cutting an avocado?

A. technique B. technology C. technical

12. I heard 2020 is forecasted to have the coldest winter .

A. on record B. in record C. under record

13. What’s his name again? I can’t remember — .

A. I’m a complete blank B. my mind’s a blank C. I’m out of my mind

14. Everything on the menu sounds good. I can’t what to order.

A. make up my head B. clear my mind C. make up my mind

Lösungen Spotlight PLUS 2/2020

REPORTED SPEECH C. She asked how I was. 3. In other words

(PP. 4–6) D. I replied that I was fine. A. on my mind
1. What did you say? E. She insisted that she would get the B. make up your mind
bill and (that she) wouldn’t take no C. has a mind of its own
A. told for an answer.
B. explained D. in two minds
F. He promised that he wouldn’t forget
C. asked to phone me when he arrived.
E. insisted 6. Reported questions (PP. 8–9)
F. promised A. He asked me when I was going on 1. Question and answer
A–2; B–1; C–5; D–3; E–4
2. Tell us what you say B. He asked me why I hadn’t written to
A. Tell 2. Customers’ comments
C. He asked me if / whether I had to
B. Say work late. A. leather
C. tell D. He asked me if / whether I had ever B. comfort
D. Say been to Canada. C. quality
E. say E. He asked me how many people D. brand
F. Say would be at the party.
E. trends
F. He asked me who could speak
Italian. F. apart
3. Tense changes
B. are → were 3. True or false?
7. Famous last words
C. have / has → had A. true
B. “I’ve had a lot of fun and have
E. can → could enjoyed every minute of it.” B. true
G. do / does → did C. “Where is my clock?” C. false (They are often found near
H. feel → felt D. “I am in no pain and I’m going to be doors and windows, or in chimneys.)
J. didn’t give → hadn’t given with Allah.” D. false (They were always old shoes,
E. “I’ll finally get to see Marilyn.” not new.)
4. What did she say? F. “Last words are for fools who
A. Jill said she was going to the vet’s haven’t said enough.” 4. What’s missing?
because her cat was ill. Shoelaces are missing.
B. She said she thought Brian had THE NOUN “MIND”
eaten some poisonous plants.
C. She said he had been sick for two
days. 1. Make up your mind! FOOTWEAR (PP. 10–12)
D. She said he didn’t want to eat A. keep 1. Which word is it?
anything at all. B. blank A. sandals
E. She said he was drinking lots of C. half a B. boots
water. C. lace-ups
D. mind
F. She said she hoped the vet could D. trainers
help him.
2. Mind puzzle E. slippers
G. She said he would probably have to
eat special food for a few days. A. half F. hiking boots
H. She said she would buy some at the B. off
pet shop. C. get 2. Odd one out
D. mind A. stilettos
5. Tell me again E. can’t B. slip-ons
A. He told me that he had forgotten his F. wander C. pumps
own mobile number. D. ballet flats
G. blank
B. He explained that I had to press that E. slippers
button first. Solution: logical
F. court shoes

2/2020 Lösungen Spotlight PLUS

3. British vs American 4. Which words? 3. Peter means…

A–2; B–4; C–1; D–5; E–3 A. crowds A–2; B–2; C–1
B. definitely
4. Shopping phrases C. stunning STICKING TO TRADITION
A. tight D. view
(P. 20)
B. waterproof E. virtuous
1. Listen carefully
C. fur-lined
A. false
D. leather 5. What do you say?
B. true
E. size A–1; B–4; C–2; D–1; E–3; F–1
C. not mentioned
F. wide-fit
D. not mentioned
5. Old or new?
DENCE (PP. 16–17)
Sentence E describes new shoes.
1. Openings and closings 2. Which stick?
A–2; B–5; C–1; D–4; E–3 A. fighting stick
6. Shoe problems
B. walking stick
A–4; B–1; C–2; D–7; E–3; F–5; G–6
2. Correspondence abbreviations C. walking stick
A–2; B–2; C–1; D–1; E–1; F–1 D. fighting stick
7. What’s the rhyme?
E. fighting stick
A. narrow
3. Which “t”-word is it?
B. toes
A. technique 3. Fill the gaps
C. bunions
B. technical A. trimmed
D. blister
C. technology B. petroleum
D. technique C. absorbed
8. Shoe idioms
E. technical D. bark
A–2; B–1; C–2; D–1; E–2
F. technology E. extremity


COAST” (P. 13) A. advice; advise
1. Parades and big waves B. complements
1. Check your progress
1–C; 2–B; 3–B; 4–C; 5–A; 6–C; 7–A; 8–B; C. compliment
1–C; 2–C; 3–B; 4–A; 5–C; 6–C; 7–A; 8–C;
9–A; 10–B D. elicit 9–B; 10–C; 11–A; 12–A; 13–B; 14–C
E. illicit
(PP. 14–15) G. ensure
1. In English, please! H. imply
A. people I. infer
B. fun J. site; sight
C. nice
D. relaxed HIGH AND DRY
E. chatty (PP. 18–19)
1. Back where they belong
2. Conversation starters A–4; B–1; C–5; D–2; E–6; F–3
A–4; B–2; C–1; D–5; E–3
2. Test your memory
3. Order, order! A–1; B–1; C–2; D–2
A–3; B–2; C–7; D–1; E–8; F–6; G–5; H–4

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